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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Greek Coins| ▸ |Hellenistic Monarchies| ▸ |Seleucid Kingdom||View Options:  |  |  |     

Ancient Coins of the Seleucid Kingdom

The Seleucid Kingdom, ruled by the Hellenistic Seleucid dynasty, existed from 312 B.C. to 63 B.C. Seleucus I Nicator received Babylonia in the division of Alexander the Great's empire in 321 B.C. He expanded his domain, and at the height of its power, the Seleucid Empire included central Anatolia, Persia, the Levant, Mesopotamia, and what is now Kuwait, Afghanistan, and parts of Pakistan and Turkmenistan. They were defeated by the Roman Republic and their Greek allies in 190 B.C. The subsequent Treaty of Apamea in 188 B.C. required costly war reparations and loss of territory west of the Taurus Mountains. The Parthians conquered much of the remaining empire in the mid-2nd century B.C. The Seleucid kings continued to rule a smaller state from Syria until the invasion by Armenian king Tigranes the Great in 83 B.C. and their ultimate overthrow by the Roman general Pompey in 63 B.C.

Seleukid Kingdom, Antiochus VII Euergetes Sidetes, 138 - 129 B.C.

|Seleucid| |Kingdom|, |Seleukid| |Kingdom,| |Antiochus| |VII| |Euergetes| |Sidetes,| |138| |-| |129| |B.C.||AE| |17|
Simon Maccabaeus, prince of Judea and High Priest of Judea, died in 135 B.C.
GY55369. Bronze AE 17, Houghton-Lorber II 2119(1), SNG Spaer 2116, Houghton CSE 880, Hoover 1102 (R1), VF, off-center obverse, weight 3.450 g, maximum diameter 16.8 mm, die axis 0o, Galilee, Ake Ptolemais (Acre, Israel) mint, 136 - 135 B.C.; obverse Helmeted head of Athena right; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ ANTIOXOY (on right) EYEPΓETOY (on left), owl standing right, head facing front, ΓA monogram left, IOP in exergue (year 177); rare; SOLD


Seleukid Kingdom, Antiochus IX Cyzicenus, 114 - 95 B.C.

|Seleucid| |Kingdom|, |Seleukid| |Kingdom,| |Antiochus| |IX| |Cyzicenus,| |114| |-| |95| |B.C.||AE| |19|
After Antiochus IX's father died, his uncle Demetrius II Nicator took the throne. For his safety, his mother, Cleopatra Thea, sent him to Cyzicus (leading to his nickname). He returned to Syria in 116 B.C. to claim the throne from his half-brother Antiochus VIII Grypus, with whom he eventually divided Syria. He was killed in battle by the son of Grypus, Seleucus VI Epiphanes.
GY57102. Bronze AE 19, cf. Houghton-Lorber II 2388.6-9 (various control marks), SNG Spaer 2736 - 2740 (same), VF, weight 5.321 g, maximum diameter 18.8 mm, die axis 0o, uncertain (Phoenician?) mint, 112 - 101 B.C.; obverse winged bust of Eros right; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ ANTIOXOY on right, ΦIΛOΠATOPOΣ on left, Nike advancing left, wreath in extended right hand, control marks outer left and exergue; SOLD


Seleukid Kingdom, Cleopatra Thea and Antiochus VIII Grypus, 125 - 121 B.C.

|Seleucid| |Kingdom|, |Seleukid| |Kingdom,| |Cleopatra| |Thea| |and| |Antiochus| |VIII| |Grypus,| |125| |-| |121| |B.C.||AE| |21|
The owl on amphora is copied from the "new style" tetradrachms of Athens.
GY58079. Bronze AE 21, Houghton-Lorber II 2263, VF, weight 6.109 g, maximum diameter 21.2 mm, die axis 0o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 122 - 121 B.C.; obverse radiate head of Antiochus VIII right; reverse BAΣIΛIΣΣHΣ KΛEOΠATPAΣ KAI BAΣIΛEΩΣ ANTIOXOY, owl, looking forward, standing right on amphora, uncertain date and control-marks; SOLD


Seleukid Kingdom, Seleukos IV Philopater, 187 - 175 B.C.

|Seleucid| |Kingdom|, |Seleukid| |Kingdom,| |Seleukos| |IV| |Philopater,| |187| |-| |175| |B.C.||AE| |23|
Seleucus IV Philopator ruled Syria (then including Cilicia and Judea), Mesopotamia, Babylonia and Nearer Iran (Media and Persia). To help pay the heavy war-indemnity exacted by Rome, he sent his minister Heliodorus to Jerusalem to seize the Jewish temple treasury. On his return, Heliodorus assassinated Seleucus, and seized the throne for himself.
GY57127. Bronze serrated AE 23, Houghton-Lorber II 1315(3)e, BMC Seleucid p. 32, 23; SNG Spaer 877; HGC 9 584, F, weight 9.611 g, maximum diameter 22.5 mm, die axis 0o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 187 - 175 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo right, archaized style, hair rolled behind, locks falling down neck, ME monogram (primary control) behind; reverse Apollo standing left, leaning with left elbow resting on tripod, examining arrow in right hand, BAΣIΛEΩΣ (king) downward on right, ΣE-ΛEYKOY downward on left, AI (secondary control) inner left; SOLD


Seleukid Kingdom, Alexander II Zabinas, 128 - 122 B.C.

|Seleucid| |Kingdom|, |Seleukid| |Kingdom,| |Alexander| |II| |Zabinas,| |128| |-| |122| |B.C.||AE| |20|
Zabinas claimed to be an adoptive son of Antiochus VII, but may have been the son of an Egyptian merchant. He was used as a pawn by the Egyptian king Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II (Physcon). Zabinas managed to defeat Demetrius II and thereafter ruled parts of Syria, but soon ran out of Egyptian support and was defeated by Demetrius' son Antiochus VIII Grypus. As a last resort, Zabinas plundered the temples of Antioch. He is said to have joked about melting down a statuette of the goddess of victory, Nike, which was held in the hand of a Zeus statue, saying "Zeus has given me Victory." Enraged by his impiety, the Antiochenes expelled Zabinas, who was captured and executed soon after. "Zabinas" is a derogatory name meaning "the bought one," implying he was Ptolemy's slave.
GB57149. Bronze AE 20, Houghton-Lorber II 2231(1)b, Houghton CSE 310, Babelon Rois 1316, SNG Spaer 2352, VF, beautiful highlighting desert patina, weight 7.989 g, maximum diameter 20.9 mm, die axis 0o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 128 - 123 B.C.; obverse head of Alexander II right, wearing lion-scalp headdress; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ AΛEΞAN∆POY, Nike walking left, wreath in right hand, palm-branch over shoulder in left, over aphlaston (controls) inner left; SOLD


Seleukid Kingdom, Antiochus I Soter, 280 - 261 B.C.

|Seleucid| |Kingdom|, |Seleukid| |Kingdom,| |Antiochus| |I| |Soter,| |280| |-| |261| |B.C.||AE| |14|
Antiochos' reign was marred by struggle against internal and external enemies, including the betrayal and revolt of his co-regent in the east, his eldest son, whom he was forced to execute. He earned the title savior (soter) of Asia by defeated roving bands of Galatians that had terrorized the cities for years. However, not long after, he lost southern and western Asia Minor to Ptolemy.
GB71677. Bronze AE 14, Houghton-Lorber 315a; Newell WSM 1369; BMC Seleucid p. 13, 58; SNG Spaer 233; SNG Cop 77; SGCV II 6883; HGC 9 167 (R2), Choice VF, nice dark green patina, typical tight flan, minor patina flaking (stable), slightest spots of corrosion, weight 2.117 g, maximum diameter 14.0 mm, die axis 0o, Sardes (Sart, Turkey) mint, 280 - 261 B.C.; obverse bust of Athena facing, wearing triple-crested Attic helmet; reverse Nike walking left, raising wreath in right hand, long palm frond over left shoulder in left hand, BAΣIΛEΩΣ downward on right, ANTIOXOY downward on right, symbol in circle over line outer left (control); SOLD


Seleukid Kingdom, Antiochus II Theos, 261 - 246 B.C.

|Seleucid| |Kingdom|, |Seleukid| |Kingdom,| |Antiochus| |II| |Theos,| |261| |-| |246| |B.C.||AE| |17|
Apollo's most important attribute is the tripod lebes, a cauldron in a three-legged stand used for religious rituals. The tripod lebes is symbolic of his prophetic powers. At his temple at Delphi, his priestess sat on his tripod chewing laurel leaves and inhaling hallucinating vapors from a fissure in the floor. After she mumbled her prophesy, a male priest would translate it for the supplicant.
GB71711. Bronze AE 17, Houghton-Lorber I 522(1)a; Newell WSM 1389; SNG Spaer 351; SNG Cop 88 ff. var. (controls); BMC Seleucid p. 15, 17 var. (same); HGC 9 253a, gVF, nice style, attractive green patina, well centered, light corrosion, weight 4.880 g, maximum diameter 17.0 mm, die axis 0o, Sardes (Sart, Turkey) mint, 261 - 246 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo right; reverse tripod lebes with lion paw feet, anchor below, BAΣIΛEΩΣ downward on right, ANTIOXOY downward on left, HAP monogram outer left, MIΛ downward outer right; SOLD


Seleukid Kingdom, Seleukos I Nikator, 312 - 281 B.C.

|Seleucid| |Kingdom|, |Seleukid| |Kingdom,| |Seleukos| |I| |Nikator,| |312| |-| |281| |B.C.||AE| |16|
Seleukos (Seleucus) founded the Seleukid Empire and the Seleukid dynasty which ruled Syria until Pompey made it a Roman province in 63 B.C. Seleukos was never one of Alexander the Great's principal generals but he commanded the royal bodyguard during the Indian campaign. In the division of the empire after Alexander's death Seleukos did not receive a satrapy. Instead, he served under the regent Perdikkas until the latter's murder in 321 or 320. Seleukos was then appointed satrap of Babylonia. Five years later Antigonus Monophthalmus (the One-eyed) forced him to flee, but he returned with support from Ptolemy. He later added Persia and Media to his territory and defeated both Antigonus and Lysimachus. He was succeeded by his son Antiochus I.
GY73107. Bronze AE 16, Houghton-Lorber I 22(1); Newell WSM 927; BMC Seleucid p. 6, 62; SNG Spaer 29; SNG Cop 38; HGC 9 107c (S-R1), aVF, porous, rough areas, weight 3.337 g, maximum diameter 15.9 mm, die axis 180o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 282 - 281 B.C.; obverse winged head of Medusa right; reverse humped bull butting right, BAΣIΛEΩΣ above, ΣEΛEYKOY over Ξ exergue; scarce; SOLD


Seleukid Kingdom, Antiochus III the Great, c. 223 - 187 B.C.

|Seleucid| |Kingdom|, |Seleukid| |Kingdom,| |Antiochus| |III| |the| |Great,| |c.| |223| |-| |187| |B.C.||AE| |11|
Antiochus' victory at the Battle of Panium in 198 B.C. transferred control of Judaea from Ptolemaic Egypt to the Seleukid Kingdom. When Antiochos conquered Asia Minor, however, the Romans responded. Antiochos' losses were so great that the whole of his empire was shattered and he was forced to content himself with the region that he had held in the beginning, Syria.
GY59608. Bronze AE 11, Houghton-Lorber I 1064a, SNG Spaer 622, Newell WSM 1194 ff., aVF, desert patina, weight 2.119 g, maximum diameter 11.3 mm, die axis 0o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, obverse laureate head of Apollo right; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ ANTIOXOY, Apollo standing left, naked, examining arrow in right hand, resting left hand on grounded bow, ∆EΛ monogram left; SOLD


Seleukid Kingdom, Antiochus III the Great, c. 223 - 187 B.C.

|Seleucid| |Kingdom|, |Seleukid| |Kingdom,| |Antiochus| |III| |the| |Great,| |c.| |223| |-| |187| |B.C.||AE| |19|
In 213 B.C., after a two-year siege, allied with Attalus I of Pergamum, Antiochus III captured the rebel capital Sardes and executed the rebel king Achaeus. Houghton and Lorber explain that this type is attributed to Sardes based on excavation finds, that the denomination does not fit Sardian tradition, and that it was probably struck to support Antiochus' troops during the siege.
GY62953. Bronze AE 19, HGC 9 488 (R2), cf. Houghton-Lorber I 975, Newell WSM 1193, aVF, rough, weight 7.019 g, maximum diameter 19.3 mm, die axis 0o, near Sardes(?) mint, c. 215 - 213 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo right, hair rolled at back of neck; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ ANTIOXOY, tripod lebes, monogram outer left; very rare; SOLD


Seleukid Kingdom, Antiochus IV Epiphanes, 175 - 164 B.C.

|Seleucid| |Kingdom|, |Seleukid| |Kingdom,| |Antiochus| |IV| |Epiphanes,| |175| |-| |164| |B.C.||AE| |21|
From the extraordinary "Egyptianizing" coinage of Antiochus IV, celebrating his triumphs over the Ptolemaic Kingdom of Egypt by using a reverse type strongly associated with the Lagid dynasty, an eagle perched on a thunderbolt.
GY78035. Bronze AE 21, Houghton-Lorber II 1415, Newell SMA 61, Houghton CSE 123, SNG Spaer 987, Svoronos 1418 (Antiochus III, occupied Egypt), HGC 9 665 (R1-2), F, green patina, obverse off-center, tight flan, corrosion, weight 9.079 g, maximum diameter 20.5 mm, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, autumn 169 - autumn 168 B.C.; obverse radiate head of Antiochos IV right, beveled edge; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ ANTIOXOY ΘEOY EΠIΦANOYΣ, eagle standing right on thunderbolt, head right, wings closed; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; rare; SOLD


Seleukid Kingdom, Antiochus IX Cyzicenus, 114 - 95 B.C.

|Seleucid| |Kingdom|, |Seleukid| |Kingdom,| |Antiochus| |IX| |Cyzicenus,| |114| |-| |95| |B.C.||AE| |23|
After Antiochus IX's father died, his uncle Demetrius II Nicator took the throne. For his safety, his mother, Cleopatra Thea, sent him to Cyzicus (leading to his nickname). He returned to Syria in 116 B.C. to claim the throne from his half-brother Antiochus VIII Grypus, with whom he eventually divided Syria. He was killed in battle by the son of Grypus, Seleucus VI Epiphanes.
GY78038. Bronze AE 23, Houghton-Lorber II 2352a; Houghton CSE 498; SNG Spaer 2725; Babelon Rois 1484; BMC Seleucid p. 93, 22; HGC 9 1246 (S-R1), F, green patina, centered on tight flan, porous, weight 9.176 g, maximum diameter 22.5 mm, die axis 0o, Tarsos (Tarsus, Mersin, Turkey) mint, 1st reign at Tarsos, c. 114 - 112 B.C.; obverse diademed head of Antiochus IX right, short curly beard, bevelled edge; reverse Dionysos standing left, kantharos in extended right hand, thyrsus vertical in left hand, BAΣIΛEΩΣ ANTIOXOY in two downward lines on right, ΦIΛOΠATOPOΣ downward on left, E outer left high, NK monogram outer left center; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; SOLD


Seleukid Kingdom, Seleukos II Kallinikos, 246 - 226 B.C.

|Seleucid| |Kingdom|, |Seleukid| |Kingdom,| |Seleukos| |II| |Kallinikos,| |246| |-| |226| |B.C.||AE| |17|
The Seleukid Empire was under attack by Egypt when Kallinikos assumed the throne. He lost much of Thrace and coastal Anatolia to Ptolemy III. While he was fighting, his mother made his younger brother Antiochos Hierax joint ruler. Kallinikos agreed to partition the empire; however, Hierax wanted it all and Hierax and his Galatian mercenaries defeated him. Kallinikos managed to retain the lands east of the Tauros. The War of the Brothers weakened the empire, permitting regions such as Parthia to secede. Anatolia was soon lost. Kallinikos died after a fall from his horse.
GY81366. Bronze AE 17, SNG Spaer 455, VF, weight 4.621 g, maximum diameter 16.7 mm, die axis 0o, uncertain (Asia Minor) mint, obverse helmeted head of Athena right; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΣEΛEYXOY, Apollo standing left, holding arrow and resting on bow, three monograms in fields; SOLD


Seleukid Kingdom, Antiochus IV Epiphanes, 175 - 164 B.C., Mallos, Cilicia

|Seleucid| |Kingdom|, |Seleukid| |Kingdom,| |Antiochus| |IV| |Epiphanes,| |175| |-| |164| |B.C.,| |Mallos,| |Cilicia||double| |unit|
Mallos was an ancient city near the mouth of the Pyramus River (now the Ceyhan Nehri), on a hill opposite Magarsus, which served as its port. The river has changed course and the site is now inland a few km from the Mediterranean coast on an elevation, a few km from Karatas, Adana Province, Turkey.
GY54839. Bronze double unit, Houghton-Lorber II 1381, HGC 9 651, aVF, nice green patina, weight 5.042 g, maximum diameter 15.7 mm, die axis 0o, Mallos (near Karatas, Turkey) mint, obverse laureate bust of Zeus right, archaizing style, long beard, hair rolled behind in krobylos, long wavy lock falling forward over shoulder, spear over left shoulder, fillet border; reverse Nike standing left, crowning name with wreath, BAΣIΛEΩΣ downward on right, ANTIOXOY downward on left; rare; SOLD


Seleukid Kingdom, Alexander II Zabinas, 128 - 122 B.C.

|Seleucid| |Kingdom|, |Seleukid| |Kingdom,| |Alexander| |II| |Zabinas,| |128| |-| |122| |B.C.||AE| |22|
Zabinas claimed to be an adoptive son of Antiochus VII, but may have been the son of an Egyptian merchant. He was used as a pawn by the Egyptian king Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II (Physcon). Zabinas managed to defeat Demetrius II and thereafter ruled parts of Syria, but soon ran out of Egyptian support and was defeated by Demetrius' son Antiochus VIII Grypus. As a last resort, Zabinas plundered the temples of Antioch. He is said to have joked about melting down a statuette of the goddess of victory, Nike, which was held in the hand of a Zeus statue, saying "Zeus has given me Victory." Enraged by his impiety, the Antiochenes expelled Zabinas, who was captured and executed soon after. "Zabinas" is a derogatory name meaning "the bought one," implying he was Ptolemy's slave.
GY57128. Bronze AE 22, Houghton-Lorber II 2237(1)b, Houghton CSE 307, Babelon Rois 1307, HGC 9 1164 (C-S), VF, weight 9.372 g, maximum diameter 22.0 mm, die axis 0o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 125 - 122 B.C.; obverse radiate and diademed head of Zabinas right, one diadem end flying up behind, the other falling forward over shoulder; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ AΛEΞAN∆POY, double cornucopia bound with fillet, A over club in inner left, Π in inner right; SOLD


Seleukid Kingdom, Antiochus IX Cyzicenus, 114 - 95 B.C.

|Seleucid| |Kingdom|, |Seleukid| |Kingdom,| |Antiochus| |IX| |Cyzicenus,| |114| |-| |95| |B.C.||AE| |18|
After Antiochos IX's father died, his uncle Demetrius II Nicator took the throne. For his safety, his mother, Cleopatra Thea, sent him to Cyzicus (leading to his nickname). He returned to Syria in 116 B.C. to claim the throne from his half-brother Antiochus VIII Grypus, with whom he eventually divided Syria. He was killed in battle by the son of Grypus, Seleucus VI Epiphanes.
GB73102. Bronze AE 18, Houghton-Lorber II 2379; BMC Seleucid p. 94, 31; Babelon Rois 1505; Houghton CSE 2, 775 var. (control); HGC 9 1253 (R2); SNG Spaer -; SNG Cop -, aVF, green patina, centered on a tight flan, corrosion, weight 4.934 g, maximum diameter 17.9 mm, die axis 0o, uncertain (probably Syrian) mint, 114 - 95 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo right, with hair rolled, curly locks down neck; reverse Artemis standing facing, wearing short tunic and boots, spear vertical in right hand, bow in left, BAΣIΛEΩΣ ANTIOXOY downward in two lines on right, ΦIΛOΠATOPOΣ downward on left, E (control) on side facing downward outer left; very rare; SOLD


Seleukid Kingdom, Antiochus I Soter, 280 - 261 B.C.

|Seleucid| |Kingdom|, |Seleukid| |Kingdom,| |Antiochus| |I| |Soter,| |280| |-| |261| |B.C.||AE| |19|
At the invitation of Nicomedes I of Bithynia, who required help in a dynastic struggle against his brother, three tribes of Celts crossed over from Thrace to Asia Minor. They numbered about 10,000 fighting men and about the same number of women and children. The Seleucid king Antiochus I, in 275 B.C., defeated them in a battle using Seleucid war elephants to shock the Celts. This victory was the origin of Antiochus' title of Soter (Greek for "savior"). These "Gauls" were not exterminated, many joined Antiochus' army as mercenaries. They established a long-lived Celtic territory in central Anatolia, called Galatia. Strengthened by fresh accessions of the same clans from Europe, the "Galatians" overran Bithynia and supported themselves by plundering neighboring countries.
GY87705. Bronze AE 19, Houghton-Lorber I 339(4), Newell ESM 946, HGC 9 148, F, well centered, corrosion, weight 6.277 g, maximum diameter 19.2 mm, die axis 300o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 278 - 268 B.C.; obverse Macedonian shield decorated with anchor in center, six double arcs around; reverse horned elephant walking right, BAΣIΛEΩΣ / ANTIOXOY above and below, monogram and club above, jawbone below; SOLD


Demetrias (|Damascus|?), Coele-Syria, c. 96 - 82 B.C.

|Other| |Syria|, |Demetrias| |(|Damascus|?),| |Coele-Syria,| |c.| |96| |-| |82| |B.C.||AE| |21|
The site of Demetrias is not entirely certain; most likely Damascus was refounded and renamed Demetrias during the reign of the Seleukid king Demetrios III (97 - 88 B.C.). Its uncertain how long the name was used. After the death of Antiochos XII in 83 or 82 B.C. the city handed itself over to the Nabataean king, Aretas III. It may have returned to Seleukid control for a time, but by 73 B.C. the city was ruled by Tigranes II of Armenia until 64 B.C., when it became part of the new Roman province of Syria. Mark Antony gave the city to Cleopatra VII in 36 B.C. After her death it again came under Roman control.
GB88242. Bronze AE 21, BMC Galatia p. 289, 3; De Saulcy 4; HGC 9 1460 (R1); SNG Munchen -; SNG Cop -, aVF, green patina, light earthen encrustation, weight 7.583 g, maximum diameter 21.0 mm, die axis 15o, Demetrias (|Damascus|?) mint, c. 95 - 85 B.C.; obverse laureate head (of Apollo?) right; reverse Zeus standing slightly left, head left, long scepter vertical in right hand, ∆HMHTPIEΩN / THΣ IEPAΣ (Demetrians of the sacred [city], in downward lines), all within wreath; rare; SOLD


Seleukid Kingdom, Seleucus III, 226 - 223 B.C.

|Seleucid| |Kingdom|, |Seleukid| |Kingdom,| |Seleucus| |III,| |226| |-| |223| |B.C.||AE| |16|
Seleucus III Soter proved not to be the "Savior" that his official royal epithet advertised; nor did live up to his nickname Keraunos - "Thunder." He failed to reclaim western Asia Minor from his cousin, Attalus of Pergamum, and was assassinated after only a brief reign of only a few years.
GY93613. Bronze AE 16, Houghton-Lorber I 922(1)g, Newell WSM 1035, SNG Spaer 508, BMC Seleucid p. 23, 9 var. (M in exergue), HGC 9 421 (C-S), VF/F, near black patina with red earthen highlighting, centered on a tight flan cutting off part of inscription, some porosity, weight 3.539 g, maximum diameter 15.7 mm, die axis 0o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 226 - 223 B.C.; obverse bust of Artemis right, quiver at shoulder; reverse Apollo seated left on omphalos, examining arrow in right hand, resting left hand on grounded bow, BAΣIΛEΩΣ (king) downward on right, ΣEΛEYKOY downward on left, CE over Λ (primary control) outer left, KA (secondary control) in exergue; from the Errett Bishop Collection; SOLD


Seleukid Kingdom, Seleukos IV Philopater, 187 - 175 B.C.

|Seleucid| |Kingdom|, |Seleukid| |Kingdom,| |Seleukos| |IV| |Philopater,| |187| |-| |175| |B.C.||AE| |23|
Seleucus IV Philopator ruled Syria (then including Cilicia and Judea), Mesopotamia, Babylonia and Nearer Iran (Media and Persia). To help pay the heavy war-indemnity exacted by Rome, he sent his minister Heliodorus to Jerusalem to seize the Jewish temple treasury. On his return, Heliodorus assassinated Seleucus, and seized the throne for himself.
GY93771. Bronze serrated AE 23, Houghton-Lorber II 1315(3)d; SNG Spaer 874; De Clercq 73; BMC Seleucid p. 32, 23 var. (AI); HGC 9 584, gF, well centered, central dimples, weight 11.753 g, maximum diameter 22.5 mm, die axis 0o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 187 - 175 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo right, archaized style, hair rolled behind, locks falling down neck, ME monogram (primary control) behind; reverse Apollo standing left, leaning with left elbow resting on tripod, examining arrow in right hand, BAΣIΛEΩΣ (king) downward on right, ΣE-ΛEYKOY downward on left, AN (secondary control) inner left; from the Errett Bishop Collection; SOLD


Antiocheia ad Kydnum (Tarsos), Cilicia, c. 175 - 164 B.C.

|Cilicia|, |Antiocheia| |ad| |Kydnum| |(Tarsos),| |Cilicia,| |c.| |175| |-| |164| |B.C.||AE| |21|
Tarsos was renamed Antiocheia ad Kydnum under Antiochos IV Epiphanes, and reverted to Tarsus c. 164 B.C.
GB80157. Bronze AE 21, cf. SNG Levante 916, SNG BnF 1279 ff., SNG Cop 325 (different monograms), aVF, green patina, tight flan, weight 9.127 g, maximum diameter 20.8 mm, die axis 180o, Antiocheia ad Kydnum (Tarsus, Mersin, Turkey) mint, c. 175 - 164 B.C.; obverse club within oak wreath; reverse ANTIOXEΩN TΩN ΠPOΣ TΩI KY∆NΩI, cornucopia flanked by monograms; scarce; SOLD


Seleukid Kingdom, Antiochus XII Dionysos, c. 88 - 84 B.C.

|Seleucid| |Kingdom|, |Seleukid| |Kingdom,| |Antiochus| |XII| |Dionysos,| |c.| |88| |-| |84| |B.C.||AE| |21|
Antiochus XII was immediately challenged by the Nabataeans whose territories had grown during the Seleucids' perpetual fratricidal wars. While Antiochus was campaigning against the Nabataeans, these wars continued - Philip I took Damascus. Antiochus was forced to return to Damascus and evict his brother. Returning to the Nabataean front again, Antiochus, this time, had to overcome the resistance of Alexander Jannaeus en route. He soon perished in battle at the hands of the Nabataeans, leaving Damascus without a ruler. Damascus, the longtime Southern stronghold of Seleucid power freely gave itself over to the benevolent rule of King Aretas III of Nabataea.
GY77871. Bronze AE 21, Houghton-Lorber II 2478, Newell LSM 137, Houghton CSE 866, SNG Spaer 2884, HGC 9 1328 (C-S), F, ragged flan, weight 5.863 g, maximum diameter 21.3 mm, die axis 0o, Damascus mint, c. 88 - 84 B.C.; obverse diademed and draped bust of Antiochos XII right, short curly beard, diadem ends falling straight behind; reverse Zeus standing slightly left, Nike in right hand offering wreath, long scepter vertical in left hand, BAΣIΛEΩΣ ANTIOXOY EΠIΦANOYΣ in three downward lines on right, ΦIΛOΠATOPOΣ KAΛΛINIKOY in three downward lines on the left, monogram (control) outer left; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; scarce; SOLD


Seleukid Kingdom, Antiochus IV Epiphanes, 175 - 164 B.C.

|Seleucid| |Kingdom|, |Seleukid| |Kingdom,| |Antiochus| |IV| |Epiphanes,| |175| |-| |164| |B.C.||AE| |17|
The villain of Hanukkah. Antiochos IV assumed divine epithets, which no other Hellenistic king had done, such as Theos Epiphanes (God Manifest). His subjects made a pun on his name, calling him Epimanes (madman). In 168 B.C., Antiochus IV ordered the Jews to worship Greek gods. The Temple in Jerusalem was seized and dedicated to Zeus. The Jews revolted and after three years of fighting, Judah Maccabee defeated the Seleukid army. Hanukkah, the Festival of Lights, commemorates the rededication of the Temple in 165 B.C. According to the Talmud, there was only enough consecrated olive oil to fuel the eternal flame in the Temple for one day. Miraculously, the oil burned for eight days, enough time to prepare and consecrate fresh oil.
GY01990. Bronze AE 17, Houghton-Lorber II 1477, SNG Cop 184, BMC Seleucid p. 43, 3 (var), Choice VF, nice centering and patina, weight 4.23 g, maximum diameter 17.1 mm, die axis 0o, Sardes (Sart, Turkey) mint, obverse bust of Demeter right, ΛI behind, border of dots; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ (above) ANTIOXOY (below), elephant head left, ΛI in upper left field, prow of galley in lower right field, border of dots; SOLD


Seleukid Kingdom, Antiochus VI Dionysus, 144 - c. 142 B.C.

|Seleucid| |Kingdom|, |Seleukid| |Kingdom,| |Antiochus| |VI| |Dionysus,| |144| |-| |c.| |142| |B.C.||AE| |18|
Tryphon took the young son of Alexander I under his protection, crowning him Antiochus VI. After Tryphon evicted Demetrius from Antioch, probably in the summer of 143 B.C., Antiochus VI gained the allegiance of most of the Seleucid domain, including Judaea. Antiochus IV died two years later. He was probably assassinated under orders from Tryphon, who then made himself king.
GY11759. Bronze serrated AE 18, Houghton-Lorber II 2007(a); SNG Spaer 1783; Houghton CSE 241; BMC Seleucic p. 66, 35; SGCV II 7083, aVF, central dimples, weight 4.33 g, maximum diameter 18.2 mm, die axis 45o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, obverse laureate and radiate head of Antiochus right; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ ANTIOXOY / EΠIΦANOYΣ ∆IONYΣOY, panther walking left, right forepaw raised, broken spear in mouth, ΣTA above hindquarters, cornucopia right; scarce; SOLD


Seleukid Kingdom, Seleukos IV Philopater, 187 - 175 B.C.

|Seleucid| |Kingdom|, |Seleukid| |Kingdom,| |Seleukos| |IV| |Philopater,| |187| |-| |175| |B.C.||double| |unit|
This middle denomination is scarcer than the same type issued in denominations half and twice this size.
GY19732. Bronze double unit, Houghton-Lorber I 205.4, Newell ESM 559, aF, weight 7.683 g, maximum diameter 21.4 mm, die axis 0o, Media, Ekbatana (Hagmatana Hill, Iran) mint, obverse three-quarter facing head of Dionysos, crowned with ivy; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ / ΣEΛEYKOY, elephant left, monograms right and below; scarce; SOLD


Seleukid Kingdom, Antiochus VI Dionysus, 144 - c. 142 B.C.

|Seleucid| |Kingdom|, |Seleukid| |Kingdom,| |Antiochus| |VI| |Dionysus,| |144| |-| |c.| |142| |B.C.||AE| |19|
Tryphon took the young son of Alexander I under his protection, crowning him Antiochus VI. After Tryphon evicted Demetrius from Antioch, probably in the summer of 143 B.C., Antiochus VI gained the allegiance of most of the Seleucid domain, including Judaea. Antiochus IV died two years later. He was probably assassinated under orders from Tryphon, who then made himself king.
GY19739. Bronze serrated AE 19, Houghton-Lorber II 2007(a); SNG Spaer 1783; Houghton CSE 241; BMC Seleucic p. 66, 35; SGCV II 7083, VF, weight 4.468 g, maximum diameter 18.9 mm, die axis 0o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, obverse radiate head of Antiochos VI right; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ ANTIOXOY, EΠIΦANOYΣ ∆IONYΣOY in ex, panther walking left, right forepaw raised, broken spear in mouth, ΣTA and cornucopia right; desert patina; SOLD


Seleukid Kingdom, Seleukos II Kallinikos, 246 - 226 B.C.

|Seleucid| |Kingdom|, |Seleukid| |Kingdom,| |Seleukos| |II| |Kallinikos,| |246| |-| |226| |B.C.||AE| |18|
The Seleukid Empire was under attack by Egypt when Kallinikos assumed the throne. He lost much of Thrace and coastal Anatolia to Ptolemy III. While he was fighting, his mother made his younger brother Antiochos Hierax joint ruler. Kallinikos agreed to partition the empire; however, Hierax wanted it all and Hierax and his Galatian mercenaries defeated him. Kallinikos managed to retain the lands east of the Tauros. The War of the Brothers weakened the empire, permitting regions such as Parthia to secede. Anatolia was soon lost. Kallinikos died after a fall from his horse.
GY29960. Bronze AE 18, Houghton-Lorber I 660(5), SNG Spaer 456, VF, green patina, weight 4.013 g, maximum diameter 18.0 mm, die axis 0o, Sardes (Sart, Turkey) mint, obverse helmeted head of Athena right; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΣEΛEYXOY, Apollo standing left, holding arrow and resting on bow, three monograms in fields; SOLD


Seleukid Kingdom, Antiochus XII Dionysos, c. 88 - 84 B.C.

|Seleucid| |Kingdom|, |Seleukid| |Kingdom,| |Antiochus| |XII| |Dionysos,| |c.| |88| |-| |84| |B.C.||AE| |22|
Antiochus XII was immediately challenged by the Nabataeans whose territories had grown during the Seleucids' perpetual fratricidal wars. While Antiochus was campaigning against the Nabataeans, these wars continued - Philip I took Damascus. Antiochus was forced to return to Damascus and evict his brother. Returning to the Nabataean front again, Antiochus, this time, had to overcome the resistance of Alexander Jannaeus en route. He soon perished in battle at the hands of the Nabataeans, leaving Damascus without a ruler. Damascus, the longtime Southern stronghold of Seleucid power freely gave itself over to the benevolent rule of King Aretas III of Nabataea.
GY32838. Bronze AE 22, SNG Spaer 2903, Newell LSM 142, VF, weight 7.967 g, maximum diameter 22.4 mm, die axis 0o, Damascus mint, c. 88 - 84 B.C.; obverse diademed and bearded head of Antiochos XII right; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ ANTIOXOY EΠIΦANOYΣ ΦIΛOΠATOPOΣ KAΛΛINIKOY, Tyche standing left, turreted and draped, palm in right hand, scepter in left hand, Π left; SOLD


Seleukid Kingdom, Antiochus I Soter, 280 - 261 B.C., Carrhae, Mesopotamia

|Seleucid| |Kingdom|, |Seleukid| |Kingdom,| |Antiochus| |I| |Soter,| |280| |-| |261| |B.C.,| |Carrhae,| |Mesopotamia||AE| |17|
Carrhae is the Haran of the Bible. Crassus was defeated and killed by the Parthians near Carrhae in 53 B.C.; Emperor Galerius was defeated on the same site in 296 A.D.
HS36290. Bronze AE 17, SNG Spaer 257 ff., F, weight 4.382 g, maximum diameter 17.4 mm, die axis 315o, Carrhae (Altinbasak, Turkey) mint, obverse macedonian shield decorated with the head of Medusa; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ ANTIOXOY in ex, elephant walking right, anchor above, uncertain control-mark left; SOLD


Seleukid Kingdom, Demetrius III Eucaerus, c. 96 - 87 B.C.

|Seleucid| |Kingdom|, |Seleukid| |Kingdom,| |Demetrius| |III| |Eucaerus,| |c.| |96| |-| |87| |B.C.||AE| |18|
Demetrius III Eucaerus ("the Timely") was nicknamed Acaerus ("the Untimely) by the Jews. He defeated the Hasmonaean Priest King Alexander Jannaeus but was forced to withdraw from Judaea by the hostile population. While attempting to dethrone his brother, Philip I Philadelphus, he was defeated by the Arabs and Parthians, and taken prisoner. He was held in confinement in Parthia by Mithridates II until his death in 88 B.C.
GY46353. Bronze AE 18, Houghton-Lorber II 2456(4); SNG Spaer 2871 - 2873; Galilee Hoard H47 (this coin), VF, weight 3.125 g, maximum diameter 17.6 mm, die axis 0o, Damascus mint, 96 - 87 B.C.; obverse radiate and diademed, lightly bearded head of Demetrius III right; reverse BACIΛEΩC ∆HMHTPIOY ΘEOY ΦIΛOMHTOPOC CΩTHPOC, Hermes standing left on a square basis, kerykeion in right, palm frond in left, N over A left; ex Galilee Hoard (found north of the Sea of Galilee in 1989); SOLD


Seleukid Kingdom, Demetrius III Eucaerus, c. 96 - 87 B.C.

|Seleucid| |Kingdom|, |Seleukid| |Kingdom,| |Demetrius| |III| |Eucaerus,| |c.| |96| |-| |87| |B.C.||AE| |20|
Demetrius III Eucaerus ("the Timely") was nicknamed Acaerus ("the Untimely) by the Jews. He defeated the Hasmonaean Priest King Alexander Jannaeus but was forced to withdraw from Judaea by the hostile population. While attempting to dethrone his brother, Philip I Philadelphus, he was defeated by the Arabs and Parthians, and taken prisoner. He was held in confinement in Parthia by Mithridates II until his death in 88 B.C.
GY46357. Bronze AE 20, Houghton-Lorber II 2455 (various dates and control symbols); SNG Spaer 2850 et al. (same); Galilee Hoard H43 (this coin), aVF, weight 4.244 g, maximum diameter 19.9 mm, die axis 0o, Damascus mint, 96 - 91 B.C.; obverse radiate and diademed, lightly bearded head of Demetrius III right; reverse BACIΛEΩC ∆HMHTPIOY ΘEOY ΦIΛOMHTOPOC CΩTHPOC, Hermes standing facing, palm frond in right, kerykeion in left, control symbols outer left, date in exergue; wide flan cracks, ex Galilee Hoard (found north of the Sea of Galilee in 1989); SOLD


Seleukid Kingdom, Demetrius III Eucaerus, c. 96 - 87 B.C.

|Seleucid| |Kingdom|, |Seleukid| |Kingdom,| |Demetrius| |III| || |Eucaerus,| |c.| |96| |-| |87| |B.C.||AE| |18|
Demetrius III Eucaerus ("the Timely") was nicknamed Acaerus ("the Untimely) by the Jews. He defeated the Hasmonaean Priest King Alexander Jannaeus but was forced to withdraw from Judaea by the hostile population. While attempting to dethrone his brother, Philip I Philadelphus, he was defeated by the Arabs and Parthians, and taken prisoner. He was held in confinement in Parthia by Mithridates II until his death in 88 B.C.
GY46362. Bronze AE 18, Houghton-Lorber II 2455(1), Houghton CSE II 802, SNG Spaer 2842 - 2843, SNG Cop 421; Galilee Hoard H38, aVF, weight 3.190 g, maximum diameter 18.1 mm, die axis 0o, Damascus mint, 96 - 95 B.C.; obverse diademed, lightly bearded head of Demetrius III right; reverse BACIΛEΩC ∆HMTPIOY ΘEOY ΦIΛOΠATOPOC CΩTHPOC, Hermes standing half left, nude, long palm frond vertical in right, caduceus in left, monograms outer left, IIΣ (year 217) and H∆ monogram in exergue; ex Galilee Hoard (found north of the Sea of Galilee in 1989); SOLD


Seleukid Kingdom, Antiochus VI Dionysus, 144 - c. 142 B.C.

|Seleucid| |Kingdom|, |Seleukid| |Kingdom,| |Antiochus| |VI| |Dionysus,| |144| |-| |c.| |142| |B.C.||AE| |17|
Tryphon took the young son of Alexander I under his protection, crowning him Antiochus VI. After Tryphon evicted Demetrius from Antioch, probably in the summer of 143 B.C., Antiochus VI gained the allegiance of most of the Seleucid domain, including Judaea. Antiochus IV died two years later. He was probably assassinated under orders from Tryphon, who then made himself king.
GY57116. Bronze serrated AE 17, Houghton-Lorber II 2007(c), SNG Spaer 1784, F, central dimples, weight 3.713 g, maximum diameter 17.1 mm, die axis 45o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, obverse radiate head of Antiochos VI right; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ ANTIOXOY, EΠIΦANOYΣ ∆IONYΣOY in ex, panther walking left, forepaw raised, broken spear in mouth, ΣTA above right, star (control symbol) right; SOLD


Seleukid Kingdom, Seleukos II Kallinikos, 246 - 226 B.C.

|Seleucid| |Kingdom|, |Seleukid| |Kingdom,| |Seleukos| |II| |Kallinikos,| |246| |-| |226| |B.C.||AE| |19|
The Seleukid Empire was under attack by Egypt when Kallinikos assumed the throne. He lost much of Thrace and coastal Anatolia to Ptolemy III. While he was fighting, his mother made his younger brother Antiochos Hierax joint ruler. Kallinikos agreed to partition the empire; however, Hierax wanted it all and Hierax and his Galatian mercenaries defeated him. Kallinikos managed to retain the lands east of the Tauros. The War of the Brothers weakened the empire, permitting regions such as Parthia to secede. Anatolia was soon lost. Kallinikos died after a fall from his horse.
GY57142. Bronze AE 19, Houghton-Lorber I 713(1)a, Newell WSM 1169, HGC 9 323 (R1 - R2), nice F, weight 7.166 g, maximum diameter 19.0 mm, die axis 0o, ∆EΛ (perhaps Antioch) mint, obverse draped bust of Athena right, wearing Corinthian helmet; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΣEΛEYKOY, Nike standing left, extending wreath in right hand, palm frond in left over shoulder, ∆/EΛ monogram inner left; glossy near black patina with red earthen highlighting; rare; SOLD


Seleukid Kingdom, Antiochus IV Epiphanes, 175 - 164 B.C., Ake Ptolemais, Galilee

|Seleucid| |Kingdom|, |Seleukid| |Kingdom,| |Antiochus| |IV| |Epiphanes,| |175| |-| |164| |B.C.,| |Ake| |Ptolemais,| |Galilee||AE| |17|
Minted in Galilee by the villain and persecutor in the Jewish traditions associated with Hanukkah, including the books of Maccabees and the "Scroll of Antiochus." Rabbinical sources refer to him as harasha ("the wicked").

On the reverse, Antiochus IV proudly advertises the Seleukid fleet and war elephants. Antiochus died suddenly of disease in 164 B.C. Soon after, in 163 or early 162 B.C., the Roman legate Gnaeus Octavius enforced the treaty of Apamea by burning the Seleukid fleet and killing the army's war elephants (private citizens assassinated him for this outrage).
GY68441. Bronze serrated AE 17, Houghton-Lorber II 1477(2)a, SNG Spaer 1025, HGC 9 686 (R1-2), F/VF, dark green patina, central dimples, weight 4.065 g, maximum diameter 17.0 mm, die axis 45o, Galilee, Ake Ptolemais (Acre, Israel) mint, 175 - c. 172 B.C.; obverse veiled bust of Laodike IV right, monogram behind; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ / ANTIOXOY, elephant head left, galley forepart left below on right, AB above trunk; scarce; SOLD


Seleukid Kingdom, Alexander I Balas, 152 - 145 B.C.

|Seleucid| |Kingdom|, |Seleukid| |Kingdom,| |Alexander| |I| |Balas,| |152| |-| |145| |B.C.||AE| |19|
Alexander Balas, of humble origin, claimed to be Antiochus IV's son and heir to the Seleukid throne. Rome and Egypt accepted his claims. He married Cleopatra Thea, daughter of King Ptolemy Philometor of Egypt. With his father-in-law's help, he defeated Demetrius Soter and became the Seleukid king. After he abandoned himself to debauchery, his father-in-law shifted his support to Demetrius II, the son of Demetrius Soter. Balas was defeated and fled to Nabataea where he was murdered.
GY90138. Bronze AE 19, Houghton-Lorber II 1795(3)a; SNG Spaer 1457; BMC Seleucid p. 55, 49, aVF, scratches, weight 6.566 g, maximum diameter 19.3 mm, die axis 45o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 150 - 145 B.C.; obverse head of Herakles right, wearing Nemean Lion skin, scalp over head, forepaws tied at neck; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ AΛEΞAN∆POY, Apollo standing left, examining arrow in right, resting left hand on bow grounded behind, trident outer left, nothing inner left, (ΠA monogram) in exergue; ex Rusty Romans; SOLD


Seleukid Kingdom, Cleopatra Thea and Antiochus VIII Grypus, 125 - 121 B.C.

|Seleucid| |Kingdom|, |Seleukid| |Kingdom,| |Cleopatra| |Thea| |and| |Antiochus| |VIII| |Grypus,| |125| |-| |121| |B.C.||AE| |18|
Antiochus VIII Epiphanes Grypus (Hook-Nose) was crowned as a teenager, ruling jointly with his mother Cleopatra Thea. In 121 B.C., one day when he returned from a hunt, his mother offered him a cup of wine. Since this was not common behavior for her, Grypus was suspicious and forced her to drink the wine; poisoned, it killed her. Grypus fought a civil war with his brother that ended with his murder.

The owl on amphora is copied from the "new style" tetradrachms of Athens.
GY77814. Bronze AE 18, Houghton-Lorber II 2263.4c; SNG Spaer 2457 - 2458; Babelon Rois 1354, HGC 9 1189, F, well centered, green patina with red earthen highlighting, weight 5.639 g, maximum diameter 18.3 mm, die axis 0o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 122 - 121 B.C.; obverse radiate head of Antiochus VIII right; reverse BAΣIΛIΣΣHΣ KΛEOΠATPAΣ KAI BAΣIΛEΩΣ ANTIOXOY, owl standing half right on amphora, head turned facing, AϘP (year 191) and caps of the Dioskouroi (control-marks) below; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; SOLD


Seleukid Kingdom, Antiochus I Soter, 280 - 261 B.C.

|Seleucid| |Kingdom|, |Seleukid| |Kingdom,| |Antiochus| |I| |Soter,| |280| |-| |261| |B.C.||AE| |15|
Antiochos' reign was marred by struggle against internal and external enemies, including the betrayal and revolt of his co-regent in the east, his eldest son, whom he was forced to execute. He earned the title savior (soter) of Asia by defeated roving bands of Galatians that had terrorized the cities for years. However, not long after, he lost southern and western Asia Minor to Ptolemy.
GY78032. Bronze AE 15, Houghton-Lorber 315a; Newell WSM 1369; BMC Seleucid p. 13, 58; SNG Spaer 233; SNG Cop 77; SGCV II 6883; HGC 9 167 (R2), VF, near black patina, weight 2.663 g, maximum diameter 14.5 mm, die axis 0o, Sardes (Sart, Turkey) mint, 280 - 261 B.C.; obverse bust of Athena facing, wearing triple-crested Attic helmet; reverse Nike walking left, raising wreath in right hand, long palm frond over left shoulder in left hand,BAΣIΛEΩΣ downward on right, ANTIOXOY downward on right, symbol in circle over line outer left (control); from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; SOLD


Seleukid Kingdom, Demetrius I Soter, 162 - 150 B.C.

|Seleucid| |Kingdom|, |Seleukid| |Kingdom,| |Demetrius| |I| |Soter,| |162| |-| |150| |B.C.||AE| |17|
As required by the Treaty of Apamea, Demetrius, the son of Seleucus IV, was held in Rome as a hostage. After Antiochus IV (his uncle) died, he claimed the right to rule but Rome preferred Antiochus V, a weak child. Demetrius escaped, was welcomed in Syria and took his throne. Antiochus V and his regent were executed. Demetrius defeated Judas Maccabaeus and restored Seleukid control over Judaea.
GY93773. Bronze serrated AE 17, Houghton-Lorber II 1646; Houghton CSE 172; SNG Spaer 1299 ff.; SNG Cop 242; BMC Seleucid p. 49, 60 f.; Babelon 733; HGC 9 833 (R3), F, dark patina with highlighting red earthen deposits, reverse off center, central depressions, weight 4.159 g, maximum diameter 16.6 mm, die axis 0o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 162- 150 B.C.; obverse bridled horse head left; reverse elephant head right, BAΣIΛEΩΣ (king) above, ∆HMHTPIOY below; from the Errett Bishop Collection; rare; SOLD


Seleukid Kingdom, Antiochus II Theos, 261 - 246 B.C.

|Seleucid| |Kingdom|, |Seleukid| |Kingdom,| |Antiochus| |II| |Theos,| |261| |-| |246| |B.C.||AE| |13|
The kithara (cithara) was an ancient stringed musical instrument resembling the lyre. The lyre was a simpler folk-instrument with two strings and tortoise shell body. The kithara had seven strings and a flat back. A symbol of Apollo, who was credited with inventing it, the Kithara's origins were likely Asiatic. The kithara was primarily used by professional musicians, called kitharodes. In modern Greek, the word kithara has come to mean "guitar."
GY97559. Bronze AE 13, Houghton-Lorber 528(7), Newell WSM 1392, HGC 9 278 (R1-2), VF, well centered, green patina, light earthen deposits, some reverse die wear, weight 2.363 g, maximum diameter 13.0 mm, die axis 0o, Lydia, Sardes (Sart, Turkey) mint, 261 - 246 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo right, hair in loose wavy locks falling on neck; reverse kithara (lyre), BAΣIΛEΩΣ (king) downward on right, ANTIOXOY downward on left, anchor flukes right in exergue, Σ (control) outer left,∆I (control) outer right; rare; SOLD


Seleukid Kingdom, Demetrius I Soter, 162 - 150 B.C.

|Seleucid| |Kingdom|, |Seleukid| |Kingdom,| |Demetrius| |I| |Soter,| |162| |-| |150| |B.C.||AE| |20|
As required by the Treaty of Apamea, Demetrius, the son of Seleucus IV, was held in Rome as a hostage. After Antiochus IV (his uncle) died, he claimed the right to rule but Rome preferred Antiochus V, a weak child. Demetrius escaped, was welcomed in Syria and took his throne. Antiochus V and his regent were executed. Demetrius defeated Judas Maccabaeus and restored Seleukid control over Judaea.
GB95287. Bronze serrated AE 20, Houghton-Lorber II 1645; Houghton CSE 170; SNG Spaer 1295 ff.; BMC Seleucid p. 80, 3 - 4; Babelon 727 ff.; HGC 9 826 (S), F, well centered, porous, small central cavities, weight 7.680 g, maximum diameter 20.4 mm, die axis 0o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 162 - 150 B.C.; obverse bust of Artemis right wearing stephane, bow and quiver at shoulder; reverse bow and quiver with strap, BAΣIΛEΩΣ (king) downward on right, ∆HMHTPIOY downward on left, no control symbols; from a Norwegian collection; SOLD


Seleukid Kingdom, Antiochus IX Cyzicenus, 114 - 95 B.C.

|Seleucid| |Kingdom|, |Seleukid| |Kingdom,| |Antiochus| |IX| |Cyzicenus,| |114| |-| |95| |B.C.||AE| |17|
After Antiochus IX's father died, his uncle Demetrius II Nicator took the throne. For his safety, his mother, Cleopatra Thea, sent him to Cyzicus (leading to his nickname). He returned to Syria in 116 B.C. to claim the throne from his half-brother Antiochus VIII Grypus, with whom he eventually divided Syria. He was killed in battle by the son of Grypus, Seleucus VI Epiphanes.
GY57136. Bronze AE 17, Houghton-Lorber II 2353, HGC 9 1247 (R2), aVF, weight 3.878 g, maximum diameter 16.6 mm, die axis 0o, Tarsos (Tarsus, Mersin, Turkey) mint, 113 - c. 112 B.C.; obverse diademed head right with short curly beard, diadem ends fall straight behind; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ ANTIOXOY / ΦIΛOΠATOPOΣ, Athena Promachos advancing right, spear over shoulder in right, shield in left, E inner left; SOLD


Seleukid Kingdom, Diodotus Tryphon, 142 - 138 B.C.

|Seleucid| |Kingdom|, |Seleukid| |Kingdom,| |Diodotus| |Tryphon,| |142| |-| |138| |B.C.||AE| |18|
Tryphon, a general, betrayed and deposed the child king Antiochus VI and seized power for himself in Coele-Syria. He reinstated Hasmonean rule in Judea in exchange for which Jewish armies under the High Priest Jonathan marched against his rival Demetrius. But Tryphon betrayed Jonathan taking him prisoner at a "friendly" meeting and marching his army to Judaea. Jonathan's brother, Simon Maccabaeus, was ready for battle, preventing invasion. Tryphon promised to free Jonathan in exchange for one hundred talents and Jonathan's two sons as hostages. Simon did not trust Tryphon, but he complied so he could not be accused of his brother's death. As expected, Jonathan was executed.Tryphon committed suicide after he was defeated by Antiochus VII.
GY79273. Bronze AE 18, Houghton-Lorber II 2040, Houghton CSE 263, SNG Spaer 1825, Babelon Rois 1047, HGC 9 1061 (S); central cavities, F, toned coppery surfaces, light corrosion, weight 4.036 g, maximum diameter 17.6 mm, die axis 45o, uncertain (northern Syria?) mint, 142 - 138 B.C.; obverse diademed head right, no border; reverse spiked Macedonian helmet left, with cheek guards, adorned with a wild goat's horn above the visor, AΣK (control) downward lower inner left (off flan), BAΣIΛEΩΣ TPYΦΩNOΣ in two lines downward on right, AYTOKPATOPOΣ downward on left; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; SOLD


Seleukid Kingdom, Seleukos I Nikator, 312 - 281 B.C.

|Seleucid| |Kingdom|, |Seleukid| |Kingdom,| |Seleukos| |I| |Nikator,| |312| |-| |281| |B.C.||AE| |15|
The Indian humped bull type, along with his well-known anchor symbol, was used only by Nikator. The Indian humped bull on the reverse recalls when Nikator, with only his bare-hands, stopped a similar bull that had broken free while Alexander the Great was sacrificing it at the altar. Seleucus captured Sardes from Lysimachus in 282 B.C. This type has been attributed to Sardes based on find locations.
GY81402. Bronze AE 15, Houghton-Lorber I 6(2)b, Newell WSM 1628, HGC 9 107a (S), SNG Spaer 69 var. (monogram behind bull), SNG Cop 45 var. (same), gVF, nice patina, weight 2.774 g, maximum diameter 14.6 mm, die axis 315o, Sardes (Sart, Turkey) mint, 282 - 281 B.C.; obverse winged head of Medusa right; reverse humped bull butting right, BAΣIΛEΩΣ (king) above, ΣEΛEYKOY in exergue, monogram between hind legs; scarce; SOLD


Seleukid Kingdom, Antiochus VII Euergetes Sidetes, 138 - 129 B.C.

|Seleucid| |Kingdom|, |Seleukid| |Kingdom,| |Antiochus| |VII| |Euergetes| |Sidetes,| |138| |-| |129| |B.C.||AE| |18|
According to Josephus, the Jews gave Antiochus VII the epithet Eusebes (pious) in gratitude for his respect for their religion.
GY57645. Bronze AE 18, Houghton-Lorber II 2067 (various dates and symbols), SGCV II 7098, VF, weight 6.595 g, maximum diameter 18.3 mm, die axis 0o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 138 - 129 B.C.; obverse winged bust of Eros right, wreathed with myrtle; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ ANTIOXOY EYEPΓETOY, headdress of Isis, uncertain date below, uncertain symbols or monograms; SOLD


Seleukid Kingdom, Antiochus VII Euergetes Sidetes, 138 - 129 B.C.

|Seleucid| |Kingdom|, |Seleukid| |Kingdom,| |Antiochus| |VII| |Euergetes| |Sidetes,| |138| |-| |129| |B.C.||didrachm|
After his brother Demetrius was captured by the Parthians, Antiochus VII was made king. He married Demetrius' wife Cleopatra Thea. He defeated the usurper Tryphon at Dora and laid siege to Jerusalem in 134. According to Josephus, the Hasmonean king John Hyrcanus opened King David's sepulcher and removed three thousand talents, which he then paid Antiochus to spare the city. Sidetes then attacked the Parthians, supported by a body of Jews under Hyrcanus, and briefly took back Mesopotamia, Babylonia and Media before being ambushed and killed by Phraates II. His brother Demetrius II had by then been released, but the Seleucid realm was now restricted to Syria. Antiochus VII was the last Seleucid king of any stature.
GS31759. Silver didrachm, Houghton-Lorber II 2110(10)a, aVF, dark toning, weight 6.355 g, maximum diameter 20.7 mm, die axis 0o, Phoenicia, Tyre mint, 131 - 130 B.C.; obverse diademed and draped bust right, lock of hair imitating the horn of Ammon; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ ANTIOXOY, eagle standing left on prow, palm frond under wing, A/PE above (Tyre monogram) over club left, AVΣ monogram / BΠP (year 182) right, ZB monogram between legs; SOLD


Seleukid Kingdom, Seleucus I, 312 - 280 B.C.

|Seleucid| |Kingdom|, |Seleukid| |Kingdom,| |Seleucus| |I,| |312| |-| |280| |B.C.||AE| |21|
The ruins of Antioch on the Orontes lie near the modern city of Antakya, Turkey. Founded near the end of the 4th century B.C. by Seleucus I Nicator, one of Alexander the Great's generals, Antioch's geographic, military and economic location, particularly the spice trade, the Silk Road, the Persian Royal Road, benefited its occupants, and eventually it rivaled Alexandria as the chief city of the Near East and as the main center of Hellenistic Judaism at the end of the Second Temple period. Antioch is called "the cradle of Christianity, for the pivotal early role it played in the emergence of the faith. It was one of the four cities of the Syrian tetrapolis. Its residents are known as Antiochenes. Antioch was renamed Theoupolis after it was nearly destroyed by an earthquake on 29 November 528. Once a great metropolis of half a million people, it declined to insignificance during the Middle Ages because of warfare, repeated earthquakes and a change in trade routes following the Mongol conquests, which then no longer passed through Antioch from the far east. 6th Century Antioch
GY08589. Bronze AE 21, SNG Spaer 6, Newell WSM 912, VF, weight 8.05 g, maximum diameter 20.8 mm, die axis 0o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, obverse laureate head of Apollo right, dot border; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΣEΛEYKOY, Athena standing right, spear in upraised right, shield in left, dot border; SOLD


Seleukid Kingdom, Alexander II Zabinas, 128 - 122 B.C.

|Seleucid| |Kingdom|, |Seleukid| |Kingdom,| |Alexander| |II| |Zabinas,| |128| |-| |122| |B.C.||half| |denomination|
Zabinas claimed to be an adoptive son of Antiochus VII, but may have been the son of an Egyptian merchant. He was used as a pawn by the Egyptian king Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II (Physcon). Zabinas managed to defeat Demetrius II and thereafter ruled parts of Syria, but soon ran out of Egyptian support and was defeated by Demetrius' son Antiochus VIII Grypus. As a last resort, Zabinas plundered the temples of Antioch. He is said to have joked about melting down a statuette of the goddess of victory, Nike, which was held in the hand of a Zeus statue, saying "Zeus has given me Victory." Enraged by his impiety, the Antiochenes expelled Zabinas, who was captured and executed soon after. "Zabinas" is a derogatory name meaning "the bought one," implying he was Ptolemy's slave.
GY09132. Bronze half denomination, Houghton-Lorber II 2230(3), Spaer 2405, HGC 9 1171 (R2), VF, weight 3.33 g, maximum diameter 15.0 mm, die axis 0o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, c. 127 - 126 B.C.; obverse winged bust of Eros right, wearing myrtle wreath; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ AΛEΞAN∆POY, upside-down anchor, ςΠP (year 186 of the Seleucid Era) downward inner left; scarce; SOLD


Seleukid Kingdom, Antiochus IV Epiphanes, 175 - 164 B.C., Ake Ptolemais, Galilee

|Seleucid| |Kingdom|, |Seleukid| |Kingdom,| |Antiochus| |IV| |Epiphanes,| |175| |-| |164| |B.C.,| |Ake| |Ptolemais,| |Galilee||AE| |16|
Ptolemais was a maritime city of Galilee (Acts 21:7). It was originally Accho, but was renamed Ptolemais under the rule of Ptolemy Soter.

The villain of Hanukkah. Antiochos IV assumed divine epithets, which no other Hellenistic king had done, such as Theos Epiphanes (God Manifest). His subjects made a pun on his name, calling him Epimanes (madman). In 168 B.C., Antiochus IV ordered the Jews to worship Greek gods. The Temple in Jerusalem was seized and dedicated to Zeus. The Jews revolted and after three years of fighting, Judah Maccabee defeated the Seleukid army. Hanukkah, the Festival of Lights, commemorates the rededication of the Temple in 165 B.C. According to the Talmud, there was only enough consecrated olive oil to fuel the eternal flame in the Temple for one day. Miraculously, the oil burned for eight days, enough time to prepare and consecrate fresh oil.
GY09145. Bronze serrated AE 16, Houghton-Lorber II 1478(1)f, SNG Spaer 1114, HGC 9 725 (R2), VF, green patina, buff earthen fill, central cavities, weight 3.39 g, maximum diameter 15.5 mm, die axis 45o, Galilee, Ake Ptolemais (Acre, Israel) mint, 175 - 168 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo right, A/B monogram behind head; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ ANTIOXOY, Apollo seated left on omphalos, examining arrow in right hand, resting left hand on grounded bow behind, apluster left, H in exergue; SOLD


Seleukid Kingdom, Antiochus VII Euergetes Sidetes, 138 - 129 B.C.

|Seleucid| |Kingdom|, |Seleukid| |Kingdom,| |Antiochus| |VII| |Euergetes| |Sidetes,| |138| |-| |129| |B.C.||AE| |17|
Spaer does not list with the monogram in the left field.
GY09218. Bronze AE 17, SNG Spaer 2113-2126 var., aVF, weight 3.43 g, maximum diameter 17.4 mm, die axis 0o, Gaza mint, 136/5 or 135/4 B.C.; obverse helmeted head of Athena right; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ ANTIOXOY EYEPΓETOY, owl standing facing, uncertain date in exergue, H monogram right; SOLD




    




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REFERENCES|

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