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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Roman Coins ▸ Constantinian Era ▸ JovianView Options:  |  |  | 

Jovian, 27 June 363 - 17 February 364 A.D.

After Julian was mortally wounded and died while retreating from Persia, the soldiers made Jovian emperor. To ensure his own safety, Jovian negotiated a disgraceful peace with the Sassanians, giving up five Roman provinces and the cities Nisibis and Singara. Enroute to back to Constantinople, Jovian was found dead in his tent, suffocated by carbon monoxide fumes from a charcoal brazier. During his short reign, Jovian reestablished Christianity as the state church, ending Julian's brief pagan revival.


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The labarum, was a type of Roman cavalry standard, a vexillum with a military ensign marked with the Christogram (Greek monogram of Christ). It was an object of religious veneration amongst the soldiers, who paid it divine honors.
RL87195. Bronze double maiorina, RIC VIII Thessalonica 236 (R), SRCV V 19213, Cohen VIII 23, LRBC II 1700 var. (rosette diademed), Hunter V -, Choice VF, green patina, well centered, edge crack, weight 9.163 g, maximum diameter 30.2 mm, die axis 150o, 1st officina, Thessalonica (Salonika, Greece) mint, 27 Jun 363 - 17 Feb 364 A.D.; obverse D N IOVIANVS P F P P AVG (Our lord Jovianus, dutiful, fortunate, father of the coutntry, emperor), pearl diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse VICTORIA ROMANORVM (to Roman victory), Jovian standing facing, head right, labarum (Chi-Rho Christogram Standard) in right hand, Victory on globe in left hand offering him and Chi-Rho standard, •TESA• in exergue; rare with pearl diadem; $220.00 (€187.00)
 


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VOT V MVLT X abbreviates Votis Quinquennalibus Multis Decennalibus. Earlier in the empire, this inscription would have meant that Julian had completed his vows (prayers) to thank the gods on the fifth anniversary of his rule, and made more vows to the gods that they might help him achieve his tenth anniversary. Jovian ruled less than one year. This votive inscription clearly expressed hope for the future rather than an advertisement of current events.
RL86649. Bronze centenionalis, RIC VIII Heraclea 110 (S), LRBC II 1913, Cohen VIII 34, SRCV V 19231, VF, well centered on a tight flan, porous, light scratches, edge cracks, weight 2.772 g, maximum diameter 18.9 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Heraclea (Marmara Ereglisi, Turkey) mint, 27 Jun 363 - 17 Feb 364 A.D.; obverse D N IOVIANVS P F AVG, pearl diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust left; reverse VOT V MVLT X within wreath, jewel at the top, tied at the bottom, HERACA in exergue; from the Jyrki Muona Collection, ex Triton VIII (10 Jan 2005), part of lot 2095; scarce; $95.00 (€80.75)
 


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From the Jyrki Muona Collection, ex Triton VIII (10 Jan 2005), part of lot 2095.

In 363, the Council of Laodicea, which deals with constricting the conduct of church members, is held. The major canon approved by this council is Canon 29, which prohibits resting on the Sabbath (Saturday), restricting Christians to honoring the Lord on Sunday.
RL86657. Bronze centenionalis, RIC VIII Siscia 426, LRBC II 1267, SRCV V 19228, Cohen VIII 35, VF, well centered on a tight flan cutting off mintmark, edge a bit ragged, weight 2.857 g, maximum diameter 21.2 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 27 Jun 363 - 17 Feb 364 A.D.; obverse D N IOVIANVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse VOT / V / MVLT / X, in four lines within wreath with jewel at the top and tied at the bottom, BSISC in exergue; from the Jyrki Muona Collection, ex Triton VIII (10 Jan 2005), part of lot 2095; $70.00 (€59.50)
 







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OBVERSE LEGENDS

DNIOVIANVSPEPAVG
DNIOVIANVSPERPAVG
DNIOVIANVSPFAVG
DNIOVIANVSPFAVGCOS
DNIOVIANVSPFPAVG
DNIOVIANVSPFPERPAVG
DNIOVIANVSPFPPAVG


REFERENCES

Carson, R., P. Hill & J. Kent. Late Roman Bronze Coinage. (London, 1960).
Carson, R., H. Sutherland and J. Kent. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol VIII, The Family of Constantine I, A.D. 337 - 364. (London, 1981).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappées sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 8: Nepotian to Romulus Augustus, plus tesserae & cotorniates. (Paris, 1888).
Depeyrot, G. Les monnaies d'or de Constantin II à Zenon (337-491). Moneta 5. (Wetteren, 1996).
Ferrando, P. L'atelier monétaire d'Arles: de Constantin le Grand à Romulus Augustule (313-476). (Arles, 2010).
Paolucci, R. & A. Zub. La monetazione di Aquileia Romana. (Padova, 2000).
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. V. Diocletian (Reform) to Zeno. (Oxford, 1982).
King, C. & Sear, D. Roman Silver Coins, Volume V, Carausius to Romulus Augustus. (London, 1987).
Sear, D. Roman Coins and Their Values, Vol. V: The Christian Empire: The Later Constantinian Dynasty and the Houses of Valentinian and Theodosius and Their Successors, Constantine II to Zeno, AD 337 - 491. (London, 2014).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).
Voetter, O. Die Münzen der romischen Kaiser, Kaiserinnen und Caesaren von Diocletianus bis Romulus: Katalog der Sammlung Paul Gerin. (Vienna, 1921).

Catalog current as of Wednesday, September 19, 2018.
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Roman Coins of Jovian