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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Greek Coins| ▸ |Geographic - All Periods| ▸ |North Africa| ▸ |Egypt||View Options:  |  |  | 

Ancient Coins of Egypt
Ptolemaic Kingdom of Egypt, Ptolemy III Euergetes, 246 - 222 B.C.

|Ptolemaic| |Egypt|, |Ptolemaic| |Kingdom| |of| |Egypt,| |Ptolemy| |III| |Euergetes,| |246| |-| |222| |B.C.||diobol|
This XP monogram was later used for Christ.

Ptolemy III Euergetes was the third ruler of the Ptolemaic dynasty in Egypt. He promoted the translation of Jewish scriptures into Greek as the Septuagint. Due to a falling out at the Seleucid court, his eldest sister Berenice Phernophorus was murdered along with her infant son. In response, he invaded Syria, occupied Antioch, and even reached Babylon. This war, the Third Syrian War, is cryptically alluded to in Daniel XI 7-9. The Ptolemaic kingdom reached the height of its power during his reign.
GP99077. Bronze diobol, Lorber CPE B397, Svoronos 966 (25 spec.); SNG Cop 176; Weiser 73; BMC Alexandria p. 55 89; Noeske 123; Hosking -, Choice F, well centered, central dimples, weight 21.502 g, maximum diameter 30.8 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, 246 - 222 B.C.; obverse horned head of Zeus Ammon right, wearing taenia; reverse ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ (King Ptolemy), eagle standing left on thunderbolt, wings closed, filleted cornucopia left, chi-rho monogram between eagle's legs; from a Las Vegas dealer; $140.00 SALE PRICE $126.00


Maximinus I Thrax, March 235 - May 238 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt

|Roman| |Egypt|, |Maximinus| |I| |Thrax,| |March| |235| |-| |May| |238| |A.D.,| |Roman| |Provincial| |Egypt||tetradrachm|
In 237, King Ardashir I of Persia renewed his attacks on the Roman province of Mesopotamia.
RX94235. Billon tetradrachm, Geissen 2585; Dattari 4590; Milne 3285; BMC Alexandria p. 231, 1803; Kampmann 65.67; Emmett 3328/4 (R3), Choice F, well centered, dark brown patina, weight 12.256 g, maximum diameter 22.4 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, 29 Aug 236 - 28 Aug 237 A.D.; obverse AVTO MAΞIMINOC EVC CEB, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust, seen from behind; reverse Nilus reclining left, lotus on head, nude to the waist, himation around hips and legs, cornucopia in left hand, reed in right hand, elbow resting on hippopotamus, date L∆ (year 4) left; $70.00 SALE PRICE $63.00


Trajan, 25 January 98 - 8 or 9 August 117 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt

|Roman| |Egypt|, |Trajan,| |25| |January| |98| |-| |8| |or| |9| |August| |117| |A.D.,| |Roman| |Provincial| |Egypt||dichalkon|
In 103, Legio X Gemina moved to Vienna, where it remained until the 5th century.
RX94976. Bronze dichalkon, Dattari-Savio 7196, RPC Online III 4770/8, Kampmann 27.524, Emmett 692/16 (R3), BMC Alexandria 2913 corr. (Hadrian), Geissen -, Milne -, SNG Cop -, gF, dark tone, earthen deposits, obverse edg beveled, remnants of pre-strike casting sprues, weight 1.291 g, maximum diameter 13.2 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, 29 Aug 102 - 28 Aug 103 A.D.; obverse no legend, laureate head right; reverse no legend, kerykeion (caduceus) between two ears of grain, L - IS (year 16) divided low across field (off flan); from the Ray Nouri Collection; rare; $70.00 SALE PRICE $63.00


Trajan, 25 January 98 - 8 or 9 August 117 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt

|Roman| |Egypt|, |Trajan,| |25| |January| |98| |-| |8| |or| |9| |August| |117| |A.D.,| |Roman| |Provincial| |Egypt||dichalkon|
The headdress of Isis, or Two Feathers Crown, was composed of two ostrich feathers, two horns and a disk.
RX94977. Bronze dichalkon, RPC Online III 4773 (13 spec.); Dattari 1098, SNG Cop 259, Kampmann 27.522; Emmett 710.16 (R3), Geissen -, BMC Alexandria -, VF, earthen encrusted (uncleaned), ragged flan with tiny edge splits, obverse edge beveled, remnant of pre-strike casting sprue, weight 2.289 g, maximum diameter 15.0 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, 29 Aug 112 - 28 Aug 113 A.D.; obverse no legend, laureate head right; reverse no legend, crown of Isis, L I-ς (year 16) in lower fields divided by crown; from the Ray Nouri Collection; rare; $60.00 SALE PRICE $54.00


Trajan, 25 January 98 - 8 or 9 August 117 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt

|Roman| |Egypt|, |Trajan,| |25| |January| |98| |-| |8| |or| |9| |August| |117| |A.D.,| |Roman| |Provincial| |Egypt||dichalkon|
The Hemhem crown, also known as the triple Atef crown, was symbol of Pharaonic power and authority credited with magical abilities that would protect Egypt from any enemy. It originated during the 18th dynasty was first seen in an image of the pharaoh Akhenaten in a tomb at Amarna. A Hemhem crown is worn Tutankhamen on the back of the gilded throne discovered in his tomb. No examples of this type of crown are known to have survived.
RX94981. Bronze dichalkon, Geissen 643; BMC Alexandria p. 68, 561; Milne 710; SNG Cop 265; SRCV II 3320; Kampmann 27.574; Emmett 707/7 (R5); Dattari -, VF, green patina, earthen deposits, bumps, marks, irregular flan shape. reverse edge beveled, weight 1.631 g, maximum diameter 13.2 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, 29 Aug 113 - 28 Aug 114 A.D.; obverse no legend, laureate head right; reverse no legend, Hemhem crown, L I-Z (year 17) in lower field flanking ram horns; from the Ray Nouri Collection; $60.00 SALE PRICE $54.00


Probus, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt

|Roman| |Egypt|, |Probus,| |Summer| |276| |-| |September| |282| |A.D.,| |Roman| |Provincial| |Egypt||tetradrachm|
References describe two types in year six, one with Athena seated on a throne, the other with Athena seated on a cuirass. Although were are not entirely certain, they all appear to be the same type with only slight variation.
RX97894. Billon tetradrachm, Geissen 3152; Dattari 5525; Milne 4618; SNG Cop 936; BMC Alexandria p. 313, 2410; Emmett 3878.6; Kampmann 112.34, F, tight flan with irregular ragged edge, light earthen deposits, weight 8.087 g, maximum diameter 19.3 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, 29 Aug 280 - 28 Aug 281 A.D.; obverse A K M AVP ΠPOBOC CEB, laureate and cuirassed bust right; reverse Athena seated left on throne without back, cuirass on near side of throne, wearing helmet, chiton and peplos, Nike in Athena's right hand holds palm frond and offers wreath, scepter vertical behind in her left hand, S over L (year 6) left; $45.00 SALE PRICE $40.50


Arsinoe II, Wife of Ptolemy II Philadelphos, 285 - 246 B.C., Restoration by Ptolemy VI or Ptolemy VIII

|Ptolemaic| |Egypt|, |Arsinoe| |II,| |Wife| |of| |Ptolemy| |II| |Philadelphos,| |285| |-| |246| |B.C.,| |Restoration| |by| |Ptolemy| |VI| |or| |Ptolemy| |VIII||oktodrachm|
Following Arsinoe's death in 268 B.C., Ptolemy II minted a massive issue of outstanding gold and silver medallic coins honoring his departed wife. Arsinoe II is portrayed in the guise of Isis. Her worship was widespread during this period and for generations following.

This coin is a "restoration" struck by Ptolemy VI or Ptolemy VIII. A possible exact date could be 145 B.C. on the accession of Ptolemy VIII.
SH30612. Gold oktodrachm, Svoronos 1498, SNG Cop 321, Choice EF, weight 27.841 g, maximum diameter 29.2 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, c. 180 - 116 B.C.; obverse diademed and veiled head or Arsinoe II as Isis right, K behind; reverse APΣINOHΣ ΦIΛA∆EΛΦOY, double cornucopia bound with fillet and filled with fruits; huge gold coin!; SOLD


Ptolemaic Kingdom of Egypt, Ptolemy II Philadelphos, 285 - 246 B.C.

|Ptolemaic| |Egypt|, |Ptolemaic| |Kingdom| |of| |Egypt,| |Ptolemy| |II| |Philadelphos,| |285| |-| |246| |B.C.||pentadrachm|
Certificate of Authenticity issued by David R. Sear.

Ptolemy II encouraged education, commerce, industry, immigration and trade resulting in a prosperous growing economy. He was the richest monarch of his age.
SH24850. Gold pentadrachm, Svoronos 636 (8 specimens); BMC Ptolemies p. 9, 74 and pl. II, 2 (same obv die, Ptolemy I), Choice aEF, weight 17.823 g, maximum diameter 22.7 mm, die axis 0o, Phoenicia, Tyre mint, c. 270 - 267 B.C.; obverse diademed head of Ptolemy I right wearing aegis; reverse ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, eagle standing left on thunderbolt, date H and club left; superb strike, lustrous, beautiful!; rare; SOLD


Arsinoe II, Wife of Ptolemy II Philadelphos, 285 - 246 B.C.

|Ptolemaic| |Egypt|, |Arsinoe| |II,| |Wife| |of| |Ptolemy| |II| |Philadelphos,| |285| |-| |246| |B.C.||oktodrachm|
Exceptional quality early octadrachm. Egypt was neutral during the First Punic War. It is likely that the balance of trade favored Egypt. At the same time, Ptolemy II diverted the revenues from the temples of the Egyptian gods, to those of his deifed sister Arsinoe II. Massive gold coins such as this may have been the result of both political trends.
SH30614. Gold oktodrachm, Svoronos 460, SNG Cop 134, SGCV II 7768, EF, some minor marks, weight 27.799 g, maximum diameter 28.0 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, c. 260 B.C.; obverse diademed and veiled head or Arsinoe II right, Θ behind; reverse APΣINOHΣ ΦIΛA∆EΛΦOY, double cornucopia bound with fillet and filled with fruits; huge gold coin!; SOLD


Gebal (Byblos), Phoenicia, c. 450 - 410 B.C.

|Phoenicia|, |Gebal| |(Byblos),| |Phoenicia,| |c.| |450| |-| |410| |B.C.||shekel|
The extremely rare first coinage of Byblos, struck with Egyptian types at an Egyptian weight standard (one kite). A beautiful representation of an Egyptian sphinx in the pose of the famous Giza monumental statue graces the obverse.

Head notes, "Herodotus relates (iv. 166) that Aryandes, who had been appointed satrap of Egypt by Cambyses, mortally offended Darius, son of Hystaspes, by issuing silver money which rivalled in purity the gold darics of the great king himself. If the story be true, it probably refers to ordinary Persian sigloi. No coins have come down to us which can be identified as those of Aryandes." Could this coin be the one of those issued by Aryandes?
SH38939. Silver shekel, Betlyon 1, Kraay 1051, SNG Cop -, gVF, toned, weight 8.907 g, maximum diameter 20.2 mm, die axis 0o, Gebal mint, obverse Sphinx seated left, wearing crown of Upper and Lower Egypt; reverse lightning bolt (or double lotus) in dotted circle within incuse square; almost equal in quality to the Boston Museum of Fine Arts and American Numismatic Society examples; extremely rare; SOLD







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REFERENCES|

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