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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Greek Coins| ▸ |Hellenistic Monarchies| ▸ |Indo-Greek Kingdoms||View Options:  |  |  | 

Indo-Greek Kingdoms

Alexander's successors in India became increasingly isolated and eventually became an island of Hellenic people, completely cut off from their western kinsman. Surrounded on all sides, they succumbed to the superior numbers of local people and disappeared from history.

Indo-Greek Kingdom, Hippostratos, c. 65 - 55 B.C.

|Indo-Greek| |Kingdoms|, |Indo-Greek| |Kingdom,| |Hippostratos,| |c.| |65| |-| |55| |B.C.||tetradrachm|
The quantity and quality of Hippostratos' coinage indicates a quite powerful king. He seems to have initially fought successfully against the Indo-Scythian invaders led by Azes I. He was, however, ultimately defeated and became the last western Indo-Greek king.
SH56743. Silver tetradrachm, SNG ANS 1624 var. (normal M), Bopearachchi 7 var. (exergue control letter not listed), Mitchiner IGIS 445 var. (same), aVF, weight 9.340 g, maximum diameter 28.3 mm, die axis 0o, Hazara(?) mint, obverse BANTΣIΛΕΩΣ MΕΓANTΛOY ΣΩTHPOΣ, IΠΠOΣTPANTTOY (M as eta), diademed and draped bust right; reverse Kharosthi legend: maharajasa tratarasa mahatasa jayamtasa Hipustratasa, Hippostratos on horseback right, wearing crested helmet and military garb; Kharosthi letters left and in exergue, monogram right; variant not in sources consulted, SNG ANS notes otherwise unpublished for the similar type with a normal M; very rare; SOLD


Baktrian Indo-Greek Kingdom, Antialkidas Nikephoros, c. 130 - 120 B.C.

|Indo-Greek| |Kingdoms|, |Baktrian| |Indo-Greek| |Kingdom,| |Antialkidas| |Nikephoros,| |c.| |130| |-| |120| |B.C.||drachm|

GS80369. Silver drachm, SGCV II 7631, SNG Cop 315, SNG ANS 1066, Choice aEF, weight 2.380 g, maximum diameter 17.1 mm, obverse BANTΣIΛΕΩΣ NIKHΦOPOY ANTIANTΛKIΔOY, diademed and draped bust right; reverse Kharosthi legend around, Zeus Nikator enthroned half left, Nike in right hand, scepter in left hand, elephant forepart at feet, monogram beneath throne; masterpiece portrait; SOLD


Eastern Indo-Greek Kingdom, Apollodotos I Soter, c. 174 - 165 B.C.

|Indo-Greek| |Kingdoms|, |Eastern| |Indo-Greek| |Kingdom,| |Apollodotos| |I| |Soter,| |c.| |174| |-| |165| |B.C.||hemidrachm|
Apollodotos was an associate king of Eucratides and colleague of Menander. He ruled the provinces south of the Hindu Kush. Mitchiner lists these mint monograms for the drachm but not for the hemidrachm.
BB65962. Silver hemidrachm, Mitchiner IGIS II, p. 117, Type 208 var. (monograms); Lahiri 3; cf. Mitchiner IGIS II, p. 116, Type 207i (same monograms, drachm), HGC 12 118 (R2), gVF, dark toning, weight 1.119 g, maximum diameter 14.68 mm, die axis 0o, Jammu(?) mint, c. 174 - 165 B.C.; obverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ AΠOΛΛOΔOTOY ΣΩTHPOΣ, elephant standing right, monogram below; reverse Kharosthi legend: maharajasa apaladatasa tratarasa (great king Apollodotos the savior), humped bull standing right, monogram below; very rare; SOLD


Indo-Parthian, Gondophares I, c. 19 - 46 A.D.

|Afghanistan| |to| |India|, |Indo-Parthian,| |Gondophares| |I,| |c.| |19| |-| |46| |A.D.||drachm|
Gondophares I was the founder of the Indo-Parthian Kingdom and its most prominent king, ruling c. 19 - 46 A.D. He belonged to a line of local princes that had governed the Parthian province of Drangiana since its disruption by the Indo-Scythians, c. 129 B.C. During his reign, his kingdom became independent from Parthian authority and was transformed into an empire, which encompassed Drangiana, Arachosia, and Gandhara. He is known from the Acts of Thomas, the Takht-i-Bahi inscription, and his coins. He was succeeded in Drangiana and Arachosia by Orthagnes, and in Gandhara by his nephew Abdagases I.
WA93636. Copper drachm, Senior 222.4D; Mitchiner ACW 2638; Mitchiner IGIS vol. 8, 1142b; BMC Bactria p. 103, 5 ff., VF, very nice for the type, well centered and struck, thick small flan, weight 2.395 g, maximum diameter 12.2 mm, Pathankot or Jammu area mint, c. 30 - 46 A.D.; obverse blundered Greek: BACIΛIOHCΛCC (king), diademed bearded head right, two diadem ties, pearl collar, dots behind neck; reverse Kharoshti in degraded and abbreviated Brahmi script: Maharaja Mahata Devavrata Gudavharasa (great king, devoted to the gods, Gondophares), Athena standing right, round shield (appearing as a circle) in left hand, preparing to hurl spear with right hand, control marks: Z (stra) in left field, (ho) in right field; from the Errett Bishop Collection; scarce; SOLD







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REFERENCES|

Bopearachchi, O. Indo-Greek, Indo-Scythian and Indo-Parthian Coins in the Smithsonian Institution. (Washington D.C., 1993).
Bopearachchi, O. Monnaies Grco-Bactriennes et Indo-Grecques. (Paris, 1991).
Bopearachchi, O & A. ur Rahman. Pre-Kushana Coins in Pakistan. (Karachi, 1995).
Lahiri, A.N. Corpus of Indo-Greek Coins. (Calcutta, 1965).
Mitchiner, M. Indo-Greek and Indo-Scythian Coinage. (London, 1975-1976).
Mitchiner, M. Oriental Coins: the Ancient and Classical World. (London, 1978).
Sear, D. Greek Coins and Their Values, Volume 2, Asia and Africa. (London, 1979).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Volume 7: Cyprus to India. (New Jersey, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, The Collection of the American Numismatic Society, Part 9: Graeco-Bactrian and Indo-Greek Coins. (New York, 1998).

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