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Roman Republic, Marcus Junius Brutus, Late Summer - Autumn 42 B.C.
Brutus is best known for his leading role in the assassination of Julius Caesar. Struck by the legate Peanius Costa at a mobile military mint in either Western Anatolia or Northern Greece.SL113451. Silver denarius, Crawford 506/2, Sydenham 1296, RSC I Brutus 4, BMCRR East 59, Sear CRI 209, RBW Collection 1778, SRCV I 1436, NGC VF, strike 4/5, surface 4/5 (2411112-004), weight 3.61 g, maximum diameter 20.6 mm, die axis 0o, mobile military mint, legate Peanius Costa, late summer - autumn 42 B.C.; obverse COSTA LEG, laureate head of Apollo right; reverse BRVTVS IMP, trophy of captured arms, composed of helmet, cuirass, shield, and two spears; from a Virginia collector, ex Metropolitan Rare Coin Galleries (Stony Brook, NY, 8 Dec 2010, $1950); NGC| Lookup; very scarce; $1950.00 (€1833.00)
Roman Republic, Mark Antony, April 43 B.C., Julius Caesar Reverse
In April 43 B.C., The Battle of Forum Gallorum and the Battle of Mutina were fought between the forces of Mark Antony and legions loyal to the Roman Senate under the command of the Consuls and Caesar Octavian (the future emperor Augustus). The battles ended without a clear victor, but both consuls were killed. Caesar Octavian was left alone at the helm of the Senate's legions. In October 43 B.C., Mark Antony and Caesar Octavian, together with Lepidus united to form the Second Triumvirate.SL113450. Silver denarius, Crawford 488/1, Sydenham 1165 (very scarce), BMCRR Gaul 53, Sear CRI 118, RSC I Julius Caesar and Mark Antony 2, SRCV I 1464, NGC VG, strike 3/5, surface 3/5 (2400516-005), weight 3.47 g, maximum diameter 20.6 mm, die axis 225o, Cisalpine Gaul mint, April 43 B.C.; obverse M ANTON IMP (NT ligate), bare head of Antony right, lituus behind; reverse CAES DIC, wreathed head of Julius Caesar right, jug behind; from a Virginia Collector, ex Eastern Numismatics Inc. (Garden City, NY, 27 Apr 2011, $1895); NGC| Lookup; very scarce; $1900.00 (€1786.00)
Roman Republic, Dictatorship of Julius Caesar, L. Hostilius Saserna, 48 B.C.
A very popular type that may depict the Gallic chieftain Vercingetorix. Vercingetorix had surrendered to Caesar three years earlier and was a prisoner in the Tullianum at Rome when this coin was minted. He was publicly beheaded as part of Caesar's triumph in 46 B.C.SH18013. Silver denarius, SRCV I 418, Crawford 448/2a, RSC I Hostilia 2, Sydenham 952, Choice VF, weight 3.802 g, maximum diameter 18.4 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 48 B.C.; obverse bearded head of Gallic captive (Vercingetorix?) right, Gallic shield behind; reverse L HOSTILIVS SASERN, Gallic warrior and charioteer in galloping biga right; scarce; SOLD
Roman Republic, Dictatorship of Julius Caesar, C. Antius C. f. Restio, 47 B.C.
Issued during Caesar's dictatorship. The Herakles reverse relates to the supposed descent of the Antia gens from Antiades, son of Hercules and Aglaia. The trophy is not one of Hercules normal attributes and may refer to Caesar's military exploits. Antius Restio was proscribed by the triumval government in 43 B.C. and fled to Sicily and the protection of Sextus Pompey.SH54899. Silver denarius, Crawford 455/2a, RSC I Antia 2, Sydenham 971, Sear CRI 35, BMCRE Rome 4032, Russo RBW 1594, SRCV I 435, EF, toned, reverse off center, weight 3.965 g, maximum diameter 19.0 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 47 B.C.; obverse DEI PENATES, jugate heads of Dei Penates right; reverse C·ANTIVS·C·F, Hercules walking left, nude, raising club in right, trophy in left, Nemean lion skin over left arm; ex Tom Cederlind; scarce; SOLD
Julius Caesar, Imperator and Dictator, October 49 - 15 March 44 B.C.
Certificate of Authenticity issued by David R. Sear.SH15307. Gold aureus, Crawford 466/1, Sydenham 1017, BMCRR 4050, Cohen 2, Julia 2, SRCV I 1395, gVF, full circle centering on a very broad flan, excellent portrait style for this type, weight 7.806 g, maximum diameter 21.2 mm, die axis 45o, Rome mint, Aulus Hirtius, Praetor, early 46 B.C.; obverse C CAESAR COS TER, veiled head of Vesta right; reverse A HIRTIVS PR, emblems of the pontificate and augurship - jug between lituus to left, and axe to right; SOLD
Brutus, Proconsul and Imperator, Committed Suicide 42 B.C.
M. Junius Brutus (also called Q. Caepio Brutus) is the most famous of Caesars assassins.SH21615. Silver denarius, SRCV I 1431, Crawford 500/7, Sydenham 1310, Sear CRI 198, EF, weight 4.127 g, maximum diameter 18.9 mm, die axis 0o, near Smyrna, Ionia(?) military mint, moneyer Lentulus Spinter, early 42 B.C.; obverse BRVTVS, simpulum between ax and sacrificial knife; reverse LENTVLVS / SPINT, jug and lituus; SOLD
Marcus Junius Brutus, Most Famous of Caesars Assassins, 44 - 42 B.C.
This type, traditionally attributed to an otherwise unknown Dacian or Sythian king Koson, was struck for Brutus, c. 44 - 42 B.C., with gold supplied by the Senate to fund his legions in the Roman civil war against Mark Antony and Octavian. The obverse imitates a Roman denarius struck by Brutus in 54 B.C. depicting his ancestor L. Junius Brutus, the traditional founder of the Roman Republic. The reverse imitates a Roman denarius struck by Pomponius Rufus in 73 B.C. The meaning of the inscription "KOΣΩN" is uncertain. KOΣΩN may have been the name of a Dacian king who supplied mercenary forces to Brutus, or BR KOΣΩN may have been intended to mean "[of] the Consul Brutus."SL99231. Gold stater, BMCRR II p. 474, 48; RPC I 1701A (Thracian Kings); HGC 3.2, 2049; BMC Thrace p. 208, 1 (same); SNG Cop 123 (Scythian Dynasts), ICG MS64 (4944620127, Thracian kings, Koson, c. 54 BC), weight c. 8.45 g, maximum diameter 19 mm, die axis 0o, military mint, 44 - 42 B.C.; obverse Roman consul L. Junius Brutus (traditional founder of the Republic) in center, accompanied by two lictors, BR (Brutus) monogram left, KOΣΩN in exergue; reverse eagle standing left on scepter, wings open, raising wreath in right talon; ICG Verify ; SOLD
Roman Republic, Sextus Pompey, Imperator and Prefect of the Fleet, Executed 35 B.C., Portrait of Pompey the Great
Struck by Sextus Pompey after his victory over Salvidienus and relates to his acclamation as the Son of Neptune. Although Sextus Pompey was the supreme naval commander, Octavian had the Senate declare him a public enemy. He turned to piracy and came close to defeating Octavian. He was, however, defeated by Marcus Agrippa at the naval battle of Naulochus (3 September 36 B.C.). He was executed by order of Mark Antony in 35 B.C.SH85112. Silver denarius, Crawford 511/3a, RSC I Pompey the Great 17, Sydenham 1344, BMCRR Sicily 7, Sear CRI 334, SRCV I 1392, VF, light toning, luster in recesses, tight flan, die wear, part of edge ragged, weight 3.908 g, maximum diameter 19.7 mm, die axis 180o, Sicilian mint, 42 - 40 B.C.; obverse MAG PIVS IMP ITER, head of Pompey the Great right, between capis and lituus (augural symbols); reverse Neptune standing left, right foot on prow, nude but for chlamys on left arm, holding apluster, flanked by the Catanaean brothers, Anapias and Amphinomus, running in opposite directions with their parents on their shoulders, PRAEF above, CLAS ET ORAE / MARIT EX S C in two lines in exergue; scarce; SOLD
Mark Antony, Triumvir and Imperator, 44 - 30 B.C., CHORTIS SPECVLATORVM
Speculatores served the legions as spies, scouts, messengers, lookouts, and executioners. Aboard ship speculatores stood watch as lookouts in a turret (specula) at the stern, explaining their unusual standards. Normally ten speculatores were assigned to each legion. Anthony formed a separate cohort of speculatores which served him personally and also acted as his personal bodyguard. Augustus would later create a speculatorian cohort at Rome to serve as the inner corps of the praetorian guard. This coin probably refers to the naval equivalent, who were comparable to the Marines and provided a shipboard bodyguard for Antony.SH76389. Silver denarius, SRCV I 1484, Crawford 544/12, Sydenham 1214, BMCRR II East 185, RSC I 6, Sear CRI 386, Choice VF, well centered on full flan, toned, banker's mark and V graffito on obverse, scratches, weight 3.636 g, maximum diameter 18.9 mm, die axis 0o, Patrae(?) mint, autumn 32 - spring 31 B.C.; obverse ANT•AVG / III VIR•R•P•C, galley right with rowers, mast with fluttering banners at prow, border of dots; reverse CHORTIS SPECVLATORVM, three standards, each decorated with two wreaths and a model war galley prow, border of dots; ex CNG auction 76/2 (12 Sep 2007), lot 3262; ex John A. Seeger Collection; this ex-Forum coin is now in the Fitzwilliam Museum; rare; SOLD
Octavian, Triumvir and Imperator, Augustus 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D.
The reverse depicts the triumphal arch awarded to Octavian in 29 B.C. for his victory, defeating Antony and Cleopatra, at the Battle of Actium, 2 September 31 B.C. Like the later arch which commemorated his recovery of the Roman standards from the Parthians, this arch stood in close proximity to the Temple of Divus Julius at the southern entrance to the Roman Forum.SH16777. Silver denarius, SRCV I 1558, RSC I 123, RIC I 267, Sear CRI 422, BMCRR 4348, EF, lustrous, weight 3.781 g, maximum diameter 20.9 mm, die axis 180o, Italian (Rome?) mint, obverse bare head of Octavian right; reverse IMP CAESAR on architrave of the Actian arch, depicted as a single span surmounted by a large statue of Octavian in a facing triumphal quadriga; mirror luster, slight rainbow toning, struck flat on the top edge of the reverse, banker's marks; SOLD
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