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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Greek Coins| ▸ |Geographic - All Periods| ▸ |Anatolia| ▸ |Pamphylia||View Options:  |  |  |   

Greek Coins from Pamphylia

Pamphylia, was a small region on the southern coast of Anatolia, extending about 120 km (75 miles) between Lycia and Cilicia, and north from the Mediterranean only about 50 km (30 miles) to mountainous Pisidia. The Pamphylians were a mixture of aboriginal inhabitants, immigrant Cilicians and Greeks who migrated there from Arcadia and Peloponnese in the 12th century B.C. The region first enters history in a treaty between the Hittite Great King Tudhaliya IV and his vassal, where the city "Parha" (Perge) is mentioned. Pamphylia was subdued by the Mermnad kings of Lydia and afterward passed in succession under the dominion of Persian and Hellenistic monarchs. After the defeat of Antiochus III in 190 B.C. they were annexed by the Romans to the dominions of Eumenes of Pergamum; but somewhat later they joined with the Pisidians and Cilicians in piracy, and Side became the chief center and slave mart of these freebooters. Pamphylia was for a short time included in the dominions of Amyntas, king of Galatia, but after his death was absorbed into a Roman province. The Pamphylians became largely Hellenized in Roman times, and have left magnificent memorials of their civilization at Perga, Aspendos, and Side.


Aspendos, Pamphylia, 380 - 325 B.C.

|Aspendos|, |Aspendos,| |Pamphylia,| |380| |-| |325| |B.C.|, |stater|
In 333 B.C., after Alexander took Perga peacefully, Aspendos sent envoys to offer surrender if he would not take the taxes and horses formerly paid as tribute to the Persian king. Agreeing, Alexander went on to Side, leaving a garrison behind. When he learned they had failed to ratify the agreement their own envoys had proposed, Alexander marched to the city. The Aspendians retreated to their acropolis and again sent envoys to sue for peace. This time, however, they had to agree to harsh terms - they would host a Macedonian garrison and pay 100 gold talents and 4,000 horses annually.
GS94267. Silver stater, Tekin Series 4; SNG BnF -; SNG Cop -, SNGvA -, SNG Lockett -, BMC Lycia -, VF, nice style, a little off center, light marks, mild die wear, small edge crack, weight 10.747 g, maximum diameter 23.4 mm, die axis 0o, Aspendos mint, 380 - 325 B.C.; obverse two wrestlers, the left one holds the wrist of his opponent with his right hand and right forearm with his left hand, BI between their legs; reverse EΣTΦE∆IIYΣ upward on left, slinger, wearing short chiton, discharging sling to right, triskeles on right with feet clockwise, in square of dots, no trace of incuse; ex Numismatik Naumann auction 81 (1 Sep 2019), lot 203; missing from published major collections; very rare; $550.00 SALE |PRICE| $495.00


Side, Pamphylia, c. 145 - 125 B.C.

|Side|, |Side,| |Pamphylia,| |c.| |145| |-| |125| |B.C.|, |tetradrachm|
In 190 B.C. a fleet from Rhodes, supported by Rome and Pergamum, defeated the Seleucid fleet under the command of the fugitive Carthaginian general Hannibal. The Seleucid defeat freed Side from the overlord-ship of the Seleucid Empire. The Treaty of Apamea (188 B.C.) left Side in a state of uncertain freedom. It was during this period of autonomy that Side struck these tetradrachms. It would last until 36 B.C. when the city came under the rule of the Roman client King of Galatia, Amyntas.
GS92896. Silver tetradrachm, SNGvA 4796 (also with anchor c/m); SNG BnF 694; BMC Pamphylia p. 148, 46 (KΛE-YX), Choice VF, well centered, reverse strike a little flat, obverse flattened opposite of countermark, weight 16.505 g, maximum diameter 28.8 mm, die axis 0o, Side (near Selimiye, Antalya Province, Turkey) mint, magistrate Kleuch-, c. 145 - 125 B.C.; obverse head of Athena right in a crested Corinthian helmet; reverse Nike advancing left, wreath extended in right hand, pomegranate in left field, KΛ-E (magistrate's name) divided across field below center; countermark: anchor within incuse rectangle; ex Numismatik Naumann auction 77 (5 May 2019), lot 287; $500.00 SALE |PRICE| $450.00


Aspendos, Pamphylia, c. 465 - 430 B.C.

|Aspendos|, |Aspendos,| |Pamphylia,| |c.| |465| |-| |430| |B.C.|, |stater|
In 467 B.C. the Athenian statesman and military commander Cimon, and his fleet of 200 ships, destroyed the Persian navy based at the mouth of the river Eurymedon in a surprise attack. In order to crush to Persian land forces, he tricked the Persians by sending his best fighters ashore wearing the garments of the hostages he had seized earlier. When they saw these men, the Persians thought that they were compatriots freed by the enemy and arranged festivities in celebration. Taking advantage of this, Cimon landed and annihilated the Persians. Aspendos then became a member of the Attic-Delos Maritime league.
GS94445. Silver stater, Apparently unpublished variant; cf. SNG BnF 1; SNGvA 4477; SNG Cop 153; SNG Delepierre 2811; BMC Lycia p. 93, 1, VF, obverse off center with some weakness flatly struck high-points, bumps and marks, reverse test cut, weight 10.912 g, maximum diameter 19.7 mm, Aspendos mint, c. 465 - 430 B.C.; obverse nude warrior advancing right, wearing crested helmet, shield on left arm, spear in right hand; reverse triskeles of human legs counterclockwise, within an incuse square, no ethnic, no control symbol; CNG recently sold an example from the same dies, e-auction 429 (26 Sep 2018), lot 167, for $2500 plus fees. They described their specimen as "Unpublished in the standard references. VF. Exceptionally powerful and artistic warrior for series. Extremely rare."; $350.00 SALE |PRICE| $315.00


Gallienus, August 253 - September 268 A.D., Side, Pamphylia

|Side|, |Gallienus,| |August| |253| |-| |September| |268| |A.D.,| |Side,| |Pamphylia|, |5| |assaria|
The great ruins of Side are among the most notable in Asia Minor. They cover a large promontory which a wall and a moat separate from the mainland. There are two agoras: a commercial agora and the "state" agora. The commercial agora is over 8000 square meters, surrounded by columns, with shops, exedras and latrines and washing places. On it inconceivable numbers of slaves must have been traded, for during part of its history Side was a major center for pirates who stationed their fleet here. At its center, there is a round temple, well-restored, that was dedicated to the protective goddess of the city, Tyche. The present construction dates from the 2nd century A.D. and was still in use in Byzantine times.Temple of Tyche
RP88917. Bronze 5 assaria, SNG Pfalz 823; SNG BnF 922; BMC Lycia p. 161, 117; Waddington 3495; SNG Cop -; SNGvA -; SNG Righetti -; Lindgren -; c/m: Howgego 805 (169 pcs.), VF, broad flan, porous, edge crack (from counter-marking?), weight 13.494 g, maximum diameter 30.0 mm, die axis 180o, Side (near Selimiye, Antalya Province, Turkey) mint, joint reign, Aug 253 - 260 A.D.; obverse AYT KAI ΠO ΛI ΓAΛΛIHNOC CE (AI in error, should be ΛI, but error is normal for this type), laureate bust right, wearing paludamentum and cuirass, eagle right below with wings open; countermark on right: E (5 assaria) in 7.5mm round punch obliterating IA (prior mark of value); reverse CI∆HTΩN NEΩKOPΩ, draped bust of Tyche right, wearing veil and mural crown, pomegranate on branch right (not fully struck) below; scarce; $135.00 SALE |PRICE| $122.00


Aspendos, Pamphylia, c. 465 - 420 B.C.

|Aspendos|, |Aspendos,| |Pamphylia,| |c.| |465| |-| |420| |B.C.|, |stater|
In 467 B.C. the Athenian statesman and military commander Cimon, and his fleet of 200 ships, destroyed the Persian navy based at the mouth of the river Eurymedon in a surprise attack. In order to crush to Persian land forces, he tricked the Persians by sending his best fighters ashore wearing the garments of the hostages he had seized earlier. When they saw these men, the Persians thought that they were compatriots freed by the enemy and arranged festivities in celebration. Taking advantage of this, Cimon landed and annihilated the Persians. Aspendos then became a member of the Attic-Delos Maritime league.
GS94449. Silver stater, SNG BnF 6; cf. SNGvA 4482 (ethnic arrangement), BMC Lycia -, SNG Cop -, SNG PfPs -, VF, struck with worn dies, oval generally favoring types, weight 10.739 g, maximum diameter 21.7 mm, die axis 90o, Aspendos mint, c. 465 - 420 B.C.; obverse warrior advancing right, nude, wearing crested helmet, couched spear in right hand, round shield on left arm; reverse triskeles of human legs counterclockwise, EΣ−Π counterclockwise staring lower left, all within an incuse square; $135.00 SALE |PRICE| $122.00


Aspendos, Pamphylia, c. 465 - 420 B.C.

|Aspendos|, |Aspendos,| |Pamphylia,| |c.| |465| |-| |420| |B.C.|, |stater|
In 467 B.C. the Athenian statesman and military commander Cimon, and his fleet of 200 ships, destroyed the Persian navy based at the mouth of the river Eurymedon in a surprise attack. In order to crush to Persian land forces, he tricked the Persians by sending his best fighters ashore wearing the garments of the hostages he had seized earlier. When they saw these men, the Persians thought that they were compatriots freed by the enemy and arranged festivities in celebration. Taking advantage of this, Cimon landed and annihilated the Persians. Aspendos then became a member of the Attic-Delos Maritime league.
GS94008. Silver stater, SNG Cop 153; cf. SNGvA 4477 (arrangement of legs and EΣ varies); SNG BnF 1 (same); BMC Lycia p. 93, 2 ff. (additional symbols on rev.), aVF, struck with a very worn obverse die and a somewhat worn reverse die, weight 10.944 g, maximum diameter 20.7 mm, die axis 0o, Aspendos mint, c. 465 - 420 B.C.; obverse warrior advancing right, nude, wearing crested helmet, couched sword or spear in right hand, round shield on left arm; reverse triskeles of human legs clockwise, E-Σ divided high across field, all within an incuse square; $125.00 SALE |PRICE| $113.00


Gallienus, August 253 - September 268 A.D., Side, Pamphylia

|Side|, |Gallienus,| |August| |253| |-| |September| |268| |A.D.,| |Side,| |Pamphylia|, |5| |assaria|
The great ruins of Side are among the most notable in Asia Minor. The well-preserved city walls provide an entrance to the site through the Hellenistic main gate. Next comes the colonnaded street, all that remains of the marble columns are a few broken stubs near the old Roman baths. The street leads to the public bath, restored as a museum displaying statues and sarcophagi from the Roman period. Next is the square agora with the remains of a round Temple of Tyche in the middle. The agora was a trading center where pirates sold slaves. The remains of the theater, which was used for gladiator fights and later as a church, and the monumental gate date back to the 2nd century. The early Roman Temple of Dionysus is near the theater. The fountain gracing the entrance is restored. At the left side are the remains of a Byzantine Basilica. A public bath has also been restored. The remaining ruins of Side include three temples, an aqueduct, and a nymphaeum. The photograph right is of ruins of the temple of Apollo.Temple of Apollo
RP88913. Bronze 5 assaria, SNG Cop 4844 (same obv. die), SNG BnF 924, BMC Lycia p. 160, 110, SNG Pfalz -, SNG Cop -, SNG Righetti -, Lindgren -; c/m: Howgego 805 (169 pcs), VF, well centered on a broad flan, porous, weight 17.834 g, maximum diameter 30.5 mm, die axis 30o, Side (near Selimiye, Antalya Province, Turkey) mint, joint reign, Aug 253 - 260 A.D.; obverse AYT KAI ΠOY ΛI ΓAΛΛIHNOC CE, laureate bust right, wearing paludamentum and cuirass, eagle right with wings open below; countermark on right: E (5 assaria) in 7.5mm round punch obliterating IA (prior mark of value); reverse CI∆HTΩN NEΩKOPΩN, Apollo standing front, head left, wearing short chiton, chlamys and boots, patera in right hand, left hand rests on laurel tipped staff, pomegranate on branch right; scarce; $115.00 SALE |PRICE| $104.00


Aspendos, Pamphylia, c. 465 - 420 B.C.

|Aspendos|, |Aspendos,| |Pamphylia,| |c.| |465| |-| |420| |B.C.|, |stater|
In 467 B.C. the Athenian statesman and military commander Cimon, and his fleet of 200 ships, destroyed the Persian navy based at the mouth of the river Eurymedon in a surprise attack. In order to crush to Persian land forces, he tricked the Persians by sending his best fighters ashore wearing the garments of the hostages he had seized earlier. When they saw these men, the Persians thought that they were compatriots freed by the enemy and arranged festivities in celebration. Taking advantage of this, Cimon landed and annihilated the Persians. Aspendos then became a member of the Attic-Delos Maritime league.
GS94013. Silver stater, BMC Lycia p. 93, 1; SNG BnF 2; SNG Cop 153 var. (with ethnic EΣ on rev.); SNGvA 4477 var. (same), aVF, struck with worn dies, light marks, toned, test cut, weight 10.827 g, maximum diameter 18.6 mm, Aspendos mint, c. 465 - 420 B.C.; obverse warrior advancing right, wearing crested helmet, sword or couched spear in right hand, round shield on left arm; reverse triskeles of human legs counterclockwise, within an incuse square; $115.00 SALE |PRICE| $104.00


Aspendos, Pamphylia, c. 465 - 420 B.C.

|Aspendos|, |Aspendos,| |Pamphylia,| |c.| |465| |-| |420| |B.C.|, |stater|
In 467 B.C. the Athenian statesman and military commander Cimon, and his fleet of 200 ships, destroyed the Persian navy based at the mouth of the river Eurymedon in a surprise attack. In order to crush to Persian land forces, he tricked the Persians by sending his best fighters ashore wearing the garments of the hostages he had seized earlier. When they saw these men, the Persians thought that they were compatriots freed by the enemy and arranged festivities in celebration. Taking advantage of this, Cimon landed and annihilated the Persians. Aspendos then became a member of the Attic-Delos Maritime league.
GS94458. Silver stater, SNG BnF 6; cf. SNGvA 4482 (ethnic arrangement), BMC Lycia -, SNG Cop -, SNG PfPs -, VF, struck with worn obverse die, reverse off center, weight 10.722 g, maximum diameter 18.5 mm, die axis 180o, Aspendos mint, c. 465 - 420 B.C.; obverse warrior advancing right, nude, wearing crested helmet, couched spear in right hand, round shield on left arm; reverse triskeles of human legs counterclockwise, EΣ−Π counterclockwise staring lower left, all within an incuse square; scarce variant; $115.00 SALE |PRICE| $104.00


Aspendos, Pamphylia, c. 465 - 420 B.C.

|Aspendos|, |Aspendos,| |Pamphylia,| |c.| |465| |-| |420| |B.C.|, |stater|
In 467 B.C. the Athenian statesman and military commander Cimon, and his fleet of 200 ships, destroyed the Persian navy based at the mouth of the river Eurymedon in a surprise attack. In order to crush to Persian land forces, he tricked the Persians by sending his best fighters ashore wearing the garments of the hostages he had seized earlier. When they saw these men, the Persians thought that they were compatriots freed by the enemy and arranged festivities in celebration. Taking advantage of this, Cimon landed and annihilated the Persians. Aspendos then became a member of the Attic-Delos Maritime league.
GS94448. Silver stater, SNG Cop 153; cf. SNGvA 4477 (arrangement of legs and EΣ varies); SNG BnF 1 (same); BMC Lycia p. 93, 2 ff. (additional symbols on rev.), F, off center, struck with a worn obverse die, weight 10.8621 g, maximum diameter 19.5 mm, die axis 180o, Aspendos mint, c. 465 - 420 B.C.; obverse warrior advancing right, nude, wearing crested helmet, couched sword or spear in right hand, round shield on left arm; reverse triskeles of human legs clockwise, EΣ high across field, all within an incuse square; $110.00 SALE |PRICE| $99.00




  






REFERENCES|

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Catalog current as of Thursday, February 27, 2020.
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Pamphylia Coins