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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |The Tetrarchy| ▸ |Licinius I||View Options:  |  |  |   

Licinius I, 11 November 308 - 18 September 324 A.D.

Licinius I was a comrade of emperor Galerius in the Tetrarchic period. Following the abdication of Diocletian and Maximianus, Licinius was raised to the rank of Augustus despite never having held the position of Caesar. After Maximinus II invaded his territories, Licinius marched against him and defeated him soundly. Over the next few years, relations between Licinius and Constantine I deteriorated. Armed conflict broke out several times and Licinius was defeated. Only through the intervention of Licinius' wife, Constantine's sister, was his life spared. However, shortly after he was executed for additional political machinations against Constantine.

|Licinius| |I|, |Licinius| |I,| |11| |November| |308| |-| |18| |September| |324| |A.D.|, |argenteus|
Colonia Augusta Treverorum was the capital of Roman Belgica and served as the capital of the Gallic Empire under the emperors Tetricus I and II from 271 to 274. Dates of operation: 294 - 395, 408 - 413 and c. 430. mint marks: SMTR, TR, TRE, TROB, TRPS.
SH34997. Billon argenteus, RIC VI Treveri 825 (R3), Cohen 99 (3 Fr.), Choice gVF, weight 2.306 g, maximum diameter 18.5 mm, die axis 125o, 1st officina, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, c. 310 - 313 A.D.; obverse IMP LICI-NIVS AVG, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust left, mappa in right, spear over shoulder in left; reverse IOVI CONSERVATORI AVG (to Jupiter the protector of the emperor), Licinius borne aloft by eagle right, wings spread, head left, emperor holds scepter in left and thunderbolt in right, PTR in exergue; near perfect centering, some softness as is typical on this series, good metal; very rare; SOLD


Licinius I, 11 November 308 - 18 September 324 A.D., with Licinius II Caesar

|Licinius| |I|, |Licinius| |I,| |11| |November| |308| |-| |18| |September| |324| |A.D.,| |with| |Licinius| |II| |Caesar|, |follis|
SH35421. Billon follis, Bastien, NC 1973, pp. 87 - 97, VF, weight 3.590 g, maximum diameter 23.7 mm, die axis 330o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 317 or 318 A.D.; obverse DD NN IOVII LICINII INVICT AVG ET CAES (Domini Nostri Iovii Licinii Invicti Augustus et Caesar), confronted busts of Licinius I and II, holding trophy of arms between them; reverse I O M ET VIRTVTI DD NN AVG ET CAES (Iovi Optimo Maximo Virtuti Domini Nostri Augustus et Caesar), Jupiter standing facing to the right of trophy of captured arms with two bound captives at base, Jupiter nude except for cloak over shoulder and holds long scepter in left hand, SMATS in exergue; extremely rare; SOLD


|Licinius| |I|, |Licinius| |I,| |11| |November| |308| |-| |18| |September| |324| |A.D.|, |centenionalis|
In 320 A.D., Licinius reneged on the religious freedom promised by the Edict of Milan, and began a new persecution of Christians in the Eastern Roman Empire. He destroyed churches, imprisoned Christians and confiscated their property.
SH26929. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII Trier 259, Choice aUNC, weight 2.712 g, maximum diameter 19.0 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, 320 A.D.; obverse LICINI-VS P AVG, helmeted and cuirassed bust right; reverse VIRTVS EXERCIT (courage of the army), trophy of captured arms, flanked on each side at the base by a seated bound captive facing outward, star left, PTR in exergue; flan crack, sharp; very rare (RIC R4); SOLD


|Licinius| |I|, |Licinius| |I,| |11| |November| |308| |-| |18| |September| |324| |A.D.|, |argenteus|
RB04348. Billon argenteus, RIC VII Trier 212 var., Choice VF+, weight 2.89 g, maximum diameter 19.1 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, 318 - 319 A.D.; obverse IMP LICINIVS AVG, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust left holding mappa in right and spear over shoulder in left; reverse IOVI CONSERVATORI AVGG (to Jove the protector of the Emperor), Licinius borne aloft by eagle right, head left, wings spread, emperor holds scepter in left and thunderbolt in right, PTR in exergue; prima officina not recorded for this wings spread variety, from the Aiello Collection; SOLD


|Licinius| |I|, |Licinius| |I,| |11| |November| |308| |-| |18| |September| |324| |A.D.|, |argenteus|
SH34678. Billon argenteus, RIC VI Treveri 825 var. (reverse legend break), gVF, weight 2.834 g, maximum diameter 18.6 mm, die axis 315o, 1st officina, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, c. 310 - 313 A.D.; obverse IMP LICI-NIVS AVG, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust left holding mappa in right and spear over shoulder in left; reverse IOVI CONSERVATORI AVG (to Jupiter the protector of the emperor), Licinius borne aloft by eagle right, head left, wings spread, emperor holds scepter in left and thunderbolt in right, PTR in exergue; thin flan crack, some softness as is usual on this series; fantastic eagle detail; very rare; SOLD


|Licinius| |I|, |Licinius| |I,| |11| |November| |308| |-| |18| |September| |324| |A.D.|, |follis|
Open civil war between Constantine and Licinius broke in 316 when Constantine invaded Licinius' Balkan provinces. Licinius fled to Adrianople where he collected a second army, under the command of Valerius Valens whom he raised to the rank of Augustus. Constantine defeated Licinius at the Battle of Campus Ardiensis, but the victory was indecisive. A treaty between Constantine and Licinius was concluded at Serdica on 1 March, 317. The peace lasted for about seven years.
RB48418. Billon follis, RIC VII Trier 119, Choice EF, weight 4.369 g, maximum diameter 21.1 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, 316 A.D.; obverse IMP LICINIVS P F AVG, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse GENIO POP ROM (to the guardian spirit of the Roman people), Genio standing left, patera in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, naked except for chlamys over shoulders, T - F across fields, BTR in exergue; wonderful style and strike; SOLD


Lot of 5 Choice gVF+ Bronze Coins - Roman Emperor Licinius I and his son Licinius II, 308 - 324 A.D.

|Licinius| |I|, |Lot| |of| |5| |Choice| |gVF+| |Bronze| |Coins| |-| |Roman| |Emperor| |Licinius| |I| |and| |his| |son| |Licinius| |II,| |308| |-| |324| |A.D.|, |Lot|
Licinius I was a comrade of emperor Galerius in the Tetrarchic period. Following the abdication of Diocletian and Maximianus, Licinius was raised to the rank of Augustus despite never having held the position of Caesar. After Maximinus II invaded his territories, Licinius marched against him and defeated him soundly. Over the next few years, relations between Licinius and Constantine I deteriorated. Armed conflict broke out several times and Licinius was defeated. Only through the intervention of Licinius' wife, Constantine's sister, was his life spared. However, shortly after he was executed for additional political machinations against Constantine. Licinius Junior, son of Licinius I, was made Caesar while still a small child. He was deposed after his father's defeat and executed in 326 A.D.
LT87367. Bronze Lot, 5 coins of Licinius and his son, 19.2 - 21.2 mm, Choice gVF+, excellent coins, well centered and struck with beautiful desert patinas, no specific identification, no tags or flips, the lot is the actual coins in the photograph; SOLD


|Licinius| |I|, |Licinius| |I,| |11| |November| |308| |-| |18| |September| |324| |A.D.|, |centenionalis|
In 320 A.D., Licinius reneged on the religious freedom promised by the Edict of Milan, and began a new persecution of Christians in the Eastern Roman Empire. He destroyed churches, imprisoned Christians and confiscated their property.
RL65545. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII Rome 221 var. (3rd officina not listed for Licinius; 1st and 4th officina only, both R5), VF, weight 2.910 g, maximum diameter 17.0 mm, die axis 0o, 3rd officina, Rome mint, 320 A.D.; obverse IMP LICINIVS AVG, helmeted and cuirassed bust right; reverse VOT / XV FEL / XX RT, inscription in three lines with mint mark on third line, all within laurel wreath terminating in large jewel at the top; extremely rare (R5); SOLD


|Licinius| |I|, |Licinius| |I,| |11| |November| |308| |-| |18| |September| |324| |A.D.|, |follis|
In 320 A.D., Licinius reneged on the religious freedom promised by the Edict of Milan, and began a new persecution of Christians in the Eastern Roman Empire. He destroyed churches, imprisoned Christians and confiscated their property.
RS65436. Billon follis, Hunter V 172 (also 7th officina), RIC VII Cyzicus 9, SRCV IV 15237, Cohen VII 114, Choice EF, weight 3.435 g, maximum diameter 18.8 mm, die axis 135o, 7th officina, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, 317 - 320 A.D.; obverse IMP LICINVS P F AVG, laureate consular bust left, mappa in right hand, globe and scepter in left hand; reverse IOVI CONSERVATORI AVGG (to Jove the protector of the two Emperors), Jupiter standing left, nude but for chlamys over left shoulder, Victory on globe offering wreath in right hand, long scepter in left hand, wreath lower left, Z right, SMK in exergue; SOLD


Licinius I, 11 November 308 - 18 September 324 A.D.

|Licinius| |I|, |Licinius| |I,| |11| |November| |308| |-| |18| |September| |324| |A.D.|, |follis| |(large)|
In Roman religion, every man has a genius, a presiding spirit. In De Die Natali, Censorinus says, from the moment we are born, we live under the guard and tutelage of Genius. Cities, organizations, and peoples also had a genius. On coins, we find inscriptions to the Genius of the Army, of the Senate, of the Roman People, etc. The legend GENIO AVGVSTI dedicates this coin to the Genius of the emperors, the Augusti. Genius' image is of a man with a cloak half covering the shoulders leaving the rest of his body naked, holding a cornucopia in one hand, and a simpulum or a patera in the other.
RT86820. Billon follis (large), RIC VI Siscia 207b, SRCV IV 15149, Cohen VII 26, Hunter V 59 var. (1st officina), choice gVF, well centered, dark green patina, small encrustations, die break near crescent, weight 7.103 g, maximum diameter 24.6 mm, die axis 180o, 6th officina, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 310 - 311 A.D.; obverse IMP LIC LICINIVS P F AVG, laureate head right; reverse GENIO AVGVSTI (to the guardian spirit of the Emperor), Genius standing left, kalathos on head, nude but for cloak over shoulder, patera in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, crescent with horns up lower left, ς (sigma) right, SIS in exergue; ex Beast Coins; SOLD




  




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OBVERSE| LEGENDS|

IMPCLICLICINNIVSPFAVG
IMPCVALLICLICINIVSPFAVG
IMPCVALLICINLICINIVSPFAVG
IMPLICINIVSAVG
IMPLICINIVSPFAVG
IMPLICINIVSPIVSFELIXAVG
IMPLICLICINIVSPFAVG
LICINIVSAVGVSTVS
LICINIVSPFAVG
VALLICINNIANVSLICINNIVSPFAVG



REFERENCES|

Bastien, P. Le Monnayage de l'Atelier de Lyon, De la Rforme Montaire de Diocltien la fermeture temporaire de l'Atelier en 316 (294 - 316). Numismatique Romaine XI. (Wetteren, 1980).
Bastien, P. Le monnayage de l'atelier de Lyon. De la rouverture de l'atelier en 318 la mort de Constantin (318 - 337). Numismatique Romaine XIII. (Wetteren, 1982).
Bruun, P. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol. VII, Constantine and Licinius A.D. 313 - 337. (London, 1966).
Carson, R., P. Hill & J. Kent. Late Roman Bronze Coinage. (London, 1960).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappes sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 7: Carausius to Constantine & sons. (Paris, 1888).
Depeyrot, G. Les monnaies d'or de Diocltien a Constantin I (284 - 337). (Wetteren, 1995).
Failmezger, V. Roman Bronze Coins From Paganism to Christianity, 294 - 364 A.D.. (Washington D.C., 2002).
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. V. Diocletian (Reform) to Zeno. (Oxford, 1982).
Paolucci, R. & A. Zub. La monetazione di Aquileia Romana. (Padova, 2000).
Sear, D. Roman Coins and Their Values, Vol. IV...The Collapse of Paganism and the Triumph of Christianity, Diocletian To Constantine I, AD 284 - 337. (London, 211).
Voetter, O. Die Mnzen der romischen Kaiser, Kaiserinnen und Caesaren von Diocletianus bis Romulus: Katalog der Sammlung Paul Gerin. (Vienna, 1921).

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