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The joint rule with Tiberius II (his regent), 26 September 574 - 5 October 578 A.D. Justin II was selected by his uncle, Emperor Justinian, to be his successor. Justinian's successful restoration of former Imperial territory had been an enormous burden on the financial resources of the state and Justin was unable to hold the territory. A few years into Justin's reign most of Italy was lost to the Lombards and the Visigoths retook areas in Spain. On the Eastern frontier, he refused to pay tribute to the Sassanid ruler Khusru I resulting in a protracted war. The burdens of office took their toll on Justin and he began to show clear signs of insanity. In 574, Tiberius was appointed as his regent and Caesar. Nine days prior to Justin's death, Tiberius was promoted to Augustus and co-emperor.
Justin was unable to hold the territory Justinian had restored. Most of Italy and parts of Spain were quickly lost to the Lombards and Visigoths. Refusal to pay tribute to the Sassanids, resulted in protracted war. The burdens of office drove him insane and his successor was regent for the last four years of his reign.SH91674. Gold solidus, DOC I 5d, Wroth BMC 11, Tolstoi 10, Hahn MIB II 1, Sommer 5.3, SBCV 346, Morrisson BnF -, Ratto -, Choice EF, mint luster, well centered, broad flan, flan flaw obv. 12:00, weight 4.490 g, maximum diameter 20.4 mm, die axis 180o, 8th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 15 Nov 565 - 567 A.D.; obverse D N IVSTINVS P P AVG, helmeted and cuirassed bust facing, helmet with crest, trefoil ornament and pendilia, Victory on globe offering wreath in right hand, shield ornamented with horseman in left hand; reverse VICTORIA AVGGG H (victory of the three emperors, 8th officina), Constantinopolis enthroned facing, head right, wearing crested helmet, aegis on right shoulder, spear in right hand, globus cruciger in left hand, star left, CONOB in exergue; ex Maxwell Hunt Collection; very scarce; $800.00 (€704.00)
Certificate of Authenticity issued by David R. Sear.
Light weight solidi differ from normal 24 siliquae types by weight, distinctive marks, reverse details and sometime obverse details. They may have been used to pay tribute to foreign powers or to facilitate trade with neighboring cultures who used different weight systems. The letters ΘS at the end of the reverse legend are the source of attribution for this type to the Syrian city Theoupolis (formerly Antioch). However, this attribution has not received universal acceptance.SH06187. Gold light solidus, DOC I 138, SBCV 376, Berk 66, Hahn MIB II 8, Tolstoi 17, Ratto 760, gVF, weight 4.02 g, maximum diameter 20.0 mm, die axis 180o, Theoupolis (Antioch) mint, 565 - 578 A.D.; obverse D N IVSTINVS P P AVG, helmeted and cuirassed bust of Justin II facing, holding globe surmounted by Victory in right, shield with horseman device on left shoulder; reverse VICTORIA AVGGG ΘS (victory of the three emperors, Theoupolis), Constantinopolis enthroned facing, looking right, resting on spear held in right hand and holding globus on extended left hand, OB * + * in exergue; from the Woolslayer Collection; very rare; SOLD
Similar types were struck with a short beard, SBCV 344, and without a beard, SBCV 345. This type with a beard is believed to have have been struck only before 1 January 566 A.D. and is very scarce. Bellinger wrote in DOC I, "These bearded coins were presumably struck for the emperor’s consulship on 1 January following his accession." Justin II was normally clean shaven but this issue was struck when he was bearded in mourning for the death of Justinian I. Berk Gold (1986) lists this bearded type at $800 and Sommer (2010) lists it at €1200 in EF condition. The type without a beard is common and Berk prices it at $400 and Sommer at €550 in EF.SH86352. Gold solidus, DOC I 2, Berk Gold 59, Hahn MIB II 4, Sommer 5.1, SBCV 344, Morrisson BnF - (p. 127, note 1), Wroth BMC -, Tolstoi -, Ratto -, EF, nearly as struck, reverse slightly off center on a broad flan, some legend weak, a few small light scratches, weight 4.489 g, maximum diameter 20.0 mm, die axis 180o, 8th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, December 566 A.D.(?); obverse D N IVSTINVS P P AVG, bearded, helmeted, and cuirassed bust facing, helmet with crest, trefoil ornament and pendilia, Victory on globe offering wreath in right hand, shield ornamented with horseman in left hand; reverse VICTORIA AVGGG H (victory of the three emperors, 8th officina), Constantinopolis enthroned facing, head right, wearing crested helmet, aegis on right shoulder, spear in right hand, globus cruciger in left hand, CONOB in exergue; ex MPO - Munten En Postzegel Organisatie (IJsselstein, Netherlands) auction, Nov 2013, lot 226 (misattributed as SBCV 345); very scarce; SOLD
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