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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Greek Coins| ▸ |Hellenistic Monarchies| ▸ |Pergamene Kingdom||View Options:  |  |  |   

Pergamene Kingdom

Philetaerus, an officer under Lysimachus, deserted in 282 B.C., taking control of Pergamon and a large treasury deposited there. At first nominally a Seleukid suzerainty, Pergamon grew into a strong, prosperous and independent kingdom. Loyal allies of Rome in the Macedonian Wars and against the Seleucids, they were rewarded with all the former Seleucid domains in Asia Minor. When Attalus III died without an heir in 133 B.C., to prevent a civil war, he bequeathed the kingdom to the Roman Republic.

Attalid Dynasty of |Pergamon
Philetaerus (282 - 263 BC)
Eumenes I (263 - 241 BC)
Attalus I Soter (241 - 197 BC)
Eumenes II (197 - 159 BC)
Attalus II Philadelphus (160 - 138 BC)
Attalus III (138 - 133 BC)
Eumenes III Aristonicus (pretender, 133 - 129 BC)


Pergamon, Mysia, c. 200 - 133 B.C.

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Ex William Turner Collection. William Turner (1792 - 1867), British diplomat of the early 19th century, authored his interesting and opinionated Journal of a Tour in Levante (1820) describing his adventures in the area. This specimen was obtained by Turner in the course of his travels (1812 - 1817).

III:282 "..this morning I bought a few medals of the city [Pergamum] for which I could not close my bargain last night, but I was right in supposing that if I remained firm, the seller would yield on seeing me go off."
WT46627. Bronze AE 22, William Turner Collection 372 (this coin); SNG BnF 1866; SNG Cop 379; BMC Mysia p. 128, 149; Weber 5188; SGCV II 3976, F, weight 7.891 g, maximum diameter 22.2 mm, die axis 0o, Pergamon (Bergama, Turkey) mint, c. 200 - 133 B.C.; obverse laureate and bearded head of Asklepios right, ΣEΛEYKOY below; reverse Π−EP/Γ−A/MHNΩN, eagle standing half-left on thunderbolt, wings open, head right; SOLD


Pergamene Kingdom, Attalos I to Eumenes II, 241 - 159 B.C.

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Philetaerus, an officer of Lysimachus, deserted in 282 B.C., taking control of Pergamon and a large treasure deposited there. At first nominally a Seleukid suzerainty, Pergamon grew into a strong, prosperous and independent kingdom. Loyal allies of Rome in the Macedonian Wars and against the Seleucids, they were rewarded with all the former Seleucid domains in Asia Minor. When Attalus III died without an heir in 133 B.C., to prevent a civil war, he bequeathed the kingdom to the Roman Republic.
SH70834. Silver tetradrachm, Westermark Group III, V.XXIX; SNG BnF 1609 (same obverse die); SNG Cop 334; SNGvA 7453; Meydancikkale 3003; BMC Mysia p. 115, 31, VF, porous, superb high relief portrait, weight 16.690 g, maximum diameter 29.0 mm, die axis 0o, Pergamon (Bergama, Turkey) mint, struck in the name of Philetairos, c. 225 -188 B.C; obverse laureate head of Philetairos I right; reverse ΦIΛETAIPOY downward on right, Athena enthroned left, wearing crested helmet, chiton and peplos, right hand supporting grounded round shield before her, shield ornamented with a gorgoneion, resting left elbow on left arm of throne which is ornamented with a sphinx, transverse spear leaning on left arm, ivy leaf above knee, A on throne, bow outer right; ex CNG auction 293, lot 93; SOLD


Pergamene Kingdom, Eumenes I, 263 - 241 B.C.

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Upon his succession, Eumenes, perhaps with the encouragement of Ptolemy II, who was at war with the Seleucids, revolted, defeating the Seleucid king Antiochus I near the Lydian capital of Sardis in 261 B.C. He was thus able to free Pergamon and greatly increase the territories under his control. Although he never took the title of king, Eumenes did exercise all of the powers of one. Since he had no surviving heir, Eumenes adopted his second cousin, Attalus I, who succeeded him as ruler of Pergamon.
SH08957. Silver tetradrachm, Westermark group II (V.VIII); Meydancikkale 3002 (same obv. die); SNG BnF 1604; SNGvA 7452; BMC Mysia p. 115, 30; SNG Cop -, VF, high relief portrait, weight 17.02 g, maximum diameter 28.2 mm, die axis 0o, Pergamum (Bergama, Turkey) mint, obverse head of Philetaerus right, wearing taenia diadem; reverse ΦIΛETAIPOY downward on right, Athena enthroned left, wearing crested helmet, chiton and peplos, right hand supporting grounded round shield before her, shield ornamented with a gorgoneion, resting left elbow on left arm of throne which is ornamented with a sphinx, transverse spear leaning on left arm, ivy leaf above knee, A on throne, bow outer right; ex Freeman and Sear; SOLD


Pergamene Kingdom, Eumenes I, 263 - 241 B.C.

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Upon his succession, Eumenes, perhaps with the encouragement of Ptolemy II, who was at war with the Seleucids, revolted, defeating the Seleucid king Antiochus I near the Lydian capital of Sardis in 261 B.C. He was thus able to free Pergamon and greatly increase the territories under his control. Although he never took the title of king, Eumenes did exercise all of the powers of one. Since he had no surviving heir, Eumenes adopted his second cousin, Attalus I, who succeeded him as ruler of Pergamon.
SH54018. Silver tetradrachm, Westermark group V (V.LXXXV), SNG BnF 1618, Meydancikkale 3041, VF, high relief portrait, weight 16.345 g, maximum diameter 28.7 mm, die axis 0o, Mysia, Pergamon (Bergama, Turkey) mint, c. 263 - 241 B.C.; obverse Philetairos (founder of the Attalid dynasty) diademed head right; reverse Athena enthroned left, wearing crested Corinthian helmet, crowning dynastic name with wreath in right hand, ΦIΛETAIPOY downward on left, spear leaning transverse on her far side, resting left arm on round shield leaning against throne, grape bunch to outer left, A to inner left, bow to right; rare; SOLD


Pergamene Kingdom, Attalos I, 241 - 197 B.C.

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Attalus, a capable general, champion of the Greeks, and loyal ally of Rome, made Pergamon a powerful kingdom. He earned the name "Soter" (savior) by defeating the Galatians, who had plundered and exacted tribute for more than a generation. In the Macedonian Wars he allied with Rome against Philip V of Macedon.
SH59510. Silver tetradrachm, Westermark group VIA; SNG BnF 1621, Meydancikkale 3045 ff., SNGvA 1359, SNG Delepierre -, SNG Cop -, VF, high-relief sculptural portrait, weight 16.428 g, maximum diameter 28.4 mm, die axis 0o, Mysia, Pergamum (Bergama, Turkey) mint, 263 - 241 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Philetaerus right in taenia; reverse ΦIΛETAIPOY downward on left, Athena enthroned left, crowning dynastic name with wreath in right hand, left arm resting on shield with gorgoneion at side, transverse spear in background, palm frond outer left, strung bow right; SOLD


Pergamene Kingdom, Eumenes I, 263 - 241 B.C.

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Upon his succession, Eumenes, perhaps with the encouragement of Ptolemy II, who was at war with the Seleucids, revolted, defeating the Seleucid king Antiochus I near the Lydian capital of Sardis in 261 B.C. He was thus able to free Pergamon and greatly increase the territories under his control. Although he never took the title of king, Eumenes did exercise all of the powers of one. Since he had no surviving heir, Eumenes adopted his second cousin, Attalus I, who succeeded him as ruler of Pergamon.
SH10706. Silver tetradrachm, Westermark group III (V.XVIII/R.4); SNG BnF 1606; SNG Cop 334; SNGvA 7453; Meydancikkale 3003; BMC Mysia p. 115, 31, Choice gVF, superb high relief portrait, well centered and struck, attractive toning, minor porosity, weight 16.92 g, maximum diameter 29.6 mm, die axis 0o, Pergamon (Bergama, Turkey) mint, obverse head of Philetaerus right, wearing entwined laurel wreath and diadem; reverse ΦIΛETAIPOY downward on right, Athena enthroned left, wearing crested helmet, chiton and peplos, right hand supporting grounded round shield before her, shield ornamented with a gorgoneion, resting left elbow on left arm of throne which is ornamented with a sphinx, transverse spear leaning on left arm, ivy leaf above knee, A on throne, bow outer right; SOLD


Pergamene Kingdom, Eumenes I, 263 - 241 B.C.

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Upon his succession, Eumenes, perhaps with the encouragement of Ptolemy II, who was at war with the Seleucids, revolted, defeating the Seleucid king Antiochus I near the Lydian capital of Sardis in 261 B.C. He was thus able to free Pergamon and greatly increase the territories under his control. Although he never took the title of king, Eumenes did exercise all of the powers of one. Since he had no surviving heir, Eumenes adopted his second cousin, Attalus I, who succeeded him as ruler of Pergamon.
SH43362. Silver tetradrachm, Westermark group III (V.XVIII/R.4), SNG BnF 1606, SNG Cop 334, VF, nicely toned, weight 16.739 g, maximum diameter 30.6 mm, die axis 0o, Mysia, Pergamum (Bergama, Turkey) mint, obverse laureate head of Philetaerus right in taenia; reverse ΦIΛETAIPOY downward on left, Athena enthroned left, wreath in right hand, left arm resting on shield at side, A left under arm, bow right, grape cluster outer left; high relief sculptural portrait; SOLD


Pergamene Kingdom, Attalos I Soter 241 - 197 B.C., In the Name of Philetairos

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Attalus, a capable general, champion of the Greeks, and loyal ally of Rome, made Pergamon a powerful kingdom. He earned the name "Soter" (savior) by defeating the Galatians, who had plundered and exacted tribute for more than a generation. In the Macedonian Wars he allied with Rome against Philip V of Macedon.
SH86750. Silver tetradrachm, Westermark Group VI.B (V.CXXV/R.3); BMC Mysia p. 117, 41 (same dies); SNG BnF -, VF, excellent portrait, light toning, bumps and marks, weight 16.288 g, maximum diameter 32.1 mm, die axis 0o, Mysia, Pergamon (Bergama, Turkey) mint, c. 235 - 210 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Philetairos (founder of the Attalid dynasty) right; reverse Athena enthroned left, with wreath in right hand, crowning dynastic name ΦIΛETAIPOY downward to left, left elbow resting on grounded shield to right; transverse spear on far side, palm frond outer left, ∆I inner left, bow right; ex Classical Numismatic Group, e-auction 411, lot 112; SOLD


Pergamene Kingdom, Philetairos I, 282 - 263 B.C.

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This coin bears the first portrait of Philetairos, first King of Pergamene, 282 -263 B.C. Hoard evidence and recent studies indicate it was struck at the end of his reign. Philetairos first struck in the name of Lysimachos, then posthumous Alexander types under Seleukos I, then Seleukos portrait types under Antiochos I, and lastly this type with his own portrait. This same reverse was used for the Seleukos I portrait types. Philetairos' coinage is known for its magnificent realistic portraits and this coin is an excellent example. Very rare and absent from most major collections.
SH11193. Silver tetradrachm, Meydancikkale 3000, SNG BnF 1603 var., SNGvA -, SNG Cop -, VF, weight 16.629 g, maximum diameter 28.1 mm, die axis 0o, Pergamon (Bergama, Turkey) mint, c. 265 - 263 B.C.; obverse head of Philetaerus right in taenia; reverse ΦIΛETAIPOY downward on right, Athena enthroned left, right hand on shield before her, spear over shoulder in left, leaf above arm, bow right; high relief portrait; very rare; SOLD


Pergamene Kingdom, Attalos I Soter, c. 215 - 200 B.C., In the Name of Alexander the Great

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Attalus, a capable general, champion of the Greeks, and loyal ally of Rome, made Pergamon a powerful kingdom. He earned the name "Soter" (savior) by defeating the Galatians, who had plundered and exacted tribute for more than a generation. In the Macedonian Wars he allied with Rome against Philip V of Macedon.
SH62365. Silver tetradrachm, Price 1481, Müller Alexander 1019, cf. SNG BnF 2513 (monogram), VF, weight 17.028 g, maximum diameter 30.5 mm, die axis 0o, Pergamon (Bergama, Turkey) mint, c. 215 - 200 B.C.; obverse head of Herakles right, wearing Nemean Lion skin, scalp over head, forepaws tied at neck; Seleukid countermark: anchor in roughly rectangular punch; reverse Zeus Aëtophoros enthroned left, eagle in right hand, long scepter vertical behind in left hand, monogram under arm, bee on left; SOLD




  




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REFERENCES|

Davesne, A. & G. Le Rider. Le trésor de Meydancikkale. (Paris, 1989).
Forrer, L. Descriptive Catalogue of the Collection of Greek Coins formed by Sir Hermann Weber, Vol. III, Part 1. (London, 1926).
Lindgren, H. & F. Kovacs. Ancient Bronze Coins of Asia Minor and the Levant. (San Mateo, 1985).
Lindgren, H. Lindgren III: Ancient Greek Bronze Coins. (Quarryville, 1993).
MacDonald, G. Catalogue of Greek Coins in the Hunterian Collection, University of Glasgow, Vol II: Greece, & Asia Minor. (Glasgow, 1901).
Mildenberg, L. & S. Hurter, eds. The Dewing Collection of Greek Coins. ACNAC 6. (New York, 1985).
Mionnet, T.E. Description de Médailles antiques grecques et romaines. (Paris, 1807-1837).
Sear, D. Greek Coins and Their Values, Vol. 2: Asia and Africa. (London, 1979).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Vol. 4: Bosporus - Lesbos. (West Milford, NJ, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Deutschland, Münzsammlung Universität Tübingen, Part 4: Mysien - Ionien. (Berlin, 1989).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Deutschland, Sammlung Hans Von Aulock, Vol. 1: Pontus, Paphlagonia, Bithynia, Mysia, Troas, Aiolis, Lesbos, Ionia. (Berlin, 1957).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, France, Bibliothèque Nationale, Cabinet des Médailles, Vol. 5: Mysia. (Paris, 2001).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, France, Bibliothèque National, Collection Jean et Marie Delepierre. (Paris, 1983).
Westermark, U. Das Bildnis des Philetairos von Pergamon, Corpus der Munzpragung. (Stockholm, 1960).
Wroth, W. A Catalog of the Greek Coins in the British Museum, Mysia. (London, 1892).

Catalog current as of Sunday, August 18, 2019.
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Pergamene Kingdom Greek Coins