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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Greek Coins| ▸ |Geographic - All Periods| ▸ |Anatolia| ▸ |Lydia||View Options:  |  |  | 

Ancient Coins of Lydia, Antatolia

Lydia lies in east-central Anatolia (Asia Minor) between Ionia and Phrygia. The kingdom of Lydia gradually rose in power in the 7th Century B.C. and by the time of Alyattes and Croesus, it was controlling most of Anatolia after rebuking Medes (the pre-Achaemenid empire). The most important city was Sardis, today Sart, housing impressive ruins. The Lydians were viewed as a merchant people and the kings as extremely wealthy. Croesus gained mythical status and today we still use the expression, "rich as Croesus."

Persian Empire, Lydia, Anatolia, Darius II - Artaxerxes II, c. 420 - 375 B.C.

|Persian| |Lydia|, |Persian| |Empire,| |Lydia,| |Anatolia,| |Darius| |II| |-| |Artaxerxes| |II,| |c.| |420| |-| |375| |B.C.||siglos|
A number of markings in the reverse dies of sigloi of this same Carradice type and group are known. All are rare. This reverse die is published in the "The Dinar Hoard of Persian Sigloi" in Studies Price. Carradice does not recognize the leaf in his description.
GA99132. Silver siglos, Carradice Type| IV (middle) B; Carradice Price 264 (same dies), F, toned, uneven strike, scratches, punches on rev., weight 5.296 g, maximum diameter 16.8 mm, Sardes (Sart, Turkey) or subsidiary mint, c. 420 - 375 B.C.; obverse bearded Great King kneeling right, dagger drawn back in right, bow in left; reverse oblong incuse punch, leaf inside incuse; extremely rare; $180.00 SALE PRICE $162.00


Daldis, Lydia, 69 - 79 A.D.

|Other| |Lydia|, |Daldis,| |Lydia,| |69| |-| |79| |A.D.||hemiassarion|
The Zeus who was worshiped at Laodicea was a Hellenized form of the old native god, Mn. Mn had been the king and father of his people. When Greeks settled in the area they continued to worship the god whose power was supreme in the district, but they identified him with their own god Zeus. Thus at Sardis and elsewhere in the region the native god became Zeus Lydios.
GB96503. Bronze hemiassarion, GRPCL 4; RPC Online II 1325 (12 spec.); BMC Lydia p. 70, 2; SNG Cop 110, F, green patina, tight flan cutting off much of legends, legends weak, earthen deposits, weight 3.818 g, maximum diameter 16.5 mm, die axis 0o, Daldis (near Narlkale, Turkey) mint, time of Vespasian, 69 - 79 A.D.; obverse ΘEON CYNKΛHTON, draped bust of the Senate right; reverse EΠI TI ΦΛA YΛA ΦΛA KAICAP ∆AΛ∆I (struck under Titus Flavius Hylas [at] Flaviocaesaria Daldis), Zeus Lydios standing left, wearing long chiton and himation, eagle in right hand, scepter in left hand; rare; $130.00 SALE PRICE $117.00


Seleukid Kingdom, Achaios, Usurper in Anatolia, c. 220 - Autumn/Winter 214 B.C.

|Seleucid| |Kingdom|, |Seleukid| |Kingdom,| |Achaios,| |Usurper| |in| |Anatolia,| |c.| |220| |-| |Autumn/Winter| |214| |B.C.||AE| |18|
Achaios (Achaeus) was an uncle of Antiochos III. In 223 B.C., Antiochus III appointed Achaeus to the command of Anatolia on the western side of Mount Taurus. Achaeus recovered all the districts which had been lost; but was falsely accused by Hermeias, the minister to Antiochus, of intending to revolt. In self-defense he assumed the title of king. Antiochus marched against Achaeus after he concluded the war with Ptolemy. After a two-year siege of his capital of Sardes, Lydia, Achaios was captured and beheaded.
GY97879. Bronze AE 18, Houghton-Lorber I 955(1)a, Newell WSM 1441, HGC 9 435 (R2), VF, green patina, flan crack, light deposits/encrustations, weight 3.314 g, maximum diameter 18.0 mm, die axis 0o, Lydia, Sardes (Sart, Turkey) mint, c. 220 - autumn/winter 214 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo right, hair down neck in formal (corkscrew) curls; reverse eagle standing right, head right, wings closed, transverse palm frond on far side, BAΣIΛEΩΣ (king) downward on right, AXAIOY downward on left, no controls visible; rare; $100.00 SALE PRICE $90.00


Sardes, Lydia, 90 - 100 A.D.

|Sardes|, |Sardes,| |Lydia,| |90| |-| |100| |A.D.||AE| |18|
Sardis was the capital of the ancient kingdom of Lydia, one of the important cities of the Persian Empire, the seat of a proconsul under the Roman Empire, and the metropolis of the province Lydia in later Roman and Byzantine times. Its importance was due first to its military strength, secondly to its situation on an important highway leading from the interior to the Aegean coast, and thirdly to its commanding the wide and fertile plain of the Hermus. As one of the Seven churches of Asia, it was addressed by John, the author of the Book of Revelation in the Holy Bible, in terms which seem to imply that its population was notoriously soft and fainthearted. Remains include a bath-gymnasium complex, synagogue and Byzantine shops.
RP98168. Bronze AE 18, RPC III 2410 (spec. 8 same dies); GRPC Lydia 299; SNG Tbingen 3801; SNG Munich 493; Waddington 5224; Mionnet IV 684, F, attractive highlighting earthen deposits, scratches, mild porosity, rev. a little off center, weight 3.654 g, maximum diameter 18.1 mm, die axis 180o, Sardes (Sart, Turkey) mint, c. 90 - 100 A.D.; obverse IEPA CYNKΛ-HTOC (clockwise from upper right), bare headed, draped bust of the Senate right; reverse CAP∆-IANΩN (clockwise from lower left), hexastyle temple with three steps; $100.00 SALE PRICE $90.00


Hyrkanis, Lydia, c. 193 - 217 A.D.

|Other| |Lydia|, |Hyrkanis,| |Lydia,| |c.| |193| |-| |217| |A.D.||AE| |14|
Hyrcanis or Hyrkaneis, also known as Hyrcania was a Roman and Byzantine-era city in ancient Lydia, now in western Turkey. It was situated in the Hyrcanian plain, which is said to have derived its name from a colony of Hyrcanians being settled here by the Persians. They were afterwards mingled with some Macedonians, who also settled in this district, thus they are called "Macedones Hyrcani" by Pliny the Elder and Tacitus. Hyrkanis issued coins from the time of Trajan to Philip II. Its site is located west of Halit Pasa in Asiatic Turkey, south of amliyurt.
GB95633. Bronze AE 14, GRPC Lydia 2, BMC Lydia p. 123, 8, Mionnet IV 323, SNG Mnchen 171, aF, dark green patina, porous, weight 1.271 g, maximum diameter 13.5 mm, die axis 180o, Hyrkanis (near Halit Pasa) mint, c. 193 - 217 A.D.; obverse helmeted and draped bust of Athena to right wearing aegis; reverse YPKANΩN, lion walking slowly to right; rare; $60.00 SALE PRICE $54.00










REFERENCES|

Berk, H. "Complete Coinage of Croesus" in Harlan J. Berk, Bid or Buy Sale 119. (15 March 2001).
Buresch, K. Aus Lydien. (1898).
Burnett, A., M. Amandry, et al. Roman Provincial Coinage. (1992 - ).
Carradice, I. "The Dinar Hoard of Persian Sigloi" in Studies Price. (London, 1998).
Forrer, L. Descriptive Catalogue of the Collection of Greek Coins formed by Sir Hermann Weber, Vol. III, Part 1. (London, 1926).
Head, B. Catalogue of Greek Coins in the British Museum, Lydia. (London, 1901).
Imhoof-Blumer, F. "Die Mnzen der Kilbianer in Lydien" in NZ 20 (1888).
Imhoof-Blumer, F. Kleinasiatische Mnzen. (Vienna, 1901-2).
Imhoof-Blumer, F. Lydische Stadtmnzen, neue Untersuchungen. (Geneva and Leipzig, 1897).
Imhoof-Blumer, F. Zur griechischen und rmischen Mnzkunde. (Geneva, 1908).
Klein, D. Sammlung von griechischen Kleinsilbermnzen und Bronzen, Nomismata 3. (Milano, 1999).
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Lindgren, H. Ancient Greek Bronze Coins. (Quarryville, 1993).
Lindgren, H & F. Kovacs. Ancient Bronze Coinage of Asia Minor and the Levant. (San Mateo, 1985).
Noe, S. Two Hoards of Persian Sigloi. ANSNNM 136. (New York, 1956).
Price, M. The Coinage of in the Name of Alexander the Great and Philip Arrhidaeus. (London, 1991).
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Sear, D. Greek Coins and Their Values, Vol. 2, Asia and Africa. (London, 1979).
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Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Vol. 5: Ionia, Caria, and Lydia. (West Milford, NJ, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Deutschland, Mnchen Staatlische Mnzsammlung, Part 23: Lydien. (Berlin, 1997).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Deutschland, Mnzsammlung Universitt Tbingen, Part 5: Karien und Lydien. (Berlin, 1994).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Deutschland, Sammlung Hans Von Aulock, Vol. 2: Caria, Lydia, Phrygia, Lycia, Pamphylia. (Berlin, 1962).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Finland, The Erkki Keckman Collection in the Skopbank, Helsinki, Part II: Asia Minor except Karia. (Helsinki, 1999).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain VI, Corpus Christi College Cambridge, The Lewis Collection II: The Greek Imperial Coins. (1992).
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Waggoner, N. Early Greek Coins from the Collection of Jonathan P. Rosen (ANS ACNAC 5). (New York, 1983).

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