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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Greek Coins| ▸ |Hellenistic Monarchies| ▸ |Cappadocian Kingdom||View Options:  |  |  | 

Cappadocian Kingdom

The Cappadocian Kingdom was established after the death of Alexander. The Ariarathes dynasty used political alliances to maintain rule, however, Cappadocia eventually became a battleground for the conflicts between the Kingdom of Pontus and the Roman Empire. When Mithridates placed his own candidate on the throne, the Roman Senate declared that the administration of Cappadocia should be placed in the hands of the people, and removed him. It seems, however, the Senate didn't actually mean the Cappadocian people. In 17 A.D., Rome established the Provincia Cappadocia, ruled by a Roman procurator.

Cappadocian Kingdom, c. 130 - 80 B.C., In the Name of the Seleukid King, Antiochus VII, 138 - 129 B.C.

|Cappadocian| |Kingdom|, |Cappadocian| |Kingdom,| |c.| |130| |-| |80| |B.C.,| |In| |the| |Name| |of| |the| |Seleukid| |King,| |Antiochus| |VII,| |138| |-| |129| |B.C.||tetradrachm|NEW
Oliver Hoover, in Coins of the Seleucid Empire from the Collection of Arthur Houghton, attributes this type to the Cappadocian Kingdom, c. 130 - 80 B.C. The symbols were used on Cappadocian royal coinage, the coins are found in Cappadocian hoards and a tetradrachm naming the Cappadocian King Ariarathes VII Philometor (116 - 99 B.C.) bears the obverse portrait of Antiochus VII. He notes they may have been struck to pay foreign (Syrian?) mercenaries who preferred the types of Antiochus VII.
GY95959. Silver tetradrachm, Houghton-Lorber II 2150.1, Houghton II 657, Newell SMA 296 SNG Spaer 1870, HGC 9 1069, VF, old cabinet toning, porosity, light scratches, weight 16.356 g, maximum diameter 27.8 mm, die axis 0o, Cappadocia B mint, c. 130 - 80 B.C.; obverse diademed head of the Seleukid King Antiochos VII right, fillet border; reverse Athena standing left, Nike extended in right hand, spear and shield in left hand, Nike standing left extending wreath, BAΣIΛEΩΣ / ANTIOXOY in two lines on the right, EYEPΓETOY on the left, ligate ∆I over Λ outer left, T inner left, A inner right, laurel wreath border; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $200.00 (€184.00)
 


Cappadocian Kingdom, Ariathes I, 330 - 322 B.C.

|Cappadocian| |Kingdom|, |Cappadocian| |Kingdom,| |Ariathes| |I,| |330| |-| |322| |B.C.||drachm|
The attribution we have made for this type is the widely accepted attribution, but it is possible that it was struck earlier, c. 340 - 331 B.C. and it is a half stater on the standard of Cilicia.
SH26864. Silver drachm, SGCV II 3658; BMC Galatia p. 29, 1; Simonetta 1d, VF+, toned, weight 4.941 g, maximum diameter 18.9 mm, die axis 270o, Pontus, Gaziura mint, obverse Aramaic legend "Baal-Gazur", Baal of Gaziura enthroned left; eagle, grain and grapes in right, scepter in left, monogram right; reverse griffin attacking stag, wreath above; beautiful toning, the nicest example of the type we have seen; very rare; SOLD


Cappadocian Kingdom, Ariarathes VII Philometor, 116 - 101 B.C., In the Name and Types of Antiochos VII of Syria

|Cappadocian| |Kingdom|, |Cappadocian| |Kingdom,| |Ariarathes| |VII| |Philometor,| |116| |-| |101| |B.C.,| |In| |the| |Name| |and| |Types| |of| |Antiochos| |VII| |of| |Syria||tetradrachm|
When Ariarathes VII Philometor was a child under the regency of his mother Laodice, Cappadocia was seized by King Nicomedes III of Bithynia, who then married Laodice. Laodice's brother King Mithridates VI of Pontus soon expelled Nicomedes and the restored the Cappadocian throne to Ariarathes VII. When Ariarathes VII learned that his father's assassin was under Mithridates' protection (Mithridates had arranged the murder), he prepared for war. Before the battle, the King of Pontus had him killed and put his own son Ariarathes IX on the Cappadocian throne.
GS85688. Silver tetradrachm, Lorber-Houghton Series 1, Issue 3, pl. 15, obverse die A5; Houghton-Lorber II 2148; HGC 7 829; HGC 9 1069, gVF, toned, weight 16.520 g, maximum diameter 29.8 mm, die axis 0o, Eusebia-Mazaka (A) mint, 107/6 - 104/3 B.C.; obverse diademed head of Antiochos VII right; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ APIAPAΘOY ΦIΛOMHTPOΣ, Athena Nikephoros standing left, Nike right in extended right offering wreath, spear and grounded shield in left hand, monogram above A outer left, O inner left, Λ inner right; all within laurel wreath; ex CNG e-auction 401 (12 Jul 2017), lot 197; SOLD







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REFERENCES

Cohen, E. Dated Coins of Antiquity: A comprehensive catalogue of the coins and how their numbers came about. (Lancaster, PA, 2011).
Mørkholm, O. "The Coinages of Ariarathes VI and Arirathes VII of Cappadocia" in SNR 57 (1978).
Mørkholm, O. "The Coinages of Ariarathes VIII and Arirathes IX of Cappadocia" in Essays Robinson.
Sear, D. Greek Coins and Their Values, Volume 2, Asia and Africa. (London, 1979).
Simonetta, B. The Coins of the Cappadocian Kings. Typos II. (Fribourg, 1977).
Simonetta, A.M. The coinage of the Cappadocian kings: a revision and a catalogue of the Simonetta Collection. Parthica 9. (2007).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Volume 7: Cyprus to India. (West Milford, NJ, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Supplement, Acquisitions 1942-1996. (Vastervik, 2002).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Deutschland, Sammlung Hans Von Aulock, Vol. 3: Pisidia, Lycaonia, Cilicia, Galatia, Cappadocia, etc.. (Berlin, 1964).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain, Volume IV, Fitzwilliam Museum, Leake and General Collections, Part 7: Asia Minor: Lycia-Cappadocia. (London, 1967).
Wroth, W. A Catalog of the Greek Coins in the British Museum, Galatia, Cappadocia, and Syria. (London, 1899).

Catalog current as of Wednesday, January 27, 2021.
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