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Germanic Tribes - Vandals, Goths, Gepids, Lombards, and Other Barbarian Invaders
Vandal Kingdom, North Africa, 427 - 534 A.D.
The 4 nummi was 1/1000 of a gold tremisis.
In spring 429, the Vandals invaded North Africa. Under the influence of his rival general Aëtius, Valentinian III's mother, Galla Placidia, had the Roman governor and general Bonifacius convicted of treason. Rather than surrender for execution, Bonifacius revolted and sought support from Vandal mercenaries in Hispania. Bonifacius made peace with Galla Placidia, but it was too late. King Genseric and the entire Vandal kingdom migrated en masse into Africa and took it with a force of 80,000 men. The Vandals would rule North Africa until the Eastern Romans (Byzantines) recaptured it in 534.ME89613. Bronze 4 nummi, MEC I 51 - 56 (Carthage semi-autonomous municipal coinage); BMC Vandals p. 7, 12 - 14 (Hunneric, 477 - 484 A.D.); MIB I 20 (Gelimer, 530 - 533 A.D.), VF, highlighting red earthen deposits, reverse slightly off center, weight 1.161 g, maximum diameter 11.2 mm, die axis 315o, Carthage (near Tunis, Tunisia) mint, 480 - 533 A.D.; obverse diademed, draped and cuirassed bust left, holding palm frond; reverse N / IIII (mark of value) in two lines across field; ex Roma Numismatics e-sale 53, lot 989 (notes export permit was approved by the Israel Antiquities Authority); rare; SOLD
Vandal Kingdom, North Africa, c. 429 - 534 A.D., Imitative of Valentinian III
In spring 429, the Vandals invaded North Africa. Under the influence of his rival general Aëtius, Valentinian III's mother, Galla Placidia, had the Roman governor and general Bonifacius convicted of treason. Rather than surrender for execution, Bonifacius revolted and sought support from Vandal mercenaries in Hispania. Bonifacius made peace with Galla Placidia, but it was too late. King Genseric and the entire Vandal kingdom migrated en masse into Africa and took it with a force of 80,000 men. The Vandals would rule North Africa until the Eastern Romans (Byzantines) recaptured it in 534.ME79994. Bronze nummus, cf. BMC Vandals p. 27, 80 & pl. iii, 38, VF, crowded flan typical for the type, weight 1.460 g, maximum diameter 11.8 mm, die axis 180o, North African mint, c. 429 - 534 A.D.; obverse diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust of Valentinian III right, blundered legend; reverse camp gate with two turrets, star between turrets, blundered legend; ex Forum (2016); rare; SOLD
Germanic Tribes, Horse Head Swastika Plate Fibulae, c. 174 - 300 A.D.
This type is found in the former Eastern Empire, including Pannonia, Moesia, Dacia and in Germanic lands. An especially high concentration have been found in northern Serbia in and around Novi Banovci, Roman Burgenae. It is considered a Germanic type. The horse head swastika is believed to be a sun symbol. AS71473. Bojovic XXVII; Genceva 32b; Matouschek-Novak 1981/82, Taf. 14, 53; Janovic 60; Riha -; Feugère-; 36.3 mm, 10.6g, Choice, green patina, pin missing, a clockwise swastika shaped brooch with each arm ending with a horse's head, jaw hing pin connection; SOLD
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