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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Greek Coins| ▸ |Geographic - All Periods| ▸ |Anatolia| ▸ |Ionia| ▸ |Colophon||View Options:  |  |  | 

Colophon, Ionia

Kolophon was once the strongest of the Ionian cities and renowned both for its cavalry and for the inhabitants' luxurious lifestyle until Gyges of Lydia conquered it in the 7th century B.C. Kolophon then went into decline and was eclipsed by neighboring Ephesus and by the rising naval power, Miletus. After the death of Alexander the Great, Perdiccas expelled the Athenian settlers on Samos to Kolophon, including the family of Epicurus, who joined them there after completing his military service. Antigonus controlled Kolophon until general Prepelaus sized the area for Lysimachus in 302 B.C. Lysimachus destroyed Kolophon (and Lebedos) and forced the survivors to emigrate to Ephesos. After his death in 281, Kolophon was reestablished, but it never fully recovered and the name was eventually transferred to the port village of Notium. Kolophon was one of several cities that claimed to be the birthplace of the poet Homer.

Kolophon, Ionia, c. 190 - 30 B.C.

|Colophon|, |Kolophon,| |Ionia,| |c.| |190| |-| |30| |B.C.||AE| |18|
Homer is a legendary ancient Greek epic poet, traditionally said to be the author of the epic poems the Iliad and the Odyssey.
GB97290. Bronze AE 18, SNG Cop 184; SNG Munchen 556; Milne Colophon 178; BMC Ionia p. 41, 42; SNGvA 2017 var. (magistrate), aVF, green patina, some corrosion, light earthen deposits, weight 5.484 g, maximum diameter 17.9 mm, die axis 0o, Kolophon (near Degirmendere Fev, Turkey) mint, magistrate Apollas, c. 50 B.C.; obverse Homer seated left in himation, right hand raised to chin (the thinker pose!), scroll in his left hand resting on his knees, AΠOΛΛAΣ (magistrate) downward on left; reverse Apollo standing right, phiale in right hand, kithara in left hand, KOΛOΦΩNIΩN downward on left; $90.00 (€82.80)
 


Kolophon, Ionia, c. 450 - 410 B.C.

|Colophon|, |Kolophon,| |Ionia,| |c.| |450| |-| |410| |B.C.||tetartemorion|
Colophon, founded around the turn of the first millennium B.C., was one of the oldest of the twelve cities of the Ionian League. Located between Lebedos (19km to the west) and Ephesus (11 km to its south), today its ruins are south of Degirmendere Fev in Izmir Province, Turkey. Colophon was once the strongest of the Ionian cities and renowned both for its cavalry and for the inhabitants' luxurious lifestyle. After Gyges of Lydia conquered it in the 7th century B.C., Colophon went into decline and was eclipsed by neighboring Ephesus and by the rising naval power of Ionia, Miletus.
GA96768. Silver tetartemorion, Milne Kolophon 7, SNG Cop 133, SNGvA 1999, SNG Kayhan 356, Rosen 567, VF, toned, die wear, edge crack, weight 0.229 g, maximum diameter 6.3 mm, die axis 180o, Kolophon (near Degirmendere Fev, Turkey) mint, c. 450 - 410 B.C.; obverse laureate and veiled head of Apollo facing; reverse TE monogram (tetartemorion) within incuse square; $85.00 (€78.20)
 


Macedonian Kingdom, Antigonus I Monophthalmus, 323 - 301 B.C., In the Name of Alexander the Great

|Colophon|, |Macedonian| |Kingdom,| |Antigonus| |I| |Monophthalmus,| |323| |-| |301| |B.C.,| |In| |the| |Name| |of| |Alexander| |the| |Great||drachm|
Antigonos I Monophthalmos ("the One-eyed") (strategos of Asia, 320 - 306/5 B.C., king, 306/5 - 301 B.C.) was a nobleman, general, and governor under Alexander the Great. Upon Alexander's death in 323 B.C., he established himself as one of the successors and declared himself King in 306 B.C. The most powerful satraps of the empire, Cassander, Seleucus, Ptolemy, and Lysimachus, answered by also proclaiming themselves kings. Antigonus found himself at war with all four, largely because his territory shared borders with all of them. He died in battle at Ipsus in 301 B.C. Antigonus' kingdom was divided up, with Seleucus I Nicator gaining the most. His son, Demetrius I Poliorcetes, took Macedon, which the family held, off and on, until it was conquered by Rome in 168 B.C. -- Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
SH64151. Silver drachm, Price 1810, Müller Alexander 263 var. (slight variation of monogram), SNG Munchen 522 var. (same), SNG Cop 922 var. (same), SNG Alpha Bank -, Choice gVF, light toning, weight 4.239 g, maximum diameter 17.9 mm, die axis 0o, Ionia, Kolophon (near Degirmendere Fev, Turkey) mint, c. 310 - 301 B.C.; obverse head of Herakles right, wearing Nemean Lion skin, scalp over head, forepaws tied at neck; reverse AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus seated left, nude to waist, himation around hips and legs, eagle in extended right hand, long scepter vertical behind in left hand, right leg drawn back, crescent horns left over TI monogram in left field, Π under throne; SOLD







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REFERENCES|

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Kim, H.S. & J.H. Kroll. "A Hoard of Archaic Coin of Colophon and Unminted Silver (CH I.3)" in AJN 20 (2008).
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