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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Byzantine Coins| ▸ |Justinian Dynasty| ▸ |Justin II||View Options:  |  |  | 

Justin II, 15 November 565 - 5 October 578 A.D.

The joint rule with Tiberius II (his regent), 26 September 574 - 5 October 578 A.D.
Justin II was selected by his uncle, Emperor Justinian, to be his successor. Justinian's successful restoration of former Imperial territory had been an enormous burden on the financial resources of the state and Justin was unable to hold the territory. A few years into Justin's reign most of Italy was lost to the Lombards and the Visigoths retook areas in Spain. On the Eastern frontier, he refused to pay tribute to the Sassanid ruler Khusru I resulting in a protracted war. The burdens of office took their toll on Justin and he began to show clear signs of insanity. In 574, Tiberius was appointed as his regent and Caesar. Nine days prior to Justin's death, Tiberius was promoted to Augustus and co-emperor.

Byzantine Empire, Justin II, 15 November 565 - 5 October 578 A.D.

|Justin| |II|, |Byzantine| |Empire,| |Justin| |II,| |15| |November| |565| |-| |5| |October| |578| |A.D.||follis|NEW
The cross between the heads of Justin and Sophia is very rare for the Constantinople mint folles. Wroth BMC, Morrisson BnF, Tolstoi, Ratto and Sommer do not list this variant. Sear remarks, "rarely, with cross between their hds." Dumbarton Oaks has only one specimen, DOC I 32b.2, year 7, B (2nd officina). There is only one specimen on Coin Archives, also year 7, B (2nd officina). For MIBEC 43f, Hahn and Metlich list the following years and officina:
Year 4, Γ (3rd officina), 1 spec. (Heraclian Hoard 24, staurogram reverse)
Year 4, E (5th officina), 2 spec.
Year 7, B (2nd officina), 1 spec. (DOC I 32b.2).
Year 9, B (2nd officina), 1 spec.
Year 10, A (1st officina), 1 spec.
Year 12, Γ (3rd officina), 2 spec.
BZ99094. Bronze follis, MIBEC 43f var. (only 2nd officina listed in year 9), SBCV 360 (rare), DOC I, BMC -, BnF -, Sommer, - Tolstoi -, Ratto -, Choice F, well centered, attractive dark patina with highlight earthen deposits, edge ragged with small splits, weight 13.267 g, maximum diameter 31.4 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 573 - 574 A.D.; obverse D N IVSTI-NVS P P AV, Justin II (on left) and Sophia (on right) seated side-by-side facing on a double throne, both are nimbate, he holds a globus cruciger, she holds a cruciform scepter, cross above between heads; reverse large M (40 nummi), cross above, A/N/N/O (year) in a column left, ςI/II (9) in two lines right, A (1st officina) below, CON (Constantinople) in exergue; from the Robert Wachter Collection, the obverse cross variation is very rare for this type and apparently unpublished for this year and officina; $400.00 SALE PRICE $360.00


|Justin| |II|, |Byzantine| |Empire,| |Justin| |II,| |15| |November| |565| |-| |5| |October| |578| |A.D.||follis|NEW
Justin II was the nephew of Justinian, a son of Vigilantia and Dulcidio, Justinian's sister and brother-in-law. His siblings included Marcellus and Praejecta. With Sophia he had a daughter Arabia and possibly a son, Justus, who died young. He also had a niece named Helena.
BZ99040. Bronze follis, DOC I 97a, Morrisson BnF 5/Ni/AE/17, Wroth BMC 137, Hahn MIB 46b, Sommer 5.27, SBCV 369, Tolstoi -, Ratto -, gVF, nice green patina, uneven strike, edge ragged with small edge splits, weight 12.801 g, maximum diameter 29.8 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Nicomedia (Izmit, Turkey) mint, 571 - 572 A.D.; obverse D N IVSTI-NVS P P AV, Justin and Sophia, nimbate, enthroned facing, globus cruciger in his right, cruciform scepter in her right, cross between heads; reverse large M (40 nummi) between ANNO and ςI (regnal year 7), cross above, A (officina 1) below, NIKO in exergue; $80.00 SALE PRICE $72.00


|Justin| |II|, |Byzantine| |Empire,| |Justin| |II,| |15| |November| |565| |-| |5| |October| |578| |A.D.||follis|NEW
Justin, unable to handle the burden of his failures, fell into madness. He ordered an organ be played continuously to soothe his frenzied mind. He was pulled through the palace on a wheeled throne, biting attendants as he passed, and there were rumors that he had devoured a number of them. In 574, General Tiberius was adopted as his caesar, regent and heir. Tiberius received the diadem on his knees before the assembly. Justin, in a moment of sanity, addressed the new monarch saying: "If you consent, I live; if you command, I die: may the God of heaven and earth infuse into your heart whatever I have neglected or forgotten." The assembly applauded with sympathy, silence, and in tears for their prince. Sophia and Tiberius ruled as joint regents for four years, while Justin sank into growing insanity.
BZ97793. Bronze follis, DOC I 32b, Ratto 803, MIBEC 43a, Sommer 5.9, SBCV 360, Wroth BMC 56 var. (Christogram vice cross), Tolstoi -, Morrisson BnF -, aVF, broad flan, partial green patina and colorful deposits, weight 12.997 g, maximum diameter 31.5 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 571 - 572 A.D.; obverse D N IVSTI-NVS P P AV, Justin II (on left) and Sophia (on right) seated side-by-side facing on a double throne, both are nimbate, he holds a globus cruciger, she holds a cruciform scepter; reverse large M (40 nummi) between ANNO and ςI (year 6), cross above, B (2nd officina) below, CON (Constantinople) in exergue; $70.00 SALE PRICE $63.00


|Justin| |II|, |Byzantine| |Empire,| |Justin| |II,| |15| |November| |565| |-| |5| |October| |578| |A.D.||follis|
In 572, the Byzantine Empire was at war with Persia and was attacked by the Visigoths from Spain.
BZ97796. Bronze follis, DOC I 152b, Wroth BMC 197, Morrisson BnF 5/An/AE/02, Sommer 5.38.2, SBCV 379, Tolstoi 159, Ratto 895, Hahn MIB II -, F, dark brown patina, attractive highlighting colorful earthen deposits, weight 15.036 g, maximum diameter 32.5 mm, die axis 180o, 3rd officina, Theoupolis (Antioch) mint, 571 - 572 A.D.; obverse Justin II seated on left and Sophia seated on right facing on double throne, both are nimbate, holding together large cross on globe, blundered nonsense legend; reverse large M (40 nummi) between ANNO and u/II (year 7), cross above, Γ (3rd officina) below, THEUP' in exergue; $60.00 SALE PRICE $54.00


|Justin| |II|, |Byzantine| |Empire,| |Justin| |II,| |15| |November| |565| |-| |5| |October| |578| |A.D.||half| |follis|NEW
In 569, Justin II and his wife Sophia sent a relic of the "True Cross" to the Frankish princess Radegund, who had founded a monastery at Poitiers.
MA95683. Bronze half follis, DOC I 63.3, Morrisson BnF 5/Th/AE/04, Sommer 5.18.2, Hahn MIB II 68b, SBCV 365, Wroth BMC 102, Tolstoi 40, Ratto -, gF, dark green patina with some flaking, weight 6.423 g, maximum diameter 22.8 mm, die axis 180o, Thessalonica (Salonika, Greece) mint, 567 - 568 A.D.; obverse D N IVSTINVS P P AVI, helmeted, cuirassed bust facing, wearing diadem with pendilia, globus cruciger in right hand, shield ornamented with horseman on left arm; reverse large K (20 nummi), cross above, ANNO left, III (year) right, TES below; $50.00 SALE PRICE $45.00







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REFERENCES

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