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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Greek Coins| ▸ |Hellenistic Monarchies| ▸ |Macedonian Kingdom||View Options:  |  |  | 

Macedonian Kingdom

Macedonia, also called Macedon, was an ancient kingdom on the periphery of Archaic and Classical Greece, and later the dominant state of Hellenistic Greece. The kingdom was founded and initially ruled by the royal Argead dynasty, which was followed by the Antipatrid and Antigonid dynasties.

Macedonian Kingdom, Nikokreon, King of Salamis, Cyprus, c. 331 - 310 B.C., Alexander the Great Lifetime Issue

|Alexander| |the| |Great|, |Macedonian| |Kingdom,| |Nikokreon,| |King| |of| |Salamis,| |Cyprus,| |c.| |331| |-| |310| |B.C.,| |Alexander| |the| |Great| |Lifetime| |Issue||obol|NEW
Struck in the name of Alexander the Great, by Nikokreon, King of Salamis. Nikokreon succeeded his father, Pnytagoras, who had submitted to Alexander and personally participated in the siege of Tyre. Nikokreon visited Alexander at Tyre where he distinguished himself by furnishing magnificence theatrical exhibitions for the Emperor. After Alexander's death Nikokreon allied with Ptolemy against Antigonus and was rewarded by being placed in control of all Cyprus. This coin was issued during the lifetime and rule of Alexander the Great. Most coins struck in the name of Alexander were issued after his death.
GS110001. Silver obol, apparently unpublished, cf. Price 3141 (hemidrachm), VF, toned, reverse off center, reverse die wear, scattered porosity, light etching, weight 0.625 g, maximum diameter 9.2 mm, die axis 0o, Cyprus, Salamis mint, Alexander lifetime issue, c. 331 - 323 B.C.; obverse head of Herakles right, wearing Nemean Lion skin, scalp over head, forepaws tied at neck; reverse Zeus Atophoros seated to left, nude to waist, himation around hips and legs, right foot forward (lifetime style), eagle right in right hand, long scepter vertical behind in left hand, strung bow left (control symbol) in left field, AΛEΞAN∆POY downward on right; ex Roma e-auction 98 (16 Jun 2022), lot 173; ex inventory of a UK dealer; this is the only specimen of this obol type known to FORVM; extremely rare; $350.00 (364.00) ON RESERVE


Macedonian Kingdom, Philip III Arrhidaeus and Alexander IV, 323 - 317 B.C., In the Name of Alexander the Great

|Macedonian| |Kingdom|, |Macedonian| |Kingdom,| |Philip| |III| |Arrhidaeus| |and| |Alexander| |IV,| |323| |-| |317| |B.C.,| |In| |the| |Name| |of| |Alexander| |the| |Great||drachm|
Struck shortly after Alexander's death during the joint reign of Alexander's mentally disabled half-brother, Philip III, and Alexander's infant son with Roxana, Alexander IV. Kolophon also struck coins during this period in the name of Philip. Traditionally coins naming Alexander have been attributed to Alexander III the Great, but undoubtedly the Alexander named on this coin was the infant son of Roxana, Alexander IV. The two were made joint kings by Alexander's generals who only intended to use them as pawns. Philip III was imprisoned upon his return to Macedonia, and in 317 B.C. he was executed under orders from Olympias. Olympias was Alexander the Great's mother and Alexander IV's grandmother, but not Philip III's mother. Alexander IV and his mother Roxana were executed by the boy's regent, Kassander, in 311 B.C. The ruins of Kolophon are south of the town Degirmendere Fev in the Menderes district of Izmir Province, Turkey.
GS98704. Silver drachm, Price 1750, Mller Alexander 313, HGC 3.1 944c, SNG Cop -, aVF, bumps and scratches, tight flan, weight 4.164 g, maximum diameter 16.7 mm, die axis 0o, Ionia, Kolophon (near Degirmendere Fev, Turkey) mint, c. 323 - 319 B.C.; obverse head of Herakles right, wearing Nemean Lion skin, scalp over head, forepaws tied at neck; reverse Zeus Atophoros seated left on throne without back, nude to waist, himation around hips and legs, feet on footstool, right leg drawn back, eagle in extended right hand, long scepter vertical behind in left hand, barley grain kernel left, spear head upright right, AΛEΞAN∆POY downward on right; ex Pars Coins; $225.00 SALE PRICE $203.00


Macedonian Kingdom, Antigonos II Gonatas, 277 - 239 B.C.

|Macedonian| |Kingdom|, |Macedonian| |Kingdom,| |Antigonos| |II| |Gonatas,| |277| |-| |239| |B.C.||AE| |22|
Antigonus was cunning, patient and persistent, preferring political rather than military solutions. In contrast to his father Demetrius and neighbor Pyrrhus, who aimed higher and fell lower, Antigonus achieved a measure of mediocre security. He cultivated the arts, gathering distinguished philosophers, poets, and historians, and he gained the affection of his subjects by his honesty.
GB99415. Bronze AE 22, cf. SNG Mnchen 1092, SNG Alpha Bank 1017, SNG Cop 1205, McClean 3603, HGC 3.1 1049, VF, glossy green patina, overstruck with uncertain undertype, corrosion, scratches, weight 5.694 g, maximum diameter 22.2 mm, die axis 270o, uncertain Macedonian mint, 277 - 239 B.C.; obverse head of Athena right, wearing crested Corinthian helmet; reverse Pan advancing right, erecting trophy of captured Galatian arms, B-A (BAσιλεως - king) high across field, Macedonian helmet with wings crest and ear flaps (control) left, ANTI monogram between legs, uncertain control symbol (lagobolon?) right; $100.00 SALE PRICE $90.00


Macedonian Kingdom, Demetrios I Poliorketes, 306 - 283 B.C.

|Macedonian| |Kingdom|, |Macedonian| |Kingdom,| |Demetrios| |I| |Poliorketes,| |306| |-| |283| |B.C.||AE| |12|
Demetrius I Poliorketes (The Besieger), son of Antigonus I Monophthalmus, was given the title king by his father in 306 B.C. after he defeated Ptolemy I at the Battle of Salamis. In 294 he seized the throne of Macedonia by murdering Alexander V. The combined forces of Pyrrhus, Ptolemy and Lysimachus, forced him out of Macedonia in 288. Abandoned by his troops on the field of battle he surrendered to Seleucus in 286 and died in captivity in 283 B.C.
GB99391. Bronze AE 12, HGC 3 1031 (R2); Newell 62 var. (control); AMNG III p. 181, 7 var. (control); SNG Cop -; SNG Alpha Bank -, VF, obverse off center, weight 2.013 g, maximum diameter 11.5 mm, die axis 180o, uncertain western Anatolian mint, c. 298 - 295 B.C.; obverse prow of war galley left, Athena on deck standing left blowing trumpet and holding stylis; reverse Poseidon Pelagaios standing left, brandishing trident with right hand, nude but for chlamys draped over extended left arm, B-A (BAσιλεως - king) divided low across field (off flan), monogram (control) right; very rare; $90.00 SALE PRICE $81.00







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REFERENCES|

Arena, V. "New Acquisitions at the British Museum: additions to Price, Alexander, and the 1870 Larnaca Hoard" in NC 2003.
Bellinger, A. "Philippi in Macedonia" in ANSMN 11 (1964).
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Gaebler, H. Die antiken Mnzen von Makedonia und Paionia, Die antiken Mnzen Nord-Griechenlands Vol. III. (Berlin, 1935).
Head, B. British Museum Catalogue of Greek Coins, Macedonia, etc. (London, 1879).
Hersh, C. "Additions and Corrections to Martin J. Price's 'The Coinage in the name of Alexander the Great and Philip Arrhidaeus'" in Studies Price.
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Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Austria, Klagenfurt, Landesmuseum fr Krnten, Sammlung Dreer. Part 3: Thracien-Macedonien-Ponien. (Klagenfurt, 1984).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Vol. 2: Macedonia and Thrace. (West Milford, NJ, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Deutschland, Mnchen Staatlische Mnzsammlung, Makedonien - Knige, 10/11 Heft. (Berlin, 2001).
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Taylor, L. "On the Reattribution of some Byblos Alexanders to Arados II" in AJN 32 (2020), pp. 31 - 92, pl. 1 - 15.
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