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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |Crisis & Decline| ▸ |Aemilian||View Options:  |  |  | 

Aemilian, July or August - October 253 A.D.

M. Aemilius Aemilianus was born in Mauretania and rose to become governor of Moesia during the reign of Trebonianus Gallus. Aemilian bribed his troops to declare him emperor, using money intended for the Goths to maintain peace. When he invaded Italy, the troops of Gallus and Volusian switched sides and murdered the two co-emperors. However, when the forces of the future emperor Valerian entered Italy, Aemilian suffered the same fate as his predecessors. He was murdered after a reign of about 88 days.

|Aemilian|, |Aemilian,| |July| |or| |August| |-| |October| |253| |A.D.||antoninianus|
Mars was the god of war and also an agricultural guardian. He was the father of Romulus and Remus, the legendary founders of Rome. In early Rome, he was second in importance only to Jupiter, and the most prominent of the military gods in the religion of the Roman army. Most of his festivals were held in March, the month named for him (Latin Martius), and in October, which began and ended the season for military campaigning and farming.
SH34977. Silver antoninianus, RIC IV 6 (R), RSC IV 25, SRCV III 9837, Eauze hoard 1111 (9 spec.), Cohen 25 (6 Fr.), gVF, uneven toning, weight 2.879 g, maximum diameter 20.9 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, obverse IMP AEMILIANVS PIVS FEL AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse MARTI PROPVGT (to Mars the defender), Mars standing left in military dress, right resting hand on grounded shield, reversed spear vertical in left; from the Scott Collection, ex Harlan Berk; rare; SOLD


|Aemilian|, |Aemilian,| |July| |or| |August| |-| |October| |253| |A.D.||antoninianus|
Victory or Nike is seen with wings in most statues and paintings, with one of the most famous being the Winged Victory of Samothrace. Most other winged deities in the Greek pantheon had shed their wings by Classical times. Nike is the goddess of strength, speed, and victory. Nike was a very close acquaintance of Athena and is thought to have stood in Athena's outstretched hand in the statue of Athena located in the Parthenon. Victory or Nike is also one of the most commonly portrayed figures on Greek and Roman coins.
SH45505. Silver antoninianus, RIC IV 21 (R), RSC IV 52, Hunter III 5, SRCV III 9845, gVF, weight 3.545 g, maximum diameter 21.5 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 253 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES AEMILIANVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse VICTORIA AVG (the victory of the Emperor), Victory walking left, wreath in right hand, palm frond in left hand; rare; SOLD


|Aemilian|, |Aemilian,| |July| |or| |August| |-| |October| |253| |A.D.||antoninianus|
Mars holds both the implements of war and the olive branch of peace. "Peace through strength" is an ancient phrase and concept implying that strength of arms is a necessary component of peace. The phrase has famously been used by many leaders from Roman Emperor Hadrian in the first century A.D., to Ronald Reagan in the 1980s.
RS86381. Silver antoninianus, RIC IV 15 (R), RSC IV 23, SRCV III 9835, Hunter - (p. cxi), gVF, well centered and struck on a tight fla, light toning, porosity, light cleaning marks, weight 3.327 g, maximum diameter 20.9 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, Jul/Aug - Oct 253 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES AEMILIANVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse MARTI PACIF, Mars advancing left, wearing crested helmet and military garb, raising olive branch in right hand, shield and inverted spear in left hand; rare; SOLD







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OBVERSE| LEGENDS|

IMPAEMILIANVSPFAVG
IMPAEMILIANVSPIVSFELAVG
IMPCAESAEMILIANVSPFAVG
IMPMAEMILAEMILIANVSPFAVG


REFERENCES|

Banti, A. & L. Simonetti. Corpus Nummorum Romanorum. (Florence, 1972-1979).
Calicó, X. The Roman Avrei, Vol. Two: From Didius Julianus to Constantius I, 193 AD - 335 AD. (Barcelona, 2003).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappées sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 5: Gordian I to Valerian II. (Paris, 1885).
Mattingly, H., E. Sydenham & C. Sutherland. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol IV, From Pertinax to Uranius Antoninus. (London, 1986).
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. III. Pertinax to Aemilian. (Oxford, 1977).
Seaby, H. & D. Sear. Roman Silver Coins, Volume IV, Gordian III to Postumus. (London, 1982).
Sear, D. Roman Coins and Their Values III, The Accession of Maximinus I to the Death of Carinus AD 235 - AD 285. (London, 2005).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).

Catalog current as of Sunday, January 16, 2022.
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