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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |Recovery of the Empire| ▸ |Claudius II||View Options:  |  |  | 

Claudius II Gothicus, September 268 - August or September 270 A.D.

Claudius II Gothicus was born in Illyricum around 215 A.D. Under Valerian and Gallienus he was recognized as a superb general. After the murder of Gallienus, Claudius Gothicus was proclaimed emperor and preceded to crush the Alemanni tribe who had invaded Roman territory. Soon after an enormous horde of Goths poured into the empire. Against all advice, Claudius confronted the barbarians at Naissus in Upper Moesia. He fought a brilliant battle and annihilated them. Unfortunately for the empire, he died of plague after a reign of only two years.

|Claudius| |II|, |Claudius| |II| |Gothicus,| |268-270| |AD|, |antoninianus|
Pax, regarded by the ancients as a goddess, was worshiped not only at Rome but also at Athens. Her altar could not be stained with blood. Claudius began the construction of a magnificent temple to her honor, which Vespasian finished, in the Via Sacra. The attributes of Peace are the hasta pura, the olive branch, the cornucopia, and often the caduceus. Sometimes she is represented setting fire to a pile of arms.
RA91014. Billon antoninianus, MER-RIC T60, RIC V-1 157, Normanby 1031, Venèra 9303 - 9364, Cunetio 2263, Hunter IV 58, SRCV III 3215, Cohen VI 202, EF, dark brown patina, traces of silvering, well centered, parts of legends weak, edge splits/cracks, weight 3.128 g, maximum diameter 19.3 mm, die axis 0o, 3rd officina, Mediolanum (Milan) mint, 2nd issue, mid 269 - spring 270; obverse IMP CLAVDIVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind; reverse PAX AVG, Pax walking left, raising olive branch in right hand, long scepter transverse in right hand, T in exergue; ex Eric J. Engstrom Collection; $80.00 SALE |PRICE| $72.00
 


|Claudius| |II|, |Claudius| |II| |Gothicus,| |September| |268| |-| |August| |or| |September| |270| |A.D.|, |antoninianus|
Spes was the Roman personification of Hope. On coins she is almost invariably depicted holding a flower in her extended right hand, and raising a fold of her dress with her left hand. She was also named "ultima dea" - the last resort of men.
RA93331. Billon antoninianus, RIC V-1 168, Cohen VI 284, SRCV III 11374 var. (1st officina), MER-RIC T26 var. (same), Venèra 9073 var. (same), Hunter IV 62 var. (same), EF, excellent portrait and reverse style, centered on a tight flan, brown town with traces of silvering, small edge crack, weight 4.100 g, maximum diameter 19.9 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Mediolanum (Milan, Italy) mint, issue 1, c. September 268 - mid 269; obverse IMP CLAVDIVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse SPES PVBLICA (the hope of the public), Spes standing left, flower in right, raising fold of drapery with left, S in exergue; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $80.00 SALE |PRICE| $72.00
 


|Claudius| |II|, |Claudius| |II| |Gothicus,| |September| |268| |-| |August| |or| |September| |270| |A.D.|, |antoninianus|
This commemorative type was issued by Quintillus or Aurelian.
RL88873. Billon antoninianus, MER-RIC 1278, RIC V-1 266, Venèra 10678 - 10884, Cunetio 2314, Normanby 1115, Hunter IV CD1, Cohen VI 46, SRCV III 11460, VF/F, brown tone, ragged edge, weight 2.250 g, maximum diameter 20.5 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, issue 1, c. end 270 - 271; obverse DIVO CLAVDIO, radiate head right; reverse CONSECRATIO, eagle standing left, head right, wings open; $34.00 SALE |PRICE| $30.60
 


|Claudius| |II|, |Claudius| |II| |Gothicus,| |September| |268| |-| |August| |or| |September| |270| |A.D.|, |antoninianus|
In 268, Gallienus was murdered by his senior officers while besieging the would-be usurper Aureolus in Mediolanum (Milan). The Senate charged Marcus Aurelius Claudius with Gallienus' murder but it was never proven. The accused became the new emperor, Claudius II.
RB93330. Billon antoninianus, RIC V-1 100, SRCV III 11371, Cohen VI 268, Hunter IV 47 var. (caduceus), VF, encrustations, areas of corrosion, edge cracks, weight 2.905 g, maximum diameter 19.5 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 268 - 270 A.D.; obverse IMP CLAVDIVS AVG, radiate bust right; reverse SECVRIT AVG (security of the Emperor), Securitas standing facing, head left, scepter in right, leaning with left elbow on column, XI right; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $27.00 SALE |PRICE| $24.00
 


Claudius II Gothicus, September 268 - August or September 270 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt

|Roman| |Egypt|, |Claudius| |II| |Gothicus,| |September| |268| |-| |August| |or| |September| |270| |A.D.,| |Roman| |Provincial| |Egypt|, |tetradrachm|
Anubis, represented as a jackal or as a man with the head of a jackal, was the Egyptian god of the dead. He presided over the embalming of the dead and conducted souls into the underworld. The Greeks and Romans often scorned Egypt's animal-headed gods as bizarre and primitive (they mockingly called Anubis the Barker) but they also identified Anubis with Hermes, morphing them into Hermanubis.
RX91484. Billon tetradrachm, Dattari 5392; Geissen 3038; BMC Alexandria p. 303, 2327; Milne 4240; Curtis 1701; SNG Cop 847; Kampmann-Ganschow 104.25; Emmett 3883, F, tight flan, a little rough, weight 8.700 g, maximum diameter 21.6 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, 29 Aug 269 - 28 Aug 270 A.D.; obverse AVT K KΛAV∆IOC CEB, laureate and cuirassed bust right; reverse bust of Hermanubis right, wearing modius with lotus-petal in front, himation over shoulder, date LB (year 2) in left field, winged caduceus over palm in right; from the Maxwell Hunt Collection; $19.00 (€17.48)


Roman Empire, Two Roman Imitative Barbarous Radiates, c. 270 A.D.

|Unofficial| |&| |Barbaric|, |Roman| |Empire,| |Two| |Roman| |Imitative| |Barbarous| |Radiates,| |c.| |270| |A.D.|,
During the Crisis of the Third Century (235 - 284 A.D.) the Roman Empire nearly collapsed under the combined pressures of invasion, civil war, plague, and economic depression. In the western provinces, official mints did not meet the needs for low-value coinage and unofficial private mints struck imitations of Roman coins (usually antoniniani). These unofficial imitations, called barbarous radiates today, were not counterfeits. They were smaller than standard issues, were not intended to deceive, and probably only functioned as small change.
RA91692. Two barbarous radiates, 1) imitative of a Quintillus antoninianus (r. 270 A.D., 2.132g, 20.3mm) and 2) imitative of a Claudius Gothicus antoninianus (r. 268 - 270 A.D., 1.733g, 16.5mm); from the Maxwell Hunt Collection; $19.00 (€17.48)


|Claudius| |II|, |Claudius| |II| |Gothicus,| |September| |268| |-| |August| |or| |September| |270| |A.D.|, |antoninianus|
Adventus reverse types commemorate the emperor's arrival at Rome, either at the commencement of his reign or on his return from a distance. They may also refer to his arrival in some other city or province of the empire. At their accession, emperors were not conveyed in a chariot nor in any other vehicle, but went on horseback or on foot when they made their first public entry into the capital of the Roman world.
MA95484. Billon antoninianus, MER-RIC T129, RIC V-1 13, Normanby 592, Venèra 5783 - 5784, Cunetio 1926, Colonne 279, SRCV III 11314, Cohen VI 4, Hunter IV - (p. lxxviii), VF/F, green patina, weight 3.080 g, maximum diameter 21.4 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 1st issue, c. Oct - Nov 268; obverse IMP C CLAVDIVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind; reverse ADVENTVS AVG (arrival of the Emperor), Claudius on horseback left, raising right hand, scepter in left hand; $10.25 (€9.43)


|Claudius| |II|, |Claudius| |II| |Gothicus,| |September| |268| |-| |August| |or| |September| |270| |A.D.|, |antoninianus|
In Roman mythology, Aequitas was the minor goddess of fair trade and honest merchants. Aequitas was also the personification of the virtues equity and fairness of the emperor (Aequitas Augusti). The scales, a natural emblem of equity, express righteousness. The cornucopia signifies the prosperity which results from Aequitas and Aequitas Augusti.
MA95641. Billon antoninianus, MER-RIC T1030, Huvelin 1990 15, Venèra 9912, RIC V-1 197, Cohen VI 6, SRCV III 11316, Hunter IV -, Normanby -, Cunetio -, VF/F, flow lines, light marks, slight porosity, weight 4.504 g, maximum diameter 21.8 mm, die axis 180o, 8th officina, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, issue 1, c. end 268 - end 269; obverse IMP C CLAVDIVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind; reverse AEQVITAS AVG (equity of the emperor), Aequitas standing front, head left, scales in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, H in exergue; $9.49 (€8.73)







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OBVERSE| LEGENDS|

DIVOCLAVDIO
DIVOCLAVDIOGOTHICO
DIVOCLAVDIOOPTIMOIMP
DIVOCLAVDIOOPTIMP
IMPCCLAVDIVSAVG
IMPCLAVDIVSAVG
IMPCLAVDIVSPFAVG
IMPCMAVRCLAVDIVSAVG


REFERENCES|

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