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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |The Late Empire| ▸ |Leo I||View Options:  |  |  | 

Leo I, 7 February 457 - 18 January 474 A.D.

Leo I, a native of Dacia, assumed the purple after the death of Marcian in 457 A.D. Leo came to the throne at a time when the Eastern Roman army was made up almost entirely of Germans, and it is through the efforts of Leo that the powerful German military faction's influence was destroyed. After being struck down by illness, he raised his infant grandson to the purple, then died shortly after.

Eastern Roman Empire, Leo I (and Leo II?), 18 Nov 473 - Nov 474 A.D.

|Leo| |I|, |Eastern| |Roman| |Empire,| |Leo| |I| |(and| |Leo| |II?),| |18| |Nov| |473| |-| |Nov| |474| |A.D.||bulla| |(tag| |seal)|
Leo II was Roman emperor for about one year, from 18 Nov 473 to Nov 474 A.D., when he was a child aged six or seven. He was the son of Zeno, the Isaurian general and future emperor, and Ariadne, a daughter of the emperor Leo I, who ruled the eastern Roman empire. Leo II was made co-emperor with his grandfather Leo I on 18 November 473, and became sole emperor on 18 January 474 after Leo I died of dysentery. His father Zeno was made co-emperor by the Byzantine Senate on 9 February and they co-ruled for a short time before Leo II died in November 474.
BZ85466. Lead bulla (tag seal), aVF, weight 2.229 g, maximum diameter 12.1 mm, die axis 45o, obverse two facing busts, cross above center; reverse monogram of Leo I (as seen on reverse of his bronze nummi, RIC X 681 - 693); $135.00 SALE PRICE $122.00


|Leo| |I|, |Leo| |I,| |7| |February| |457| |-| |18| |January| |474| |A.D.||solidus|
RIC X divides this type into two phases. The earlier phase (457 - 468) is distinguished by an angular form of the letter G and the spear usually pointing between the second P and E of PERPET. The later phase (468 - 473) the G's are rounded and the spear usually points between the E and T.
SH87295. Gold solidus, DOCLR 525, Hunter V 6, Tolstoi 8, Ratto 245, RIC X 605, Depeyrot 93/1, SRCV V 21404, Choice EF, well centered on a broad flan, nearly as struck with much mint luster, radiating flow lines, weight 4.425 g, maximum diameter 19.9 mm, die axis 0o, 6th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, early phase 457 - 468 A.D.; obverse D N LEO PERPET AVG, pearl-diademed, helmeted and cuirassed bust facing, spear in right over shoulder, shield on left decorated with horseman; reverse VICTORIA AVGGG S (victory of the three emperors, 6th officina), Victory half left supporting long jeweled cross, star right, CONOB in exergue; ex Dutch Numismatic Auction, auction 1, lot 485; SOLD


|Leo| |I|, |Leo| |I,| |7| |February| |457| |-| |18| |January| |474| |A.D.||solidus|
In 462, the statue of Zeus, which had been moved from Olympia to Constantinople, was destroyed by a fire.
SH98709. Gold solidus, DOCLR 521, Hunter V 5, Tolstoi 6, Ratto 243, RIC X 605 (S), Depeyrot 93/1, SRCV V 21404, Choice aEF, well centered on a broad flan, flow lines, weight 4.331 g, maximum diameter 20.0 mm, die axis 180o, 4th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, early phase, 457 - 468 A.D.; obverse D N LEO PERPET AVG, pearl-diademed, helmeted, and cuirassed bust facing, spear in right hand over right shoulder, shield on left arm decorated with horseman spearing a prone enemy; reverse VICTORIA AVGGG ∆ (victory of the three emperors, 4th officina), Victory standing half left, head left, supporting long jeweled cross, star right, CONOB in exergue; SOLD







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OBVERSE| LEGENDS|

DNLEOPERPETAV
DNLEOPERPETAVG
DNLEOPERPETVVSAVG
DNLEOPFAVG


REFERENCES|

Carson, R., P. Hill & J. Kent. Late Roman Bronze Coinage. (London, 1960).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappes sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 8: Nepotian to Romulus Augustus, plus tesserae & cotorniates. (Paris, 1888).
Depeyrot, G. Les monnaies d'or de Constantin II Zenon (337-491). Moneta 5. (Wetteren, 1996).
Grierson, P. & M. Mays. Catalogue of Late Roman Coins in the Dumbarton Oaks Collection. (Washington D.C., 1992).
Hahn, W. Moneta Imperii Romani-Byzantinii. (Vienna, 1989).
Kent, J. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol. X, The Divided Empire and the Fall of the Western Parts, AD 395 - 491. (London, 1994).
King, C. & D. Sear. Roman Silver Coins, Vol. V, Carausius to Romulus Augustus. (London, 1987).
Ranieri, E. La monetazione di Ravenna antica dal V all' VIII secolo: impero romano e bizantino, regno ostrogoto e langobardo. (Bologna, 2006).
Ratto, R. Monnaies Byzantines et d'autre Pays contemporaines l'poque byzantine. (Lugano, 1930).
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. V. Diocletian (Reform) to Zeno. (Oxford, 1982).
Sear, D. Roman Coins and Their Values, Vol. V: The Christian Empire...Constantine II to Zeno, AD 337 - 491. (London, 2014).
Tolstoi, I. Monnaies byzantines. (St. Petersburg, 1913 - 14).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).

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