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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Greek Coins| ▸ |Greek Imperial| ▸ |Macedonia||View Options:  |  |  |   

Roman Provincial Coins from Macedonia

After the defeat of Perseus at the battle of Pydna, for twenty years, from 168 to 148 B.C., Macedonia was divided into four autonomous administrative regions. To weaken the power of the area and increase dependence on the empire, Rome took control of the mines and forests, demanded half of all taxes collected and banned trade between the regions. No coins were issued from 168 - 158 B.C. Between 158 and 148 B.C. the first (PROTES) region minted a large number of tetradrachms at its capital, Amphipolis. The second (DEUTERAS) region minted a small number of very rare tetradrachm at Thessalonica. The third region, its capital at Pella, and the fourth region, its capital at Heraclea Lynci, did not issue silver. In 148 B.C. the regions were reunited as a Roman province. Silver coinage was not struck for another half century, however, bronze coins were issued by governors, praetors, quaestors and individual cities. In 93 B.C., silver coinage resumed, the most prolific issue was that of the quaestor Aesillas. Macedonian cities continued to issue coinage in imperial times, some without the imperial bust.


Macedonia, Under Roman Rule, Quaestor Aesillas, 95 - 70 B.C.

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This type was apparently intended to encourage Macedonian pride by portraying the legendary national hero of the Macedonians, and at the same time clearly communicate Roman authority with name and symbols of the Roman quaestor.
SH54901. Silver tetradrachm, Bauslaugh group VI (O35), SNG Lockett 1543, SNG Cop 1330, SNG Ashmolean 3305, AMNG III 223, SGCV I 1439, gVF, struck with very attractive dies, obverse scratch at 5:00, weight 16.229 g, maximum diameter 28.9 mm, die axis 0o, Thessalonika (Salonika, Greece) mint, 95 - 70 B.C.; obverse head of Alexander the Great right with horn of Ammon and flowing hair, Θ behind, MAKE∆ONΩN below; reverse AESILLAS above money-chest (cista), club, and Q over quaestor's chair (sella curulis), all within laurel wreath; SOLD


Macedonia Prima Merida (First Region), Roman Dependent Republic, c. 168 - 149 B.C.

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In 168 B.C., Rome split Macedonia into four pseudo-autonomous republics. These republics nominally managed their own internal affairs but were denied the right to make external agreements of any kind. The Prima Merida (1st region) included the area between the Strymonas and Nestos rivers, up to the eastern lands of Nestos, without the towns of Aenos, Maroneia and Avdera. The capital was Amphipolis.
SH33195. Silver tetradrachm, SNG Ashmolean 3297 - 3298; SNG Saroglos 976; BMC Macedonia p. 8, 7; AMNG III 176; SNG Cop -, aEF, weight 16.885 g, maximum diameter 32.9 mm, die axis 0o, Amphipolis mint, 158 - 149 B.C.; obverse Macedonian shield (the whole obverse represents a shield) with bust of Artemis Tauropolos (Diana to the Romans) at the center facing right, bow and quiver at her shoulder; reverse MAKE∆ONΩN / ΠPΩTHΣ (First Macedonia) above and below club, ΣHY∆P monogram above, TKP monogram below left, TYPME monogram bottom right, all within oak wreath, thunderbolt left; SOLD


Macedonia, Under Roman Rule, Quaestor Aesillas, 95 - 70 B.C.

Click for a larger photo
This type was apparently intended to encourage Macedonian pride by portraying the legendary national hero of the Macedonians, and at the same time clearly communicate Roman authority with name and symbols of the Roman quaestor.
SH68254. Silver tetradrachm, Bauslaugh group V (25C/124); AMNG III 223; SNG Cop 1330; BMC Macedonia p. 81 ff.; SNG Ashmolean 3305; SGCV I 1439, VF, uneven toning, weight 16.216 g, maximum diameter 28.0 mm, die axis 0o, Thessalonika (Salonika, Greece) mint, 95 - 70 B.C.; obverse head of Alexander the Great right with horn of Ammon and flowing hair, Θ behind, MAKE∆ONΩN below; reverse AESILLAS above money-chest (cista), club, and Q over quaestor's chair (sella curulis), all within laurel wreath; ex Gorny & Mosch auction 216, lot 2347; SOLD


Macedonia Prima Merida (First Region), Roman Dependent Republic, c. 168 - 149 B.C.

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This type was minted with Artemis' age ranging from childhood to maturity. "Artemis is presented as ageless in the sense that she is every age. These coins were all struck at the same time and the same place as hoard evidence verifies." -- Wayne Sayles, "Ancient Coin Collecting III, Numismatic Art of the Greek World"
SH38445. Silver tetradrachm, SNG Cop 1310 - 1311; SNG Ashmolean 3290; BMC Macedonia p. 7, 2, gVF, weight 16.520 g, maximum diameter 30.7 mm, die axis 0o, Amphipolis mint, c. 168 - 149 B.C.; obverse Macedonian shield (the whole obverse represents a shield) with bust of Artemis Tauropolos (Diana to the Romans) at the center facing right, bow and quiver at her shoulder; reverse MAKE∆ONΩN / ΠPΩTHΣ (First Macedonia) above and below club, (AP monogram) above, all within oak wreath, thunderbolt left; SOLD


Julius Caesar, and Augustus, Thessalonica, Macedonia, After 14 A.D.

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RPC tentatively dates the type to the reign of Augustus but notes it may have been struck as late as the reign of Domitian.
SH47891. Bronze AE 23, RPC I 5421 var. (rev legend placement), gF, weight 7.565 g, maximum diameter 22.6 mm, die axis 225o, Thessalonika (Salonika, Greece) mint, c. 14 A.D.; obverse ΘEOC, bare head of Julius Caesar right; reverse CEBACTOY ΘE, bare head of Augustus right; SOLD


Macedonia, Roman Rule, Quaestor Aesillas, 95 - 70 B.C.

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This type was apparently intended to encourage Macedonian pride by portraying the legendary national hero of the Macedonians, and at the same time clearly communicate Roman authority with name and symbols of the Roman quaestor.
SH82660. Silver tetradrachm, Bauslaugh Group III (O15A/R85, 13 spec.), SNG Lockett 1542, SNG Fitzwilliam 2346, Dewing 1223 (all same dies), gVF, beautifully toned, slightest double strike, some minor flatness, die wear, tiny edge cracks, weight 16.855 g, maximum diameter 29.6 mm, die axis 0o, uncertain mint, 95 - 70 B.C.; obverse MAKE∆ONΩN counterclockwise below, head of Alexander the Great right with horn of Ammon and flowing hair, reversed B behind; reverse AESILLAS above money-chest (cista) on left, club in center, and Q over quaestor's chair (sella curulis) on right, all within laurel wreath tied at the bottom; ex Leu Numismatics, web auction 3 (25 Feb 2018), lot 212; ex De La Tour Collection; ex Hess-Divo, auction 314 (4 May 2009), lot 1093; ex A. Weil, fixed price list (Sep 1985), lot 12; SOLD


Macedonian Kingdom, Philip III and Alexander IV, c. 322 - 320 B.C., In the Name of Alexander the Great

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Struck after Alexander's death, under either Perdikkas or Antipater, regents during the joint reign of Alexander's mentally disabled half-brother, Philip III, and Alexander's infant son, Alexander IV. Philip was the bastard son of Philip II and a dancer, Philinna of Larissa. Alexander the Great's mother, Olympias, allegedly poisoned her stepson Philip III as a child, leaving him mentally disabled, eliminating him as a rival to Alexander. Neither Philip III nor Alexander IV was capable of actual rule. Both were selected only to serve as pawns. The regents held power, while Philip III was actually imprisoned. In 317, Olympias had Philip murdered to ensure the succession of her grandson. But Alexander IV would never rule. In 311 B.C., he and his mother Roxana were executed by the regent Kassander.
SL86272. Silver tetradrachm, Price 129; Müller Alexander 280; SNG Alpha Bank 511; SNG Saroglos 251; SNG Cop 689; SNG München 289; Ehrhardt Amphipolis 13, NGC Ch XF, strike 5/5, surface 3/5 (2490380-004), weight 16.791 g, maximum diameter 26.6 mm, die axis 315o, Macedonia, Amphipolis mint, c. 320 - c. 317 A.D.; obverse head of Herakles right, wearing Nemean Lion skin, scalp over head, forepaws tied at neck; reverse Zeus Aëtophoros seated left on throne without back, right leg forward (archaic lifetime style), nude to the waist, himation around hips and legs, eagle in extended right hand, long scepter vertical behind in left hand, AΛEΞAN∆POY downward behind, apluster left, Πo under throne; certified (slabbed) by NGC (the photograph was taken before certification); SOLD


Macedonia, under Roman Rule, 95 - 70 B.C.

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Fantastic portrait of Alexander the Great. This type was apparently intended to encourage Macedonian pride by portraying the legendary national hero of the Macedonians, and at the same time clearly communicate Roman authority with name and symbols of the Roman quaestor.
SH13703. Silver tetradrachm, Bauslaugh group VI (O47), SNG Lockett 1543, SNG Cop 1330, SNG Ashmolean 3305, AMNG III 223, SGCV I 1439, nice VF, fine style, very nicely toned, weight 16.006 g, maximum diameter 28.7 mm, die axis 0o, Thessalonika (Salonika, Greece) mint, 95 - 70 B.C.; obverse MAKE∆ONΩN, head of Alexander the Great right with horn of Ammon and flowing hair, Θ behind, MAKE∆ONΩN below; reverse AESILLAS above money-chest (cista), club, and Q over quaestor's chair (sella curulis), all within laurel wreath; SOLD


Macedonia, Roman Rule, Quaestor Aesillas, 95 - 70 B.C.

Click for a larger photo
This type was apparently intended to encourage Macedonian pride by portraying the legendary national hero of the Macedonians, and at the same time clearly communicate Roman authority with name and symbols of the Roman quaestor.
SH77215. Silver tetradrachm, Bauslaugh Group VI (O56), AMNG III 223; SNG Cop 1330; SNG Ashmolean 3305; SGCV I 1439, VF, nice style, light toning, die wear, weight 14.921 g, maximum diameter 28.3 mm, die axis 0o, Thessalonika (Salonika, Greece) mint, 95 - 70 B.C.; obverse head of Alexander the Great right with horn of Ammon and flowing hair, Θ behind, MAKE∆ONΩN below; reverse AESILLAS above money-chest (cista), club, and Q over quaestor's chair (sella curulis), all within laurel wreath, pellet at end of Q; SOLD


Macedonia Prima Merida (First Region), Roman Dependent Republic, c. 168 - 148 B.C.

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This type was minted with Artemis' age ranging from childhood to maturity. "Artemis is presented as ageless in the sense that she is every age. These coins were all struck at the same time and the same place as hoard evidence verifies." -- Wayne Sayles, "Ancient Coin Collecting III, Numismatic Art of the Greek World"
SH70810. Silver tetradrachm, Prokopov Silver 544 (O112/R430, F), AMNG III 178, BMC Macedonia p. 8, 8 var. (monogram); SNG Ashmolean 3299 var. (same), SNG Cop 1315 var. (same), gVF, toned, weight 16.775 g, maximum diameter 31.6 mm, die axis 45o, Amphipolis mint, c. 158 - 148 B.C.; obverse Macedonian shield (the whole obverse represents a shield) with bust of mature Artemis Tauropolos (Diana to the Romans) at the center facing right, bow and quiver at her shoulder; reverse MAKE∆ONΩN / ΠPΩTHΣ (First Macedonia) above and below club, ΣHY∆P monogram above, TKP monogram below left, MYTE monogram bottom right, all within oak wreath, thunderbolt left; SOLD




  




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REFERENCES|

Babelon, E. Traité des Monnaies Grecques et Romaines. (Paris, 1901-1932).
Burnett, A., M. Amandry, et al. Roman Provincial Coinage. (London, 1992 - ).
Gaebler, H. Die antiken Münzen von Makedonia und Paionia, Die antiken Münzen Nord-Griechenlands Vol. III. (Berlin, 1906).
Head, B. British Museum Catalogue of Greek Coins, Macedonia, etc. (London, 1879).
Josifovski, P. Roman Mint of Stobi. (Skopje, 2001).
Josifovski, P. Stobi - The Kuzmanoviae Collection, Vol. I. (Skopje, 2010).
Kremydi-Sicilianou, S. The Coinage of the Roman Colony of Dion. (Athens, 1996).
Lindgren, H. Ancient Greek Bronze Coins: European Mints from the Lindgren Collection. (1989).
Lindgren, H. Lindgren III: Ancient Greek Bronze Coins from the Lindgren Collection. (1993).
MacKay, P. "Bronze Coinage in Macedonia, 168-166 B.C." in ANSMN 14 (1968), pp. 5 - 13, pl. III.
Papaefthymiou, E. Edessa de Macédoine, Etude historique et numismatique. (Athens, 2002).
Prokopov, I. Der Silberprägung der Insel Thasos und die Tetradrachmen des "thasischen Typs" vom 2.-1. Jahrhundert v.Chr. (Berlin, 2006).
RPC Online - http://rpc.ashmus.ox.ac.uk/coins/
Sear, D. Greek Imperial Coins and Their Values. (London, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Austria, Klagenfurt, Landesmuseum für Kärnten, Sammlung Dreer, Part 3: Thracien-Macedonien-Päonien. (Klagenfurt, 1990).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum. Volume 2: Macedonia and Thrace. (New Jersey, 1981).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain XII, The Hunterian Museum, University of Glasgow, Part 1: Roman Provincial Coins: Spain-Kingdoms of Asia Minor. (Oxford, 2004).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Grèce, Collection Réna H. Evelpidis, Part 2: Macédoine-Thessalie-Illyrie-Epire-Corcyre. (Athens, 1975).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Greece, Volume IV, Numismatic Museum, Athens, The Petros Z. Saroglos Collection, Part 1: Macedonia. (Athens, 2005).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Schweiz II. Münzen der Antike. Katalog der Sammlung Jean-Pierre Righetti im Bernischen Historischen Museum. (Bern, 1993).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, USA, Burton Y. Berry Collection, Part 1: Macedonia to Attica. (New York, 1961).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, USA, The Collection of the American Numismatic Society, Part 7: Macedonia 1 (Cities, Thraco-Macedonian Tribes, Paeonian kings). (New York, 1987).
Touratsoglou, I. Die Münzstätte von Thessaloniki in der römischen Kaiserzeit. AMUGS XII. (Berlin, 1988).
Varbanov, I. Greek Imperial Coins And Their Values, Volume III: Thrace (from Perinthus to Trajanopolis), Chersonesos Thraciae, Insula Thraciae, Macedonia. (Bourgas, 2007).

Catalog current as of Saturday, October 19, 2019.
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Roman Macedonia