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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Greek Coins| ▸ |Geographic - All Periods| ▸ |Anatolia||View Options:  |  |  | 

Ancient Coins of Anatolia (Asia Minor)

Anatolia is the region comprising most of modern Turkey, bounded by the Black (North), Aegean (West) and Mediterranean (South) seas; to the East it is bounded by the Taurus Mountains and main Asia. The name comes from Ionian Greek meaning "the land of the sunrise" or simply "the East." It was named Asia Minor by the Romans. The land is first mentioned by Akkadian records, and played a very important role for all subsequent Mesopotamian civilizations. We should not forget to add that Anatolia is the birthplace of coinage in the late 7th Century B.C.!

Teos, Ionia, Mid 6th Century B.C.

|Teos|, |Teos,| |Ionia,| |Mid| |6th| |Century| |B.C.||hemidrachm|NEW
Teos was a flourishing seaport until about 540 B.C., when the Persian emperor Cyrus the Great invaded Lydia and Ionia. The town survived but most of the citizens fled to the newly founded colonies of Abdera and Phanagoria. Under the Roman Empire, the town was noted for its wine, a theater and its Temple of Dionysus. The site is now farmland.
GA96703. Silver hemidrachm, Matzke group As2, 31 (same dies), SNGvA 2253, SNG Cop -, Balcer -, F, obverse off center, die wear, weight 3.168 g, maximum diameter 13.5 mm, die axis 0o, Teos (near Sigacik, Turkey) mint, mid 6th century B.C.; obverse griffin forepart right; reverse irregular incuse square; rare; $80.00 (€65.60)


Faustina Junior, Augusta 146 - Winter 175/176 A.D., Silandus, Lydia, Hammered Edge - Protocontorniate

|Other| |Lydia|, |Faustina| |Junior,| |Augusta| |146| |-| |Winter| |175/176| |A.D.,| |Silandus,| |Lydia,| |Hammered| |Edge| |-| |Protocontorniate||Protocontorniate|NEW
A protocontorniate is a normal, large bronze coin, typically a sestertius, which was altered in antiquity by an individual hammering the edge to create raised rims. A common assumption is that protocontorniates were used as game counters. Andreas Alföldi argued that protocontorniates were New Year's gifts in the fourth century before proper contorniates were struck at the Rome mint.
RP96724. Brass Protocontorniate, GRPC Lydia 50 (1 specimen = SNG Cop 552), RPC Online IV.2 T1437 (same), SNG Cop 552, aF, corrosion, hammered rims, weight 4.072 g, maximum diameter 17.7 mm, die axis 0o, Silandus (near Selendi, Turkey) mint, c. 152 - 176 A.D.; obverse draped bust of Faustina II right; reverse Demeter standing slightly left, veiled, head left, poppy and ears of grain in right hand, long torch in left hand; GRPC Lydia and RPC Online both identify the only other specimen known to them (SNG Cop 552); extremely rare; $120.00 (€98.40)


Tarsos, Cilicia, c. 95 - 80 B.C.

|Cilicia|, |Tarsos,| |Cilicia,| |c.| |95| |-| |80| |B.C.||AE| |21|NEW
Sandan was a Hittite-Babylonian sun, storm, or warrior god, also perhaps associated with agriculture. The Greeks equated Sandan with Herakles (Hercules). At Tarsus an annual festival honored Sandan-Herakles, which climaxed when an image of the god was burned on a funeral pyre.
GB97885. Bronze AE 21, BMC Lycaonia p. 180, 111; SNG BnF 1324; SNG Cop 340 var. (different controls); SNG Levante 949 var. (same), aVF, green patina, copper high spots, light earthen deposits, light marks, weight 5.589 g, maximum diameter 21.2 mm, die axis 0o, Tarsos (Tarsus, Mersin, Turkey) mint, c. 95 - 80 B.C.; obverse veiled and turreted head of Tyche right; reverse Sandan cult image standing right on horned and winged animal, on a garlanded base and within a pyramidal pyre surmounted by an eagle, TAPΣEΩN downward on right, KA / MI / monogram (controls) downward in a column on left; from a Norwegian collection; $80.00 (€65.60)


Domitian, 13 September 81 - 18 September 96 A.D., Caesarea, Cappadocia

|Cappadocia|, |Domitian,| |13| |September| |81| |-| |18| |September| |96| |A.D.,| |Caesarea,| |Cappadocia||AE| |17|NEW
Mount Erciyes (Argaios to the Greeks, Argaeus to the Romans) is a massive stratovolcano 25 km to the south of Kayseri (ancient Caesarea) in Turkey. The highest mountain in central Anatolia, with its summit reaching 3,916 meters (12,848 ft). It may have erupted as recently as 253 B.C., as may be depicted on Roman era coins. Strabo wrote that the summit was never free from snow and that those few who ascended it reported seeing both the Black Sea to the north and the Mediterranean Sea to the south in days with a clear sky.
RP97898. Bronze AE 17, RPC II 1686A (1 spec.), Sydenham -, Ganschow -, BMC Galatia -, gVF, green patina, earthen deposits, light corrosion, some light scratches, weight 4.096 g, maximum diameter 17.2 mm, die axis 0o, Cappadocia, Caesarea (Kayseri, Turkey) mint, 95 - 96 A.D.; obverse AYT KAI ∆OMITIANOC CEBACTOC ΓEPMA, laureate head right; reverse KAICAPEIAC (counterclockwise), Mount Argaeus topped with wreath; ET IE (year 15) in exergue; extremely rare, only the second known, from a Norwegian collection; $180.00 (€147.60)


Sardes, Lydia, 2nd - 1st Century B.C.

|Sardes|, |Sardes,| |Lydia,| |2nd| |-| |1st| |Century| |B.C.||AE| |15|NEW
Sardis was the capital of the Kingdom of Lydia, an important city of the Persian Empire, a Roman proconsul seat, and in later Roman and Byzantine times the metropolis of the province Lydia. In the Book of Revelation, Sardis, one of the Seven Churches of Asia, is admonished to be watchful and to strengthen since their works haven't been perfect before God. (Revelation 3:1-6).
GB97899. Bronze AE 15, GRPC Lydia 57; SNG Cop 476; BMC Lydia, p. 238, 14; SNGvA 3125 var. (same); SGCV II 4736, aVF, dark green patina, coppery high spots, light earthen deposits, mild porosity, weight 4.813 g, maximum diameter 15.4 mm, die axis 0o, Sardes (Sart, Turkey) mint, 2nd - 1st century B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo right, long hair; reverse club, ΣAP∆I/ANΩN divided in two flanking lines, all within oak wreath, wreath closed with monogram above, all in a shallow round incuse; from a Norwegian collection; $60.00 (€49.20)


Philomelion, Phrygia, Late 2nd - 1st Century B.C.

|Other| |Phrygia|, |Philomelion,| |Phrygia,| |Late| |2nd| |-| |1st| |Century| |B.C.||AE| |16|NEW
This is only the second specimen of this type known to FORVM. The other specimen, Leu Numismatik web-auction 7 (23 Feb 2019), lot 393, was described as, "Apparently unpublished and unique" and sold for $240 plus fees.
GB97748. Bronze AE 16, Unpublished in primary references; BMC Phrygia -, SNG Cop -, SNGvA -, SNG München -, SNG Tübingen -, HGC 7 -, aF, scratches, earthen deposits, weight 3.820 g, maximum diameter 15.9 mm, die axis 90o, Philomelion (Aksehir, Turkey) mint, late 2nd - 1st century B.C.; obverse horse springing right, dot border; reverse crescent horns upward, ΦIΛO/MH in two lines above and below, all within Dionysiac wreath of ivy and fruit; extremely rare; $150.00 (€123.00)


Seleukid Kingdom, Seleukos I Nikator, 312 - 281 B.C., Sardes, Lydia

|Seleucid| |Kingdom|, |Seleukid| |Kingdom,| |Seleukos| |I| |Nikator,| |312| |-| |281| |B.C.,| |Sardes,| |Lydia||AE| |14|NEW
The Indian humped bull type, along with his well-known anchor symbol, was used only by Nikator. The Indian humped bull on the reverse recalls when Nikator, with only his bare-hands, stopped a similar bull that had broken free while Alexander the Great was sacrificing it at the altar. Seleucus captured Sardes from Lysimachus in 282 B.C. This type has been attributed to Sardes based on find locations.
GY97882. Bronze AE 14, Houghton-Lorber I 6(2)b, Newell WSM 1628, HGC 9 107a (S), SNG Spaer 69 var. (monogram behind bull), SNG Cop 45 var. (same), aVF, green patina, slight porosity, tight flan, weight 2.293 g, maximum diameter 14.3 mm, die axis 270o, Sardes (Sart, Turkey) mint, 282 - 281 B.C.; obverse winged head of Medusa right; reverse humped bull butting right, BAΣIΛEΩΣ (king) above, ΣEΛEYKOY in exergue, monogram between hind legs; scarce; $80.00 (€65.60)


Kalynda, Lycia, 1st Century B.C.

|Lycia|, |Kalynda,| |Lycia,| |1st| |Century| |B.C.||AE| |10|NEW
Kalynda was probably at the boundary of Lycia and Caria; Ptolemy (xxxi, 16) places it in Lycia, Stephanus Byzantius in Caria. Strabo places it 11 km from the sea, west of the Gulf of Glaucus, and east of Caunus. Herodotus indicates its territory bordered Caunus. Kalynda's king, Damasithymos, was an ally of Queen Artemisia I of Caria, and was at the Battle of Artemisium and the Battle of Salamis with a ship on the side of Xerxes. Kalynda was afterwards, as it appears from Polybius, subject to Caunus; but after revolted from Caunus, it placed itself under the protection of the Rhodians. It is mentioned among the cities that struck coins in the Roman period. Its site is located near Kozpinar, Turkey.
GB95175. Bronze AE 10, SNGvA 4292; BMC Lycia p. 48, 7; SNG Cop -, VF, green patina, minor porosity, light marks, earthen deposits, weight 1.046 g, maximum diameter 10.0 mm, die axis 0o, Kalynda (near Kozpinar, Turkey) mint, 1st Century B.C.; obverse draped bust of Artemis right, wearing stephane, bow and quiver over shoulder; reverse stag standing right on ground line, KAΛY in exergue; very rare; $150.00 (€123.00)


Pontic Kingdom, Mithradates VI Eupator, c. 120 - 63 B.C.

|Pontic| |Kingdom|, |Pontic| |Kingdom,| |Mithradates| |VI| |Eupator,| |c.| |120| |-| |63| |B.C.||drachm|NEW
Mithradates VI Megas (the Great) was king of Pontus, c. 119 - 63 B.C. He was of both Greek and Persian origin, claiming descent from both Alexander the Great and King Darius I of Persia. Mithradates is remembered as one of Rome's most formidable and successful enemies, who engaged three of the most prominent generals of the late Roman Republic in the so-called Mithridatic Wars: Sulla, Lucullus, and Pompey the Great. In the eighth month of the Bithynian-Pontic year 202 (May 95 B.C.), Mithradates began placing dates on the reverse of his precious metal coinage. The tetradrachms included the month and year; the drachms only the year. A monogram beside the date likely indicates the magistrate responsible for coinage that year. The monogram used in 95 B.C. and on this coin, , appears to read Theophanes.
SL96009. Silver drachm, SNGvA 6684, Recueil Géneral 10, Suppl. A, pl. 10; Boston MFA 2337; Waddington 132; Callata˙ pl. 1, NGC Ch VF, strike 4/5, surface 1/5 (6155179-006), weight 3.649 g, maximum diameter 19.0 mm, Pergamon (Bergama, Turkey) mint, May - August 95 B.C.; obverse diademed head of Mithradates VI right; reverse stag grazing left, star in crescent with horns up on left, BAΣIΛEΩΣ (king) above, EYΠATOPOS over BΣ (year 202) and Theophanes(?) monogram below stag, all within Dionysiac wreath of ivy with berries; from the Errett Bishop Collection, with NGC certification card, not in a plastic holder (slab), NGC| Lookup; extremely rare, about a dozen known specimens, of which five are in museums; $3000.00 (€2460.00)


Selge, Pisidia, c. 2nd - 1st Century B.C.

|Pisidia|, |Selge,| |Pisidia,| |c.| |2nd| |-| |1st| |Century| |B.C.||chalkous|
Selge, Pisidia on the southern slope of Mount Taurus where the river Eurymedon (Köprücay) forces its way through the mountains, was once the most powerful and populous city of Pisidia. Protected by precipices, torrents, and an army of 20,000 regarded as worthy kinsmen of the Spartans, Selge was never subject to a foreign power until Rome. In the 5th century A.D., Zosimus calls it a little town, but it was still strong enough to repel a body of Goths. The remains of the city consist mainly of parts of the encircling wall and of the acropolis. A few traces have survived of the gymnasium, the stoa, the stadium and the basilica. There are also the outlines of two temples, but the best-conserved monument is the theater, restored in the 3rd century A.D.
GB93765. Bronze chalkous, SNG BnF 1979; SNG Cop 263; SNGvA 5288; SNG PfPs 368; BMC Pisidia p. 262, 47; SGCV II 5491, VF, centered on a tight flan, green patina, earthen deposits, coppery high spots, scratches, weight 2.353 g, maximum diameter 13.0 mm, die axis 180o, Selge (southern slope of Mount Taurus, Turkey) mint, c. 2nd - 1st century B.C.; obverse bearded head of Herakles right, club over left shoulder; reverse winged thunderbolt, arc (bow?) on right, top end of arc ornamented with a stag head, Σ−E−Λ divided low across field; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $60.00 (€49.20)











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