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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Roman Coins ▸ Crisis and Decline ▸ Philip IIView Options:  |  |  | 

Philip II, July or August 247 - late 249 A.D.

Marcus Julius Philippus Severus (Philip II) was the son of the Philip the Arab by his wife Marcia Otacilia Severa. He was six years old when, in February or March 244, his father became emperor and he was made caesar. In 247, he was consul, and in July or August, he was elevated to Augustus and co-ruler. His father was killed in battle by his successor Decius in late 249. When news of this death reached Rome, Philip II was murdered by the Praetorian Guard. He died in his mother's arms, aged eleven years.


Philip II, July or August 247 - Late 249 A.D.

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When Augustus ruled Rome, he was not called emperor or king, he was the Princeps, the "first of men." In the empire, the designated successors to the emperor were named caesar and also given the title Princeps Juventutis, the "first of youths." This is the origin of the English word prince, meaning the son of a monarch.
RS86827. Silver antoninianus, RIC IV 218d, RSC IV 48, Hunter V 8, SRCV III 9240, EF, excellent portrait, detailed reverse, well centered and struck on a broad oval flan, light tone, flan crack, weight 3.598 g, maximum diameter 23.5 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 244 - 246 A.D.; obverse M IVL PHILIPPVS CAES, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse PRINCIPI IVVENT (to the Prince of Youth), Philip II standing slightly left, head left, wearing military dress, globe in extended right hand, inverted spear in left hand; ex Beast Coins; $125.00 (€106.25)
 


Philip II, July or August 247 - Late 249 A.D., Anazarbus, Cilicia

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Anazarbus was founded by Assyrians. Under the early Roman Empire, it was known as Caesarea. It was the Metropolis (capital) of Late Roman province Cilicia Secunda. It was the home of the poet Oppian. Rebuilt by the Eastern Roman emperor Justin I after an earthquake, it became Justinopolis in 525. In late 1097 or early 1098 it was captured by the armies of the First Crusade and was incorporated into Bohemond's Principality of Antioch. The old native name persisted, and when Thoros I, king of Lesser Armenia, made it his capital early in the 12th century, it was known as Anazarva. The Mamluk Kingdom of Egypt finally destroyed the city in 1374.
RP87142. Bronze AE 26, Ziegler An 725 (Vs1/Rs3,= ANSCD 1944.100.53084); SNG BnF 2118 (same dies); SNG Pfälzer 234 (same); BMC Lycaonia p. 37, 34; SNG Levante -, gF, full circles centering on a broad flan, light deposits/encrustations, light corrosion, weight 9.926 g, maximum diameter 26.3 mm, die axis 0o, Anazarbus mint, as caesar, 244 - 245 A.D.; obverse bare headed, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind; reverse ANAZAPBOV MHTPOΠ, capricorn left above globe on exergue line, ET ΓΞC (year 263) in exergue; ex Roma Numismatics esale 39 (26 Aug 2017), 482; very rare; $80.00 (€68.00)
 


Philip II, July or August 247 - Late 249 A.D.

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Felicitas was the goddess or personification of happiness, good fortune, and success. She played an important role in Rome's state religion during the empire and was frequently portrayed on coins. She became a prominent symbol of the wealth and prosperity of the Roman Empire.
RS86824. Silver antoninianus, RIC IV 235 (R), RSC 38, Bland 89 (33 spec.), SRCV III 9269, Hunter III - (xciv), gVF, bold full circles strike, light toning, surface flaws, weight 4.583 g, maximum diameter 23.1 mm, die axis 0o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 249 A.D.; obverse IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse P M TR P VI COS P P (high priest, holder of tribune power for six year, consul, father of the country), Felicitas standing left, long caduceus in right hand, cornucopia in left hand; ex Beast Coins; rare; $75.00 (€63.75)
 


Philip II, July or August 247 - Late 249 A.D., Antiocheia, Pisidia

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Pisidia's geographic and strategic position made it difficult to maintain peace. To strengthen control, Rome colonized the area with military veterans, who were attracted to the area by the fertile soil. An important Roman colony, the city was, like Rome, divided into seven quarters called "vici" on seven hills. The formal language was Latin until the end of the 3rd century A.D.
RP78010. Bronze AE 27, Krzyzanowska I/3; SNG BnF 1273; BMC Lycia p. 197, 119; SNG Cop 79; SNGvA 4974, Choice F, well centered, porous, weight 10.254 g, maximum diameter 26.7 mm, die axis 180o, Antioch in Pisidia (Yalvac, Turkey) mint, Jul/Aug 247 - late 249 A.D.; obverse IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS P F AVG P M, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse CAES ANTIOCH COL, Pax advancing left, raising olive branch in right hand, scepter in left hand, wearing long chiton, S - R flanking across field; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; rare; $70.00 (€59.50)
 


Philip II, July or August 247 - Late 249 A.D., Diocaesarea, Cilicia

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Diocaesarea, Cilicia was known as Olba until it was renamed during the reign of Vespasian. According to a legend told by Strabo (Geography, 14.5.10), the temple of Zeus Olbius was founded by Ajax, one of the Greek heroes of the Trojan War. The city and its surrounding territory was a theocracy, ruled by the hereditary priests of the temple.
RP57201. Bronze AE 29, SNG BnF 886, SNG Levante 678, SNG PfPS 423, Staffieri 27, BMC Lycaonia -, gF, weight 14.238 g, maximum diameter 29.0 mm, die axis 180o, Cilicia, Diocaesarea mint, as caesar, 244 - 246 A.D.; obverse M IOYΛIOC Φ[IΛIΠΠOYC K CE]B, bare-headed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse A∆PIA ∆IOKAICAPEΩN MHT (MHT ligate), thunderbolt on throne of Zeus Olbios, lions on arms, KENNATΩ in exergue; rare; $50.00 (€42.50)
 







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OBVERSE LEGENDS

MIVLPHILIPPVSCAES
MIVLPHILIPPVSNOBILCAES
IMPMIVLPHILIPPVSAVG
IMPPHILIPPVSAVG


REFERENCES

Banti, A. & L. Simonetti. Corpus Nummorum Romanorum. (Florence, 1972-1979).
Bland, R. "Dr. Bland's List for Philip I and Family" - http://ettuantiquities.com/Philip_1/Philip1-Bland-list.htm
Calicó, X. The Roman Avrei, vol. 2: From Didius Julianus to Constantius I, 193 AD - 335 AD. (Barcelona, 2003).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappées sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 5: Gordian I to Valerian II. (Paris, 1885).
Mattingly, H., E. Sydenham & C. Sutherland. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol IV, From Pertinax to Uranius Antoninus. (London, 1986).
Muona, J. "The Imperial mints of Philip the Arab" - https://www.forumancientcoins.com/Articles/Philip_Arab/index.html
Óvári, F. "Philippus antiochiai veretu antoninianusairól" in Numizmatikai Közlöny 88/89 (1989/90), pp. 41 - 48.
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. III. Pertinax to Aemilian. (Oxford, 1977).
Seaby, H. & D. Sear. Roman Silver Coins, Volume IV, Gordian III to Postumus. (London, 1982).
Sear, D. Roman Coins and Their Values III, The Accession of Maximinus I to the Death of Carinus AD 235 - AD 285. (London, 2005).
Thibaut, M. Antoniniani from the Mint of Antioch Under the Reign of Philip the Arab (244-249 AD) - http://marchal.thibaut.free.fr/e_index.htm
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).

Catalog current as of Friday, August 17, 2018.
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Roman Coins of Philip II