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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Byzantine Coins| ▸ |Heraclean Dynasty| ▸ |Constantine IV||View Options:  |  |  |   

Constantine IV Pogonatus, 15 July 668 - 10 July 685 A.D.

Joint rule with Constans II (his father), 13 April 654 - 15 July 668 A.D., and Heraclius and Tiberius (his brothers), 2 June 659 - autumn 681 A.D.
Constantine IV Pogonatus should be credited with saving Europe from Muslim conquest. Beginning in 674, the great siege of Constantinople, by the caliph Muawiyah I, lasted four years. The newly invented famous "Greek Fire" made the city impregnable and the Arabs were forced to retreat. In 681 he deposed his two brothers. He was succeeded by his 16-year-old son Justinian II.


Byzantine Empire, Constans II and Constantine IV, 13 April 654 - 15 July 668 A.D.

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SH26632. Gold solidus, DOC II part 2, 30b; SBCV 964; Hahn MIB 31, EFvery sharp, minor edge bump,, weight 4.486 g, maximum diameter 20.1 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, c. 661 - 663 A.D.; obverse [legend fragmentary], facing busts of Constans & Constantine IV, Constans wears plumed helmet, Constantine a helmet with cross, small cross between heads; reverse VICTORIA AVGU H (victory of the Emperor, 8th officina), cross potent on three steps between Heraclius (left) and Tiberius, each wears crown and chlamys and holds globus cruciger, CoNoB in exergue; ex Gorny & Mosch; scarce; SOLD


Byzantine Empire, Constans II and Constantine IV, 13 April 654 - 15 July 668 A.D.

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Certificate of Authenticity issued by David R. Sear.
SH19040. Gold solidus, SBCV 963; Hahn MIB 30; DOC II part 2, 29 (officina not listed), EF, some double-striking on obverse, surface flaw in reverse field to left of cross, weight 4.466 g, maximum diameter 18.9 mm, die axis 225o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 659 - 661 A.D.; obverse d N CONSTANΓINo (sic), facing busts of Constans & Constantine IV, Constans wears plumed helmet, Constantine a helmet with cross, small cross between heads; reverse VICTORI-A A-VGU ∆ + CoNoB, cross on globus between facing figures of Heraclius (left) and Tiberius, each wears crown and chlamys and holds globus cruciger; from the Woolslayer Collection; scarce; SOLD


Byzantine Empire, Constans II and Constantine IV, 13 April 654 - 15 July 668 A.D.

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In 663, Constans II visited Rome for twelve days - the only emperor to set foot in Rome for two centuries! He was received with great honor by pope Vitalian. Constans II gave the order to strip buildings, including the Pantheon, of their ornaments to be carried back to Constantinople.
SH76120. Gold solidus, DOC II part 2, 30; Hahn MIB 31; Sommer 12.23; SBCV 964, EF, well centered on a crowded flan, better than average strike but with small weak areas, weight 4.355 g, maximum diameter 19.6 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, c. 661 - 663 A.D.; obverse d N COn...-ANI (blundered fragmentary legend), facing busts of Constans & Constantine IV, Constans wears plumed helmet, Constantine a helmet with cross, small cross between heads; reverse VICTORIA AVGY (victory of the Emperor) [officina number mostly off flan], cross potent on three steps between Heraclius (left) and Tiberius standing facing, each wears crown and chlamys and holds globus cruciger in right, CONOB in exergue; scarce; SOLD


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Legends on this type are normally very abbreviated and blundered.
SH51595. Gold solidus, DOC II part 1, 10e; SBCV 1154, gVF, weight 4.272 g, maximum diameter 19.1 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 674 - 681; obverse D N COS-T-NYS P, helmeted, diademed, and cuirassed bust facing, spear in right behind head, shield in left decorated with horseman, helmet with crest and plume; reverse VICTO-A AVGY S, cross potent on three steps between Heraclius (left) and Tiberius, each wears crown and chlamys and holds globus cruciger, CONOB in exergue; SOLD


Byzantine Empire, Constans II and Constantine IV, 13 April 654 - 15 July 668 A.D.

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In 663, Constans II launched an assault against the Duchy of Benevento (Southern Italy). Taking advantage of the fact that Lombard king Grimoald I was engaged against Frankish forces from Neustria, Constans disembarked at Taranto and besieged Luceria and Benevento.
SH76121. Gold solidus, Morrisson BnF 13/Cp/AV/64; Wroth BMC 61; Tolstoi 298; DOC II part 2, 36a (not in the coll., refs. W. & T.); Hahn MIB 34; SBCV 969; Ratto -; Sommer -, EF, well centered on a tight flan, weight 4.498 g, maximum diameter 19.5 mm, die axis 180o, 5th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, c. 661 - 663 A.D.; obverse D N COI-N (blundered fragmentary legend), facing busts of Constans & Constantine IV, Constans wears plumed helmet, Constantine a helmet with cross, small cross between heads; reverse VICTORIA AVGY E (victory of the Emperor, 5th officina), cross potent on three steps between Heraclius (left) and Tiberius standing facing, each wears crown and chlamys and holds globus cruciger in right, CONOBΘ in exergue; scarce; SOLD


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Certificate of Authenticity issued by David R. Sear.
SH19039. Gold solidus, cf. SBCV 1154, DOC II 8, Hahn MIB 7, gEF, weight 4.308 g, maximum diameter 18.5 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, obverse d N I-A-NUS P (sic), cuirassed bust facing, holds spear and shield; reverse VICTOA AVGU CONOB, cross potent on three steps between Heraclius (left) and Tiberius, each wears crown and chlamys and holds globus cruciger; from the Woolslayer Collection; SOLD


Byzantine Empire, Constans II and Constantine IV, 13 April 654 - 15 July 668 A.D.

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Certificate of Authenticity issued by David R. Sear.

SH18999. Gold solidus, DOC II part 2, 30g; SBCV 964, EF, weight 4.493 g, maximum diameter 20.1 mm, die axis 225o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, c. 661 - 663 A.D.; obverse [legend fragmentary], facing busts of Constans & Constantine IV, Constans wears plumed helmet, Constantine a helmet with cross, small cross between heads; reverse VICTORIA AVGU H (victory of the Emperor, 8th officina), cross potent on three steps between Heraclius (left) and Tiberius, each wears crown and chlamys and holds globus cruciger, CONOB in exergue; from the Woolslayer Collection; scarce; SOLD


Byzantine Empire, Constans II and Constantine IV, 13 April 654 - 15 July 668 A.D.

Click for a larger photo
In 663, Constans II launched an assault against the Duchy of Benevento (Southern Italy). Taking advantage of the fact that Lombard king Grimoald I was engaged against Frankish forces from Neustria, Constans disembarked at Taranto and besieged Luceria and Benevento.
SH76122. Gold solidus, Morrisson BnF 13/Cp/AV/64; Wroth BMC 61; Tolstoi 298; DOC II part 2, 36a (not in the coll., refs. W. & T.); Hahn MIB 34; SBCV 969; Ratto -; Sommer -, EF, some die wear, tight flan, weight 4.490 g, maximum diameter 19.7 mm, die axis 180o, 5th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, c. 661 - 663 A.D.; obverse D N COT-NV- (blundered fragmentary legend), facing busts of Constans & Constantine IV, Constans wears plumed helmet, Constantine a helmet with cross, small cross between heads; reverse VICTORIA AVGY E (victory of the Emperor, 5th officina), cross potent on three steps between Heraclius (left) and Tiberius standing facing, each wears crown and chlamys and holds globus cruciger in right, CONOBΘ in exergue; scarce; SOLD


Byzantine Empire, Constans II and Constantine IV, 13 April 654 - 15 July 668 A.D.

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On 27 January 661, Ali ibn Abi-Talib, first Shi'a Imam and the fourth caliph of the Rashidun Caliphate, was assassinated while at prayer at a shrine at Kufa (modern Iraq). According to Shia Islam, his son Hasan ibn Ali succeeded him as the second Imam. According to Sunni Islam, he was succeeded by Muawiyah I, who moved his seat of government to Damascus and founded the Umayyad Caliphate.
SH69996. Gold solidus, DOC II part 2, 38b; SBCV 971; Wroth BMC 63; Tolstoi 310; Hahn MIB 37; Morrisson BnF -; Sommer -; Ratto -, EF, areas of weak strike, weight 4.332 g, maximum diameter 19.1 mm, die axis 225o, 9th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, c. 661 - 663 A.D.; obverse [legend fragmentary], facing busts of Constans & Constantine IV, Constans wears plumed helmet, Constantine a helmet with cross, small cross between heads; reverse VICTORIA AVGU Θ (victory of the Emperor, 9th officina), cross potent on three steps between Heraclius (left) and Tiberius standing facing, each wears crown and chlamys and holds globus cruciger in right, CONOBT in exergue; rare; SOLD


Byzantine Empire, Constans II and Constantine IV, 13 April 654 - 15 July 668 A.D.

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During Constans' reign the Islamic State expanded very quickly, in no small part because Christians and Jews often aided the Islamic take over of their lands. The Byzantine and Persian Empires both had imposed heavy taxes to finance the Byzantine-Sassanid Wars. In new territories, the Islamic State maintained the existing Byzantine or Persian tax collection systems, but the taxes were lowered and free trade encouraged commerce. Jews and the Christians were also allowed to use their own laws and have their own judges.
SH26638. Gold solidus, Wroth BMC 45; DOC II part 2, 25e (not in the collection, refs BMC); Tolstoi 244; Sommer 12.18; Hahn MIB 26; SBCV 959; Ratto -; Morrisson BnF -, EF, weight 4.299 g, maximum diameter 20.2 mm, die axis 180o, 5th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 654 - 659 A.D.; obverse d N CONSTANTINYS E CONSTAN, facing busts of Constans & Constantine IV (beardless) each wearing crown and chlamys, cross between their heads; reverse VICTORIA AVGY E (victory of the Emperor, 5th officina), cross potent on three steps, CONOB in exergue; nicely centered, some weak legend; SOLD




  




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REFERENCES|

Adelson, H. Light Weight Solidi and Byzantine Trade during the Sixth and Seventh Centuries. ANSNNM 138. (New York, 1957).
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Ranieri, E. La monetazione di Ravenna antica dal V all' VIII secolo: impero romano e bizantino, regno ostrogoto e langobardo. (Bologna, 2006).
Ratto, R. Monnaies Byzantines et d'autre Pays contemporaines à l'époque byzantine. (Lugano, 1930).
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Sear, D. Byzantine Coins and Their Values. (London, 1987).
Sommer, A. Die Münzen des Byzantinischen Reiches 491-1453. Mit einem Anhang: Die Münzen des Kaiserreichs von Trapezunt. (Regenstauf, 2010).
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Wroth, W. Catalogue of the Imperial Byzantine Coins in the British Museum. (London, 1908).

Catalog current as of Sunday, September 22, 2019.
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Byzantine Coins of Constantine IV Pogonatus