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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Greek Coins| ▸ |Hellenistic Monarchies| ▸ |Macedonian Kingdom||View Options:  |  |  |   

Macedonian Kingdom

Macedonia, also called Macedon, was an ancient kingdom on the periphery of Archaic and Classical Greece, and later the dominant state of Hellenistic Greece. The kingdom was founded and initially ruled by the royal Argead dynasty, which was followed by the Antipatrid and Antigonid dynasties.

Macedonian Kingdom, Alexander the Great, 336 - 323 B.C.

|Alexander| |the| |Great|, |Macedonian| |Kingdom,| |Alexander| |the| |Great,| |336| |-| |323| |B.C.||tetradrachm|NEW
Lifetime or very early posthumous issue struck under Menes or Laomedon.
GS113426. Silver tetradrachm, Price 3332, Mller Alexander 1370, Duyrat series 11, SNG Cop 802, SNG Mn 735, SNG Fitz 2162, SNG Alpha Bank 675, SNG Ash 2991, SNG Saroglos 579, Choice gVF, superb style in sculptural high relief, excellent centering, attractive toning, flow lines, bumps and marks, weight 17.147 g, maximum diameter 27.3 mm, die axis 180o, Phoenicia, Arados (Arwad, Syria) mint, c. 324 - 320 B.C.; obverse head of Herakles right, wearing Nemean Lion skin, scalp over head, forepaws tied at neck; reverse Zeus Atophoros enthroned left, right leg forward (archaic lifetime style), eagle in extended right hand, long scepter vertical behind in left hand, long lotus tipped scepter vertical behind in left, kerykeion left, A over P monogram under throne, AΛΕΞANΔPOY downward behind, BAΣIΛΕΩΣ in exergue; from the PS Collection, ex Musa Numismatic Arts, ex Stacks Coin Galleries 908 (10 Sep 2008), lot 53; ex Spink Numismatic Circular (Jan 1948); $1500.00 (1380.00)


Judah (Yehud), Macedonian Rule, Hezekiah, 332 - 302 B.C.

|Greek| |Domination|, |Judah| |(Yehud),| |Macedonian| |Rule,| |Hezekiah,| |332| |-| |302| |B.C.||half| |ma'ha| |(1/48| |shekel)|
This type was at first struck with a Chimera head right on the obverse. The die was increasingly worn until the Chimera head became an egg-shaped lump. On this coin the obverse is so weakly struck that the obverse appears to be blank with the "egg" barely visible.
JD111395. Silver half ma'ha (1/48 shekel), Menorah Coin Project YHD 31 dies O1/R1; Hendin 6075c (RR); Meshorer TJC 27a; HGC 10 448 (R2), aF, tight flan, toned, scratches, weight 0.285 g, maximum diameter 7.17 mm, die axis 0o, Jerusalem mint, c. 306 - 305 B.C.; obverse egg-shape (very weak); reverse Aramaic inscription: YHWDH, duck standing right, head turned back left; very rare; $320.00 (294.40)


Macedonian Kingdom, Alexander the Great, 336 - 323 B.C., Tyre, Phoenicia, Lifetime Issue

|Alexander| |the| |Great|, |Macedonian| |Kingdom,| |Alexander| |the| |Great,| |336| |-| |323| |B.C.,| |Tyre,| |Phoenicia,| |Lifetime| |Issue||obol|
After the battle of Issos, Alexander determined to seize the Phoenician coast and eliminate the threat of the Phoenician warships which had served Persia. He asked King Azemilkos of Tyre to allow him to enter the city to sacrifice to the god Melqart. After Azemilkos refused to make this act of submission, in January 332 B.C., Alexander besieged Tyre. The city was taken, after great violence, in September.
GS110745. Silver obol, Price 3253, Newell Ake 15, SNG Cop 1011, Cohen DCA 741, HGC 10 6, gVF, toned, off center, scratch, weight 0.578 g, maximum diameter 10.1 mm, die axis 180o, Phoenicia, Tyre (Lebanon) mint, struck under Menes, 329 - 328 B.C.; obverse head of Herakles right, wearing Nemean Lion skin, scalp over head, forepaws tied at neck; reverse Zeus Atophoros enthroned left, nude to the waist, himation around hips and legs, eagle in extended right hand, long scepter vertical behind in left hand, right leg forward (archaic lifetime style), AΛEΞANΔPOY downward on right, Phoenician lower left: AK over 21 ([regnal year] 21 of Azemilkos [King of Tyre]); $125.00 (115.00)


Macedonian Kingdom, Philip III Arrhidaeus and Alexander IV, 323 - 317 B.C.

|Macedonian| |Kingdom|, |Macedonian| |Kingdom,| |Philip| |III| |Arrhidaeus| |and| |Alexander| |IV,| |323| |-| |317| |B.C.||drachm|
This coin was struck shortly after the death of Alexander the Great in the name of his infant son, Alexander IV. Alexander IV and Philip III, Alexander's brother, were made joint kings after Alexander's death. Sardes struck coins in the names of both kings. Alexander IV was an infant and Philip was mentally disabled, neither king was capable of actual rule and both were selected only to serve as pawns. The regents held power. Philip III was actually imprisoned. In 317, Olympias had Philip murdered to ensure sole rule by her grandson Alexander IV. But Alexander IV would never rule. In 311 B.C., he and his mother Roxana were executed by the regent Kassander.
GS112776. Silver drachm, Price 2601; ADM I Sardes XIII, 191; Mller Alexander -, F, toned, marks, scratches, die wear, tiny edge chips, weight 3.937 g, maximum diameter 16.3 mm, die axis 0o, Lydia, Sardes (Sart, Turkey) mint, struck under Menander, c. 323 - 322 B.C.; obverse head of Herakles right, wearing Nemean Lion skin, scalp over head, forepaws tied at neck; reverse Zeus Atophoros seated left on throne without back, nude to the waist, himation around hips and legs, right foot forward (Alexander the Great lifetime style), eagle in extended right hand, long scepter vertical behind in left hand, AΛΕΞANΔPOY downward on right, monogram left, torch in exergue; $110.00 (101.20)


Macedonian Kingdom, Lysimachos, as Satrap of Thrace, 323 - 305 B.C., Struck by Kassander

|Macedonia|, |Macedonian| |Kingdom,| |Lysimachos,| |as| |Satrap| |of| |Thrace,| |323| |-| |305| |B.C.,| |Struck| |by| |Kassander||unit|NEW
This type was likely struck by Kassander at Amphipolis for Lysimachos, perhaps while Lysimachos was battling the Thracian tribes. With the support of Antigonus, Ptolemy, and Lysimachus, Kassander defeated Polyperchon, and declared himself the Macedonian regent in 317 B.C. Lysimachos was satrap in Thrace and some adjoining territory, an area without a royal mint. Lysimachos and Kassander were related by marriage and bound by mutual trust, respect, and unwavering friendship. Kassander likely supplied the bulk of Lysimachos monetary needs, perhaps even until Lysimacus gained control of mints in Anatolia after Ipsus.
GB112855. Bronze unit, Price p. 133, P4; SNG ANS 998; Thompson 2 (Lysimachia mint, 306 - 300 B.C.); SNG Alpha Bank -; SNG Cop -, F, nice green patina, corrosion, weight 5,562 g, maximum diameter 18.3 mm, die axis 315o, Amphipolis mint, c. 317 - 305 B.C.; obverse head of Apollo right, wearing taenia; reverse ΦIΛIΠΠOY, young male rider galloping right, ΛY to the left of lion forepart right below; scarce; $110.00 (101.20)


Macedonian Kingdom, Lysimachos, as Satrap of Thrace, 323 - 305 B.C., Struck by Kassander

|Macedonian| |Kingdom|, |Macedonian| |Kingdom,| |Lysimachos,| |as| |Satrap| |of| |Thrace,| |323| |-| |305| |B.C.,| |Struck| |by| |Kassander||unit|NEW
This type was likely struck by Kassander at Amphipolis for Lysimachos, perhaps while Lysimachos was battling the Thracian tribes. With the support of Antigonus, Ptolemy, and Lysimachus, Kassander defeated Polyperchon, and declared himself the Macedonian regent in 317 B.C. Lysimachos was satrap in Thrace and some adjoining territory, an area without a royal mint. Lysimachos and Kassander were related by marriage and bound by mutual trust, respect, and unwavering friendship. Kassander likely supplied the bulk of Lysimachos monetary needs, perhaps even until Lysimacus gained control of mints in Anatolia after Ipsus.
GB112982. Bronze unit, Price p. 133, P4; SNG ANS 998; Thompson 2 (Lysimachia mint, 306 - 300 B.C.); SNG Alpha Bank -; SNG Cop -, gF, green patina, spots of corrosion, weight 5.202 g, maximum diameter 17.7 mm, die axis 125o, Amphipolis mint, c. 317 - 305 B.C.; obverse head of Apollo right, wearing taenia; reverse ΦIΛIΠΠOY, young male rider galloping right, holding palm branch; bow lower left, ΛY to the left of lion forepart right below; scarce; $110.00 (101.20)


Macedonian Kingdom, Alexander the Great, 336 - 323 B.C., Kition, Cyprus

|Alexander| |the| |Great|, |Macedonian| |Kingdom,| |Alexander| |the| |Great,| |336| |-| |323| |B.C.,| |Kition,| |Cyprus||quarter| |unit|
Kition, also known by its Latin name Citium, was a city-kingdom on the southern coast of Cyprus (present-day Larnaca). According to local tradition, it was established in the 13th century B.C. by Greek (Achaean) settlers, after the Trojan war. Its most famous resident was Zeno of Citium, born c. 334 B.C. in Citium and founder of the Stoic school of philosophy which he taught in Athens from about 300 B.C.
GB111031. Bronze quarter unit, Price 3111A; cf. Tziambazis 6 (full unit); BMC Cyprus -, VF, glossy green patina, tight flan, weight 1.289 g, maximum diameter 11.4 mm, die axis 180o, Kition (Larnaca, Cyprus) mint, c. 325 - 320 B.C.; obverse head of Herakles right, wearing Nemean Lion skin, scalp over head, forepaws tied at neck; reverse bow and quiver on left, AΛEΞANΔPOY downward in center, knobby club with handle up on right, uncertain device outer left; very rare; $100.00 (92.00)


Macedonian Kingdom, Philip III Arrhidaeus and Alexander IV, 323 - 317 B.C.

|Macedonian| |Kingdom|, |Macedonian| |Kingdom,| |Philip| |III| |Arrhidaeus| |and| |Alexander| |IV,| |323| |-| |317| |B.C.||1/2| |unit|
Struck in the name of King Philip III Arrhidaeus, Alexander the Great's half-brother, under the regent Perdikkas. Philip III and Alexander's infant son, Alexander IV, were made joint kings after Alexander's death. Philip was the bastard son of Philip II and a dancer, Philinna of Larissa. Alexander the Great's mother, Olympias, allegedly poisoned her stepson Philip III as a child, leaving him mentally disabled, eliminating him as a rival to Alexander. Neither Philip III nor Alexander IV was capable of actual rule and both were selected only to serve as pawns. The regents held power, while Philip III was actually imprisoned. In 317, Philip was murdered by Olympias to ensure the succession of her grandson.
GB111207. Bronze 1/2 unit, Price 2072, VF, green patina, earthen deposits, some corrosion, light scrape on rev., weight 3.655 g, maximum diameter 14.0 mm, perhaps Miletos (near Balat, Turkey) mint, struck under Asandros, c. 323 - 319 B.C.; obverse Macedonian shield, pellet at boss center with three rings around, with five crescents around,; reverse crested Macedonian officer's helmet facing, with ear flaps, stalk of grain lower left, K lower right; from the Michael Arslan Collection; $100.00 (92.00)


Macedonian Kingdom, Lysimachos, as Satrap of Thrace, 323 - 305 B.C., Struck by Kassander

|Macedonian| |Kingdom|, |Macedonian| |Kingdom,| |Lysimachos,| |as| |Satrap| |of| |Thrace,| |323| |-| |305| |B.C.,| |Struck| |by| |Kassander||AE| |18|
This type was likely struck by Kassander at Amphipolis for Lysimachos, perhaps while Lysimachos was battling the Thracian tribes. With the support of Antigonus, Ptolemy, and Lysimachus, Kassander defeated Polyperchon, and declared himself the Macedonian regent in 317 B.C. Lysimachos was satrap in Thrace and some adjoining territory, an area without a royal mint. Lysimachos and Kassander were related by marriage and bound by mutual trust, respect, and unwavering friendship. Kassander likely supplied the bulk of Lysimachos monetary needs, perhaps even until Lysimacus gained control of mints in Anatolia after Ipsus.
GB111744. Bronze AE 18, Price p. 133, P4; SNG ANS 998; Thompson 2 (Lysimachia mint, 306 - 300 B.C.); SNG Alpha Bank -; SNG Cop -, F, dark patina, light earthen deposits, scratches, pitting, weight 6.359 g, maximum diameter 18.1 mm, die axis 90o, Macedonia, Amphipolis mint, c. 317 - 305 B.C.; obverse diademed head of Apollo right; reverse ΦIΛIΠΠOY, nude horseman cantering right, ΛY lower left, lion forepart right below; scarce; $80.00 (73.60)


Macedonian Kingdom, Kassander, c. 319 - 297 B.C.

|Macedonian| |Kingdom|, |Macedonian| |Kingdom,| |Kassander,| |c.| |319| |-| |297| |B.C.||AE| |20|
Antipater's son but not his heir, Kassander seized power in 317 B.C. He had no intention of surrendering rule to Alexander's son, who was to be king when he came of age. In 311 B.C., Kassander had Alexander's young son and the boy's mother, Roxane, murdered. In 305 B.C., he declared himself king of Macedonia. Kassander restored peace and prosperity to the kingdom, while founding or restoring numerous cities (including Thessalonica, Cassandreia, and Thebes). He was, however, so ambitious, unscrupulous, and ruthlessness that even members of his own family were estranged from him.
GB111746. Bronze AE 20, cf. SNG Alpha Bank 923 (monogram), SNG Cop 1142 ff. var. (various control symbols), F, green patina, weight 6.289 g, maximum diameter 20.4 mm, die axis 180o, Pella or Amphipolis mint, 305 - 297 B.C.; obverse head of Herakles right, clad in Nemean lion scalp headdress tied at neck; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ KAΣΣANΔPOY, horseman riding right, arm raised, ΔI on right, monogram below; $80.00 (73.60)




  



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REFERENCES

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