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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |Crisis and Decline| ▸ |Pupienus||View Options:  |  |  |   

Pupienus, 22 April - 29 July 238 A.D.

Pupienus was elected along with Balbinus to end the reign of the brutal thug Maximinus. A military stalemate ensued, until Maximinus was murdered by his own troops. However, the general population and more importantly the Praetorian guard held little respect for the two ex-senators and they were murdered after a reign of 99 days.


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Pax, regarded by the ancients as a goddess, was worshiped not only at Rome but also at Athens. Her altar could not be stained with blood. Claudius began the construction of a magnificent temple to her honor, which Vespasian finished, in the Via Sacra. The attributes of Peace are the hasta pura, the olive branch, the cornucopia, and often the caduceus. Sometimes she is represented setting fire to a pile of arms.
SH53595. Silver denarius, RIC IV-1 4 (S); RSC III 22, BMCRE VI 46, Hunter III 4, SRCV III 8526, Choice EF, full circles strike, very sharp portrait, near mint state but for the addition of attractive toning, weight 2.908 g, maximum diameter 21.1 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 22 Apr - 29 Jul 238 A.D.; obverse IMP C M CLOD PVPIENVS AVG, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse PAX PVBLICA, Pax seated left, olive branch in right hand, transverse scepter in left hand; rare; SOLD


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A great story coin. This ironic reverse refers to the harmony and friendship of the emperors Balbinus and Pupienus. In reality, because they were quarreling they were unable to gain support or put up a joint defense against the praetorians and they were both murdered after a reign of only 99 days.
SH21380. Bronze sestertius, RIC IV-1 20, Banti 1, Cohen V 7 (12 fr.), BMCRE VI 43, Hunter III 12, SRCV III 8530, VF, weight 23.502 g, maximum diameter 32.6 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, obverse IMP CAES M CLOD PVPIENVS AVG, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse CONCORDIA AVGGG (harmony among the three emperors), Concordia seated left, patera in extended right hand, double cornucopia in left hand, S C (senatus consulto) in exergue; ex CNG; scarce; SOLD


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Great story coin. The reverse refers to the mutual love of the emperors Balbinus and Pupienus. Because they were quarreling they were unable to put up a joint defense against the praetorians. They were both murdered after a reign of only 99 days
SH71019. Silver antoninianus, RIC IV-1 9b, RSC III 2, BMCRE VI 82, Hunter III 7, SRCV III 8518, Choice EF, fantastic strike, full circles strike, some mint luster, weight 4.682 g, maximum diameter 23.7 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 22 Apr - 29 Jul 238 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES PVPIEN MAXIMVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse AMOR MVTVVS AVGG (Mutual Love of the Emperors), clasped hands; scarce; SOLD


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The ironic reverse refers to the mutual affection and friendship of the emperors Balbinus and Pupienus. Because they were quarreling they were unable to put up a joint defense against the praetorians. They were both murdered after a reign of only 99 days.
SH77283. Silver antoninianus, RIC IV-1 9a, RSC III 1, BMCRE VI 77, SRCV III 8715, Hunter III 7 var. (obv. legend), Choice VF, excellent portrait, well centered and struck, frosty surfaces, very light cleaning scratches, weight 4.768 g, maximum diameter 21.7 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, c. Jun 238 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES M CLOD PVPIENVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse AMOR MVTVVS AVGG (Mutual Affection of the Emperors), clasped hands; from the Jyrki Muona Collection, ex Dorotheum; scarce; SOLD


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A great story coin. This ironic reverse refers to the mutual love shared between the emperors Balbinus and Pupienus. In reality, because they were quarreling they were unable to gain support or put up a joint defense against the praetorians and they were both murdered after a reign of only 99 days.
SH26624. Silver antoninianus, RIC IV-1 9b, RSC III 2, BMCRE VI 82, Hunter III 7, SRCV III 8518, Choice gVF, near full circle strike, excellent portrait, flow lines, light marks and scratches, edge split, weight 5.584 g, maximum diameter 22.8 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, obverse IMP CAES PVPIEN MAXIMVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse AMOR MVTVVS AVGG (Mutual Love of the Emperors), clasped hands; scarce; SOLD


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A.D. 238 was the year of six emperors. Maximinus Thrax was killed (along with his son Maximus Caesar) when his soldiers mutinied. Gordian II was killed in battle. Gordian I hanged himself. Pupienus was lynched by his bodyguard. Balbinus was beaten and dragged naked through the streets of Rome before being killed by the Praetorians. Gordian III lived to become sole emperor.
SH33733. Silver denarius, RIC IV-1 4 (S); RSC III 22, BMCRE VI 46, Hunter III 4, SRCV III 8526, Choice VF, full circles strike, toned, weight 2.558 g, maximum diameter 20.6 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 238 A.D.; obverse IMP C M CLOD PVPIENVS AVG, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse PAX PVBLICA, Pax seated left, branch in right and transverse scepter in left; rare; SOLD


Click for a larger photo
A.D. 238 was the year of six emperors. Maximinus Thrax was killed (along with his son Maximus Caesar) when his soldiers mutinied. Gordian II was killed in battle. Gordian I hanged himself. Pupienus was lynched by his bodyguard. Balbinus was beaten and dragged naked through the streets of Rome before being killed by the Praetorians. Gordian III lived to become sole emperor.
SH58649. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC IV-1 14 (S), Cohen V 15, BMCRE VI 10, Hunter III 16, SRCV III 8531, VF, flan crack, weight 20.102 g, maximum diameter 31.0 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 22 Apr - 29 Jul 238 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES M CLOD PVPIENVS AVG, Laureate and draped bust right; reverse LIBERALITAS AVGVSTORVM (the generosity of the Emperor), Liberalitas standing half-left, coin counting board in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, S - C divided across lower half of the field; scarce; SOLD


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A.D. 238 was the year of six emperors. Maximinus Thrax was killed (along with his son Maximus Caesar) when his soldiers mutinied. Gordian II was killed in battle. Gordian I hanged himself. Pupienus was lynched by his bodyguard. Balbinus was beaten and dragged naked through the streets of Rome before being killed by the Praetorians. Gordian III lived to become sole emperor.
RS87641. Silver denarius, RIC IV-1 5 (S), RSC III 29, BMCRE VI 50*, SRCV III 8528, Hunter III -, Choice EF, superb portrait, bold strike with excellent centering, sharp reverse, weight 2.105 g, maximum diameter 20.2 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 22 Apr - 29 Jul 238 A.D.; obverse IMP C M CLOD PVPIENVS AVG, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse P M TR P COS II P P, Pupienus (or Genius of the Senate?) standing slightly left, head left, togate, raising branch in right hand, short scepter downward at side in left hand; very scarce; SOLD


Click for a larger photo
A great story coin. This ironic reverse refers to the mutual love shared between the emperors Balbinus and Pupienus. In reality, because they were quarreling they were unable to gain support or put up a joint defense against the praetorians and they were both murdered after a reign of only 99 days.
SH45482. Silver antoninianus, RIC IV-1 9b, RSC III 2, BMCRE VI 82, Hunter III 7, SRCV III 8518, VF, nicely centered, weight 2.927 g, maximum diameter 22.0 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, obverse IMP CAES PVPIEN MAXIMVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse AMOR MVTVVS AVGG (Mutual Love of the Emperors), clasped hands; scarce; SOLD


Click for a larger photo
A great story coin. This ironic reverse refers to the harmony and friendship of the emperors Balbinus and Pupienus. In reality, because they were quarreling they were unable to gain support or put up a joint defense against the praetorians and they were both murdered after a reign of only 99 days.
SH12311. Silver denarius, RIC IV-1 1(S), RSC III 6, BMCRE VI 42, Hunter III 2, SRCV III 8523, aEF, toned, slightly porous, weight 3.248 g, maximum diameter 20.4 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 22 Apr - 29 Jul 238 A.D.; obverse IMP C M CLOD PVPIENVS AVG, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse CONCORDIA AVGG (harmony between the two emperors), Concordia seated left, patera in right hand, double cornucopia in left hand; scarce; SOLD




  




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OBVERSE| LEGENDS|

IMPCAESMCLODPVPIENVSAVG
IMPCAESPVPIENMAXIMVSAVG
IMPCMCLODPVPIENVSAVG


REFERENCES|

Banti, A. and L. Simonetti. Corpus Nummorum Romanorum. (Florence, 1972-1979).
Calic, X. The Roman Avrei, Vol. Two: From Didius Julianus to Constantius I, 193 AD - 335 AD. (Barcelona, 2003).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappes sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 5: Gordian I to Valerian II. (Paris, 1885).
Mattingly, H., E.A. Sydenham & C.H.V. Sutherland. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol IV, From Pertinax to Uranius Antoninus. (London, 1986).
Mattingly, H. & R.A.G. Carson. Coins of the Roman Empire in the British Museum, Vol. 6: Severus Alexander to Pupienus. (London, 1963).
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. III. Pertinax to Aemilian. (Oxford, 1977).
Seaby, H.A. & D.R. Sear. Roman Silver Coins, Volume III, Pertinax to Balbinus and Pupienus. (London, 1982).
Sear, D.R. Roman Coins and Their Values III, The Accession of Maximinus I to the Death of Carinus AD 235 - AD 285. (London, 2005).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).

Catalog current as of Sunday, September 22, 2019.
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Roman Coins of Pupienus