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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |Crisis & Decline| ▸ |Philip I||View Options:  |  |  | 

Philip I the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D.

Marcus Julius Verus Philippus, known as Philip I "The Arab" was the Praetorian Prefect and the successor to Gordian III, whom he possibly had murdered. After signing a treaty with the Persians, he returned home. During his reign, the 1000th anniversary of the foundation of Rome (248 A.D.) was celebrated and magnificent games were held on a scale rarely seen. In 249 A.D., a series of rebellions occurred, both Philip and his son were killed after their army was defeated near Verona by the forces of Trajan Decius.

Philip I the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D., Antiocheia, Pisidia

|Pisidia|, |Philip| |I| |the| |Arab,| |February| |244| |-| |End| |of| |September| |249| |A.D.,| |Antiocheia,| |Pisidia||AE| |27|
For most coins, the only way to distinguish between Philip I and his son Philip II is the age of the portrait. The portrait here appears a little young for Philip I, but RPC dates it to 244 - 245, when Philip II was not yet Augustus. The "P M" at the end of the obverse legend likely means "Persicus Maximus" boasting of victory over Persia, rather than the traditional "Pontifex Maximus." In either case, victorious commander or high priest, it is appropriate only for Philip I.
RP99131. Bronze AE 27, Krzyzanowska pl. XL, I/3 (Philip II); SNG BnF 1277 (same); SNG Pfalz 110 var. (same, CHCOL in ex.); SNGvA 4975 var. (same, SR in ex.), aVF, well centered, obv. center not fully struck, green patina, light earthen deposits, porous, central dimples, weight 10.516 g, maximum diameter 27.2 mm, die axis 180o, Antioch in Pisidia (Yalvac, Turkey) mint, Feb 244 - 245 A.D.; obverse IMP N IVL PHILIPPVS P F AVG P M, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind; reverse CAES ANTIOC-·H COL (dot and last four letters upside down in exergue), vexillum flanked by two standards, vexillum surmounted by an eagle facing with wings spread and open wreath in beak, standards topped by eagles turned toward the vexillum, S - R low in inner fields divided by base of vexillum; $80.00 (76.00)


Julius Marinus, Father of Philip the Arab, Philippopolis, Arabia

|Philip| |I|, |Julius| |Marinus,| |Father| |of| |Philip| |the| |Arab,| |Philippopolis,| |Arabia||AE| |23|
Philip the Arab was born in a small village in Provincia Arabia that is today Shahba, Syria, a city 87 km south of Damascus. After he became emperor, he renamed it Philippopolis and an extensive construction program began changing the village to a city. Philippopolis also issued coins honoring Philip's father, Julius Marinus.
SH15300. Bronze AE 23, SNG ANS 1402, Spijkerman 2, BMC Arabia p. 42, 2, Fair, holed, weight 6.513 g, maximum diameter 23.5 mm, die axis 180o, Philippopolis (Shahba, Syria) mint, 244 - 249; obverse ΘEΩ MAPINΩ, Julius Marinus' bust right, carried by eagle; reverse ΦIΛIΠΠOΠOΛITΩN KOΛΩNIAΣ S - C, Roma standing left, patera in right hand, spear in left hand, shield at feet right; rare; SOLD


|Philip| |I|, |Philip| |I| |the| |Arab,| |February| |244| |-| |End| |of| |September| |249| |A.D.||sestertius|
This coin was struck for the 1000th anniversary of Rome, and the legend translates, "The New Century." David Sear notes the temple depicted is the double temple of Venus and Roma completed under Antoninus Pius in 141 A.D.
SH77376. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC IV 164 (R) corr. (rev. legend), Hunter III 117, Cohen V 201, Banti 52, SRCV III 9015, EF, superb sharp portrait, squared flan, weight 14.054 g, maximum diameter 27.4 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 249 A.D.; obverse IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse SAECVLVM NOVVM (the new age), Octastyle temple, statue of Roma seated facing within, S C (senatus consulto) in exergue; ex Roma Numismatics e-auction 7, lot 1179; rare; SOLD







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OBVERSE| LEGENDS|

IMPCAESMIVLPHILIPPVSAVG
IMPCMIVLPHILLIPVSPFAVGPM
IMPIVLPHILIPPVSPIVSFELAVGPM
IMPIVLPHILIPPVSPIVSFELIXAVGPM
IMPMIVLPHILIPPVSAVG
IMPPHILIPPVSAVG
MIVLPHILIPPVSAVG
MIVLPHILIPPVSAVGMIVLPHILIPPVSNC


REFERENCES|

Banti, A. & L. Simonetti. Corpus Nummorum Romanorum. (Florence, 1972-1979).
Bland, R. "Dr. Bland's List for Philip I and Family" - Summary on NumisWiki
Calic, X. The Roman Avrei, vol. 2: From Didius Julianus to Constantius I, 193 AD - 335 AD. (Barcelona, 2003).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappes sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 5: Gordian I to Valerian II. (Paris, 1885).
Gbl, R. "Rmischer Mnzhort Tulln 1966 (Septimius Severus - Gallienus)" in NZ 83 (1969). pp. 7-57, pl. 1-48.
Mattingly, H., E. Sydenham & C. Sutherland. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol IV, From Pertinax to Uranius Antoninus. (London, 1986).
Muona, J. "The Antoniniani of Philip the Arab" in The Celator, Feb. 2002, p. 10.
Muona, J. "The Imperial mints of Philip the Arab" - https://www.forumancientcoins.com/Articles/Philip_Arab/index.html
vri, F. "Philippus antiochiai veretu antoninianusairl" in Numizmatikai Kzlny 88/89 (1989/90), pp. 41 - 48.
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. III. Pertinax to Aemilian. (Oxford, 1977).
Seaby, H. & D. Sear. Roman Silver Coins, Volume IV, Gordian III to Postumus. (London, 1982).
Sear, D. Roman Coins and Their Values III, The Accession of Maximinus I to the Death of Carinus AD 235 - AD 285. (London, 2005).
Thibaut, M. Antoniniani from the Mint of Antioch Under the Reign of Philip the Arab (244-249 AD) - http://marchal.thibaut.free.fr/e_index.htm
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).

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