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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Greek Coins| ▸ |Geographic - All Periods| ▸ |Anatolia| ▸ |Lydia||View Options:  |  |  | 

Ancient Coins of Lydia, Antatolia

Lydia lies in east-central Anatolia (Asia Minor) between Ionia and Phrygia. The kingdom of Lydia gradually rose in power in the 7th Century B.C. and by the time of Alyattes and Croesus, it was controlling most of Anatolia after rebuking Medes (the pre-Achaemenid empire). The most important city was Sardis, today Sart, housing impressive ruins. The Lydians were viewed as a merchant people and the kings as extremely wealthy. Croesus gained mythical status and today we still use the expression, "rich as Croesus."

Tripolis, Lydia, 193 - 268 A.D.

|Other| |Lydia|, |Tripolis,| |Lydia,| |193| |-| |268| |A.D.||AE| |19|
Nemesis, the balancer of life, is the goddess of revenge, the avenger of crimes and punisher of wicked doers. She distributes fortune, good or bad, in due proportion to each according to what is deserved. She holds a cubit rule to measure each man's just deserts, and her adamantine bridles to restrain the frivolous insolences of mortals. The wheel of fate rests against her side.
RP99406. Bronze AE 19, Choice VF, attractive contrasting dark fields and brassy high points, GRPC Lydia IV 18; BMC Lydia p. 366, 18; SNG Hunterian 2019; SNG Righetti 1112; Weber 6956; Waddington 2664; Mionnet Suppl. VI 565, weight 4.320 g, maximum diameter 18.5 mm, die axis 0o, Lydia, Tripolis (near Yenicekent, Turkey) mint, 193 - 268 A.D.; obverse bearded and draped bust of Asklepios right, serpent entwined staff before him; reverse TPIΠOΛEITΩN, winged Nemesis standing slightly left, head left, pulling out the neck of her long chiton with right hand, adamantine bridles in left hand hanging down at side; $195.00 SALE PRICE $176.00


Bagis, Lydia, c. 193 - 268 A.D.

|Other| |Lydia|, |Bagis,| |Lydia,| |c.| |193| |-| |268| |A.D.||AE| |26|
Inscriptions uncovered by Keppel place ancient Bagis near Sirghe on the left (south) side of the Hermos River. Modern scholars pinpoint a site at Gre, Usak Province, Turkey. The "Treasures of Croesus" findings from Lydian tumuli around the town were plundered in the 1960s but recovered by the 2000s and now in the Usak Museum.
RP99127. Bronze AE 26, GRPC Lydia II pl. 29, 36; SNG Cop 45; SNG Mn 45; SNG Tb 3667; BMC Lydia p. 33, 16; Winterthur 3702Weber 6786; SNGvA -, VF, attractive style, well centered on a tight flan, green patina, weight 9.455 g, maximum diameter 25.7 mm, die axis 180o, Bagis (Gre, Turkey) mint, c. 193 - 268 A.D.; obverse CVNK-ΛHTOC, youthful draped bust of the Roman Senate right; reverse KAICAPEΩN BAΓHNΩN, Tyche standing sightly left, head left, kalathos on head, holding grounded rudder by tiller in right hand, cornucopia in left hand; $130.00 SALE PRICE $117.00


Daldis, Lydia, 69 - 79 A.D.

|Other| |Lydia|, |Daldis,| |Lydia,| |69| |-| |79| |A.D.||hemiassarion|
The Zeus who was worshiped at Laodicea was a Hellenized form of the old native god, Mn. Mn had been the king and father of his people. When Greeks settled in the area they continued to worship the god whose power was supreme in the district, but they identified him with their own god Zeus. Thus at Sardis and elsewhere in the region the native god became Zeus Lydios.
GB96503. Bronze hemiassarion, GRPCL 4; RPC Online II 1325 (12 spec.); BMC Lydia p. 70, 2; SNG Cop 110, F, green patina, tight flan cutting off much of legends, legends weak, earthen deposits, weight 3.818 g, maximum diameter 16.5 mm, die axis 0o, Daldis (near Narlkale, Turkey) mint, time of Vespasian, 69 - 79 A.D.; obverse ΘEON CYNKΛHTON, draped bust of the Senate right; reverse EΠI TI ΦΛA YΛA ΦΛA KAICAP ∆AΛ∆I (struck under Titus Flavius Hylas [at] Flaviocaesaria Daldis), Zeus Lydios standing left, wearing long chiton and himation, eagle in right hand, scepter in left hand; rare; $110.00 SALE PRICE $99.00


Septimius Severus, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D., Bagis, Lydia

|Other| |Lydia|, |Septimius| |Severus,| |9| |April| |193| |-| |4| |February| |211| |A.D.,| |Bagis,| |Lydia||AE| |25|NEW
Inscriptions uncovered by Keppel place ancient Bagis near Sirghe on the left (south) side of the Hermos River. Modern scholars pinpoint a site at Gre, Usak Province, Turkey. The "Treasures of Croesus" findings from Lydian tumuli around the town were plundered in the 1960s but recovered by the 2000s and now in the Usak Museum.
RP110155. Bronze AE 25, GRPC Lydia II 65 var. (legends); BMC Lydia p. 36, 26 (same); SNG Cop 48 var. (same); SNGvA -, SNG Mnchen -, VF, centered, cleaning a bit rough with marks and bare metal high points, weight 7.994 g, maximum diameter 25.2 mm, die axis 180o, Bagis (Gre, Turkey) mint, Archon Antigonus; obverse AY KA Λ CE CEOVHPO, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse EΠI ANTIΓ B AP - A TO B BAΓHNΩ (HN ligate), Zeus Lydios standing slightly left, head left, eagle in right hand, scepter in left hand; unpublished legend variety; $100.00 SALE PRICE $90.00


Seleukid Kingdom, Achaios, Usurper in Anatolia, c. 220 - Autumn/Winter 214 B.C.

|Seleucid| |Kingdom|, |Seleukid| |Kingdom,| |Achaios,| |Usurper| |in| |Anatolia,| |c.| |220| |-| |Autumn/Winter| |214| |B.C.||AE| |18|
Achaios (Achaeus) was an uncle of Antiochos III. In 223 B.C., Antiochus III appointed Achaeus to the command of Anatolia on the western side of Mount Taurus. Achaeus recovered all the districts which had been lost; but was falsely accused by Hermeias, the minister to Antiochus, of intending to revolt. In self-defense he assumed the title of king. Antiochus marched against Achaeus after he concluded the war with Ptolemy. After a two-year siege of his capital of Sardes, Lydia, Achaios was captured and beheaded.
GY97879. Bronze AE 18, Houghton-Lorber I 955(1)a, Newell WSM 1441, HGC 9 435 (R2), VF, green patina, flan crack, light deposits/encrustations, weight 3.314 g, maximum diameter 18.0 mm, die axis 0o, Lydia, Sardes (Sart, Turkey) mint, c. 220 - autumn/winter 214 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo right, hair down neck in formal (corkscrew) curls; reverse eagle standing right, head right, wings closed, transverse palm frond on far side, BAΣIΛEΩΣ (king) downward on right, AXAIOY downward on left, no controls visible; rare; $90.00 SALE PRICE $81.00


Domitian, 13 September 81 - 18 September 96 A.D., Philadelphia, Lydia

|Philadelphia|, |Domitian,| |13| |September| |81| |-| |18| |September| |96| |A.D.,| |Philadelphia,| |Lydia||AE| |15|
Several ancient cities were named Philadelphia, but this one is the sixth among the seven churches listed by John in the Book of Revelation. A letter to the Philadelphian church is recorded in Revelation 3:7-13. According to which, the Philadelphian Christians were suffering persecution by the local Jews. The city's history of earthquakes may lie behind the reference to making her church a temple pillar. Philadelphia shares with Smyrna the distinction of receiving nothing but praise from Christ, except Smyrna was warned of temptation lasting "ten days," while Philadelphia was promised a total exemption from temptation. This explains why modern Protestant churches sometimes use "Philadelphia" as a component in the local church's name as a way of emphasizing its faithfulness.
RP99402. Bronze AE 15, GRPC Lydia III 219; RPC Online II 1331; SNG Leypold 1126; BMC Lydia p. 197, 62; Winterthur 3863, aF, green patina, a little off center, corrosion, weight 2.462 g, maximum diameter 14.7 mm, die axis 180o, Philadelphia (Alasehir, Turkey) mint, as caesar, 79 - 81 A.D; obverse ∆OMITIAN KAICAP, bare headed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse ΦΛLBI ΦIΛA∆EΛFEΩN, Apollo standing half right, head right, wearing long belted chiton, plectrum in right hand low at side, kithara (lyre) in left hand and arm; $80.00 SALE PRICE $72.00


Hierocaesarea, Lydia, c. 100 - 150 A.D.

|Other| |Lydia|, |Hierocaesarea,| |Lydia,| |c.| |100| |-| |150| |A.D.||AE| |16|NEW
The name Hierocaesarea, is from the Greek for 'sacred' and the Latin for 'Caesar's. This town is mentioned by Ptolemy (VI, ii, 16). Judging from its coins, it worshiped the goddess Artemis Persica. The site of Hierocaesarea must have been between the modern Turkish villages of Beyova and Sasova, seven or eight miles south-east of Thyatira, on the left bank of the Koum-Chai, a tributary of the Hermus.
RP110163. Bronze AE 16, RPC Online III 1856 (13 spec.); SNGvA 2952; SNG Cop 174; SNG Mu 132; SNG Tub 3684; BMC 7; Waddington 5000, VF, green patina, well centered, some legend letters unstruck, light deposits, weight 2.270 g, maximum diameter 15.6 mm, die axis 0o, Hierocaesarea (near Sazoba, Turkey) mint, c. 100 - 150 A.D.; obverse ΠEPCIKH, draped bust of Artemis Persica right, with bow and quiver over shoulder; reverse IEPOKAICAPEΩN, flaming and garlanded column altar; $70.00 SALE PRICE $63.00










REFERENCES|

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