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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |The Tetrarchy| ▸ |Galeria Valeria||View Options:  |  |  | 

Galeria Valeria, Augusta, June 293(?) - 311 A.D., Daughter of Diocletian, Second Wife of Galerius

Galeria Valeria was the daughter of Emperor Diocletian and the second wife of Emperor Galerius. After her husband's death, she refused a proposal of marriage by Maximinus Daia. Infuriated he ordered her and her mother Prisca exiled to Syria. Diocletian begged Maximinus to allow his beloved daughter and wife to live with him, but Maximinus refused and imprisoned them in Syria. They escaped and wandered for 15 months in search of refuge before being recognized in the city of Saloniki. A mob seized the pair, dragged them to the town square, beheaded them and dumped their bodies in the sea.

Galeria Valeria, Augusta, June 293(?) - 311 A.D., Second Wife of Galerius

|Galeria| |Valeria|, |Galeria| |Valeria,| |Augusta,| |June| |293(?)| |-| |311| |A.D.,| |Second| |Wife| |of| |Galerius||follis|
In 309, a plague, possibly related to anthrax, spread across the Roman Empire, causing a drastic decline in the population. Plagues and population decline were perhaps the greatest cause for the decline of Rome.
MA96587. Billon follis, RIC VI Cyzicus 38, SRCV IV 14597, weight 5.155 g, maximum diameter 26.6 mm, die axis 0o, 4th officina, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, 308 - 309 A.D.; obverse GAL VALERIA AVG, draped bust right; reverse VENERI VICTRICI, Venus standing left, raising apple in right hand, raising drapery over shoulder with left hand, ∆ left, MK∆ in exergue; $26.45 (26.71)


|Galeria| |Valeria|, |Galeria| |Valeria,| |Augusta,| |June| |293(?)| |-| |311| |A.D.,| |second| |Wife| |of| |Galerius||follis|
Venus (Aphrodite) can be faulted for the Trojan War. Upset that she was not invited to a wedding, she went anyway and maliciously left a golden apple inscribed "For the fairest" on the banquet table. The goddesses, as Aphrodite expected, argued who was the rightful possessor of this prize. It was determined the most handsome mortal in the world, a noble Trojan youth named Paris, would decide. Each of the three finalists offered Paris a bribe. Hera promised he would rule the world. Athena said she would make him victorious in battle. Aphrodite guaranteed the love of the most beautiful woman in the world. This was Helen, who was married to the king of Sparta. Paris awarded the golden apple to Aphrodite. Aphrodite enabled Paris to elope with Helen, Helen of Troy. Helen's husband raised a Greek army to retrieve his wife, starting the Trojan War.
RB32716. Billon follis, Hunter V p. 72, 9 (also 2nd officina); RIC VI Heraclea p. 536, 43; SRCV IV 14593; Cohen VII p. 129, 2, gVF, weight 5.566 g, maximum diameter 27.0 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Heraclea (Marmara Ereglisi, Turkey) mint, c. 309 - 310 A.D.; obverse GAL VALERIA AVG, draped bust right, wearing stephane, hair in looped plait on neck and up back of head; reverse VENERI VICTRICI (to victorious Venus), Venus standing facing, head left, raising apple in right hand, raising drapery over shoulder with left hand, HTB in exergue; SOLD


|Galeria| |Valeria|, |Galeria| |Valeria,| |Augusta,| |June| |293(?)| |-| |311| |A.D.,| |Second| |Wife| |of| |Galerius||follis|
Venus (Aphrodite) can be faulted for the Trojan War. Upset that she was not invited to a wedding, she went anyway and maliciously left a golden apple inscribed "For the fairest" on the banquet table. The goddesses, as Aphrodite expected, argued who was the rightful possessor of this prize. It was determined the most handsome mortal in the world, a noble Trojan youth named Paris, would decide. Each of the three finalists offered Paris a bribe. Hera promised he would rule the world. Athena said she would make him victorious in battle. Aphrodite guaranteed the love of the most beautiful woman in the world. This was Helen, who was married to the king of Sparta. Paris awarded the golden apple to Aphrodite. Aphrodite enabled Paris to elope with Helen, Helen of Troy. Helen's husband raised a Greek army to retrieve his wife, starting the Trojan War.
RT92169. Billon follis, Hunter V p. 74, 32; RIC VI Antiochia p. 639, 151 (S); SRCV IV 14603, Cohen VII 10, Choice gVF, dark red-brown patina, traces of silvering, full border centering, small edge cracks, weight 6.797 g, maximum diameter 23.5 mm, die axis 0o, 8th officina, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 310 - 311 A.D.; obverse GAL VALERIA AVG, draped bust right, wearing stephane, hair in looped plait on neck and up back of head; reverse VENERI VICTRICI (to victorious Venus), Venus standing left, raising apple in right hand, raising drapery over shoulder with left hand, flaming altar at feet on left, crescent with horns up left, H right, ANT in exergue; ex CNG e-auction 233 (26 May 2010), lot 399; scarce; SOLD







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OBVERSE| LEGENDS|

GALVALERIAAVG

REFERENCES|

Bastien, P. Le monnayage de I'atelier de Lyon, Diocletien et ses coregents avant la reforme monetaire (285 - 294). Numismatique Romaine VII. (Wetteren, 1972).
Bastien, P. Le Monnayage de l'Atelier de Lyon, De la Rforme Montaire de Diocltien la fermeture temporaire de l'Atelier en 316 (294 - 316). Numismatique Romaine XI. (Wetteren, 1980).
Calic, X. The Roman Avrei, Vol. Two: From Didius Julianus to Constantius I, 193 AD - 335 AD. (Barcelona, 2003).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappes sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 7: Carausius to Constantine & sons. (Paris, 1888).
Depeyrot, G. Les monnaies d'or de Diocletien Constantin I (284-337). Moneta 1. (Wetteren, 1995).
Gnecchi, F. I Medaglioni Romani. (Milan, 1912).
Jelocnik, A. The Sisak Hoard of Argentei of the Early Tetrarchy. (Ljubljana, 1961).
King, C. & D. Sear. Roman Silver Coins, Volume V, Carausius to Romulus Augustus. (London, 1987).
Mattingly, H., E. Sydenham & P. Webb. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol V, |Part| II, Probus to Amandus. (London, 1933).
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. IV. Valerian I to Allectus. (Oxford, 1978).
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. V. Diocletian (Reform) to Zeno. (Oxford, 1982).
Sear, D. Roman Coins and Their Values, Vol. IV: The Tetrarchies and the Rise of the House of Constantine...Diocletian To Constantine I, AD 284 - 337. (London, 211).
Sutherland, R. & C. Carson. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol VI, From Diocletian's reform to the death of Maximinus. (London, 1967).

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