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Germanic Tribes - Vandals, Goths, Gepids, Lombards, and Other Barbarian Invaders
Germanic Tribes, Pseudo-Imperial Coinage, Mid 4th - Early 5th Century A.D.
This type was minted by and used as currency by tribes outside the Roman Empire. It copied a Roman type issued under Constantine the Great. Some imitative coins of this type are very similar to the Roman prototypes and some are very crude. This coin is closer to the Roman style than many but the illiterate imitations of legends are made up entirely of N's.ME89938. Bronze AE 20, For possible prototype see RIC VII Siscia 61 (Roman, official, Constantine the Great, 319 A.D.), VF, overstruck on an official Constantine [II?] (the head of Constantine and part of the legend are visible on the reverse), weight 2.180 g, maximum diameter 20.3 mm, die axis 270o, tribal mint, Mid 4th - Early 5th Century A.D.; obverse helmeted and cuirassed bust of Constantine the Great right, spear in right hand over right shoulder, shield on left shoulder; reverse two Victories standing confronted, together holding shield over altar; $90.00 SALE |PRICE| $81.00
Vandal Kingdom, North Africa, 427 - 534 A.D.
The 4 nummi was 1/1000 of a gold tremisis.
In spring 429, the Vandals invaded North Africa. Under the influence of his rival general Aëtius, Valentinian III's mother, Galla Placidia, had the Roman governor and general Bonifacius convicted of treason. Rather than surrender for execution, Bonifacius revolted and sought support from Vandal mercenaries in Hispania. Bonifacius made peace with Galla Placidia, but it was too late. King Genseric and the entire Vandal kingdom migrated en masse into Africa and took it with a force of 80,000 men. The Vandals would rule North Africa until the Eastern Romans (Byzantines) recaptured it in 534.ME89613. Bronze 4 nummi, MEC I 51 - 56 (Carthage semi-autonomous municipal coinage); BMC Vandals p. 7, 12 - 14 (Hunneric, 477 - 484 A.D.); MIB I 20 (Gelimer, 530 - 533 A.D.), VF, highlighting red earthen deposits, reverse slightly off center, weight 1.161 g, maximum diameter 11.2 mm, die axis 315o, Carthage (near Tunis, Tunisia) mint, 480 - 533 A.D.; obverse diademed, draped and cuirassed bust left, holding palm frond; reverse N / IIII (mark of value) in two lines across field; ex Roma Numismatics e-sale 53, lot 989 (notes export permit was approved by the Israel Antiquities Authority); rare; SOLD
Vandal Kingdom, North Africa, c. 429 - 534 A.D., Imitative of Valentinian III
In spring 429, the Vandals invaded North Africa. Under the influence of his rival general Aëtius, Valentinian III's mother, Galla Placidia, had the Roman governor and general Bonifacius convicted of treason. Rather than surrender for execution, Bonifacius revolted and sought support from Vandal mercenaries in Hispania. Bonifacius made peace with Galla Placidia, but it was too late. King Genseric and the entire Vandal kingdom migrated en masse into Africa and took it with a force of 80,000 men. The Vandals would rule North Africa until the Eastern Romans (Byzantines) recaptured it in 534.ME79994. Bronze nummus, cf. BMC Vandals p. 27, 80 & pl. iii, 38, VF, crowded flan typical for the type, weight 1.460 g, maximum diameter 11.8 mm, die axis 180o, North African mint, c. 429 - 534 A.D.; obverse diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust of Valentinian III right, blundered legend; reverse camp gate with two turrets, star between turrets, blundered legend; ex Forum (2016); rare; SOLD
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