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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |Constantinian Era| ▸ |Constantine II||View Options:  |  |  | 

Constantine II, 22 May 337 - March or April 340 A.D.

Constantine II was the son of Constantine I, the eldest with his second wife, Fausta. He was born in Arles (which was renamed Constantia in his honor in 328, explaining the CON mintmarks for Arles) and was made Caesar before he was a year old in 316 A.D. Upon his father's death, Constantine II inherited the Western part of the empire. After quarreling with his brother Constans, he invaded his territory, only to be killed in an ambush near Aquileia. His coins often include "IVN" in the legend, an abbreviation for junior.

|Constantine| |II|, |Constantine| |II,| |22| |May| |337| |-| |March| |or| |April| |340| |A.D.||centenionalis|
VOT X abbreviates Votis Decennalibus, which means Constantine has completed vows (prayers and sacrifices) for ten years of rule. In a religious context, votum, plural vota, is a vow or promise made to a deity. The word comes from the past participle of voveo, vovere; as the result of the verbal action, a vow, or promise. It may refer also to the fulfillment of this vow, that is, the thing promised. The votum is thus an aspect of the contractual nature of Roman religion and sacrifice, a bargaining expressed by "do ut des" (I give that you might give).
RL112540. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII Siscia 172 (R4), SRCV V 17194, Cohen VII 38, Hunter V -, Choice VF, obv well centered, flow lines, areas of porosity, edge crack, weight 3.609 g, maximum diameter 18.7 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, as caesar, 321 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C, laureate head right; reverse CAESARVM NOSTRORVM (our prince), VOT / X in two lines within wreath, wreath tied at the bottom and decorated with a jewel at the top, ASIS* fulmen (thunderbolt) in exergue; ex Numismatik Naumann auction 129 (4 Jun 2023), lot 1002 (part of); rare; $90.00 SALE PRICE $81.00 ON RESERVE


|Constantine| |II|, |Constantine| |II,| |22| |May| |337| |-| |March| |or| |April| |340| |A.D.||centenionalis|
In 327, in an attempt to resolve a labor shortage, Constantine the Great decreed that rural slaves could only be sold in the province where they reside.
RL110758. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII Heraclea 96, SRCV V 17241, Cohen VIII 164, Hunter V 79 var. (1st officina), LRBC I 877 var. (pellet right), Choice VF, well centered, blue green patina, light deposits, weight 3.843 g, maximum diameter 18.9 mm, die axis 0o, 5th officina, Heraclea (Marmara Ereglisi, Turkey) mint, as caesar, 327 - 329 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse PROVIDENTIAE CAESS (to the foresight of the two princes), campgate with two turrets, star above, no door, left, SMHE in exergue; $80.00 SALE PRICE $72.00


|Constantine| |II|, |Constantine| |II,| |22| |May| |337| |-| |March| |or| |April| |340| |A.D.||centenionalis|
The Alamanni were Germanic tribes living along the Rhine. In French, Germany is "Allemagne."
RT112171. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII Sirmium 50, LRBC I 803, SRCV V 17146, Cohen VII 50, VF, well centered, scrapes, encrustations, weight 3.250 g, maximum diameter 19.6 mm, die axis 0o, Sirmium (Sremska Mitrovica, Serbia) mint, as caesar, 324 - 325 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB CAES, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse ALAMANNIA DEVICTA (Alamannia vanquished), Victory stepping left on bound captive seated left, trophy of captured arms in right, branch in left, •SIRM• in exergue; from Shawn Caza former diplomat, author of A Handbook of Late Roman Coins (Spink, 2021), collection assembled during postings and international travel; ex Agora Vienna (Reinhard Dollinger); scarce; $6.50 (5.98)


|Constantine| |II|, |Constantine| |II,| |22| |May| |337| |-| |March| |or| |April| |340| |A.D.||siliqua|
All the references list this type with the reverse legend ending CAES, but our coin's reverse legend ends CAESAR. RIC lists only officina Z and Θ. Most of the officina number is off flan, but our coin does not appear to be either. There is possibly a pellet at the beginning of the mintmark, a possibility is not in the references. We are uncertain if the this is a variation of the referenced types or if the references are in error. We could not locate even one plate or online photo of another specimen of this type to compare. There are three auctions of this type on recorded on Coin Archives, but all of them are for this exact same coin.
SH89742. Silver siliqua, RIC VII Constantinople 127 var. (CAES), RSC V 72 var. (same), SRCV V 17087 var. (same), Hunter V -, gVF, attractive youthful portrait with eyes to God, toned, light marks, weight 2.622 g, maximum diameter 18.4 mm, die axis 0o, 9th Officina(?), Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, as caesar, 336 A.D.; obverse Constantine diademed right, looking up to God, no inscription; reverse CONSTANTINVS CAESAR, Victory walking left, wreath in right hand, palm frond in left hand, CONS[...] in exergue; ex Heritage auction 271848 (2 Dec 2018), lot 36228; ex CNG sale 84 (5 May 2010), lot 1531; ex CNG Triton XIII (5 Jan 2010), lot 1523; ex White Mountain Collection; extremely rare; SOLD


Constantine II, 22 May 337 - March or April 340 A.D., Ex John Quincy Adams Collection

|John| |Q.| |Adams| |Collection|, |Constantine| |II,| |22| |May| |337| |-| |March| |or| |April| |340| |A.D.,| |Ex| |John| |Quincy| |Adams| |Collection||centenionalis|
Ex John Quincy Adams Collection, 6th President of the United States, and His Descendants, ex Massachusetts Historical Society Collection, ex Stacks Sale, 5-6 March 1971.
JA47612. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII Antioch 73 (R1), aVF, nicely centered, weight 2.092 g, maximum diameter 19.5 mm, die axis 180o, 4th officina, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, as caesar, 326 - 327 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust left; reverse PROVIDENTIAE CAESS (to the foresight of the two princes), campgate with two turrets and star above, dot in doorway, SMANTΔ in exergue; comes with a John Quincy Adams Collection tag from the Stack's Sale; SOLD


Barbarous Imitative, Constantine Dynasty Votive, c. 321 - 330 A.D.

|Unofficial| |&| |Barbaric|, |Barbarous| |Imitative,| |Constantine| |Dynasty| |Votive,| |c.| |321| |-| |330| |A.D.||imitative| |AE3|
A fantastic imitative with completely illiterate legends!
RL58487. Billon imitative AE3, cf. RIC VII Siscia 161 (Crispus, official, Siscia mint, 320 - 321 A.D.; ) and RIC VII 163 (Constantine II, official, Siscia mint, 320 - 321 A.D.), VF, well centered, attractive, completely illiterate legends, weight 2.534 g, maximum diameter 18.4 mm, die axis 0o, unofficial mint, as caesar, c. 321 - 350 A.D.; obverse CONSIII-SNSIIC (or similar, blundered), laureate bust right; reverse IIIIIIOIINNIISIII (or similar, blundered), VOT V within wreath, ISIS in exergue; SOLD







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OBVERSE| LEGENDS|

CONSTANTINVSAVG
CONSTANTINVSIVNAVG
CONSTANTINVSIVNNC
CONSTANTINVSIVNNOBC
CONSTANTINVSIVNNOBCAES
CONSTANTINVSMAXAVG
CONSTANTINVSPFAVG
DNCONSTANTINVSIVNNOBCAES
DNFLCLCONSTANTINVSNOBC
FLCLCONSTANTINVSIVNNC
FLCLCONSTANTINVSPFAVG
IMPCONSTANTINVSAVG
VICCONSTANTINVSAVG


REFERENCES|

Bastien, P. Le monnayage de l'atelier de Lyon. De la rouverture de l'atelier en 318 la mort de Constantin (318-337). Numismatique Romaine XIII. (Wetteren, 1982).
Bruun, P. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol VII, Constantine and Licinius A.D. 313 - 337. (London, 1966).
Carson, R., P. Hill & J. Kent. Late Roman Bronze Coinage. (London, 1960).
Carson, R., H. Sutherland & J. Kent. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol VIII, The Family of Constantine I, A.D. 337 - 364. (London, 1981).
Cloke, H. & L. Toone. The London Mint of Constantius & Constantine. (London, 2015).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappes sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 7: Carausius to Constantine & sons. (Paris, 1888).
Depeyrot, G. Les monnaies d'or de Constantin II Zenon (337-491). Moneta 5. (Wetteren, 1996).
Failmezger, V. Roman Bronze Coins From Paganism to Christianity, 294 - 364 A.D. (Washington D.C., 2002).
King, C. & D. Sear. Roman Silver Coins, Volume V, Carausius to Romulus Augustus. (London, 1987).
Milchev, S. The Coins of Constantine the Great. (Sophia, 2007).
Paolucci, R. & A. Zub. La monetazione di Aquileia Romana. (Padova, 2000).
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. V. Diocletian (Reform) to Zeno. (Oxford, 1982).
Sear, D. Roman Coins and Their Values, Vol. IV: The Tetrarchies and the Rise of the House of Constantine: The Collapse of Paganism and the Triumph of Christianity, Diocletian To Constantine I, AD 284 - 337. (London, 2011).
Sear, D. Roman Coins and Their Values, Vol. V: The Christian Empire: The Later Constantinian Dynasty and the Houses of Valentinian and Theodosius and Their Successors, Constantine II to Zeno, AD 337 - 491. (London, 2014).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).
Voetter, O. Die Mnzen der romischen Kaiser, Kaiserinnen und Caesaren von Diocletianus bis Romulus: Katalog der Sammlung Paul Gerin. (Vienna, 1921).

Catalog current as of Friday, September 29, 2023.
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