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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Byzantine Coins| ▸ |Justinian Dynasty| ▸ |Justinian I||View Options:  |  |  |   

Justinian I, 4 April 527 - 14 November 565 A.D.

Joint rule with Justin I (his uncle), 4 April - 1 August 527 A.D.
Justinian I served his uncle, Emperor Justin I, throughout his reign formulating most imperial policy. Recognizing his brilliance, he was rapidly promoted and in the final months of Justin's reign, he was made co-emperor. Justinian's sole rule began on 1 August 527 and lasted almost four decades during which he re-conquered much of the empire lost during the preceding century, including North Africa, Italy, and parts of Spain. He is well known for his codification of the legal system. His grand scale building program included St Sophia, which still stands as the centerpiece of modern Istanbul. Unfortunately, his ambitious efforts strained the empire's resources and depleted the treasure built by Anastasius. Most of the territory he gained was lost shortly after his death.
Byzantine Empire under Justinian 550 AD

|Justinian| |I|, |Byzantine| |Empire,| |Justinian| |I,| |4| |April| |527| |-| |14| |November| |565| |A.D.|, |solidus|
Certificate of Authenticity issued by David R. Sear.

SH42152. Gold solidus, DOC I 3h, Hahn MIB I 7, Wroth BMC 5, Tolstoi 8, Ratto 443, SBCV 137, EF, slightly bent flan, weight 4.455 g, maximum diameter 20.0 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 527 - 537 A.D.; obverse D N IVSTINIANVS P P AVG, helmeted and cuirassed bust 3/4 facing holding spear over shoulder in left hand and shield in right; reverse VICTORIA AVGGG Θ (victory of the three emperors, 9th officina), angel standing facing, long cross in right hand, globus cruciger in left hand, star right CONOB in exergue; SOLD


|Justinian| |I|, |Byzantine| |Empire,| |Justinian| |I,| |4| |April| |527| |-| |14| |November| |565| |A.D.|, |solidus|
They look similar, but there is a significant physical difference between angels and Victory. Angels are all male. Victory (Nike) is female. On Byzantine coinage, the male angel replaced the female Victory after the reunion with Rome was concluded on 28 March 519 A.D.
SH73334. Gold solidus, DOC I 3i, Sommer 4.12, Wroth BMC 6, Tolstoi 9, Ratto 444, Berk 42C, Hahn MIB I 5, Morrisson BnF I 4/Cp/AV/01 ff. (no 10th officina), SBCV 137, VF, light crease, slightly curved, small scratches including a cross graffito obverse left, weight 4.009 g, maximum diameter 21.4 mm, die axis 180o, 10th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 527 - 537 A.D.; obverse D N IVSTINIANVS P P AVG, helmeted and cuirassed bust facing, spear in right over shoulder, shield in left ornamented with mounted cavalryman; reverse VICTORIA AVGGG I (victory of the three emperors, 10th officina), angel standing facing, long cross in right hand, globus cruciger in left hand, star right, CONOB in exergue; ex H.D. Rauch summer auction 2013, lot 1092; SOLD


|Justinian| |I|, |Byzantine| |Empire,| |Justinian| |I,| |4| |April| |527| |-| |14| |November| |565| |A.D.|, |solidus|
SH11131. Gold solidus, DOC I 9a, Wroth BMC 8, Morrisson BnF I 10, Tolstoi 27, Ratto 451, Sommer 4.3, Hahn MIB I 7, SBCV 140, EF, weight 4.446 g, maximum diameter 21.4 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 545 - 565 A.D.; obverse D N IVSTINIANVS P P AVG, helmeted, diademed and cuirassed bust facing, globus in right, shield decorated with horseman; reverse VICTORIA AVGGG A (victory of the three emperors, 1st officina), Angel standing facing in tunic and pallium, long staff topped with P in right hand, globus cruciger in left hand, star right, CONOB in exergue; graffiti on obverse, nice strike, mint luster; SOLD


|Justinian| |I|, |Byzantine| |Empire,| |Justinian| |I,| |4| |April| |527| |-| |14| |November| |565| |A.D.|, |solidus|
In 538, Arthur, war leader of the Britons, was mortally wounded at the Battle of Camlann. According to legend he was carried to Avalon where he died. -- Wikipedia
SH56970. Gold solidus, Morrisson BnF I 4/Cp/AE/5, Hahn MIB I 6, SBCV 113, DOC I 8 (officina not listed), Wroth BMC -, Tolstoi -, Ratto -, gVF, weight 4.332 g, maximum diameter 20.8 mm, die axis 180o, 6th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 538 - 545 A.D.; obverse D N IVSTINIANVS P P AVG, helmeted, diademed and cuirassed bust facing, globus in right, shield decorated with horseman; reverse VICTORIA AVGGG S (victory of the three emperors, 6th officina), Angel standing facing in tunic and pallium, long staff topped with P in right hand, globus cruciger in left hand, star right, CONOS in exergue; SOLD


|Justinian| |I|, |Byzantine| |Empire,| |Justinian| |I,| |4| |April| |527| |-| |14| |November| |565| |A.D.|, |semissis|
In 552 at Constantinople, Justinian I received the first silkworm eggs from two Nestorian monks. The monks had smuggled the precious eggs from China hidden in rods of bamboo. Justinian had sent them to China to spread Christianity.
SH19000. Gold semissis, SBCV 144, DOC I 18, Wroth BMC 19, Tolstoi 43, Hahn MIB I 18, Sommer 4.8, Morrisson BnF I - (p. 73, refs. Wroth), Ratto -, aEF, slightly wavy flan, weight 2.235 g, maximum diameter 18.2 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 552 - 14 Nov 565 A.D.; obverse D N IVSTINIANVS PP AVC, diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse VICTORIA AVCCC (victory of the three emperors), Victory seated right inscribing numerals on shield, star left, reversed staurogram (rho-cross) on right following legend, CONOB in exergue; scarce; SOLD


|Justinian| |I|, |Byzantine| |Empire,| |Justinian| |I,| |4| |April| |527| |-| |14| |November| |565| |A.D.|, |follis|
Coins of year 12 - 14, as is this coin, are highly valued because they are larger and of better style than most later examples. These massive coins must have given their users a solid assurance of value.
SH12087. Bronze follis, DOC I 37c, Wroth BMC 42, Morrisson BnF I 4/Cp/AE/31, Tolstoi 93, Ratto 494, SBCV 163, Hahn MIB I 95a, Berk 217, Sommer 4.20, EF, weight 23.159 g, maximum diameter 30.9 mm, die axis 180o, 3rd officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 538 - 539 A.D.; obverse D N IVSTINIANVS P P AVG, helmeted and cuirassed bust facing, holding globus cruciger and shield, to right cross; reverse large M (40 nummi), cross above, ANNO left, regnal year XII right, Γ (officina 3 ) below, CON (Constantinople) in exergue; huge coin, beautiful patina, ex Harlan Berk; SOLD


|Justinian| |I|, |Byzantine| |Empire,| |Justinian| |I,| |4| |April| |527| |-| |14| |November| |565| |A.D.|, |solidus|
SH17774. Gold solidus, DOC I 9e, Morrisson BnF I 4/Cp/AE/13, Tolstoi 32, Ratto 454, Sommer 4.3.3, Hahn MIB I 7, SBCV 140, Wroth BMC -, nice aEF, small flat strike area, some luster, weight 4.483 g, maximum diameter 20.7 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 545 - 565 A.D.; obverse D N IVSTINI-ANVS PP AVI, helmeted, diademed and cuirassed bust facing, globus in right, shield decorated with horseman; reverse VICTORI-A AVCCC E CONOB, Angel standing facing in tunic and pallium, Rho-cross staff in right hand, globus cruciger in left hand, star right; from the Woolslayer Collection; SOLD


|Justinian| |I|, |Byzantine| |Empire,| |Justinian| |I,| |4| |April| |527| |-| |14| |November| |565| |A.D.|, |follis|
The war with the Vandalic Kingdom of Carthage in 533 - 534 was the first of Justinian I's wars of reconquest of the lost Western Roman Empire. The Vandals had occupied Roman North Africa in the early 5th century and established an independent kingdom. The Byzantine expeditionary force landed on the African coast in early September 533. The Vandal king Gelimer met the Byzantine army at the Battle of Ad Decimum, near Carthage, on 13 September. His elaborate plan to encircle and destroy the Byzantines came close to success, but Belisarius forced a Vandal retreat and occupied Carthage. Gelimer withdrew, gathered his remaining strength, and in December advanced towards Carthage and met the Romans at the Battle of Tricamarum. Gelimer was defeated and fled to a remote mountain fortress, where he was blockaded until he surrendered in the spring. Belisarius returned to Constantinople with the Vandals' royal treasure and the captive Gelimer to enjoy a triumph. Africa was formally restored to imperial rule as the praetorian prefecture of Africa. The new province faced war with the Moors and military rebellions, and it was not until 548 that peace was restored and Roman government firmly established.The Vandalic War in 533-534
BZ36374. Bronze follis, SBCV 258, Berk 189, Hahn MIB I 185a, DOC I -, Wroth BMC -, VF, weight 14.988 g, maximum diameter 28.4 mm, die axis 270o, Carthage (near Tunis, Tunisia) mint, 534 - 539 A.D.; obverse D N IVSTINIANVS PP AG, diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse large M (40 nummi), cross above, star left, cross right, three pellets under M, KART in exergue; very rare; SOLD


|Justinian| |I|, |Byzantine| |Empire,| |Justinian| |I,| |4| |April| |527| |-| |14| |November| |565| |A.D.|, |solidus|
SH11136. Gold solidus, SBCV 139, gVF, weight 4.263 g, maximum diameter 21.0 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 545 - 565 A.D.; obverse D N IVSTINIANVS P P AVG, helmeted, diademed and cuirassed bust facing, globus in right, shield decorated with horseman; reverse VICTORIA AVGGG I (victory of the three emperors, 10th officina), Angel standing facing in tunic and pallium, long cross in right hand, globus cruciger in left hand, star right, CONOB in exergue; slightly wavy flan; scarce; SOLD


|Justinian| |I|, |Byzantine| |Empire,| |Justinian| |I,| |4| |April| |527| |-| |14| |November| |565| |A.D.|, |follis|
The ruins of Antioch on the Orontes lie near the modern city of Antakya, Turkey. Founded near the end of the 4th century B.C. by Seleucus I Nicator, one of Alexander the Great's generals, Antioch's geographic, military and economic location, particularly the spice trade, the Silk Road, the Persian Royal Road, benefited its occupants, and eventually it rivaled Alexandria as the chief city of the Near East and as the main center of Hellenistic Judaism at the end of the Second Temple period. Antioch is called "the cradle of Christianity," for the pivotal early role it played in the emergence of the faith. It was one of the four cities of the Syrian tetrapolis. Its residents are known as Antiochenes. Once a great metropolis of half a million people, it declined to insignificance during the Middle Ages because of warfare, repeated earthquakes and a change in trade routes following the Mongol conquests, which then no longer passed through Antioch from the far east.6th Century Antioch
SH82801. Bronze follis, SBCV 219, Choice aEF, weight 23.033 g, maximum diameter 39.7 mm, die axis 150o, 2nd officina, Theoupolis (Antioch) mint, 542 - 543 A.D.; obverse D N IVSTINIANVS P P AVG, helmeted and cuirassed bust facing holding globus cruciger in right, shield decorated with horseman on left shoulder, cross in right field; reverse large mark of value M, between A/N/N/O left and X/ς/* right (regnal year 16), cross above, officina symbol B (2nd officina) below, CHEuPO in exergue; fantastic example of the type; scarce; SOLD




  




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REFERENCES|

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