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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Greek Coins| ▸ |Geographic - All Periods| ▸ |Anatolia| ▸ |Pamphylia||View Options:  |  |  | 

Greek Coins from Pamphylia

Pamphylia, was a small region on the southern coast of Anatolia, extending about 120 km (75 miles) between Lycia and Cilicia, and north from the Mediterranean only about 50 km (30 miles) to mountainous Pisidia. The Pamphylians were a mixture of aboriginal inhabitants, immigrant Cilicians and Greeks who migrated there from Arcadia and Peloponnese in the 12th century B.C. The region first enters history in a treaty between the Hittite Great King Tudhaliya IV and his vassal, where the city "Parha" (Perge) is mentioned. Pamphylia was subdued by the Mermnad kings of Lydia and afterward passed in succession under the dominion of Persian and Hellenistic monarchs. After the defeat of Antiochus III in 190 B.C. they were annexed by the Romans to the dominions of Eumenes of Pergamum; but somewhat later they joined with the Pisidians and Cilicians in piracy, and Side became the chief center and slave mart of these freebooters. Pamphylia was for a short time included in the dominions of Amyntas, king of Galatia, but after his death was absorbed into a Roman province. The Pamphylians became largely Hellenized in Roman times, and have left magnificent memorials of their civilization at Perga, Aspendos, and Side.

Philip II, July or August 247 - Late 249 A.D., Pamphylia, Side

|Side|, |Philip| |II,| |July| |or| |August| |247| |-| |Late| |249| |A.D.,| |Pamphylia,| |Side||pentassarion|
The great ruins of Side are among the most notable in Asia Minor. The well-preserved city walls provide an entrance to the site through the Hellenistic main gate. Next comes the colonnaded street, all that remains of the marble columns are a few broken stubs near the old Roman baths. The street leads to the public bath, restored as a museum displaying statues and sarcophagi from the Roman period. Next is the square agora with the remains of a round Temple of Tyche in the middle. The agora was a trading center where pirates sold slaves. The remains of the theater, which was used for gladiator fights and later as a church, and the monumental gate date back to the 2nd century. The early Roman Temple of Dionysus is near the theater. The fountain gracing the entrance is restored. At the left side are the remains of a Byzantine Basilica. A public bath has also been restored. The remaining ruins of Side include three temples, an aqueduct, and a nymphaeum. The photograph right is of ruins of the temple of Apollo.Temple of Apollo
RP111997. Bronze pentassarion, RPC VIII Online 21154 (6 spec.), Watson 921, SNG BnF -, SNG Pflzer , SNGvA -, SNG Leypold -, BMC Pamphylia -, Choice F, well centered, grainy green patina, porosity, small scratch on obv., central dimples, weight 13.68 g, maximum diameter 32.5 mm, die axis 0o, Side (near Selimiye, Antalya Province, Turkey) mint, as caesar, 244 - 247 A.D.; obverse MAPKON IOYΛION CEYHPON ΦIΛIΠΠON KAICAPA, E, bare-headed, draped, and cuirassed bust right, E (mark of value) in right field; reverse CIΔH-TΩN, Athena standing right, holding spear, facing radiate Artemis Pergaia standing left, holding torch, jointly sacrificing over altar between them, pomegranate above; ex CNG e-auction 526 (2 Nov 2022), lot 257; very rare; $160.00 SALE PRICE $144.00


Tiberius, 19 August 14 - 16 March 37 A.D., Side, Pamphylia

|Side|, |Tiberius,| |19| |August| |14| |-| |16| |March| |37| |A.D.,| |Side,| |Pamphylia||AE| |18|
The great ruins of Side are among the most notable in Asia Minor. They cover a large promontory which a wall and a moat separate from the mainland. There are colossal ruins of a theater complex, the largest in Pamphylia, built in the 2nd century A.D. Following Roman design it relies on arches to support the sheer verticals. The Roman style was adopted because Side lacked a convenient hillside that could be hollowed out in the usual Greek fashion more typical of Asia Minor. The stage building was ornately adorned but the decorations and the theater are damaged, in part due to a strong earthquake. The theater was converted into an open-air sanctuary with two chapels during the 5th or 6th century (Byzantine times).Theater at Side
RP112000. Bronze AE 18, SNG Pflzer 583 (same obv. die); RPC Online I 3391 (13 spec.); SNG Cop 413; SNGvA 4809, SNG Fitz 5106; Lindgren A1157A; SNG BnF -, VF, dark green patina, minor pitting , weight 5.546 g, maximum diameter 20.1 mm, die axis 0o, Side (near Selimiye, Antalya Province, Turkey) mint, obverse TIBEPIOΣ (curving upward behind), laureate head right; reverse Athena left, helmeted, draped, spear in right hand over right shoulder, shield on left shoulder, snakes at feet, pomegranate upper left, CIΔ-HTΩ[N?] in one line divided low across field; ex CNG e-auction 526 (2 Nov 2022), lot 256; $120.00 SALE PRICE $108.00


Aspendos, Pamphylia, c. 465 - 420 B.C.

|Aspendos|, |Aspendos,| |Pamphylia,| |c.| |465| |-| |420| |B.C.||tetartemorion|
The referenced similar coins are identified as obols and weigh c. 1 gram.
GA112378. Silver tetartemorion, cf. SNGvA 4485 (obol), SNG BnF 14 (same), Waddington 2868 (same), Trait II.2 1547 (same), aVF, off center, double struck, edge split, weight 0.172 g, maximum diameter 6.8 mm, Aspendos (Serik, Turkey) mint, c. 465 - 420 B.C.; obverse amphora, without handles; reverse triskeles within incuse square; this is the only specimen of this type known to FORVM; extremely rare; $100.00 SALE PRICE $90.00


Hadrian, 11 August 117 - 10 July 138 A.D., Perga, Pamphylia

|Perga|, |Hadrian,| |11| |August| |117| |-| |10| |July| |138| |A.D.,| |Perga,| |Pamphylia||AE| |15|
Perga was the capital of Pamphylia. Today it is a large site of ancient ruins, 15 kilometers (9.3 mi) east of Antalya on the southwestern Mediterranean coast of Turkey. During the Hellenistic period, Perga was one of the richest and most beautiful cities in the ancient world, famous for its temple of Artemis. It also is notable as the home of the renowned mathematician Apollonius of Perga.Street in Perga
RP110437. Bronze AE 15, RPC Online III 2699 (5 spec.), SNG BnF 403, SNGvA 4671, SNG Cop -, BMC Lycia -, Lindgren-Kovacs -, VF, centered, attractive portrait, nice green patina, highlighting earthen deposits, scratches, weight 2.653 g, maximum diameter 15.2 mm, die axis 180o, Perga (near Antalya, Turkey) mint, 11 Aug 117 - 10 Jul 138 A.D.; obverse KAICAP AΔPIANOC, laureate bust right, drapery on far shoulder; reverse ΠEPΓ APTEMI, cult statue of Artemis of Perge in temple with two columns, eagle in pediment; $90.00 SALE PRICE $81.00


Domitian, 13 September 81 - 18 September 96 A.D., Side, Pamphylia

|Side|, |Domitian,| |13| |September| |81| |-| |18| |September| |96| |A.D.,| |Side,| |Pamphylia||AE| |18|
Athena is the Greek goddess of wisdom, war, the arts, industry, justice, and skill. Her usual attribute is the owl and Nike is her frequent companion.
RP112716. Bronze AE 18, RPC II 1528, SNG Pflzer 625, SNGvA 4811 var. (ethnic divided across field), SNG Cop 415 var. (same), BMC Lycia -, F, dark patina, spots of corrosion, edge crack, weight 4.081 g, maximum diameter 17.7 mm, die axis 0o, Side (near Selimiye, Antalya Province, Turkey) mint, 13 Sep 81 - 18 Sep 96 A.D.; obverse ΔOMITIANOC KAICAP (counterclockwise from upper left), laureate head right; reverse CIΔHT (counterclockwise from upper left), Athena advancing left, wearing crested helmet, long chiton, and peplos, transverse spear and pomegranate in right hand, round shield in left hand, snake right at feet on left; scarce variant; $80.00 SALE PRICE $72.00










REFERENCES

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