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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |Constantinian Era| ▸ |Decentius||View Options:  |  |  | 

Decentius, Caesar, July or August 350 - 18 August 353 A.D.

In the winter of 351/352, Magnentius, usurper of the western provinces, elevated his brother Decentius to Caesar and assigned him to oversee the defense of Gaul and the Rhine frontier. After initial success, Magnentius was defeated by Constantius II at the Battle of Mursa Major. The people of Treveri revolted and closed their gates against Decentius. Incited by Constantius, the Germanic Allemanni tribe under their chief Chnodomar invaded Gaul, defeated Decentius, and besieged him in Senonae. It was there that he learned of Magnentius' defeat at the Battle of Mons Seleucus and subsequent suicide. On 18 August 353, Decentius hanged himself in the besieged city, ending the civil war.


Germanic Tribes, Pseudo-Imperial Coinage, Mid 4th - Early 5th Century A.D.

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Magnentius, usurper of the western provinces, made his brother Decentius caesar, to oversee the defense of Gaul and the Rhine frontier. After Magnentius was defeated at the Battle of Mons Seleucus by Constantius II and committed suicide, Decentius, who was leading reinforcements, hanged himself at Senonae.
RB91842. Billon maiorina, for prototype cf. RIC VIII Lyons 122 (Roman, Decentius, caesar, usurper in Gaul, 351 - 353 A.D., Lugdunum mint), Choice gVF, slightly crude, tight flan, encrustations, weight 3.504 g, maximum diameter 20.3 mm, die axis 180o, tribal mint, 350 - early 5th century A.D.; obverse D N DECENTIVS NOB CAE (or similar, blundered), bare-headed and cuirassed bust of Decentius right; reverse VICTORIAE DD NN AVG ET C (or similar, blundered), two Victories standing confronted, together holding between them a wreath resting on a short column, IOT / HVL / X (blundered VOT V MVLT X) in three lines, SLG in exergue; $150.00 (132.00)


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In the winter of 351/352, Magnentius, usurper of the western provinces, elevated his brother Decentius to Caesar and assigned him to oversee the defense of Gaul and the Rhine frontier. After initial success, Constantius defeated Magnentius at the Battle of Mursa Major. The people of Treveri revolted and closed their gates against Decentius and the Allemanni chief Chnodomar defeated Decentius and besieged him in Senonae. It was there that he learned of Magnentius' defeat at the Battle of Mons Seleucus and subsequent suicide. On 18 August 353, Decentius hanged himself in the besieged city, ending the civil war.
SH32741. Billon maiorina, RIC VIII Lyons 146, LRBC II 232, Bastien MM 195, SRCV V 1882, Cohen VIII 33, EF, a few small areas not fully struck but overall a fantastic coin, weight 4.316 g, maximum diameter 22.2 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Lugdunum (Lyon, France) mint, Jul/Aug 350 - 18 Aug 353 A.D.; obverse D N DECENTIVS NOB CAES, bare-headed and cuirassed bust right; reverse VICTORIAE DD NN AVG ET CAE (victories of our lords, Emperor and Caesar), two Victories standing confronted, together holding between them a shield inscribed VOT X MVLT X, SP below, RSLG in exergue; SOLD


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In a religious context, votum, plural vota, is a vow or promise made to a deity. The word comes from the past participle of voveo, vovere; as the result of the verbal action "vow, promise", it may refer also to the fulfillment of this vow, that is, the thing promised. The votum is thus an aspect of the contractual nature of Roman religion, a bargaining expressed by do ut des, "I give that you might give."
RL91659. Billon maiorina, RIC VIII Arles 168 (S), Bastien MM 238, SRCV V 18893, Cohen VIII -, LRBC II -, gVF, some legend weak, reverse slightly off center, tight flan, weight 4.589 g, maximum diameter 21.7 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Arelatum (Arles, France) mint, spring 351 - 18 Aug 353 A.D.; obverse D N DECENTIVS CAESAR, bare-headed, cuirassed bust right, A behind; reverse VICTORIAE DD NN AVG ET CAE (victories of our lords, Emperor and Caesar), two Victories standing confronted, together holding between them a wreath, VOT / V / MVLT / X in four lines within, FSAR in exergue; from the Maxwell Hunt Collection; scarce; SOLD







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OBVERSE| LEGENDS|

DECENTIVSFORCAES
DNDECENTIVSCAESAR
DNDECENTIVSFORTCAES
DNDECENTIVSNOBCAES
DNMAGDECENTIVSNOBCAES


REFERENCES|

Bastien, P. Le Monnayage de Magnence (350-353). (Wetteren, 1983).
Carson, R., P. Hill & J. Kent. Late Roman Bronze Coinage. (London, 1960).
Carson, R., H. Sutherland & J. Kent. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol VIII, The Family of Constantine I, A.D. 337 - 364. (London, 1981).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappes sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 8: Carausius to Constantine & sons. (Paris, 1888).
Depeyrot, G. Les monnaies d'or de Constantin II Zenon (337-491). Moneta 5. (Wetteren, 1996).
Failmezger, V. Roman Bronze Coins From Paganism to Christianity, 294 - 364 A.D. (Washington D.C., 2002).
King, C. & D. Sear. Roman Silver Coins, Volume V, Carausius to Romulus Augustus. (London, 1987).
Paolucci, R. & A. Zub. La monetazione di Aquileia Romana. (Padova, 2000).
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. V. Diocletian (Reform) to Zeno. (Oxford, 1982).
Sear, D. Roman Coins and Their Values, Vol. V: The Christian Empire: The Later Constantinian Dynasty...Constantine II to Zeno, AD 337 - 491. (London, 2014).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).
Voetter, O. Die Mnzen der romischen Kaiser, Kaiserinnen und Caesaren von Diocletianus bis Romulus: Katalog der Sammlung Paul Gerin. (Vienna, 1921).

Catalog current as of Friday, December 6, 2019.
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Roman Coins of Decentius