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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |The Tetrarchy| ▸ |Constantius I||View Options:  |  |  | 

Constantius I, May 305 - 25 July 306 A.D.

Constantius I, a brilliant general, was selected on 1 March 293 by Diocletian and Maximianus to be one of the two Caesars in the First Tetrarchy. Constantius successfully reclaimed the Western provinces from the separatist empire of Carausius and Allectus based in Britain and Gaul. He was Constantine the Great's father. Constantius died of natural causes at York in 306 and his son Constantine succeeded him as Tetrarch.


|Constantius| |I|, |Constantius| |I,| |May| |305| |-| |25| |July| |306| |A.D.|, follis
In 301 A.D. Diocletian issued his Edict on Maximum Prices to curb inflation.
RT93256. Billon follis, RIC VI Alexandria 33a, SRCV IV 14076, Cohen 89, Hunter V 64 var. (officina), Choice EF, interesting attractive portrait, well centered, some silvering, slight double strike in reverse legend, weight 10.341 g, maximum diameter 26.7 mm, die axis 330o, Alexandria mint, as caesar, c. 301 A.D.; obverse FL VAL CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, laureate head right; reverse GENIO POPVLI ROMANI (to the guardian spirit of the Roman People), Genius standing left, kalathos on head, naked except for chlamys over shoulders and left arm, pouring liquor from patera in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, XX left, E over I right, ALE in exergue; $150.00 (€135.00) ON RESERVE


|Constantius| |I|, |Constantius| |I,| |May| |305| |-| |25| |July| |306| |A.D.|, follis
"This reverse is modeled after the famous statue of the Spirit of the Roman People in the Roman Forum. It is unclear when this statue was last seen as it is now lost. Although the coins celebrate a wide range of spirits (e.g., Rome, Augustus, the Army, etc.), the basic design comes from the same statue...The act of pouring the libation to the emperor illustrates what the Christians were required to do in order not to be persecuted." -- Roman Bronze Coins From Paganism to Christianity 294-364 A.D. by Victor Failmezger
RT93257. Billon follis, Hunter V 50 (also 2nd officina), RIC VI Cyzicus 11a, SRCV IV 14032, Cohen VII 58, Choice EF, full border centering, some silvering, flow lines, slightest porosity, weight 9.997 g, maximum diameter 27.8 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, 297 - 299 A.D.; obverse FL VAL CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, laureate head right; reverse GENIO AVGG ET CAESARVM NN (to the guardian spirits of our emperors and caesars), Genius standing left, kalathos on head, nude but for paludamentum over shoulders and left arm, patera from which liquid flows in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, KB in exergue; $110.00 (€99.00)
 


|Constantius| |I|, |Constantius| |I,| |May| |305| |-| |25| |July| |306| |A.D.|, aureus
Certificate of Authenticity issued by David R. Sear.

This type depicts Hercules holding the golden apples of the Hesperides. Diocletian and Maximian had placed themselves under the divine protection of Jupiter and Hercules respectively, Diocletian and Galerius calling themselves "Jovians' and Maximian and Constantius 'Herculians.'
SH08930. Gold aureus, RIC VI Antiochia 8; Calico 4833a; Depeyrot p. 139, 9/4; Cohen VII 145, aVF/VF, traces of mounting at 12 o'clock, weight 5.29 g, maximum diameter 19.4 mm, die axis 180o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, as caesar, 293 - 295 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, laureate head right; reverse HERCVLI CONS CAES (Hercules protector of Caesar), Hercules standing facing, head left, leaning on club and holding apples, lion skin over shoulder, SMAΞ* in exergue; very rare (RIC rarity R4, Calico rarity R1), conservative Sear grading; SOLD







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OBVERSE| LEGENDS|

CONSTANTIVSAVG
CONSTANTIVSCAES
CONSTANTIVSCAESAR
CONSTANTIVSNC
CONSTANTIVSNOBC
CONSTANTIVSNOBCAES
CONSTANTIVSPFAVG
DNCONSTANTIONOBC
FLVALCONSTANTIVSNOBC
FLVALCONSTANTIVSNOBCAES
IMPCCONSTANTIVSPFAVG
IMPCONSTANTIVSAVG
IMPCCONSTANTIVSPFAVG
IMPMAXENTIVSDIVOCONSTANTIOADFINI
IMPMAXENTIVSDIVOCONSTANTIOCOGN
DIVOCONSTANTIOAVG
DIVOCONSTANTIOPIO
DIVOCONSTANTIOPIOPRINCIP


REFERENCES|

Bastien, P. Le monnayage de I'atelier de Lyon, Diocletien et ses coregents avant la reforme monetaire (285 - 294). Numismatique Romaine VII. (Wetteren, 1972).
Bastien, P. Le Monnayage de l'Atelier de Lyon, De la Réforme Monétaire de Dioclétien à la fermeture temporaire de l'Atelier en 316 (294 - 316). Numismatique Romaine XI. (Wetteren, 1980).
Calicó, X. The Roman Avrei, Vol. Two: From Didius Julianus to Constantius I, 193 AD - 335 AD. (Barcelona, 2003).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappées sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 7: Carausius to Constantine & sons. (Paris, 1888).
Depeyrot, G. Les monnaies d'or de Diocletien à Constantin I (284-337). Moneta 1. (Wetteren, 1995).
Gnecchi, F. I Medaglioni Romani. (Milan, 1912).
Jelocnik, A. The Sisak Hoard of Argentei of the Early Tetrarchy. (Ljubljana, 1961).
King, C. & D. Sear. Roman Silver Coins, Volume V, Carausius to Romulus Augustus. (London, 1987).
Mattingly, H., E. Sydenham & P. Webb. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol V, |Part| II, Probus to Amandus. (London, 1933).
Paolucci, R. & A. Zub. La monetazione di Aquileia Romana. (Padova, 2000).
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. IV. Valerian I to Allectus. (Oxford, 1978).
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. V. Diocletian (Reform) to Zeno. (Oxford, 1982).
Sear, D. Roman Coins and Their Values, Vol. IV: The Tetrarchies and the Rise of the House of Constantine...Diocletian To Constantine I, AD 284 - 337. (London, 211).
Sutherland, R. & C. Carson. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol VI, From Diocletian's reform to the death of Maximinus. (London, 1967).

Catalog current as of Saturday, February 22, 2020.
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Roman Coins of Constantius I