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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |The Severan Period| ▸ |Caracalla||View Options:  |  |  | 

Caracalla, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D.

Marcus Aurelius Antoninus, better known as Caracalla, was the son of Septimius Severus and Julia Domna, born in 188 A.D. He was named Caesar in 196 and Augustus in 198. Shortly before his death, Severus advised his sons, "Agree with each other, give money to the soldiers and scorn all other men." But the brothers hated each other and soon Caracalla had Geta murdered and massacred thousands suspected of supporting him. Although a capable military commander, the actual running of the government was left to his mother. He gradually slipped more and more into paranoia and delusions of grandeur before being murdered on his way to an Eastern campaign aimed at fulfilling his belief that he was the reincarnation of Alexander the Great.

Caracalla, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D., Alexandria Troas, Troas

|Troas|, |Caracalla,| |28| |January| |198| |-| |8| |April| |217| |A.D.,| |Alexandria| |Troas,| |Troas||as|
Alexandria Troas was founded by Antigonus around 310 B.C. with the name Antigoneia. He populated his new city with the inhabitants of Cebren, Colone, Hamaxitus, Neandria, and Scepsis. About 300 B.C., Lysimachus improved the city and re-named it Alexandreia.
RP111718. Bronze as, Bellinger A298 var. (legends). SNGvA 7559 var. (legends, bust), BMC Troas -, gF, dark green patina, slightly rough, parts of legends obscure (verified from die match), weight 6.632 g, maximum diameter 23.9 mm, die axis 180o, Alexandria Troas (Eski Stambul, Turkey) mint, 28 Jan 198 - 8 Apr 217 A.D.; obverse M AVPE ANTONINOC (sic!), laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind; reverse COL ALEXAN AVG, Apollo standing left, leaning forward, right foot on base, laurel branch downward in right hand, right forearm resting on knee, left hand on hip; rare variant; $100.00 (92.00)


Caracalla, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D., Laodicea ad Lycum, Phrygia

|Laodicea| |ad| |Lycus|, |Caracalla,| |28| |January| |198| |-| |8| |April| |217| |A.D.,| |Laodicea| |ad| |Lycum,| |Phrygia||medallion| |AE| |35|NEW
Laodicea on the Lycus was on the river Lycus (Curuksu), in Lydia, later the Roman Province of Phrygia Pacatiana, now near the modern city of Denizli, Turkey. It was home to one of the Seven churches of Asia in the Book of Revelation. In 2013 the archaeological site was identified as a of World Heritage Site. Its ruins attest to its former greatness. Its many buildings include a stadium, baths, temples, a gymnasium, theaters, and a bouleuterion (Senate House). On the eastern side, the line of the ancient wall may be distinctly traced, with the remains of the Ephesus gate; there are streets traversing the town, flanked by colonnades and numerous pedestals. North of the town, towards the Lycus, are many sarcophagi, with their covers lying near them, partly embedded in the ground, and all having been long since rifled.
RP111724. Bronze medallion AE 35, BMC Phrygia p. 315, 224; SNG Cop 588, gF, dark green patina, scratches, scattered porosity, weight 4.075 g, maximum diameter 18.8 mm, die axis 180o, Laodicea ad Lycus (near Denizli, Turkey) mint, c. 198 - 204 A.D.; obverse AVK M ANTΩNEI, laureate draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse ΛAOΔ-I-KEΩN, Tyche standing left, kalathos on head, holding rudder by tiller in right hand, cornucopia in left; first example of this type handled by FORVM, ex Demos auction 13 (21 Oct 2022), lot 532; $90.00 (82.80)


Caracalla, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D., with his brother Geta

|Caracalla|, |Caracalla,| |28| |January| |198| |-| |8| |April| |217| |A.D.,| |with| |his| |brother| |Geta||denarius|
 
SH33740. Silver denarius, Lanz 120, 426 (same dies); RIC IV -, RSC III -, nice VF, weight 3.270 g, maximum diameter 18.9 mm, die axis 180o, Laodicea ad Mare (Latakia, Syria) mint, 199 A.D.; obverse IMP CAE M AVR ANT AVG P TR P II, laureate and draped bust of Caracalla right; reverse P SEPTIMIVS GETA CAES, draped bust of Geta right; extremely rare; SOLD







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OBVERSE| LEGENDS|

ANTONINVSAVGVSTV
ANTONINVSAVGVSTVS
ANTONINVSPIVSAVG
ANTONINVSPIVSAVGBRIT
ANTONINVSPIVSAVGGERM
ANTONINVSPIVSFELAVG (ALSO USED BY ELAGABALUS)
DIVOANTONINOMAGNO
IMPCAEMAVRANTAVGPTRP
IMPCAESMAVRELANTONINVSAVG
IMPANTONINETGETACAESAVGFIL
IMPCMAVRANTONAVGPTRP
IMPCMAVRANTONINVSAVG
IMPCMAVRANTONAVGPTRP
IMPCMAVRANTONINVSAVG
IMPCMAVRANTONINVSPONTAVG
IMPMAVRANTONINVSPIVSAVGPMTRPXIII
MAVRANTCAESPONTIF
MAVRANTONCAESPONTIF
MAVRANTONINVSCAES
MAVRELANTONINVSPIVSAVG
MAVRELANTONINVSPIVSAVGBRIT
MAVRELANTONINVSPIVSAVGGERM


REFERENCES|

Banti, A. & L. Simonetti. Corpus Nummorum Romanorum. (Florence, 1972-1979).
The Barry P. Murphy Collection of Severan Denarii - http://bpmurphy.ancients.info/severan/severanhome.htm
Bickford-Smith, R. "The imperial mints in the east for Septimius Severus: it is time to begin a thorough reconsideration" in RIN XCVI (1994/1995), pp. 53-71.
Calic, E. The Roman Avrei, Vol. II: From Didius Julianus to Constantius I, 193 AD - 335 AD. (Barcelona, 2003).
Cayn, J. Los Sestercios del Imperio Romano, Vol. III: De Marco Aurelio a Caracalla (Del 161 d.C. al 217 d.C.). (Madrid, 1984).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappes sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 4: Septimius Severus to Maximinus Thrax. (Paris, 1884).
Mattingly, H., E. Sydenham & C. Sutherland. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol. IV: From Pertinax to Uranius Antoninus. (London, 1986).
Mattingly, H. & R. Carson. Coins of the Roman Empire in the British Museum, Vol. 5: Pertinax to Elagabalus. (London, 1950).
Online Coins of the Roman Empire (OCRE) - http://numismatics.org/ocre/
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. III. Pertinax to Aemilian. (Oxford, 1977).
Seaby, H. & Sear, D. Roman Silver Coins, Vol. III, Pertinax to Balbinus and Pupienus. (London, 1982).
Sear, D. Roman Coins and Their Values, Vol. II: The Accession of Nerva to the Overthrow of the Severan Dynasty AD 96 - AD 235. (London, 2002).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).

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