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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |Roman Republic| ▸ |after 50 B.C.||View Options:  |  |  | 

Roman Republic after 50 B.C.
Roman Republic, Gnaeus Pompey Junior, Imperator, Eldest Son of Pompey the Great, Executed in 45 B.C.

|Pompeians|, |Roman| |Republic,| |Gnaeus| |Pompey| |Junior,| |Imperator,| |Eldest| |Son| |of| |Pompey| |the| |Great,| |Executed| |in| |45| |B.C.||as|
After the murder of his father, Gnaeus Pompey Magnus Junior and his brother Sextus joined the resistance against Caesar in Africa. Together with Metellus Scipio, Cato the Younger and other senators, they prepared to oppose Caesar and his army. Caesar defeated Metellus Scipio and Cato, who subsequently committed suicide, at the Battle of Thapsus in 46 B.C. Gnaeus escaped to the Balearic Islands, where he joined Sextus. Together with Titus Labienus, former general in Caesar's army, the Pompey brothers crossed over to the Hispania, where they raised yet another army. Caesar soon followed and, on 17 March 45 B.C., the armies met in the battle of Munda. Both armies were large and led by able generals. The battle was closely fought, but eventually a cavalry charge by Caesar turned events to his side. In the battle and the panicked escape that followed, Titus Labienus and an estimated 30,000 men of the Pompeian side died. Gnaeus and Sextus managed to escape once again. However, this time, supporters were difficult to find because it was now clear Caesar had won the civil war. Within a few weeks, Gnaeus Pompeius was caught and executed for treason.
RR97393. Bronze as, Crawford 471/1, Sydenham 1040, RPC I 486, BMCRR Spain 84, Russo RBW, 1646, Sear CRI 53, Cohen I 16, SRCV I 1386, aF/F, dark patina, red earthen deposits, porous, scratches, broken - 1/5 missing, weight 17.973 g, maximum diameter 31.8 mm, die axis 270o, Hispania, Cordoba mint, summer 46 - spring 45 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Janus, I (mark of value) above; reverse war galley prow right, CN MAG (MA ligate) above, I (mark of value) right, IMP below (off flan); ex Soler y Llach (Barcelona); $130.00 (€106.60)
 


Roman Republic, Dictatorship of Julius Caesar, L. Hostilius Saserna, 48 B.C.

|after| |50| |B.C.|, |Roman| |Republic,| |Dictatorship| |of| |Julius| |Caesar,| |L.| |Hostilius| |Saserna,| |48| |B.C.||denarius|
A very popular type that may depict the Gallic chieftain Vercingetorix. Vercingetorix had surrendered to Caesar three years earlier and was a prisoner in the Tullianum at Rome when this coin was minted. He was publicly beheaded as part of Caesar's triumph in 46 B.C.
SH18013. Silver denarius, SRCV I 418, Crawford 448/2a, RSC I Hostilia 2, Sydenham 952, Choice VF, weight 3.802 g, maximum diameter 18.4 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 48 B.C.; obverse bearded head of Gallic captive (Vercingetorix?) right, Gallic shield behind; reverse L HOSTILIVS SASERN, Gallic warrior and charioteer in galloping biga right; scarce; SOLD


Roman Republic, Dictatorship of Julius Caesar, L. Plautius Plancus, 47 B.C.

|after| |50| |B.C.|, |Roman| |Republic,| |Dictatorship| |of| |Julius| |Caesar,| |L.| |Plautius| |Plancus,| |47| |B.C.||denarius|
In the spring of 47 B.C. Caesar and Cleopatra celebrated their victory in the Alexandrine civil war with a triumphant procession on the Nile.

Among the most beautiful of all Roman coin types, both the obverse and reverse designs were popular designs for intaglio engraved gems during the Late Republic.
RR38435. Silver denarius, Crawford 453/1e, RSC I Plautia 1c, Sydenham 959b, Sear CRI 29a, SRCV I 429, BMCRR Rome 4009 var. (L. PLAVTIVS), Russo RBW 1587 var. (PLANCV), EF, imperfect strike but far better than most for the type, weight 4.035 g, maximum diameter 19.2 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 47 B.C; obverse facing head (mask?) of Medusa with disheveled hair, no snakes, L·PLAVTIV below; reverse winged Aurora flying right, head turned facing, holding reins and conducting the four horses of the sun, wreath on palm frond in left hand, PLANCVS below; SOLD







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REFERENCES|

Albert, R. Die Münzen der römischen Republik. (Regenstauf, 2003).
Babelon, E. Monnaies de la Republique Romaine. (Paris, 1885).
Banti, A. & L. Simonetti. Corpus Nummorum Romanorum. (Florence, 1972-1979).
Berger, F. Die Münzen der Römischen Republik im Kestner-Museum Hannover. (Hannover, 1989).
Buttrey, T. "The Denarii of P. Crepusius and Roman Republican Mint Organization" in ANSMN 21 (1976), p. 67-108.
Carson, R. Principal Coins of the Romans, Vol. I: The Republic, c. 290-31 BC. (London, 1978).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappées sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 1: Pompey to Domitian. (Paris, 1880).
Coin Hoards of the Roman Republic Online - http://numismatics.org/chrr/
Crawford, M. Roman Republican Coinage. (Cambridge, 1974).
Davis, P. "Dacian Imitations of Roman Republican Denarii" in Apvlvm Number XLIII/1. (2006) pp. 321-356.
Davis, P. Imitations of Roman Republican Denarii, website: http://rrimitations.ancients.info/
De Ruyter, P. "Denarii of the Roman Republican Moneyer Lucius Julius Bursio, a Die Analysis" in NC 156 (1996), p. 79 - 121, pl. 21 - 22.
Grueber, H. Coins of the Roman Republic in The British Museum. (London, 1910).
Harlan, M. Roman Republican Moneyers and Their Coins, 63 BC - 49 BC. (London, 1995).
Harlan, M. Roman Republican Moneyers and Their Coins, 81 BCE - 64 BCE. (Citrus Heights, CA, 2012).
Hoover, O. Handbook of Coins of Sicily (including Lipara), Civic, Royal, Siculo-Punic, and Romano-Sicilian Issues, Sixth to First Centuries BC. HGC 2. (Lancaster, PA, 2011).
Russo, R. The RBW Collection of Roman Republican Coins. (Zurich, 2013).
Rutter, N. ed. Historia Numorum. Italy. (London, 2001).
Seaby, H., D. Sear, & R. Loosley. Roman Silver Coins, Volume I, The Republic to Augustus. (London, 1989).
Sear, D. Roman Coins and Their Values, Volume One, The Republic and the Twelve Caesars 280 BC - AD 86. (London, 2000).
Sydenham, E. The Coinage of the Roman Republic. (London, 1952).

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