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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Byzantine Coins ▸ Comnen Dynasty ▸ Romanus IVView Options:  |  |  |   

Romanus IV, 1 January 1068 - 19 August 1071 A.D.

Romanus IV Diogenes was the second husband of Eudocia. Eudocia was regent for her son Michael, and it would seem she married Romanus IV to supply the Empire with an emperor. After he was taken prisoner during a military campaign against the Turks, Eudocia was restored to rule - a position, in reality, she had probably never left.


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Due to their distinctive iconography, these histamenon were nicknamed "six-headers" in their day.
SH70956. Gold histamenon nomisma, Sommer 54.2.3 (also clipped); DOC III part 2, 2; Ratto 2026; Morrisson BnF 4 ff.; Wroth BMC 2; SBCV 1861, gF, clipped, weight 2.749 g, maximum diameter 21.9 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 1 Jan 1068 - 19 Aug 1071; obverse KWN MX AN∆, Michael standing facing, labarum in right, akakia in left, flanked by Constantius and Andronicus, each holding globus cruciger in outer hand, akakia in inner hand, all wear sakkos and loros, all without footstools on dotted exergual band; reverse +PWMA EV∆KIA (or similar), Christ standing facing, wearing nimbus, pallium and colobium, crowning Romanus standing facing on left, and Eudocia standing facing on right, each wearing sakkos and loros and hold a globus cruciger in inner hand, IC - XC flanking above; ex Marti Hervera (Barcelona, Spain); SOLD


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Due to their distinctive iconography, these histamenon types were nicknamed "six-headers" in their day.
SH87499. Gold histamenon nomisma, DOC III part 2, 1.1; Morrisson BnF 53/Cp/AV/02; Wroth BMC 1; Sommer 54.1; SBCV 1859; Ratto -, F/VF, some scratches, holes for pendant, weight 3.938 g, maximum diameter 27.0 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 1 Jan 1068 - 19 Aug 1071; obverse KWN MX AN∆, Michael standing facing on footstool, transverse labarum in right hand, akakia in left hand, flanked by Constantius and Andronicus, each standing facing on an individual footstool, each holding globus cruciger in inner hand and akakia in outer hand; reverse + PWMANS EV∆UKIA, Jesus Christ standing facing on footstool, crowning Romanus and Eudocia, each holds a globus cruciger in inner hand, IC - XC (Greek abbreviation: Iisos Xrists - Jesus Christ) flanking Christ's head; from the Robert Watcher Collection; SOLD


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Based on seal inscriptions, the letters on the reverse have been interpreted to abbreviate, Σταυρε βοηθει Pwmavov ∆εσποτην (O Cross, aid our ruler Romanus).
BZ84931. Bronze follis, DOC III part 2, 8, Morrisson BnF 1, Wroth BMC 9, Ratto 2030, Sommer 54.4, SBCV 1866, Choice VF, full clear face of Jesus (worn flat on most examples), small flan cracks, weight 7.818 g, maximum diameter 27.2 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 1 Jan 1068 - 19 Aug 1071 A.D.; obverse bust of Christ facing, wears pallium and colobium, Gospels in both hands, dotted cross behind head, IC - XC / NI-KA (Jesus Christ Conquers) flanking in two divided lines across the field; reverse cross with X at center and globus and pellets at the end of each arm, pellets and points at base, C - R / P - ∆ in the angles; SOLD


Lucius Verus, 7 March 161 - February 169 A.D.

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In 168 A.D., Marcus Aurelius campaigned against the Marcomanni.
RS87647. Silver denarius, RIC III 578, RSC II 310, BMCRE IV 472, Hunter II -, SRCV -, Choice aEF, bold strike, nice portrait, toned, light marks, closed edge crack, weight 2.799 g, maximum diameter 18.5 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, Dec 167 - Dec 168 A.D.; obverse L VERVS AVG ARM PARTH MAX, laureate head right; reverse TR P VIII IMP IIII COS III (holder of tribunition power 8 years, imperator 4 times, consul 3 times), Aequitas standing half left, head left, scales in right hand, cornucopia in left; SOLD


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Based on seal inscriptions, the letters on the reverse have been interpreted to abbreviate, Σταυρε βοηθει Pwmavov ∆εσποτην (O Cross, aid our ruler Romanus).
BZ36564. Bronze follis, DOC III part 2, 8, Morrisson BnF 1, Wroth BMC 9, Ratto 2030, Sommer 54.4, SBCV 1866, aEF, weight 7.103 g, maximum diameter 27.1 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 1 Jan 1068 - 19 Aug 1071 A.D.; obverse bust of Christ facing, wears pallium and colobium, Gospels in both hands, dotted cross behind head, IC - XC / NI-KA (Jesus Christ Conquers) flanking in two divided lines across the field; reverse cross with X at center and globus and pellets at the end of each arm, pellets and points at base, C - R / P - ∆ in the angles; SOLD


Click for a larger photo
Based on seal inscriptions, the letters on the reverse have been interpreted to abbreviate, Σταυρε βοηθει Pwmavov ∆εσποτην (O Cross, aid our ruler Romanus).
BZ71583. Bronze follis, DOC III part 2, 8, Morrisson BnF 1, Wroth BMC 9, Ratto 2030, Sommer 54.4, SBCV 1866, gVF, overstruck, nice portrait of Christ and green patina, weight 8.598 g, maximum diameter 26.7 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 1 Jan 1068 - 19 Aug 1071 A.D.; obverse bust of Christ facing, wears pallium and colobium, Gospels in both hands, dotted cross behind head, IC - XC / NI-KA (Jesus Christ Conquers) flanking in two divided lines across the field; reverse cross with X at center and globus and pellets at the end of each arm, pellets and points at base, C - R / P - ∆ in the angles; SOLD


Byzantine Anonymous Follis of Christ, Class G, Romanus IV, 1 January 1068 - 19 August 1071 A.D.

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On "Anonymous Folles" the emperor's name and portrait are not part of the design, hence they are anonymous. Instead of the earthly king, these coins depict Jesus Christ, King of Kings.
BZ71844. Bronze anonymous follis, Anonymous follis of Christ, DOC III-2, class G; SBCV 1867, VF, attractive facing busts, well centered slightly uneven strike, weight 8.176 g, maximum diameter 28.5 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 1 Jan 1068 - 19 Aug 1071 A.D.; obverse bust of Christ facing, wearing nimbus cruciger, pallium, and colobium, raising right in benediction, scroll in left hand, IC - XC (Greek abbreviation: Jesus Christ) across field, border of large pellets; reverse facing bust of the Virgin Orans, nimbate and wearing pallium and maphorium, MP - ΘV (Greek abbreviation: Mother of God) across field; border of large pellets; scarce; SOLD


Byzantine Anonymous Follis of Christ, Class G, Romanus IV, 1 January 1068 - 19 August 1071 A.D.

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On "Anonymous Folles" the emperor's name and portrait are not part of the design, hence they are anonymous. Instead of the earthly king, these coins depict Jesus Christ, King of Kings.
BZ86179. Bronze anonymous follis, Anonymous follis of Christ, DOC III-2, class G; SBCV 1867, gVF, well centered, attractive style, overstruck, undertype effects on reverse, weight 9.940 g, maximum diameter 27.1 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 1 Jan 1068 - 19 Aug 1071 A.D.; obverse bust of Christ facing, wearing nimbus cruciger, pallium, and colobium, raising right in benediction, scroll in left hand, IC - XC (Greek abbreviation: Jesus Christ) across field, border of large pellets; reverse facing bust of the Virgin Orans, nimbate and wearing pallium and maphorium, MP - ΘV (Greek abbreviation: Mother of God) across field, border of large pellets; scarce; SOLD


Byzantine Anonymous Follis of Christ, Class G, Romanus IV, 1 January 1068 - 19 August 1071 A.D.

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BZ82884. Bronze anonymous follis, Anonymous follis of Christ, DOC III-2, class G; SBCV 1867, Choice gVF, weight 5.312 g, maximum diameter 26.6 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, obverse bust of Christ facing, wearing nimbus cruciger, pallium, and colobium, raising right in benediction, scroll in left hand, IC - XC (Greek abbreviation: Jesus Christ) across field, border of large pellets; reverse facing bust of the Virgin Orans, nimbate and wearing pallium and maphorium, MP - ΘV (Greek abbreviation: Mother of God) across field; border of large pellets; scarce; SOLD


Click for a larger photo
Based on seal inscriptions, the letters on the reverse have been interpreted to abbreviate, Σταυρε βοηθει Pwmavov ∆εσποτην (O Cross, aid our ruler Romanus).
BZ82985. Bronze follis, DOC III part 2, 8, Morrisson BnF 1, Wroth BMC 9, Ratto 2030, Sommer 54.4, SBCV 1866, gVF, weight 8.873 g, maximum diameter 30.5 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 1 Jan 1068 - 19 Aug 1071 A.D.; obverse bust of Christ facing, wears pallium and colobium, Gospels in both hands, dotted cross behind head, IC - XC / NI-KA (Jesus Christ Conquers) flanking in two divided lines across the field; reverse cross with X at center and globus and pellets at the end of each arm, pellets and points at base, C - R / P - ∆ in the angles; SOLD




  




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REFERENCES

Berk, H.J. Eastern Roman Successors of the Sestertius. (Chicago, 1987).
Berk, H.J. Roman Gold Coins of the Medieval World, 383 - 1453 A.D. (Joliet, IL, 1986).
Grierson, P. Byzantine Coins. (London, 1982).
Grierson, P. Catalogue of the Byzantine Coins in the Dumbarton Oaks Collection and in the Whittemore Collection, Vol III, Part 2: Basil I to Nicephorus III, 867-1081. (Washington D.C., 1973).
Morrisson, C. Catalogue des Monnaies Byzantines de la Bibliothque Nationale II, 711 - 1204. (Paris, 1970).
Ratto, R. Monnaies Byzantines et d'autre Pays contemporaines l'poque byzantine. (Lugano, 1930).
Sabatier, J. Description gnrale des monnaies Byzantines. (Paris, 1863).
Sear, D.R. Byzantine Coins and Their Values. (London, 1987).
Sommer, A.U. Die Mnzen des Byzantinischen Reiches 491-1453. Mit einem Anhang: Die Mnzen des Kaiserreichs von Trapezunt. (Regenstauf, 2010).
Tolstoi, I. Monnaies byzantines. (St. Petersburg, 1913 - 14).
Wroth, W. Catalogue of the Imperial Byzantine Coins in the British Museum. (London, 1908).

Catalog current as of Tuesday, June 25, 2019.
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Roman Coins of Romanus IV