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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |Constantinian Era| ▸ |Constantius II||View Options:  |  |  |   

Constantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.

The longest lived of Constantine the Great's sons and successors, he ruled until 361 A.D. Upon Constantine's death, Constantius received the entire eastern empire as his inheritance. Soon after he added Thrace to his empire and as his brothers were killed, he annexed their territories. When he defeated the Western usurper Magnentius he was master of the entire empire. Although he started campaigning along the Danube, war with Persia forced his return to the East. Shortly after, he received news that Julian II had been proclaimed Augustus against him. Constantius died on his way to fight this new usurper and Julian II became ruler of the Roman Empire.

|Constantius| |II|, |Constantius| |II,| |22| |May| |337| |-| |3| |November| |361| |A.D.|, |heavy| |maiorina|
On 15 March 351, Constantius II elevated his 25-year-old cousin Constantius Gallus to Caesar at Sirmium in Pannonia. He arranged a marriage with his sister Constantina and put Constantius Gallus in charge of the Eastern Roman Empire. Constantius II marched West with a large army (60,000 men) to fight against Magnus Magnentius.
RL93281. Billon heavy maiorina, RIC VIII Constantinople 82, LRBC II 2026, SRCV V 18148, Cohen VII -, Hunter V -, Choice VF, excellent centering, dark brown tone, edge split / crack, weight 5.510 g, maximum diameter 23.0 mm, die axis 180o, 5th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 348 - 351 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO (happy times restored), soldier with shield on left arm spearing bearded fallen horseman, horseman turning to soldier and raising right arm, shield on ground to right, Γ upper left, CONSE* in exergue; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $140.00 SALE |PRICE| $126.00


|Constantius| |II|, |Constantius| |II,| |22| |May| |337| |-| |3| |November| |361| |A.D.
|, |maiorina|
Siscia, a chief town and colony of Pannonia, was located at the confluence of the Colapis and the Savus, and is now called Sisak, Croatia. The Roman imperial mint operated from 260 to c. 390 A.D. The mint master was called procurator monetae Siscianae.
RL89949. Billon maiorina, RIC VIII Thessalonica 133, LRBC II 1660, SRCV V 18197, Cohen VIII 32, Hunter V -, Choice VF, excellent centering, well struck with slight weakness in center, light marks, porous, weight 5.029 g, maximum diameter 23.9 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Thessalonica (Salonika, Greece) mint, 28 Sep 351 - winter 354 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, bare-headed, draped, and cuirassed bust right, A behind; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO (happy times restored), Emperor standing left on boat, holding Victory and labarum (Christogram standard), Victory steering at helm with star above, B left, TSB in exergue; $80.00 SALE |PRICE| $72.00


|Constantius| |II|, |Constantius| |II,| |22| |May| |337| |-| |3| |November| |361| |A.D.|, |light| |maiorina|
The labarum, was a type of Roman cavalry standard, a vexillum with a military ensign marked with the Christogram (Greek monogram of Christ). It was an object of religious veneration amongst the soldiers, who paid it divine honors.
RL93280. Billon light maiorina, RIC VIII Constantinople 89, LRBC II 2015, SRCV V 18231, Cohen VII 39, Hunter V -, aVF, well centered, dark brown patina, highlighting light deposits, weight 4.523 g, maximum diameter 23.0 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 348 - 15 Mar 351 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust left, globe in right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO (happy times restored), emperor standing left, labarum (chi rho Christogram banner) in right, resting left on shield, two captives before him, Γ (control symbol) left, CONSB* in exergue; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $75.00 SALE |PRICE| $67.50


|Constantius| |II|, |Constantius| |II,| |22| |May| |337| |-| |3| |November| |361| |A.D.,| |Issued| |by| |Vetranio|, |heavy| |maiorina|
In 312 A.D., Constantine dreamed he saw a Christogram in the sky and heard the words IN HOC SIGNO VICTOR ERIS, meaning in Latin "In this sign, you will be the victor." He ordered the sign of Christ on his legions standards and shields. He won a great victory and later became the first Christian Roman Emperor.
RL89685. Billon heavy maiorina, RIC VIII Siscia 304, SRCV V 18204, Cohen VII 142, LRBC II 1190, Hunter V 54, VF, green patina, light earthen deposits, light marks, slightly off center, weight 4.981 g, maximum diameter 22.8 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 350 - 351 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right, A behind (A's often appear as H in this period); reverse HOC SIGNO VICTOR ERIS, Constantius standing facing head left, holding labarum (Chi Rho Christogram standard) and spear, Victory right crowning him, palm in left hand, III left field, ASIS crescent in exergue; ex Beast Coins; $70.00 SALE |PRICE| $63.00


|Constantius| |II|, |Constantius| |II,| |22| |May| |337| |-| |3| |November| |361| |A.D.|, |centenionalis|
In 326, Constantine traveled to Rome to celebrate the 20th anniversary of his accession to power.
RL93282. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII Cyzicus 38 (R1), LRBC I 1193, SRCV V 17652, Cohen VII 167, Hunter V 38, Choice gVF, dark brown patina, well centered, areas of light corrosion / porosity, weight 3.645 g, maximum diameter 18.2 mm, die axis 180o, 5th officina, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, as caesar, 324 - 330 A.D.; obverse FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust left; reverse PROVIDENTIAE CAESS (to the foresight of the two princes), campgate with two turrets, star above, SMKE in exergue; from the Errett Bishop Collection; scarce; $65.00 SALE |PRICE| $58.00


|Constantius| |II|, |Constantius| |II,| |22| |May| |337| |-| |3| |November| |361| |A.D.|, |reduced| |maiorina|
In 359, Shapur II the Great of the Persian Empire invaded southern Armenia. The Romans implemented a scorched earth policy and placed strong guards at the Euphrates crossings. Shapur II besieged the Roman fortress of Amida (modern Diyarbakir). After seventy-three days the city was conquered and the population massacred. In the winter of 359, Shapur II halted his campaign, due to heavy casualties. In 360, Shapur II continued his campaign against the Roman fortresses; capturing Singara, Bezabde and Nisibis.
RL88062. Bronze reduced maiorina, RIC VIII Cyzicus 117, LRBC II 2504, Voetter 47, SRCV V 18320, Cohen VII 188, Choice VF, nice green patina, well centered, light earthen deposits, edge a little ragged, weight 1.298 g, maximum diameter 16.3 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, c. 358 - 3 Nov 361; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, pearl diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse SPES REIPVBLICE (the hope of the Republic), emperor standing left, wearing helmet and military dress, globe in right hand, spear in left hand, SMKA exergue; $60.00 SALE |PRICE| $54.00


Germanic Tribes, Pseudo-Imperial Coinage, Mid 4th - Early 5th Century A.D.

|Germanic| |Tribes|, |Germanic| |Tribes,| |Pseudo-Imperial| |Coinage,| |Mid| |4th| |-| |Early| |5th| |Century| |A.D.|, |AE| |21|
This type was minted by and used as currency by tribes outside the Roman Empire. It copied a type struck under Vetranio in the name of Constantius II.
RL94454. Bronze AE 21, cf. RIC VIII Siscia 284 (S), LRBC II 1171, SRCV V 18903 (official, billon maiorina, issued by Vetranio for Constantius II, 1 Mar - 25 Dec 350), F, a little rough and porous, very irregular flan shape, weight 3.625 g, maximum diameter 20.5 mm, die axis 45o, Germanic tribal mint, 350 - early 5th century A.D.; obverse pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right, Z(?) behind, blundered legend imitating D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG; reverse emperor holding two standards ornamented with blundered Christograms, blundered legend imitating CONCORDIA MILITVM; $60.00 SALE |PRICE| $54.00


|Constantius| |II|, |Constantius| |II,| |22| |May| |337| |-| |3| |November| |361| |A.D.|, |reduced| |centenionalis|
In 348, the Goth bishop Wulfila escaped religious persecution by the Gothic chieftain Athanaric and obtained permission from Constantius II to migrate with his flock of converts to Moesia and settle near Nicopolis ad Istrum (Bulgaria).
RL93373. Bronze reduced centenionalis, RIC VIII Nicomedia 55, LRBC I 1153, SRCV V 18073, Cohen VII 335, Hunter V -, gVF, dark brown patina, highlighting earthen deposits, ragged edge, weight 1.642 g, maximum diameter 14.5 mm, die axis 45o, 6th officina, Nicomedia (Izmit, Turkey) mint, 347 - 348 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, pearl diademed head right; reverse VOT / XX / MVLT / XXX in four lines within wreath, SMNS in exergue; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $38.00 SALE |PRICE| $34.00


|Constantius| |II|, |Constantius| |II,| |22| |May| |337| |-| |3| |November| |361| |A.D.|, |reduced| |centenionalis|
In a religious context, votum, plural vota, is a vow or promise made to a deity. The word comes from the past participle of voveo, vovere; as the result of the verbal action "vow, promise", it may refer also to the fulfillment of this vow, that is, the thing promised. The votum is thus an aspect of the contractual nature of Roman religion, a bargaining expressed by do ut des, "I give that you might give."
RL92715. Billon reduced centenionalis, Hunter V 118 (same officina), RIC VIII Antioch 113, LRBC I 1398, SRCV V 18076, Cohen VII 335, VF, red earthen deposits, small edge splits, weight 1.515 g, maximum diameter 15.3 mm, die axis 180o, 11th officina, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 347 - 348 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed head right; reverse VOT / XX / MVLT / XXX in four lines within wreath, SMANAI in exergue; $29.00 SALE |PRICE| $26.00


|Constantius| |II|, |Constantius| |II,| |22| |May| |337| |-| |3| |November| |361| |A.D.|, |reduced| |centenionalis|
In a religious context, votum, plural vota, is a vow or promise made to a deity. The word comes from the past participle of voveo, vovere; as the result of the verbal action "vow, promise", it may refer also to the fulfillment of this vow, that is, the thing promised. The votum is thus an aspect of the contractual nature of Roman religion, a bargaining expressed by do ut des, "I give that you might give."
RL92710. Billon reduced centenionalis, RIC VIII Cyzicus 49 (S), SRCV V 18074, LRBC II 1307, Cohen 335, Hunter V -, aVF, well centered, earthen encrustation, scrapes, obverse legend weak and obscured, weight 1.822 g, maximum diameter 14.4180 mm, die axis 180o, 8th officina, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, 347 - 348 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, rosette-diademed head right; reverse VOT XX MVLT XXX, inscription in four lines within wreath, SMKH in exergue; scarce; $28.00 SALE |PRICE| $25.00




  



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OBVERSE| LEGENDS|

CONSTANTIVSAVG
CONSTANTIVSAVGVSTVS
CONSTANTIVSMAXAVG
CONSTANTIVSNOBC
CONSTANTIVSNOBCAES
CONSTANTIVSPFAVG DNCONSTANTIAVGVSTI
DNCONSTANTIVSAVG
DNCONSTANTIVSMAXAVG
DNCONSTANTIVSNOBCAES
DNCONSTANTIVSPERPAVG
DNCONSTANTIVSPFAVG
FLACONSTANTIVSNOBC
FLIVLCONSTANTIVSAVG
FLIVLCONSTANTIVSNOBC
FLIVLCONSTANTIVSNOBCAES
FLIVLCONSTANTIVSPERPAVG
FLIVLCONSTANTIVSPFAVG
FLIVLCONSTANTIVSPIVSFELIXAVG


REFERENCES|

Bastien, P. Le monnayage de l'atelier de Lyon. De la rouverture de l'atelier en 318 la mort de Constantin (318-337). Numismatique Romaine XIII. (Wetteren, 1982).
Bruun, P. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol VII, Constantine and Licinius A.D. 313 - 337. (London, 1966).
Carson, R., P. Hill & J. Kent. Late Roman Bronze Coinage. (London, 1960).
Carson, R., H. Sutherland & J. Kent. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol VIII, The Family of Constantine I, A.D. 337 - 364. (London, 1981).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappes sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 7: Carausius to Constantine & sons. (Paris, 1888).
Depeyrot, G. Les monnaies d'or de Constantin II Zenon (337-491). Moneta 5. (Wetteren, 1996).
Failmezger, V. Roman Bronze Coins From Paganism to Christianity, 294 - 364 A.D. (Washington D.C., 2002).
King, C & D. Sear. Roman Silver Coins, Volume V, Carausius to Romulus Augustus. (London, 1987).
Milchev, S. The Coins of Constantine the Great. (Sophia, 2007).
Paolucci, R. & A. Zub. La monetazione di Aquileia Romana. (Padova, 2000).
Sear, D. Roman Coins and Their Values, Volume IV: The Tetrarchies and the Rise of the House of Constantine...Diocletian To Constantine I, AD 284 - 337. (London, 211).
Sear, D. Roman Coins and Their Values, Vol. V: The Christian Empire: The Later Constantinian Dynasty...Constantine II to Zeno, AD 337 - 491. (London, 2014).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).
Voetter, O. Die Mnzen der romischen Kaiser, Kaiserinnen und Caesaren von Diocletianus bis Romulus: Katalog der Sammlung Paul Gerin. (Vienna, 1921).

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