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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Greek Coins| ▸ |Celtic & Tribal||View Options:  |  |  |   

Celtic Coins and Ancient Tribal Coinage

This page offers coins of the Celtic tribes, as well as coins of Iberian, German, Thracian, Paenonian, Illyrian, Dacian, Gaete, and other European tribes. These tribes struck coins from the late 4th century B.C. until the late 1st century B.C. They were introduced to coinage by the Greeks, with whom the traded, and for whom they sometimes worked as mercenaries. Tribal coins often copied Greek designs, especially Macedonian coins from the time of Philip II of Macedon and his son, Alexander the Great. Some became increasingly abstract over time. Map of Celtic Territiory

Eastern Danubian Celts, 306 - 281 B.C.

|Celtic| |&| |Tribal|, |Eastern| |Danubian| |Celts,| |306| |-| |281| |B.C.||tetradrachm|
The earliest Celtic imitations of Philip II tetradrachms are very similar to the Macedonian originals. It isn't always completely clear if a coin is a Celtic imitative or an oddly engraved Macedonian original. Fairly quickly the imitative inscriptions were shortened and then blundered. Over time the head of Zeus was increasingly "Celticized" and eventually both the head of Zeus and the horseman devolved into barely recognizable abstract forms. This coin with a rather exotic head of Zeus and odd (female?) rider on the reverse, could never be confused with the Macedonian prototype.
CE98735. Silver tetradrachm, Lanz 590 (same dies); CCCBM I 28 and pl. XVIII S26; Pink 296 ff.; Göbl OTA 296, De la Tour 9870, VF, centered, radiating flow lines, toned, die wear, small cut above eye, weight 11.808 g, maximum diameter 24.1 mm, die axis 0o, tribal mint, 306 - 281 B.C.; obverse Celticized head of Zeus right; reverse naked youth (female?) on horse pacing left, vertical branch in left hand; derived from the Macedonian Kingdom tetradrachms of Philip II; from the CEB Collection; ex Numismatic Fine Arts (NFA) Winter Bid Sale (18 Dec 1987), lot 147; $450.00 SALE PRICE $405.00
 


Celts, Carpathian Region, The Dacian Costoboci(?), c. 2nd Century B.C., Imitative of Philip II of Macedonia

|Celtic| |&| |Tribal|, |Celts,| |Carpathian| |Region,| |The| |Dacian| |Costoboci(?),| |c.| |2nd| |Century| |B.C.,| |Imitative| |of| |Philip| |II| |of| |Macedonia||tetradrachm|
The Dacian Costoboci were an ancient people located, during the Roman imperial era, north of Dacia (probably north-east of Dacia), between the Carpathian Mountains and the river Dniester. During the Marcomannic Wars the Costoboci invaded the Roman empire in 170 or 171 A.D., pillaging its Balkan provinces as far as central Greece, until they were driven out by the Romans. Shortly afterwards, the Costoboci's territory was invaded and occupied by Vandal Hasdingi and the Costoboci disappeared from surviving historical sources, except for a mention by the late Roman Ammianus Marcellinus, writing around 400 A.D.
CE99269. Silver tetradrachm, Schnabelpferd type, imitative of Philip II of Macedon; CCCBM I 78 - 79; Göbl OTA pl. 28, 326/1; Lanz 666, VF, toned, marks, small spots of corrosion/encrustation, tight flan, domed obverse, weight 8.248 g, maximum diameter 20.6 mm, die axis 45o, northern Carpathian region mint, c. 2nd century B.C.; obverse Celticized laureate head of Zeus right; reverse Celticized naked youth on horse advancing left, "beak" horse head, rider reduced to dotted outline around curved line; $250.00 SALE PRICE $225.00
 


Iberian Celts, Hacksilver, c. 300 - 150 B.C.

|Hacksilver|, |Iberian| |Celts,| |Hacksilver,| |c.| |300| |-| |150| |B.C.||fragment|
Hacksilver or hacksilber, are fragments of cut and bent silver items treated as bullion, either for ease of carrying before melting down for re-use, or simply used as currency by weight. It was common in trade until the first century B.C. and again in the middle ages with the Vikings.
GA99389. Hacksilver fragment, cf. Kim and Kroll 59, Van Alfen Hacksilber 53 ff.; 24.077g, 32.4mm long; perhaps cut from a disk ingot, weight 24.077 g, maximum diameter 32.4 mm, $200.00 SALE PRICE $180.00
 


Iberian Celts, Lot of 5 Hacksilver Fragments, c. 300 - 150 B.C.

|Hacksilver|, |Iberian| |Celts,| |Lot| |of| |5| |Hacksilver| |Fragments,| |c.| |300| |-| |150| |B.C.||Lot|
Hacksilver or hacksilber, are fragments of cut and bent silver items treated as bullion, either for ease of carrying before melting down for re-use, or simply used as currency by weight. It was common in trade until the first century B.C. and again in the middle ages with the Vikings.
CE99421. Hacksilver Lot, cf. Garcia-Bellido 393, Kim and Kroll 66; Van Alfen Hacksilber 85, $200.00 SALE PRICE $180.00
 


Celtic, Pannonian, or Thracian Tribes, c. 180 - 35 B.C., Imitative of Thessalonika, Macedonia

|Celtic| |&| |Tribal|, |Celtic,| |Pannonian,| |or| |Thracian| |Tribes,| |c.| |180| |-| |35| |B.C.,| |Imitative| |of| |Thessalonika,| |Macedonia||AE| |20|
We do not know of another specimen similar to this. The identification of the prototype is clear. But the maker of this imitative is uncertain.
CE98465. Bronze AE 20, for prototype see AMNG III/2, 21; SNG ANS 804; HGC 3.1 743 (Thessalonika), VF, green patina, earthen deposits, weight 6.177 g, maximum diameter 19.6 mm, die axis 0o, tribal mint, c. 180 - 35 B.C.; obverse bearded Janiform head; reverse abstract design imitative of two centaurs back to back rearing outwards from center, completely abstract imitation of inscriptions above and below; $150.00 SALE PRICE $135.00
 


Iberian Celts, Hacksilver, c. 300 - 150 B.C.

|Hacksilver|, |Iberian| |Celts,| |Hacksilver,| |c.| |300| |-| |150| |B.C.||fragment|
Hacksilver or hacksilber, are fragments of cut and bent silver items treated as bullion, either for ease of carrying before melting down for re-use, or simply used as currency by weight. It was common in trade until the first century B.C. and again in the middle ages with the Vikings.
CE99424. Hacksilver fragment, cf. Gitler Hacksilber14, Kim and Kroll 55 ff.; 9.560g, 15.8mm long, $140.00 SALE PRICE $126.00
 


Lot of 3 Celtic Gaul, Cast Potin Coins, c. 100 - 50 B.C.

|Celtic| |&| |Tribal|, |Lot| |of| |3| |Celtic| |Gaul,| |Cast| |Potin| |Coins,| |c.| |100| |-| |50| |B.C.||potin|
The following list was provided by the consignor and has not been verified by FORVM:
1) Celtic Gaul, Senones, 52 B.C., cast potin, AE15, 3.27g, Head right, hair divided into large curls, pulled back / Bird left, pentagram above tail, two annulets behind. Delestrée-Tache 2631, CCCBM 156-159, De la Tour 7565.
2) Northeast Gaul, Suessiones, c. 100-50 B.C., cast potin, AE22, 4.20g. Two confronted ibexes, globe between / Wolf confronting boar, annulet between. Delestrée & Tache 211.
3) Northeast Gaul, Leuci, c. 100-50 B.C. cast potin, 17mm, 3.64g. Celticized male head to left / Boar left. Delestrée-Tache 225.
LT99418. Cast potin, Lot of 3 coins, F - VF, c. 100 - 50 B.C.; no tags or flips, the actual coins in the photographs, 3 cast potin; $125.00 SALE PRICE $113.00
 


Iberian Celts, Hacksilver, c. 300 - 150 B.C.

|Hacksilver|, |Iberian| |Celts,| |Hacksilver,| |c.| |300| |-| |150| |B.C.||fragment|
Hacksilver or hacksilber, is ancient silver disks, bars, rods, foil, and broken and cut fragments of those forms and also of coins, jewelry or other silver items used as a medium of exchange by weight. It was common in trade beginning at the end of the Iron Age, c. 1200 B.C. in the Levant, and lasted until the first century B.C., were it was used by the Celts and other tribal people in Hispania and Gaul. It was used again in the Middle Ages by the Vikings.
CE99420. Hacksilver fragment, cf. Garcia-Bellido 393, Kim and Kroll 66, Van Alfen Hacksilber 85; cut fragment of a disk ingot, 9.655g, 21.9mm maximum length, $120.00 SALE PRICE $108.00
 


Iberian Celts, Hacksilver, c. 300 - 150 B.C.

|Hacksilver|, |Iberian| |Celts,| |Hacksilver,| |c.| |300| |-| |150| |B.C.||fragment|
Hacksilver or hacksilber, are fragments of cut and bent silver items treated as bullion, either for ease of carrying before melting down for re-use, or simply used as currency by weight. It was common in trade until the first century B.C. and again in the middle ages with the Vikings.
CE95745. Hacksilver fragment, cf. Garcia-Bellido 393, Kim and Kroll 66, Van Alfen Hacksilber 85; cut from a bar or disc ingot, 1.75g, 24.1mm long, weight 11.752 g, maximum diameter 24.1 mm, $110.00 SALE PRICE $99.00
 


Celtic, Senones, Gaul (Area of Sens, France), c. 100 - 50 B.C.

|Celtic| |&| |Tribal|, |Celtic,| |Senones,| |Gaul| |(Area| |of| |Sens,| |France),| |c.| |100| |-| |50| |B.C.||potin|NEW
In about 400 B.C. the Senones crossed the Alps and, having driven out the Umbrians, settled on the east coast of Italy from Forlì to Ancona (ager Gallicus), and founded Sena Gallica (Senigallia) their capital. In 391 B.C., they invaded Etruria and besieged Clusium. The Clusines appealed to Rome, which led to war. In 390 B.C. (or 387 B.C.), the Senones routed the Roman army at Allia and then sacked Rome. For more than 100 years the Senones were engaged in hostilities with Rome. They were finally subdued in 283 B.C. by P. Cornelius Dolabella and driven from Italy. In Gaul, from 53 to 51 B.C., the Senones engaged in hostilities with Julius Caesar, brought about by their expulsion of Cavarinus, whom he had appointed their king. In 51 B.C., a Senonian named Drappes threatened the Provincia, but was captured and starved himself to death. Their chief towns were Agedincum (later Senones, whence Sens), Metiosedum (Melun?), and Vellaunodunum (site uncertain).
CE99401. Cast potin, De La Tour 7396, CCCBM III 385, Delestrée-Tache 2646, VF, glossy brown patina, weight 2.709 g, maximum diameter 18.6 mm, die axis 90o, obverse helmeted head left; reverse horse left, pellets around; scarce; $110.00 SALE PRICE $99.00
 




  



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REFERENCES

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