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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |Crisis & Decline| ▸ |Philip II||View Options:  |  |  | 

Philip II, July or August 247 - late 249 A.D.

Marcus Julius Philippus Severus (Philip II) was the son of the Philip the Arab by his wife Marcia Otacilia Severa. He was six years old when, in February or March 244, his father became emperor and he was made caesar. In 247, he was consul, and in July or August, he was elevated to Augustus and co-ruler. His father was killed in battle by his successor Decius in late 249. When news of this death reached Rome, Philip II was murdered by the Praetorian Guard. He died in his mother's arms, aged eleven years.

Philip II, July or August 247 - Late 249 A.D., Pamphylia, Side

|Side|, |Philip| |II,| |July| |or| |August| |247| |-| |Late| |249| |A.D.,| |Pamphylia,| |Side||pentassarion|
The great ruins of Side are among the most notable in Asia Minor. The well-preserved city walls provide an entrance to the site through the Hellenistic main gate. Next comes the colonnaded street, all that remains of the marble columns are a few broken stubs near the old Roman baths. The street leads to the public bath, restored as a museum displaying statues and sarcophagi from the Roman period. Next is the square agora with the remains of a round Temple of Tyche in the middle. The agora was a trading center where pirates sold slaves. The remains of the theater, which was used for gladiator fights and later as a church, and the monumental gate date back to the 2nd century. The early Roman Temple of Dionysus is near the theater. The fountain gracing the entrance is restored. At the left side are the remains of a Byzantine Basilica. A public bath has also been restored. The remaining ruins of Side include three temples, an aqueduct, and a nymphaeum. The photograph right is of ruins of the temple of Apollo.Temple of Apollo
RP111997. Bronze pentassarion, RPC VIII Online 21154 (6 spec.), Watson 921, SNG BnF -, SNG Pflzer , SNGvA -, SNG Leypold -, BMC Pamphylia -, Choice F, well centered, grainy green patina, porosity, small scratch on obv., central dimples, weight 13.68 g, maximum diameter 32.5 mm, die axis 0o, Side (near Selimiye, Antalya Province, Turkey) mint, as caesar, 244 - 247 A.D.; obverse MAPKON IOYΛION CEYHPON ΦIΛIΠΠON KAICAPA, E, bare-headed, draped, and cuirassed bust right, E (mark of value) in right field; reverse CIΔH-TΩN, Athena standing right, holding spear, facing radiate Artemis Pergaia standing left, holding torch, jointly sacrificing over altar between them, pomegranate above; ex CNG e-auction 526 (2 Nov 2022), lot 257; very rare; $160.00 (147.20)


|Philip| |II|, |Philip| |II,| |July| |or| |August| |247| |-| |Late| |249| |A.D.||dupondius| |(or| |as)|
In 246, the first of the Two Councils of Arabia of the Roman Christian Church was held in Bostra, Arabia Petraea.
RB99630. Orichalcum dupondius (or as), RIC IV 256b, Hunter III 16, Cohen V 50, SRCV III 9253, VF, full flan, scratches, smoothing, flan crack, weight 12.217 g, maximum diameter 26.3 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, as caesar, 244 - 246 A.D.; obverse M IVL PHILIPPVS CAES, bare-headed and draped bust right, seen from behind; reverse PRINCIPI IVVENT (in honor of the Prince of Youth), Philip II standing left, bare-headed, in military dress, globe in extended right hand, inverted spear vertical behind in left hand, S - C (senatus consulto) flanking across field below center; ex Richard Baker collection; $100.00 (92.00)


|Philip| |II|, |Philip| |II,| |July| |or| |August| |247| |-| |Late| |249| |A.D.||sestertius|
When Augustus ruled Rome, he was not called emperor or king, he was the Princeps, the "first of men." In the empire, the designated successors to the emperor were named caesar and also given the title Princeps Juventutis, the "first of youths." This is the origin of the English word prince, meaning the son of a monarch.
RB13706. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC IV 257, Cohen V -, Hunter III -, SRCV III -, gVF, very attractive coin with a nice portrait and beautiful cherry-brown patina, weight 19.327 g, maximum diameter 32.0 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, as caesar, 244 - 246 A.D.; obverse M IVL PHILIPPVS CAES, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind; reverse PRINCIPI IVVENTVTIS (to the Prince of Youth), Philip II standing half right in military dress, transverse spear in right hand, globe in left hand; scarce; SOLD


|Philip| |II|, |Philip| |II,| |February| |244| |-| |Late| |September| |249| |A.D.||antoninianus|
This coin was struck for the 1000th anniversary of Rome. The reverse depicts the double temple of Venus and Roma, designed by Hadrian, the largest and most splendid temple in Rome, finished by Antoninus Pius sometime between 140 and 145. Damaged by fire in 307, the temple was restored "in magnificent manner" by Maxentius (Aurelius Victor, De Caesaribus, XL). When Constantius visited Rome fifty years later, the so-called Temple of the City was one of the sights that he most admired (Ammianus, History, XVI.10.14). In 625, Pope Honorius received a special dispensation from Heraclius to strip the gilded bronze roof tiles for the repair of St. Peter's. During a twelve-day visit to Rome in 663, Constans II stripped it of its remaining bronze ornaments. It was damaged by an earthquake in 847. Later a church was built in the ruins.
RS45568. Silver antoninianus, Ovari 51B, RIC IV 244 var. (bust left), RSC IV 81 var. (same), VF, weight 4.275 g, maximum diameter 22.4 mm, die axis 0o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, Jul - Sep 249 A.D.; obverse IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, seen from the front; reverse SAECVLVM NOVVM (new century), hexastyle temple, statue of Roma seated within, palladium in right hand, long scepter vertical in left hand; very rare (2nd known); SOLD


Philip II, July or August 247 - Late 249 A.D., Side, Pamphylia

|Side|, |Philip| |II,| |July| |or| |August| |247| |-| |Late| |249| |A.D.,| |Side,| |Pamphylia||pentassarion|
Side was founded by Greeks from Cyme, Aeolis, most likely in the 7th century B.C. The settlers started using the local language and over time forgot their native Greek. Excavations have revealed inscriptions written in this language, still undeciphered, dating from as late as the 2nd century B.C. The name Side is from this indigenous Anatolian language and means pomegranate.
RP92549. Bronze pentassarion, RPC Online VIII T21146 (8 spec.), SNG BnF 869, SNG Cop -, SNGvA -, SNG PfPs -, BMC Lycia -, Watson -, VF, excellent centering on a broad flan, mottled green and orange patina, porous, reverse double strike, weight 18.493 g, maximum diameter 36.1 mm, die axis 180o, Side (near Selimiye, Antalya Province, Turkey) mint, Jul/Aug 247 - Late 249 A.D.; obverse AYK K MAPK IOYΛ CEOYHP ΦIΛIΠΠON CEB, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, E (mark of value) right; reverse CIΔHTΩN (N in exergue), Athena standing left, wearing crested Corinthian helmet, extending her right hand toward a tree before her, spear point upward behind in left hand; from the Errett Bishop Collection, big 36 mm bronze, only two sales of this type recorded on Coin Archives in the last two decades; very rare; SOLD


Philip II, July or August 247 - Late 249 A.D., Marcianopolis, Moesia Inferior

|Marcianopolis|, |Philip| |II,| |July| |or| |August| |247| |-| |Late| |249| |A.D.,| |Marcianopolis,| |Moesia| |Inferior||pentassarion|
Homonoia was the goddess (or spirit or personification) of harmony, concord, unanimity, and oneness of mind. She is usually depicted either seated or standing with a cornucopia.
RP54379. Bronze pentassarion, Varbanov I 2096, AMNG I/I 1213, SNG Cop -, SNG Hunterian -, SNG Righetti -, Lindgren -, SGICV -, VF, attractive green patina, weight 11.556 g, maximum diameter 26.7 mm, die axis 45o, Markianopolis (Devnya, Bulgaria) mint, obverse M IOYΛIOC ΦIΛIΠΠOC KAICAP, confronting draped busts of Philip, on left, and Serapis; reverse MAPKIANOΠOΛΕITΩN, Homonoia standing facing, head left, patera in left over flaming altar, cornucopia in right, E (mark of value) in left field; attractive green patina; scarce; SOLD







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OBVERSE| LEGENDS|

MIVLPHILIPPVSCAES
MIVLPHILIPPVSNOBILCAES
IMPMIVLPHILIPPVSAVG
IMPPHILIPPVSAVG


REFERENCES|

Banti, A. & L. Simonetti. Corpus Nummorum Romanorum. (Florence, 1972-1979).
Bland, R. "Dr. Bland's List for Philip I and Family" - Summary on NumisWiki
Calic, X. The Roman Avrei, vol. 2: From Didius Julianus to Constantius I, 193 AD - 335 AD. (Barcelona, 2003).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappes sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 5: Gordian I to Valerian II. (Paris, 1885).
Gbl, R. "Rmischer Mnzhort Tulln 1966 (Septimius Severus - Gallienus)" in NZ 83 (1969). pp. 7-57, pl. 1-48.
Mattingly, H., E. Sydenham & C. Sutherland. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol IV, From Pertinax to Uranius Antoninus. (London, 1986).
Muona, J. "The Antoniniani of Philip the Arab" in The Celator, Feb. 2002, p. 10.
Muona, J. "The Imperial mints of Philip the Arab" - https://www.forumancientcoins.com/Articles/Philip_Arab/index.html
vri, F. "Philippus antiochiai veretu antoninianusairl" in Numizmatikai Kzlny 88/89 (1989/90), pp. 41 - 48.
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. III. Pertinax to Aemilian. (Oxford, 1977).
Seaby, H. & D. Sear. Roman Silver Coins, Volume IV, Gordian III to Postumus. (London, 1982).
Sear, D. Roman Coins and Their Values III, The Accession of Maximinus I to the Death of Carinus AD 235 - AD 285. (London, 2005).
Thibaut, M. Antoniniani from the Mint of Antioch Under the Reign of Philip the Arab (244-249 AD) - http://marchal.thibaut.free.fr/e_index.htm
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).

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