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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |The Tetrarchy| ▸ |Constantius I||View Options:  |  |  | 

Constantius I, May 305 - 25 July 306 A.D.

Constantius I, a brilliant general, was selected on 1 March 293 by Diocletian and Maximianus to be one of the two Caesars in the First Tetrarchy. Constantius successfully reclaimed the Western provinces from the separatist empire of Carausius and Allectus based in Britain and Gaul. He was Constantine the Great's father. Constantius died of natural causes at York in 306 and his son Constantine succeeded him as Tetrarch.

Constantius I, May 305 - 25 July 306 A.D.

|Constantius| |I|, |Constantius| |I,| |May| |305| |-| |25| |July| |306| |A.D.||follis| |(large)|
The Latin reverse legend abbreviates, "Saluis Augustoris et Caesaribus Felicitas Karthago," meaning, "Blessed Carthage, the Salvation of the two Augusti and two Caesars." This coin refers to the good fortune provided by Carthage to the emperors. When the Nile floods were deficient and Egypt suffered scarcity, Roman ships importing wheat steered for Carthage, from which they brought back a sufficient supply to the eternal city. On this issue, the folles of the 'Jovian' rulers Diocletian and his Caesar Galerius have the letter I (= Iovi) in the reverse field, while those of the 'Herculian' rulers, Maximian and Constantius, have the letter H (= Herculi).
RT99301. Billon follis (large), RIC VI Carthago p. 428, 39a, SRCV IV 14190, Cohen VI 271, Hunter V p. 46, 6, VF, broad flan, light marks, porosity, corrosion on edge, weight 10.168 g, maximum diameter 27.6 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Carthage (near Tunis, Tunisia) mint, 305 - 306 A.D.; obverse IMP CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, laureate head right; reverse SALVIS AVGG ET CAESS FEL KART (Blessed Carthage, the Salvation of the two Augusti and two Caesars), Carthage standing facing, head left, holding fruits in both hands, H left, A (top open, appearing as H, as normal for the type) in exergue; from a private collector in New Jersey; $80.00 SALE PRICE $72.00


|Constantius| |I|, |Constantius| |I,| |May| |305| |-| |25| |July| |306| |A.D.||aureus|
Certificate of Authenticity issued by David R. Sear.

This type depicts Hercules holding the golden apples of the Hesperides. Diocletian and Maximian had placed themselves under the divine protection of Jupiter and Hercules respectively, Diocletian and Galerius calling themselves "Jovians' and Maximian and Constantius 'Herculians.'
SH08930. Gold aureus, RIC VI Antiochia 8; Calico 4833a; Depeyrot p. 139, 9/4; Cohen VII 145, aVF/VF, traces of mounting at 12 o'clock, weight 5.29 g, maximum diameter 19.4 mm, die axis 180o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, as caesar, 293 - 295 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, laureate head right; reverse HERCVLI CONS CAES (Hercules protector of Caesar), Hercules standing facing, head left, leaning on club and holding apples, lion skin over shoulder, SMAΞ* in exergue; very rare (RIC rarity R4, Calico rarity R1), conservative Sear grading; SOLD







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OBVERSE| LEGENDS|

CONSTANTIVSAVG
CONSTANTIVSCAES
CONSTANTIVSCAESAR
CONSTANTIVSNC
CONSTANTIVSNOBC
CONSTANTIVSNOBCAES
CONSTANTIVSPFAVG
DNCONSTANTIONOBC
FLVALCONSTANTIVSNOBC
FLVALCONSTANTIVSNOBCAES
IMPCCONSTANTIVSPFAVG
IMPCONSTANTIVSAVG
IMPCCONSTANTIVSPFAVG
IMPMAXENTIVSDIVOCONSTANTIOADFINI
IMPMAXENTIVSDIVOCONSTANTIOCOGN
DIVOCONSTANTIOAVG
DIVOCONSTANTIOPIO
DIVOCONSTANTIOPIOPRINCIP


REFERENCES|

Bastien, P. Le monnayage de I'atelier de Lyon, Diocletien et ses coregents avant la reforme monetaire (285 - 294). Numismatique Romaine VII. (Wetteren, 1972).
Bastien, P. Le Monnayage de l'Atelier de Lyon, De la Rforme Montaire de Diocltien la fermeture temporaire de l'Atelier en 316 (294 - 316). Numismatique Romaine XI. (Wetteren, 1980).
Calic, X. The Roman Avrei, Vol. Two: From Didius Julianus to Constantius I, 193 AD - 335 AD. (Barcelona, 2003).
Cloke, H. & L. Toone. The London Mint of Constantius & Constantine. (London, 2015).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappes sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 7: Carausius to Constantine & sons. (Paris, 1888).
Depeyrot, G. Les monnaies d'or de Diocletien Constantin I (284-337). Moneta 1. (Wetteren, 1995).
Gnecchi, F. I Medaglioni Romani. (Milan, 1912).
Jelocnik, A. The Sisak Hoard of Argentei of the Early Tetrarchy. (Ljubljana, 1961).
King, C. & D. Sear. Roman Silver Coins, Volume V, Carausius to Romulus Augustus. (London, 1987).
Mattingly, H., E. Sydenham & P. Webb. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol V, |Part| II, Probus to Amandus. (London, 1933).
Paolucci, R. & A. Zub. La monetazione di Aquileia Romana. (Padova, 2000).
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. IV. Valerian I to Allectus. (Oxford, 1978).
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. V. Diocletian (Reform) to Zeno. (Oxford, 1982).
Sear, D. Roman Coins and Their Values, Vol. IV: The Tetrarchies and the Rise of the House of Constantine...Diocletian To Constantine I, AD 284 - 337. (London, 211).
Sutherland, R. & C. Carson. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol VI, From Diocletian's reform to the death of Maximinus. (London, 1967).

Catalog current as of Wednesday, July 6, 2022.
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