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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Greek Coins| ▸ |Celtic & Tribal||View Options:  |  |  |   

Celtic Coins and Ancient Tribal Coinage

This page offers coins of the Celtic tribes, as well as coins of Iberian, German, Thracian, Paenonian, Illyrian, Dacian, Gaete, and other European tribes. These tribes struck coins from the late 4th century B.C. until the late 1st century B.C. They were introduced to coinage by the Greeks, with whom the traded, and for whom they sometimes worked as mercenaries. Tribal coins often copied Greek designs, especially Macedonian coins from the time of Philip II of Macedon and his son, Alexander the Great. Some became increasingly abstract over time. Map of Celtic Territiory

Constantine the Great, Early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D., Unofficial Barbaric (Pannonian Tribes?)

|Constantine| |the| |Great|, |Constantine| |the| |Great,| |Early| |307| |-| |22| |May| |337| |A.D.,| |Unofficial| |Barbaric| |(Pannonian| |Tribes?)|, |solidus|
In Roman Imperial Coinage, on page 473, in the section on Sirmium, footnote 42 says, "In L. [London=British Museum] an irregular SECVPITAS PEI-PETVAE, obv. CONSTNATTI-VAS P F NNG, Bust B1, m.m. SINN, 3.71 gm." Our coin is apparently from the same dies. Certainly unofficial, perhaps this coin was struck by a Pannonian tribal mint?
SH94406. Gold solidus, RIC VII Sirmium 42 var. (British Museum specimen of same irregular variant noted), gF, well centered, blundered legends and mintmark, pale gold, light scratches, probably holed and filled, weight 4.100 g, maximum diameter 19.9 mm, die axis 180o, unofficial mint, c. 324 - 325 A.D.; obverse CONSTNATTI-IIAS P F NNG, laureate head right; reverse SECIIPITAS PEI-PETVAE, Emperor standing left, in military attire, right hand crowning trophy of captured arms erected before him, transverse scepter in left hand, shield and cuirass(?) left of base of trophy, SINN in exergue; $2200.00 SALE |PRICE| $1980.00
 


Iberia, Hackgold and Hacksilver, c. 300 B.C.

|Iberia|, |Iberia,| |Hackgold| |and| |Hacksilver,| |c.| |300| |B.C.|, |Lot|
 
CE95338. Mixed Lot, See Maria Paz Garcia-Bellido (2011), "Hackgold and Hacksilber in protomonetary Iberia", gold 2.136g, 12.9mm; silver (1) 1.817g, 9.8mm; silver (2) 2.108, 9.8mm; all cut from larger pieces, $600.00 SALE |PRICE| $540.00
 


Eastern Celts, Imitative of Philip II of Macedonia, "Dachreiter" Type, 2nd - 1st Century B.C.

|Celtic| |&| |Tribal|, |Eastern| |Celts,| |Imitative| |of| |Philip| |II| |of| |Macedonia,| |"Dachreiter"| |Type,| |2nd| |-| |1st| |Century| |B.C.|, |tetradrachm|
Although the body and head of the horseman on the prototype drachm of Philip III of Macedonia have been replaced by an S-shaped line over three pellets, the horseman's leg can still be found on the side of the horse!
SH89462. Silver tetradrachm, Göbl OTA tf. 15, 170/4; Lanz 448, aVF, light toning, reverse slightly off center, light marks, weight 11.953 g, maximum diameter 21.7 mm, die axis 0o, tribal mint, 2nd - 1st century B.C.; obverse laureate and bearded head of Zeus right; reverse stylized horseman prancing left, rider's head and body reduced to an S-shaped line over three pellets, leg of horseman on side of the horse; $540.00 SALE |PRICE| $486.00
 


Gallic Celts, Petrocores, South Western Gaul, Area of Perigueux, c. 121 - 52 B.C.

|Celtic| |&| |Tribal|, |Gallic| |Celts,| |Petrocores,| |South| |Western| |Gaul,| |Area| |of| |Perigueux,| |c.| |121| |-| |52| |B.C.|, |drachm|
The Petrocorii were a Gaulish tribe located in the present-day Dordogne region of France, between the Dordogne and Isle rivers. The name Petrocorii means four armies or four clans. Their capital was Vesunna, which is today the town of Périgueux. Périgueux as well as the ancient province of Périgord take their names from this tribe. They are mentioned as Petrocoriis by Caesar (mid-1st c. B.C.), as Petrokórioi by Strabo (early 1st c. A.D.) and Ptolemy (2nd c. A.D.), as Petrocori by Pliny (1st c. A.D.), and as Petrogorii by Sidonius Apollinaris (5th c. A.D.). Gaul
CE95366. Silver drachm, de la Tour 3204, CCCBM 80, Depeyrot II 162, VF, toned, tight squared chiseled flan, uneven strike, weight 2.847 g, maximum diameter 15.4 mm, Petrocores mint, c. 121 - 52 B.C.; obverse Celticized male head left, flamboyant style; reverse cross, symbol in each quarter; ex CGB Numismatique Paris mail bid sale 15 (30 Sep 2002), lot 27730; $250.00 SALE |PRICE| $225.00
 


Gallic Celts, Carnutes, Beauce Area, c. 41 - 30 B.C.

|Celtic| |&| |Tribal|, |Gallic| |Celts,| |Carnutes,| |Beauce| |Area,| |c.| |41| |-| |30| |B.C.|, |piastre|
The helmeted bust on the obverse is derived from that of Minerva on the Roman Republic denarius of C. Vibius Varus, 42 B.C. (Crawford 494/38, Sydenham 1140).
CE89589. Bronze piastre, CCBM III 119, De la Tour 7105, Delestrée-Tache 2473, Scheers S-M 324 ff., Blanchet 274, aVF, green patina with darker fields, some bumps and scratches, light corrosion, weight 2.923 g, maximum diameter 16.2 mm, die axis 270o, c. 41 - 30 B.C.; obverse PIXTILOS, helmeted head left, the neck adorned with a torque, branch left, ornaments above; reverse PIXTILOS, lion running left, tail curled above the back, two ringed pellets above, stylized bird right below; ex CGB Numismatique Paris; scarce; $230.00 SALE |PRICE| $207.00
 


Gallic Celts, Uncertain (Lemovices?), c. 100 - 50 B.C.

|Celtic| |&| |Tribal|, |Gallic| |Celts,| |Uncertain| |(Lemovices?),| |c.| |100| |-| |50| |B.C.|, |obol|
The tribe and mint that issued this obol type are unknown, but the Lemovices struck quinarii with similar types, including a human head above the horse on the reverse. It is possible the Lemovices also issued this rare type.
CE89067. Silver obol, Delestrée-Tache 3699; cf. CCBM II S404 ff., De la Tour 4561 (Lemovices, severed head series quinarii), F, well centered, toned, etched surfaces, weight 0.633 g, maximum diameter 10.8 mm, die axis 180o, uncertain mint, c. 100 - 50 B.C.; obverse female head right in classic style; reverse horse galloping right, small human head right above; ex CGB Numismatique Paris; rare; $195.00 SALE |PRICE| $176.00
 


Iberian Celts, Hacksilver, c. 300 - 150 B.C.

|Iberia|, |Iberian| |Celts,| |Hacksilver,| |c.| |300| |-| |150| |B.C.|, |fragment|
 
CE85848. Hacksilver fragment, from a disk or ingot; cf. Kim and Kroll 55 ff.; Van Alfen Hacksilber 53 ff., F, weight 21.184 g, maximum diameter 29.2 mm, ex Moneta Numismatic Services; $180.00 SALE |PRICE| $162.00
 


Iberian Celts, Silver Ingot, c. 300 - 150 B.C.

|Iberia|, |Iberian| |Celts,| |Silver| |Ingot,| |c.| |300| |-| |150| |B.C.|, |ingot|
 
AS86897. Silver ingot, Alvarez-Burgos P.9, Kim and Kroll -, Van Alfen Hacksilber-, Garcia-Bellido -, dark toning, earthen encrustations, weight 15.636 g, maximum diameter 15.4 mm, obverse convex, flattened dome form; reverse flat plain; $180.00 SALE |PRICE| $162.00
 


Pannonian Celts, Eravisci, Middle Danube, Imitative of Roman Republic, c. 74 - 40 B.C.

|Celtic| |&| |Tribal|, |Pannonian| |Celts,| |Eravisci,| |Middle| |Danube,| |Imitative| |of| |Roman| |Republic,| |c.| |74| |-| |40| |B.C.|, |imitative| |denarius|
The die wear indicates a large number of this type was struck. On some examples the reverse legend appears to match the Roman original, POSTVMI / TA (TA ligate). On this specimen and another handled by Forum, it is blundered and appears to read SIVSAV / A. The Roman Republic prototype, struck by the moneyer C. Postumius, commemorated prayers at the shrine of Diana before the Battle of Lake Regillus, when the moneyer's ancestor, A. Postumius Albus Regillensis, was a consul. The hound was the companion of Diana the Huntress. See Phil Davis' website, https://rrimitations.ancients.info/"Imitations of Roman Republican Denarii">.
SH95314. Silver imitative denarius, cf. Freeman Eraviscan 24; Davis class B, group II, E15; Chitescu 173; for Roman Republic C. Postumius prototype see Crawford 394/1, VF, although it appears worn, this coin is nearly as struck with very worn crude dies, weight 3.469 g, maximum diameter 19.1 mm, die axis 180o, tribal mint, c. 74 - 40 B.C.; obverse draped bust of Diana right, bow and quiver over shoulder; reverse hound bounding right, wearing collar, hunting spear below, remnants of legend POSTVMI TA (TA ligate) in exergue; rare; $140.00 SALE |PRICE| $126.00
 


Pannonian Celts, Syrmia Region, Kugelwange (Ball Cheek) Type, c. 2nd Century B.C.

|Celtic| |&| |Tribal|, |Pannonian| |Celts,| |Syrmia| |Region,| |Kugelwange| |(Ball| |Cheek)| |Type,| |c.| |2nd| |Century| |B.C.|, |drachm|Price| Reduced
Syrmia is a fertile region of the Pannonian Plain in Europe, between the Danube and Sava rivers. Today, it is divided between Serbia in the east and Croatia in the west.
CE89000. Billon drachm, cf. Göbl OTA 204, Pink 204, Lanz 503, CCCBM I S134; derived from the Macedonian Kingdom drachms of Philip II, Choice VF, centered, very broad flan for the type, toned, porosity, small edge split, weight 2.493 g, maximum diameter 17.2 mm, die axis 90o, Syrmia mint, c. 2nd century B.C.; obverse devolved laureate head of Zeus right, hair in arcs on both sides of central point, broad laurel wreath; reverse devolved horse trotting left, pellet in circle above; ex Klassische Munzen (Tübingen); $126.00 SALE |PRICE| $112.00
 




  



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REFERENCES|

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Allen, D. The Coins of the Ancient Celts. (Edinburgh, 1980).
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Davis, P. "Dacian and Celtic Imitations of Republican Denarii" in The Celator, May 2004.
Davis, P. Imitations of Roman Republican Denarii, website: http://rrimitations.ancients.info/
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