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Joint rule with Justinian I (his nephew), 4 April - 1 August 527 A.D. Of Macedonian peasant origin, Justin I rose through the ranks of the military and was proclaimed emperor by the army on 10 July 518 A.D. He was uneducated, but intelligent enough to rely upon the policy advice of his brilliant nephew, Justinian I. Justinian was raised to the rank of co-Emperor months before Justin's death on 1 August 527 A.D.
NEW A major earthquake on 24 August 358 caused extensive devastation to Nicomedia and was followed by a fire which completed the catastrophe. Nicomedia was rebuilt, but on a smaller scale. In the sixth century under Emperor Justinian I the city was extended with new public buildings. Situated on the roads leading to the capital, the city remained a major military center, playing an important role in the Byzantine campaigns against the Caliphate. From the 840s on, Nicomedia was the capital of the thema of the Optimatoi. By that time, most of the old, seawards city had been abandoned and is described by the Persian geographer Ibn Khurdadhbih as lying in ruins. The settlement was restricted to the hilltop citadel. In the 1080s, the city served as the main military base for Alexios I Komnenos in his campaigns against the Seljuk Turks, and the First and Second Crusades both encamped there. The city was held by the Latin Empire between 1204 and c. 1240, when it was recovered by John III Vatatzes. It remained in Byzantine control for a further century, but following the Byzantine defeat at the Battle of Bapheus in 1302, it was threatened by the rising Ottoman beylik. The city was twice blockaded by the Ottomans (in 1304 and 1330) before finally succumbing in 1337.BZ94906. Bronze follis, DOC I 28a, Wroth BMC 51, Ratto 416, Tolstoi 42, Hahn MIB I 35, Sommer 2.26, Berk 65, SBCV 83, Morrisson BnF I 2/Ni/AE/01 var. (2nd officina), aVF, centered, olive patina, earthen deposits, light marks, small edge splits, weight 16.609 g, maximum diameter 32.4 mm, die axis 180o, Nicomedia (Izmit, Turkey) mint, 518 - 522 A.D.; obverse D N IVSTINVS P P AVG, diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse large M (40 nummi) between two stars, cross above, a (1st officina) below, NIKM (Nicomedia) in exergue; from the Ray Nouri Collection; $80.00 SALE |PRICE| $72.00
Byzantine Empire, Justin I, 10 July 518 - 1 August 527 A.D.
This type is not rare, but apparently the 7th officina was not very active during this issue. Hahn identifies three specimens from the 7th officina, one from his own collection, but the 7th officina, is missing from the Dumbarton Oaks, British Museum, Bibliothèque nationale de France, Tolstoi and Ratto collections. Dumbarton Oaks and the other collections do list the type from other officinae - see DOC I 1a - 1h.2, Morrisson BnF 2/Cp/AV/3-12, Tolstoi 11-16, Ratto 381-382. Wroth BMC does not list the type but Sear notes this is only an error.SL96956. Gold solidus, Hahn MIB 2 (3 spec., one from his own collection), SBCV 55, Sommer 2.1, DOC I -, Tolstoi -, Ratto -, Wroth BMC -, Morrison BnF -, Ch XF, wrinkled, marks (4284830-010), 7th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 518 - 519 A.D.; obverse D N IVSTI-NVS P P AVI, helmeted and cuirassed bust facing, helmet with plume, diadem and trefoil ornament, spear in right hand over shoulder and behind head, shield on left arm ornamented with mounted cavalryman right attacking prostrate enemy; reverse VICTORI-A AVCCC Z (victory of the three emperors, 7th officina), Victoria standing half left, head left, long staff topped with an inverted staurogram (P) in right hand, star left, CONOB in exergue; NGC| Lookup; rare from 7th officina; SOLD
They look similar, but there is a significant physical difference between angels and Victory. Angels are all male. Victory (Nike) is female. On Byzantine coinage, the male angel replaced the female Victory after the reunion with Rome was concluded on 28 March 519 A.D.SH54778. Gold solidus, DOC I 2h, Berk 38, Hahn MIB I 3, Wroth BMC 1 - 6, SBCV 56, gVF, some die rust, wavy, weight 4.424 g, maximum diameter 20.8 mm, die axis 180o, 9th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 522 - 527; obverse D N IVSTI-NVS P P AVG, helmeted and cuirassed bust facing, spear in right over shoulder, shield on left arm ornamented with horseman; reverse VICTORIA AVGGG Θ (victory of the three emperors, 9th officina), angel standing facing, long cross in right hand, globus cruciger in left hand, star right, CONOB in exergue; SOLD
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