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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |The Late Empire||View Options:  |  |  | 

Coins of the Late Roman Empire
Aelia Flaccilla, Augusta 19 January 379 - 386 A.D., Wife of Theodosius I

|Aelia| |Flaccilla|, |Aelia| |Flaccilla,| |Augusta| |19| |January| |379| |-| |386| |A.D.,| |Wife| |of| |Theodosius| |I||maiorina|
On the throne Aelia Flaccilla was a shining example of Christian virtue and ardent charity. St. Ambrose describes her as "a soul true to God." Theodoret in particular exalts her humility, charity and benevolence (Church History V.19, ed. Valesius, III, 192 sq.). He tells us how she personally tended the disabled, and quotes a saying of hers: "To distribute money belongs to the imperial dignity, but I offer up for the imperial dignity itself personal service to the Giver." Aelia Flaccilla is commemorated as a saint by the Eastern Orthodox Church; her feast day is 14 September.
SL94885. Bronze maiorina, RIC IX 82.1 (S) var. (only 5th officina listed), LRBC II 2170 var. (same), SRCV V 20618 var. (same), Cohen VIII 6, NGC XF, strike 4/5, surface 3/5, repatinated (6555578-003), weight 4.216 g, maximum diameter 24.1 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, c. 25 Aug 383 - 386 A.D.; obverse AEL FLACCILLA AVG, diademed and draped bust right; reverse SALVS REIPVBLICAE (health of the Republic), empress standing facing, head right, arms folded on breast, CONSB in exergue; NGC| Lookup; scarce; $160.00 SALE PRICE $144.00


Eudoxia, Augusta 9 January 400 - Early October 404 A.D., Wife of Arcadius

|Eudoxia|, |Eudoxia,| |Augusta| |9| |January| |400| |-| |Early| |October| |404| |A.D.,| |Wife| |of| |Arcadius||centenionalis|
The Christogram (also called a Monogramma Christi or Chrismon) is a ligature of Chi (X) and Rho (P), the first two letters of Christ in Greek. It was among the earliest symbols of Christianity. The crucifix was rarely used in early Christian iconography, perhaps because most people then had personally witnessed its gruesome use for public execution.
RL110194. Bronze centenionalis, Hunter V 4 (also 3rd officina), RIC X Arcadius 104 (S), LRBC II 2800, DOCLR 288, SRCV V 20895, VF, dark green patina, earthen encrustation, weight 3.216 g, maximum diameter 16.5 mm, die axis 135o, 3rd officina, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 401 - 403 A.D.; obverse AEL EVDOXIA AVG, diademed and draped bust right with hand of God holding wreath over her head; reverse SALVS REIPVBLICAE (health of the Republic), Victory seated right on cuirass, inscribing Christogram on shield resting on cippus, ANTΓ in exergue; scarce; $90.00 SALE PRICE $81.00


Tyre, Phoenicia, 104 - 105 A.D.

|Phoenicia|, |Tyre,| |Phoenicia,| |104| |-| |105| |A.D.||AE| |12|NEW
Astarte, called "Ashtroth" in Scripture, was the favorite goddess of the Sidonians, Tyrians, Philistines, and Syro-Phoenicians generally. She was associated with the Greek Aphrodite and Roman Venus Genetrix, being believed by the ancients to be the goddess of generation, as well as of beauty. Astarte was chiefly worshiped and appears on the coins of Berytus, Bostra, Sidon, and Tyre. Her image is of a young woman, wearing a tall headdress; and clothed in a tunic, high in the neck- sometimes, not reaching lower than the knees, or sometimes with a longer dress, but with one knee exposed, and one foot planted on a galley's prow.
RP110571. Bronze AE 12, RPC Online III 3883; Rouvier 2251; BMC Phoenicia p. 260, 305; SNG Cop 356; Baramki AUB 169, VF, black patina, reverse off center, porosity, light corrosion, weight 1.768 g, maximum diameter 12.3 mm, die axis 0o, Tyre (Lebanon) mint, 104 - 105 A.D.; obverse turreted and veiled head of Tyche right, palm frond behind; reverse Astarte standing left on galley left, turreted, wreath in right hand, transverse cruciform scepter in left, volute on prow, aphlaston at stern, ΛΣ (year 230) above galley left, (metropolis Tyre monogram) above galley right, Phoenician inscription "of Tyre" in exergue; $90.00 SALE PRICE $81.00


Roman, Conical Lead Seal, Late 4th - Early 5th Century A.D.

|Seals|, |Roman,| |Conical| |Lead| |Seal,| |Late| |4th| |-| |Early| |5th| |Century| |A.D.||bulla| |(tag| |seal)|
Most likely an imperial seal with a senior Augustus between two junior Augusti, perhaps Theodosius I with Arcadius and Honorius (393 - 395). The similar but smaller Boersema-Dalzell 142 (4.6g) attributed to Arcadius, Honorius and Theodosius II (402 - 408) has DDD NNN above the busts, abbreviating Dominorum Nostrorum (meaning, in this instance, our three lords).
AR83656. Lead bulla (tag seal), cf. Boersema-Dalzell 142 (4.6g), Leukel (1995) 118 - 121, aVF, weight 9.238 g, maximum diameter 19.0 mm, late 4th - early 5th century A.D.; obverse laureate and draped bust of emperor facing between two smaller laureate and draped busts turned facing center and seen in profile (Theodosius I with Arcadius and Honorius?), possibly DDD NNN above; reverse domed cylindrical back with hole and channel for cord; $70.00 SALE PRICE $63.00


Flavius Victor, c. 387 - 28 July 388 A.D.

|Flavius| |Victor|, |Flavius| |Victor,| |c.| |387| |-| |28| |July| |388| |A.D.||half| |centenionalis|
Flavius Victor was the son of usurper Magnus Maximus. He may have been made Augustus as an infant. Although he appears as an adult, he was likely only four or five years old when his coins were struck. After his father's death, he was executed by the barbarian general Arbogastes.
MA96591. Bronze half centenionalis, cf. RIC IX Aquileia 55(b)1 (S), Paolucci-Zub 804 (R), LRBC II 1104, SRCV V 20675, Cohen VIII 3, aF, edge chip, weight 0.907 g, maximum diameter 13.6 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina(?), Aquileia mint, c. 387 - 28 Jul 388 A.D.; obverse D N FL VICTOR P F AVG, pearl diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse SPES ROMANORVM, camp gate with star between two turrets, SMAQ[P?] in exergue; scarce; $60.00 SALE PRICE $54.00


Arcadius, 19 January 383 - 1 May 408 A.D.

|Arcadius|, |Arcadius,| |19| |January| |383| |-| |1| |May| |408| |A.D.||centenionalis|
In 400, the Great Palace in Constantinople was burned to the ground in riots. In the chaos, the Gothic leader Gainas attempted to evacuate his soldiers out of the city but 7,000 armed Goths were trapped and killed by order of Arcadius. After the massacre, Gainas escaped across the Hellespont, but his rag-tag ad hoc fleet was destroyed by Fravitta, a Gothic chieftain in imperial service. In winter, Gainas led his remaining Goths back to their homeland across the Danube where they were attacked and killed by the Huns. Uldin, the Hun chieftain, sent Gainas' head to Arcadius as a gift.
MA96593. Bronze centenionalis, RIC X Arcadius 60, DOCLR 218, Ratto 115, Tolstoi 1119, LRBC II 2205, SRCV 20829, F, green patina, edge splits, off center, marks/scratches, weight 2.761 g, maximum diameter 19.6 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 395 - 401 A.D.; obverse D N ARCADIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse VIRTVS EXERCITI (courage of the army), emperor standing facing, head right, spear vertical in right hand, resting left hand on grounded shield, crowned by Victory standing left behind, CONSB in exergue; $24.58 (24.83)


Aelia Flaccilla, Augusta 19 January 379 - 386 A.D., Wife of Theodosius I

|Aelia| |Flaccilla|, |Aelia| |Flaccilla,| |Augusta| |19| |January| |379| |-| |386| |A.D.,| |Wife| |of| |Theodosius| |I||maiorina|
Coins were struck in the East for Aelia Flaccilla, as Augusta, from the date of Arcadius' elevation to Augustus on 19 Jan 383 A.D.
MA96598. Bronze maiorina, RIC IX Constantinopolis 81 (S) (corr.), LRBC II 2167 (corr.), SRCV V 20612 (corr.), Cohen VIII 4 (corr.) (refs incorrectly read T left), aF, near centered, porous, grainy, weight 4.628 g, maximum diameter 22.0 mm, die axis 0o, 5th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, c. 25 Aug 383 - 386 A.D.; obverse AEL FLACCILLA AVG, diademed and draped bust right; reverse SALVS REIPVBLICAE (health of the Republic), Victory seated right, inscribing Christogram on shield set on column, T right, CONE in exergue; scarce; $9.01 (9.10)











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