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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |Constantinian Era| ▸ |Constantius Gallus||View Options:  |  |  | 

Constantius Gallus, Caesar, Mid-March 351 - Winter 354 A.D.

At Sirmium, in mid-March 351 A.D., Constantius II raised his cousin Constantius Gallus to the rank of caesar, and arranged the marriage of his sister Constantia to Gallus. Gallus was then sent to Antioch to defend against the Persians, while Constantius remained in the Balkans to deal with Magnentius. When Constantius learned that Gallus was cruel and ruling harshly, he recalled him to Milan. But then had him arrested and executed in winter 354, even before he reached Italy.

|Constantius| |Gallus|, |Constantius| |Gallus,| |Caesar,| |Mid-March| |351| |-| |Winter| |354| |A.D.||maiorina|
This reverse control symbol variety with a star upper center is unpublished for Constantius Gallus in the primary references. The usual, common, type with a dot, not a star, is published for Constantius II (RIC VIII Constantinople 112) and Constantius Gallus (RIC VIII Constantinople 113). This star control symbol is published only on a scarce variant struck for Constantius II (RIC VIII Constantinople 114).
RL97860. Billon maiorina, RIC VIII Constantinople 113 var. (star vice dot), LRBC I 2034 var. (same), SRCV V 18985 var. (same), Cohen VIII 8 var. (same), Hunter V -, F, dark green patina, porous, a little rough, scratches, scrape, small edge splits, star control clear in hand, weight 4.712 g, maximum diameter 22.1 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 15 Mar 351 - winter 354 A.D.; obverse D N FL CL CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, bare-headed, draped, and cuirassed bust right, seen from the front, ∆ behind; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO (happy times restored), soldier standing left spearing fallen horseman, shield on the ground, horseman wears a pointed cap and falls on the horses neck, B upper left, * upper center, CONSB in exergue; extremely rare, unpublished in the many references examined by FORVM, there is a similar specimen from the 7th officina on wildwinds.com; $140.00 SALE PRICE $126.00


|Constantius| |Gallus|, |Constantius| |Gallus,| |Caesar| |Mid-March| |351| |-| |Winter| |354| |A.D.||maiorina|
Constantius Gallus, a cousin of Constantius II, was made caesar at Sirmium in mid-March 351 A.D. Constantius II arranged a marriage with his sister Constantia and gave Gallus command of the Eastern provinces. Constantius II retained direct control in the West. When Constantius learned that Gallus was cruel and ruling harshly, he recalled him to Milan. But then had him arrested and executed in winter 354, before he reached Italy.
SH35068. Billon maiorina, Failmezger 461b2; RIC VIII -, SRCV V -, Uncirculated, weight 6.095 g, maximum diameter 22.6 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Sirmium (Sremska Mitrovica, Serbia) mint, 28 Sep 351 - winter 354 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS IVN NOB C, bare-headed, draped, and cuirassed bust right, A behind; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO (happy times restored), soldier standing left, spearing fallen horseman, shield on ground at feet, III upper left, ASIRM in exergue; ex Glenn Woods; extremely rare; SOLD


|Constantius| |Gallus|, |Constantius| |Gallus,| |Caesar,| |Mid-March| |351| |-| |Winter| |354| |A.D.||maiorina|
The Christogram (also called a Monogramma Christi or Chrismon) is a ligature of Chi (X) and Rho (P), the first two letters of Christ in Greek. It was among the earliest symbols of Christianity. The crucifix was rarely used in early Christian iconography, perhaps because most people then had personally witnessed its gruesome use for public execution.
RL04504. Billon maiorina, RIC VIII Siscia 303, LRBC II 1189, SRCV V 18954, Cohen VIII 2, Choice EF, weight 5.40 g, maximum diameter 24.2 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 350 - 351 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS IVN NOB C, bare-headed, draped, and cuirassed bust right, A behind; reverse CONCORDIA MILITVM (harmony with the soldiers), Constantius Gallus standing left, holding labarum (chi-rho standard) in each hand, III left, ASIS crescent in exergue; from the Aiello Collection; scarce; SOLD







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OBVERSE LEGENDS

CONSTANTIVSCAE
CONSTANTIVSNOBCAES
DNCONSTANTIVSFORTCAES
DNCONSTANTIVSIVNNOBC
DNCONSTANTIVSIVNNOBCAES
DNCONSTANTIVSNOBC
DNCONSTANTIVSNOBCAES
DNCONSTANTIVSNOBCS
DNFLCLCONSTANTIVSNOBCAES
FLIVLCONSTANTIVSNOBCAES


REFERENCES

Carson, R., P. Hill & J. Kent. Late Roman Bronze Coinage. (London, 1960).
Carson, R., H. Sutherland & J. Kent. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol VIII, The Family of Constantine I, A.D. 337 - 364. (London, 1981).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappes sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 8: Nepotian to Romulus Augustus, plus tesserae & cotorniates. (Paris, 1888).
Depeyrot, G. Les monnaies d'or de Constantin II Zenon (337-491). Moneta 5. (Wetteren, 1996).
Failmezger, V. Roman Bronze Coins From Paganism to Christianity, 294 - 364 A.D. (Washington D.C., 2002).
King, C. & D. Sear. Roman Silver Coins, Volume V, Carausius to Romulus Augustus. (London, 1987).
Paolucci, R. & A. Zub. La monetazione di Aquileia Romana. (Padova, 2000).
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. V. Diocletian (Reform) to Zeno. (Oxford, 1982).
Sear, D. Roman Coins and Their Values, Vol. V: The Christian Empire: The Later Constantinian Dynasty and the Houses of Valentinian and Theodosius and Their Successors, Constantine II to Zeno, AD 337 - 491. (London, 2014).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).
Voetter, O. Die Mnzen der romischen Kaiser, Kaiserinnen und Caesaren von Diocletianus bis Romulus: Katalog der Sammlung Paul Gerin. (Vienna, 1921).

Catalog current as of Wednesday, May 18, 2022.
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