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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |The Late Empire| ▸ |Arcadius||View Options:  |  |  | 

Arcadius, 19 January 383 - 1 May 408 A.D.

Flavius Arcadius was the son of Theodosius I and Aelia Flaccilla. Born in 377 A.D., Arcadius was raised to the rank of Augustus by his father at the age of six. Upon the death of Theodosius in 395 A.D., Arcadius was given the Eastern half of the Roman empire while his brother Honorius received the Western half. Arcadius inherited none of his great father's skills and was under the influence of variously Rufinus the Praetorian prefect, Eutropius a courtier eunuch, the Goth Gainas, Empress Eudoxia and another Praetorian prefect Anthemius. His greatest personal accomplishment in life was his beautiful handwriting. Arcadius died in 408 A.D. and was succeeded by his young son Theodosius II. The Roman Empire 395 AD

|Arcadius|, |Arcadius,| |19| |January| |383| |-| |1| |May| |408| |A.D.||maiorina|NEW
The hand of God offering the diadem asserts that Arcadius derived the right to rule directly from the will of God. He claimed the divine right of kings, the political and religious doctrine that royal legitimacy was God's mandate.
RL112899. Bronze maiorina, RIC IX Antioch 41(a)2, SRCV V 20788, DOCLR 38, Tolstoi 84, LRBC II -, Ratto -, Choice VF, well centered, nice dark green patina, slightest porosity, tiny edge cracks, weight 5.028 g, maximum diameter 22.9 mm, die axis 180o, 6th officina, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, c. 19 Jan 383 - 386 A.D.; obverse D N ARCADIVS P F AVG, pearl diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right, spear left in right hand, shield on left arm, hand of God above offering diadem; reverse GLORIA ROMANORVM (glory of the Romans), Emperor standing facing, head left, diademed and wearing military garb, labarum in right hand, resting left hand on grounded shield at side, captive on left kneeling facing with hands bound behind and looking at emperor, cross above captive left, *ANTS in exergue; $100.00 SALE PRICE $90.00 ON RESERVE


|Arcadius|, |Honorius,| |23| |January| |393| |-| |15| |August| |423| |A.D.||centenionalis|NEW
The three emperors are Arcadius, Honorius and Theodosius II. Theodosius II, Arcadius' son, is the smaller junior emperor in the center.
RL112902. Bronze centenionalis, DOCLR 772 (also 1st officina), RIC X Arcadius 149, LRBC II 2591, SRCV V 21010, Cohen VIII 28, Hunter V -, Choice VF, well centered, green patina, small edge splits/cracks, weight 2.163 g, maximum diameter 17.8 mm, die axis 210o, 1st officina, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, obverse D N HONORI-VS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right, star left; reverse GLORIA ROMANORVM (glory of the Romans), three emperors stand facing, two outermost taller with heads toward center holding spear and hand on shield, center holds spear in right and globe in left hand, SMKA in exergue; $90.00 SALE PRICE $81.00


|Arcadius|, |Arcadius,| |19| |January| |383| |-| |1| |May| |408| |A.D.||solidus|
In 402, Germanic settlers laid siege to Milan. Honorius transferred the capital of the Western Empire from Milan to Ravenna. General Stilicho recalled troops from the frontiers of the Empire to defend Italy. On April 6 he defeated the Visigoths at the Battle of Pollentia. The Visigoths left Italy for Illyricum after Stilicho defeated them at the Battle of Verona in June 403.
SH110673. Gold solidus, RIC IX p. 84, 35(b) & RIC X Honorius p. 318, 1205(a); DOCLR 265; Depeyrot p. 171, 16/1; Hunter V p. 467, 8; SRCV V 20724, Choice EF, well centered and struck, flow lines, light scratches/bumps, weight 4.456 g, maximum diameter 21.4 mm, die axis 180o, Mediolanum (Milan, Italy) mint, 395 - 402 A.D.; obverse D N ARCADIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse VICTORIA AVGGG (victory of the three emperors), Arcadius standing right, wearing military garb, standard in right hand, Victory on globe offering wreath in left hand, left foot treading on thigh of bound bearded captive seated on the ground left with legs crossed, M left, D right, COMOB in exergue; SOLD


|Arcadius|, |Arcadius,| |19| |January| |383| |-| |1| |May| |408| |A.D.||solidus|
In 400, the Great Palace in Constantinople was burned to the ground in riots. In the chaos, the Gothic leader Gainas attempted to evacuate his soldiers out of the city but 7,000 armed Goths were trapped and killed by order of Arcadius. After the massacre, Gainas escaped across the Hellespont, but his rag-tag ad hoc fleet was destroyed by Fravitta, a Gothic chieftain in imperial service. In winter, Gainas led his remaining Goths back to their homeland across the Danube where they were attacked and killed by the Huns. Uldin, the Hun chieftain, sent Gainas' head to Arcadius as a gift.
SH37579. Gold solidus, RIC X Arcadius 7 (S), Depeyrot 55/1, SRCV V 20706, DOCLR 207- 217 var. (none from 4th officina), Hunter V 33 - 34 var. (same), VF, scratch in obverse field, weight 4.402 g, maximum diameter 20.2 mm, die axis 180o, 4th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 397 - 402 A.D.; obverse D N ARCADIVS P F AVG, helmeted bust facing, pearl diademed, cuirassed, spear in right over shoulder, shield on left arm decorated with a horseman riding down and spearing a fallen enemy; reverse CONCORDIA AVGG Δ (harmony between the two emperors, 4th officina), Constantinopolis enthroned facing, long scepter in right hand, Victory on globe offering wreath in left hand, right leg bare, right foot on prow, CONOB in exergue; ex CNG 173, lot: 524 (sold for $957 plus fees); ex Alain Lagrange Collection; scarce; SOLD







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REFERENCES|

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Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. V. Diocletian (Reform) to Zeno. (Oxford, 1982).
Paolucci, R. & A. Zub. La monetazione di Aquileia Romana. (Padova, 2000).
Ranieri, E. La monetazione di Ravenna antica dal V all' VIII secolo: impero romano e bizantino, regno ostrogoto e langobardo. (Bologna, 2006).
Sear, D.R. Roman Coins and Their Values, Vol. V: The Christian Empire...Constantine II to Zeno, AD 337 - 491. (London, 2014).
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