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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Roman Coins ▸ Constantinian Era ▸ JovianView Options:  |  |  | 

Jovian, 27 June 363 - 17 February 364 A.D.

After Julian was mortally wounded and died while retreating from Persia, the soldiers made Jovian emperor. To ensure his own safety, Jovian negotiated a disgraceful peace with the Sassanians, giving up five Roman provinces and the cities Nisibis and Singara. Enroute to back to Constantinople, Jovian was found dead in his tent, suffocated by carbon monoxide fumes from a charcoal brazier. During his short reign, Jovian reestablished Christianity as the state church, ending Julian's brief pagan revival.


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The obverse legend translates, Our lord Jovian dutiful fortunate Father of the Country.

VOT V MVLT X abbreviates Votis Quinquennalibus Multis Decennalibus. Earlier in the empire, this inscription would have meant that Julian had completed his vows (prayers) to thank the gods on the fifth anniversary of his rule, and made more vows to the gods that they might help him achieve his tenth anniversary. Jovian ruled less than one year. This votive inscription clearly expressed hope for the future rather than an advertisement of current events.
RL88053. Bronze centenionalis, RIC VIII Thessalonica 239, LRBC II 1699, SRCV V 19230, Cohen VIII 36, Hunter V -, VF, brown tone, tight flan, some porosity, weight 2.703 g, maximum diameter 19.7 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Thessalonica (Salonika, Greece) mint, obverse D N IOVIANVS P F P P AVG (Dominus Noster Jovianus Pius Felix Pater Patriae Augustus), pearl- diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse VOT / V / MVLT / X in four lines within wreath, TESB in exergue; $110.00 (€93.50)
 


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Aquileia was founded by the Romans as a Latin colony in 181 B.C. in the north-eastern corner of the plain of the Po at the northern end of the Adriatic. It grew to become one of the largest and wealthiest cities of the Roman Empire. After the city was destroyed by Attila the Hun in A.D. 453, the survivors clustered in a drastically reduced settlement around the Basilica, which is the origin of the small present-day town. Most of the ancient city lies unexcavated beneath the surrounding fields.
RL88055. Bronze centenionalis, RIC VIII Aquileia 247, LRBC II 960, SRCV V 19227, Cohen VIII 35, VF, well centered, green patina, scratches, light deposits, weight 3.242 g, maximum diameter 20.4 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Aquileia mint, obverse D N IOVIANVS P F AVG, pearl diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse pearl diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right, VOT V MVLT X in four lines within wreath, AQVILS in exergue; $100.00 (€85.00)
 


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From the Jyrki Muona Collection, ex Triton VIII (10 Jan 2005), part of lot 2095.

In 363, the Council of Laodicea, which deals with constricting the conduct of church members, is held. The major canon approved by this council is Canon 29, which prohibits resting on the Sabbath (Saturday), restricting Christians to honoring the Lord on Sunday.
RL86657. Bronze centenionalis, RIC VIII Siscia 426, LRBC II 1267, SRCV V 19228, Cohen VIII 35, VF, well centered on a tight flan cutting off mintmark, edge a bit ragged, weight 2.857 g, maximum diameter 21.2 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 27 Jun 363 - 17 Feb 364 A.D.; obverse D N IOVIANVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse VOT / V / MVLT / X, in four lines within wreath with jewel at the top and tied at the bottom, BSISC in exergue; from the Jyrki Muona Collection, ex Triton VIII (10 Jan 2005), part of lot 2095; $60.00 (€51.00)
 







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OBVERSE LEGENDS

DNIOVIANVSPEPAVG
DNIOVIANVSPERPAVG
DNIOVIANVSPFAVG
DNIOVIANVSPFAVGCOS
DNIOVIANVSPFPAVG
DNIOVIANVSPFPERPAVG
DNIOVIANVSPFPPAVG


REFERENCES

Carson, R., P. Hill & J. Kent. Late Roman Bronze Coinage. (London, 1960).
Carson, R., H. Sutherland and J. Kent. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol VIII, The Family of Constantine I, A.D. 337 - 364. (London, 1981).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappées sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 8: Nepotian to Romulus Augustus, plus tesserae & cotorniates. (Paris, 1888).
Depeyrot, G. Les monnaies d'or de Constantin II à Zenon (337-491). Moneta 5. (Wetteren, 1996).
Ferrando, P. L'atelier monétaire d'Arles: de Constantin le Grand à Romulus Augustule (313-476). (Arles, 2010).
Paolucci, R. & A. Zub. La monetazione di Aquileia Romana. (Padova, 2000).
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. V. Diocletian (Reform) to Zeno. (Oxford, 1982).
King, C. & Sear, D. Roman Silver Coins, Volume V, Carausius to Romulus Augustus. (London, 1987).
Sear, D. Roman Coins and Their Values, Vol. V: The Christian Empire: The Later Constantinian Dynasty and the Houses of Valentinian and Theodosius and Their Successors, Constantine II to Zeno, AD 337 - 491. (London, 2014).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).
Voetter, O. Die Münzen der romischen Kaiser, Kaiserinnen und Caesaren von Diocletianus bis Romulus: Katalog der Sammlung Paul Gerin. (Vienna, 1921).

Catalog current as of Friday, March 22, 2019.
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Roman Coins of Jovian