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Ancient Coins of Corinth (and Other Corinthian Type Staters)
Corinth, on the Isthmus of Corinth about halfway between Athens and Sparta, was the largest city and the richest port in ancient Greece. Horace is quoted as saying: "non licet omnibus adire Corinthum," which translates, "Not everyone is able to go to Corinth" (referring to the expensive living standards in the city). Corinth was known as an especially "wild" city (the Las Vegas of its time). At the Temple of Aphrodite, the goddess of love, 1,000 sacred prostitutes served the wealthy merchants and the powerful officials living in or visiting the city. The most famous of them, Lais, was said to have extraordinary abilities and charged tremendous fees for her favors. Korinthiazomai was a Greek word for fornicate.
|Ambracia (modern Arta) was founded as a Corinthian colony 650 - 625 B.C. Its economy was based on farmlands, fishing, timber for shipbuilding, and the exporting the produce of Epirus. In 433, Ambracia fought with Corinth at the Battle of Sybota, against the rebellious Corinthian colony of Corcyra (modern Corfu). Ambracia was besieged by Philip II and forced to accept a Macedonian garrison in 338. In 294, after 43 years of semi-autonomy, Ambracia was given by the son of Cassander to Pyrrhus, king of Epirus, who made it his capital, and adorned it with palace, temples and theaters. In the wars of Philip V of Macedon and the Epirotes against the Aetolian league (220-205) it changed sides and ultimately joined the Aetolians. Against Rome, it stood a stubborn siege, including the first known use of poison gas, against Roman siege tunnels. It was captured and plundered by Marcus Fulvius Nobilior in 189 B.C., after which it gradually fell into insignificance.|