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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Greek Coins| ▸ |Hellenistic Monarchies| ▸ |Pergamene Kingdom||View Options:  |  |  | 

Pergamene Kingdom

Philetaerus, an officer under Lysimachus, deserted in 282 B.C., taking control of Pergamon and a large treasury deposited there. At first nominally a Seleukid suzerainty, Pergamon grew into a strong, prosperous and independent kingdom. Loyal allies of Rome in the Macedonian Wars and against the Seleucids, they were rewarded with all the former Seleucid domains in Asia Minor. When Attalus III died without an heir in 133 B.C., to prevent a civil war, he bequeathed the kingdom to the Roman Republic.

Attalid Dynasty of |Pergamon
Philetaerus (282 - 263 BC)
Eumenes I (263 - 241 BC)
Attalus I Soter (241 - 197 BC)
Eumenes II (197 - 159 BC)
Attalus II Philadelphus (160 - 138 BC)
Attalus III (138 - 133 BC)
Eumenes III Aristonicus (pretender, 133 - 129 BC)

Pergamon Kingdom, 282 - 133 B.C.

|Pergamene| |Kingdom|, |Pergamon| |Kingdom,| |282| |-| |133| |B.C.||AE| |19|NEW
The regal bronze coinage of Pergamon is all inscribed in the name of the dynasty's founder, Philetairos. Attribution to specific reigns is not yet possible. The kingdom was a rump state that was created from the territory ruled by Lysimachus, a general of Alexander the Great. Philetaerus, one of Lysimachus' lieutenants, rebelled and took the city of Pergamon and its environs with him. Lysimachus died soon after in 281 BC, killed by Seleucus I Nicator, another of Alexander's generals. Pergamon was a monarchy ruled by Philetaerus's extended family and their descendants. It lasted around 150 years before being eventually absorbed by the Roman Republic during the period from 133 - 129 BC.
GB99025. Bronze AE 19, SNG BnF 1643; SNGvA 1363; BMC Mysia p. 121, 73, F, dark green patina, light earthen deposits and encrustations, weight 4.548 g, maximum diameter 18.5 mm, die axis 0o, Pergamon (Bergama, Turkey) mint, c. 282 - 133 B.C.; obverse head of Athena right, wearing crested Attic helmet ornamented with a griffin; reverse Asklepios seated left, bearded, wearing himation over lower limbs, feeding serpent from phiale in right hand, scepter in left hand, ΦIΛETAIPOY (Philetairos) downward on right; $70.00 SALE PRICE $63.00


Pergamene Kingdom, Eumenes I, 263 - 241 B.C.

|Pergamene| |Kingdom|, |Pergamene| |Kingdom,| |Eumenes| |I,| |263| |-| |241| |B.C.||tetradrachm|
Philetaerus, an officer of Lysimachus, deserted in 282 B.C., taking control of Pergamon and a large treasure deposited there. At first nominally a Seleukid suzerainty, Pergamon grew into a strong, prosperous and independent kingdom. Loyal allies of Rome in the Macedonian Wars and against the Seleucids, they were rewarded with all the former Seleucid domains in Asia Minor. When Attalus III died without an heir in 133 B.C., to prevent a civil war, he bequeathed the kingdom to the Roman Republic.
SH82711. Silver tetradrachm, Westermark group III; SNG BnF 1606; SNG Cop 334; SNGvA 7452; SNG Ashmolean 752; Meydancikkale 3002; BMC Mysia p. 115, 31; Jameson 1449, Choice aEF, magnificent high relief portrait, excellent reverse style Athena, bold well centered strike, beautiful dark toning, light bumps and marks, a superb coin!, weight 16.917 g, maximum diameter 28.2 mm, die axis 30o, Pergamon (Bergama, Turkey) mint, struck in the name of Philetairos; obverse laureate head of Philetairos I right; reverse ΦIΛETAIPOY downward on right, Athena enthroned left, wearing crested helmet, chiton and peplos, right hand supporting grounded round shield before her, shield ornamented with a gorgoneion, resting left elbow on left arm of throne which is ornamented with a sphinx, transverse spear leaning on left arm, ivy leaf above knee, A on throne, bow outer right; SOLD


Pergamene Kingdom, Attalos I Soter, 241 - 197 B.C.

|Pergamene| |Kingdom|, |Pergamene| |Kingdom,| |Attalos| |I| |Soter,| |241| |-| |197| |B.C.||tetradrachm|
After his success in wars against Antiochos Hierax and his Galatian mercenaries, Attalos claimed the title Soter (savior). Threatened by Philip V of Macedon, near the end of his reign, Attalos sought aid from Rome.
SH71568. Silver tetradrachm, Westermark group VIA, 68, V.CXII; SNG BnF 1624; SNG Cop -; SNGvA -; Meydancikkale -, Choice gVF, superb high relief portrait, toned, light marks, weight 16.985 g, maximum diameter 30.7 mm, die axis 0o, Pergamon (Bergama, Turkey) mint, 241 - 235 B.C.; obverse Philetairos (founder of the Attalid dynasty) diademed head right; reverse Athena enthroned left, wearing crested Corinthian helmet, crowning dynastic name with wreath in right hand, ΦIΛETAIPOY downward on left, spear leaning transverse on her far side, resting left arm on round shield leaning against throne, bee outer left, thunderbolt inner left, bow on right; ex Roma Numismatic e-Sale 1, 219 (31 Aug 2013); ex Tannenbaum Collection; rare; SOLD







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REFERENCES|

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Forrer, L. Descriptive Catalogue of the Collection of Greek Coins formed by Sir Hermann Weber, Vol. III, Part 1. (London, 1926).
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MacDonald, G. Catalogue of Greek Coins in the Hunterian Collection, University of Glasgow, Vol II: Greece, & Asia Minor. (Glasgow, 1901).
Mildenberg, L. & S. Hurter, eds. The Dewing Collection of Greek Coins. ACNAC 6. (New York, 1985).
Mionnet, T.E. Description de Mdailles antiques grecques et romaines. (Paris, 1807-1837).
Sear, D. Greek Coins and Their Values, Vol. 2: Asia and Africa. (London, 1979).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Vol. 4: Bosporus - Lesbos. (West Milford, NJ, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Deutschland, Mnzsammlung Universitt Tbingen, Part 4: Mysien - Ionien. (Berlin, 1989).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Deutschland, Sammlung Hans Von Aulock, Vol. 1: Pontus, Paphlagonia, Bithynia, Mysia, Troas, Aiolis, Lesbos, Ionia. (Berlin, 1957).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, France, Bibliothque Nationale, Cabinet des Mdailles, Vol. 5: Mysia. (Paris, 2001).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, France, Bibliothque National, Collection Jean et Marie Delepierre. (Paris, 1983).
Westermark, U. Das Bildnis des Philetairos von Pergamon, Corpus der Munzpragung. (Stockholm, 1960).
Wroth, W. A Catalog of the Greek Coins in the British Museum, Mysia. (London, 1892).

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