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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Greek Coins| ▸ |Hellenistic Monarchies| ▸ |Cappadocian Kingdom||View Options:  |  |  | 

Cappadocian Kingdom

The Cappadocian Kingdom was established after the death of Alexander. The Ariarathes dynasty used political alliances to maintain rule, however, Cappadocia eventually became a battleground for the conflicts between the Kingdom of Pontus and the Roman Empire. When Mithridates placed his own candidate on the throne, the Roman Senate declared that the administration of Cappadocia should be placed in the hands of the people, and removed him. It seems, however, the Senate didn't actually mean the Cappadocian people. In 17 A.D., Rome established the Provincia Cappadocia, ruled by a Roman procurator.

Eusebeia (Caesarea), Cappadocian Kingdom, Reign of Archelaus, c. 36 B.C. - 17 A.D.

|Cappadocia|, |Eusebeia| |(Caesarea),| |Cappadocian| |Kingdom,| |Reign| |of| |Archelaus,| |c.| |36| |B.C.| |-| |17| |A.D.||AE| |15|
Kayseri, originally called Mazaka or Mazaca, is in central Turkey on a low spur on the north side of Mount Erciyes (Mount Argaeus in ancient times). In Strabo's time the city had been renamed Eusebeia to honor the Cappadocian King Ariathes V Eusebes, who ruled 163 - 130 B.C. The name was changed again to "Caesarea in Cappadocia" in honor of Caesar Augustus upon his death in 14 A.D. After the Muslim conquest, Arabic influence changed Caesarea to the modern name Kayseri.
GB98214. Bronze AE 15, Ganschow, type 5c, 53; SNGvA 6336; SNG Tbingen 4615; cf. Sydenham Caesarea 19 ff. (controls); SNG Cop 168 (same); BMC Galatia p. 46, 9 (same), aVF, green patina, porosity/light corrosion, tiny edge splits, weight 2.376 g, maximum diameter 15.1 mm, die axis 0o, Eusebeia (Kayseri, Turkey) mint, c. 36 B.C. - 14 A.D.; obverse head of Tyche right, wearing turreted helmet/crown with crest; reverse palm frond upright, EVΣE-BEIAΣ in two downward lines the first on the right, T (control) outer left, ∆ (control) outer right; rare; $85.00 SALE PRICE $76.50


Eusebeia (Caesarea), Cappadocian Kingdom, Reign of Archelaus, c. 36 B.C. - 17 A.D.

|Cappadocia|, |Eusebeia| |(Caesarea),| |Cappadocian| |Kingdom,| |Reign| |of| |Archelaus,| |c.| |36| |B.C.| |-| |17| |A.D.||AE| |16|
Mount Erciyes (Argaios to the Greeks, Argaeus to the Romans) is a massive stratovolcano 25 km to the south of Kayseri (ancient Caesarea) in Turkey. The highest mountain in central Anatolia, with its summit reaching 3,916 meters (12,848 ft). It may have erupted as recently as 253 B.C., as may be depicted on Roman era coins. Strabo wrote that the summit was never free from snow and that those few who ascended it reported seeing both the Black Sea to the north and the Mediterranean Sea to the south in days with a clear sky.
GB110053. Bronze AE 16, Sydenham Caesarea 5; BMC Galatia p. 45, 1; ; Lindgren III 945; SNGvA -; SNG Cop VII -; Imhoof MG -, F, green patina, earthen deposits, weight 3.729 g, maximum diameter 15.7 mm, die axis 0o, Cappadocia, Caesarea (Kayseri, Turkey) mint, c. 36 B.C. - 17 A.D.; obverse facing head of Medusa (gorgoneion) in aegis; reverse Mount Argaeus, EYΣEBEIAΣ in exergue ; $80.00 SALE PRICE $72.00







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REFERENCES

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Ganschow, T. Mnzen von Kappadokien. Sammlung Henseler. (Istanbul, 2018).
Hoover, O. Handbook of Coins of Northern and Central Anatolia, Pontos, Paphlagonia, Bithynia, Phrygia, Galatia, Lykaonia, and Kappadokia, Fifth to First Centuries BC. HGC 7. (Lancaster/London, 2012).
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Houghton, A., C. Lorber & O. Hoover. Seleucid Coins: A Comprehensive Catalog, Part II: Seleucus IV - Antiochus XIII. (Lancaster, 2008).
Lorber, C. & A. Houghton. "Cappadocian Tetradrachms in the Name of Antiochus VII" in NC 166 (2006).
Mrkholm, O. "The Coinages of Ariarathes VI and Arirathes VII of Cappadocia" in SNR 57 (1978).
Mrkholm, O. "The Coinages of Ariarathes VIII and Arirathes IX of Cappadocia" in Essays Robinson.
Roman Provincial Coins (RPC) Online - http://rpc.ashmus.ox.ac.uk/coins/.
Sear, D. Greek Coins and Their Values, Volume 2, Asia and Africa. (London, 1979).
Simonetta, B. The Coins of the Cappadocian Kings. Typos II. (Fribourg, 1977).
Simonetta, A.The coinage of the Cappadocian kings: a revision and a catalogue of the Simonetta Collection. Parthica 9. (2007).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Vol. 7: Cyprus to India. (West Milford, NJ, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Supplement, Acquisitions 1942-1996. (Vastervik, 2002).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Deutschland, Sammlung Hans Von Aulock, Vol. 3: Pisidia, Lycaonia, Cilicia, Galatia, Cappadocia, etc.. (Berlin, 1964).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain, Volume IV, Fitzwilliam Museum, Leake and General Collections, Part 7: Asia Minor: Lycia - Cappadocia. (London, 1967).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, United States, Burton Y. Berry Collection, Part 2: Megaris to Egypt. . (New York, 1962).
Wroth, W. A Catalog of the Greek Coins in the British Museum, Galatia, Cappadocia, and Syria. (London, 1899).

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