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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |The Severan Period||View Options:  |  |  |   

Roman Coins of Severan Period
Severus Alexander, 13 March 222 - March 235 A.D., Ephesos, Ionia

|Ephesos|, |Severus| |Alexander,| |13| |March| |222| |-| |March| |235| |A.D.,| |Ephesos,| |Ionia||AE| |36|
See this type online:
RPC Online VI
Asia Minor Coins
ANS Mantis (No photo on ANS, but photo of this specimen is available on RPC Online.)
SH87621. Bronze AE 36, Karwiese MvE 5.2 p. 164, 750b (O3/R3, only 1 spec. of this variety); RPC Online VI T4956 (5 spec.); ANS Mantis 1972.185.5, Choice EF, excellent centering, olive green patina, some legend weak, small flaw/punch on reverse, porous, weight 25.344 g, maximum diameter 36.3 mm, die axis 180o, Ephesos mint, 13 Mar 222 - Mar 235 A.D.; obverse AYT K M AYP CEB AΛEΞAN∆POC, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind; reverse M-ONΩN - ΠPΩTΩN - ACIAC, on left: cult statue of Artemis standing facing, wearing ornate kalathos, flanked on each side by a stag, arms with supports; on right: Demeter enthroned left, wreathed in grain, two stalks of grain in right hand, long torch vertical in left hand; EΦECIΩN in exergue; only the second known of this variety with stags flanking Artemis, fantastic HUGE 36mm provincial bronze!; $1900.00 SALE PRICE $1710.00


Julia Domna, Augusta 194 - 8 April 217 A.D., Stobi, Macedonia, The Rape of Persephone

|Stobi|, |Julia| |Domna,| |Augusta| |194| |-| |8| |April| |217| |A.D.,| |Stobi,| |Macedonia,| |The| |Rape| |of| |Persephone||AE| |25|
Beautiful Persephone lived a peaceful life far away from the other deities, a goddess within Nature herself before the days of planting seeds and nurturing plants. She was innocently picking flowers when Hades, god of the Underworld, burst through a cleft in the earth and abducted her. While Demeter searched desperately for her daughter she neglected the earth and caused nothing to grow. Zeus, pressed by the cries of hungry people, determined to force Hades to return Persephone. However, Hades had tricked Persephone into eating pomegranate seeds, and because anyone who consumes food or drink in the Underworld is doomed to spend eternity there, she is forced return to the underworld for a period each year. Explaining the seasons, when Demeter and her daughter are reunited, the Earth flourishes with vegetation and color, but for the months each year when Persephone returns to the underworld, the earth becomes barren.
RP97760. Bronze AE 25, Josifovski Stobi 151 ff., Varbanov III 3934 (R6), Mionnet Sup. III 691, AMNG III -, SNG Cop -, BMC Macedonia -, gF, broad flan with full legends, corrosion, scratches, central depressions, weight 7.661 g, maximum diameter 24.7 mm, die axis 0o, Stobi (Gradsko, Macedonia) mint, 194 - 8 Apr 217 A.D.; obverse AVGVSTA IVLIA, draped bust right, hair in horizontal ridges, chignon at back of head; reverse MVNICIPI STOBEN, Hades driving quadriga right, holding the abducted Persephone with his right arm, scepter in his left hand; scarce; $270.00 SALE PRICE $243.00


Severus Alexander, 13 March 222 - March 235 A.D., Apollonia Salbace, Caria

|Other| |Caria|, |Severus| |Alexander,| |13| |March| |222| |-| |March| |235| |A.D.,| |Apollonia| |Salbace,| |Caria||AE| |30|
This coin is an obverse die match to a coin struck by the neighboring city, Alabanda, Caria, SNG Mnchen 464, RPC Online VI T5384. Dies shared by more than one city in the region were first discovered by Konrad Kraft in 1972. Groups of smaller cities in Anatolia shared traveling mints, which would sometimes use the same obverse dies for more than one city.
RP92646. Bronze AE 30, Apparently unpublished; RPC Online -, SNG BnF -, SNGvA -, SNG Cop -, BMC Caria -, F, porous, turquoise and earthen adhesions, reverse flatly struck, weight 11.787 g, maximum diameter 29.7 mm, die axis 180o, Apollonia Salbace (Edremit, Turkey) mint, 13 Mar 222 - Mar 235 A.D.; obverse AYT K M AYP CEY AΛEΞAN∆PO-C, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind; reverse CTPA AΓAΘEINOY TOY IH AΠOΛΛΩNIATΩN (strategos Agathinos, son of Hie.(?), Apollonia), Zeus standing slightly left, head left, wearing himation and chlamys, eagle in right hand, long scepter vertical in left hand; from the Errett Bishop Collection; extremely rare, this is the only specimen of the type known to FORVM; $250.00 SALE PRICE $225.00


Macrinus, 11 April 217 - 8 June 218 A.D.

|Macrinus|, |Macrinus,| |11| |April| |217| |-| |8| |June| |218| |A.D.||sestertius|
Macrinus was Praetorian Prefect for Caracalla but arranged Caracalla's assassination and seized power. He and his son were accepted by the senate. The Syrian legions, inspired by Julia Maesa, Caracalla's aunt, revolted after he concluded an unfavorable peace with the Persians. He was defeated and executed.
SL92493. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC IV 121 (S), BMCRE V 113, Cohen IV 79, SRCV II 7391, Hunter III -, NGC F, strike 4/5, surface 1/5, scratches (577028-007), weight 19.150 g, maximum diameter 30.7 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 11 Apr 217 - 31 Dec 217 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES M OPEL SEV MACRINVS AVG, laureate and cuirassed bust right, from the front; reverse PONTIF MAX TR P P P (high priest, holder of Tribunitian power, father of the country), Felicitas standing facing, head left, long caduceus in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, drapery over left arm, S - C (senatus consulto) flanking across field below center; from the Errett Bishop Collection; NGC| Lookup; $230.00 SALE PRICE $207.00


Elagabalus, 16 May 218 - 11 March 222 A.D., Neapolis, Samaria, Syria Palestina

|Roman| |Judea| |&| |Palestina|, |Elagabalus,| |16| |May| |218| |-| |11| |March| |222| |A.D.,| |Neapolis,| |Samaria,| |Syria| |Palestina||AE| |24|
Neapolis, Samaria, the biblical Shechemis, is now Nablus, Israel. It is the site of Joseph's Tomb and Jacob's well. Jesus spoke here to a Samaritan woman. Neapolis is home to about half the remaining worldwide Samaritan population of 600.
RP98112. Bronze AE 24, SNG ANS 1007 (same dies); cf. Rosenberger II 53; BMC Palestine p. 61, 103; Sofaer 109 - 110; Baramki AUB 36, nice VF, excellent portrait, attractive green patina with highlighting earthen deposits, some legend not fully struck, edge splits, weight 6.701 g, maximum diameter 24.1 mm, die axis 180o, Neapolis (Nablus, Israel) mint, 16 May 218 - 11 Mar 222 A.D.; obverse AVT K M AVP - ANTWNIN, laureate head right, slight drapery on left shoulder; reverse ΦΛ NE - CVP Π (Flavia Neapolis Syria Palestina), Tyche standing slightly left, head left, kalathos on head, rudder held by tiller in right hand, cornucopia in left hand; ex Menashe Landman Collection; rare; $200.00 SALE PRICE $180.00


Caracalla, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D.

|Caracalla|, |Caracalla,| |28| |January| |198| |-| |8| |April| |217| |A.D.||dupondius|
In 213, Caracalla left Rome to expel some German marauders from Gaul, then defended the northern Rhine frontier against the Alamanni and the Chatti. After his victory over the German tribes on the banks of the River Main, he gave himself the title "Germanicus." It is probably while campaigning in Germania that he took a liking to the caracalla, a Celtic or German tunic from which he acquired the name by which he is known today. His mother, Julia Domna, stayed behind and ruled the Empire.
RB98433. Orichalcum dupondius, RIC IV 514 (S), BMCRE V 254, Cohen IV 534, SRCV II 6973, Hunter III 81 var. (slight drapery), aVF, excellent portrait, dark green and red patina, reverse legend partially unstruck, weight 8.190 g, maximum diameter 251 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 213 A.D.; obverse ANTONINVS PIVS AVG BRIT, radiate head right; reverse PROVIDENTIAE DEORVM (to the foresight of the gods), Providentia standing left, baton held over globe in right hand, long scepter in left hand, S - C (senatus consulto) flanking across field; scarce; $200.00 SALE PRICE $180.00


Septimius Severus, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D., Caesarea, Cappadocia

|Cappadocia|, |Septimius| |Severus,| |9| |April| |193| |-| |4| |February| |211| |A.D.,| |Caesarea,| |Cappadocia||drachm|
Mount Erciyes (Argaios to the Greeks, Argaeus to the Romans) is a massive stratovolcano 25 km to the south of Kayseri (ancient Caesarea) in Turkey. The highest mountain in central Anatolia, with its summit reaching 3,916 meters (12,848 ft). It may have erupted as recently as 253 B.C., as may be depicted on Roman era coins. Strabo wrote that the summit was never free from snow and that those few who ascended it reported seeing both the Black Sea to the north and the Mediterranean Sea to the south in days with a clear sky.
RS99253. Silver drachm, Sydenham Caesarea 401 var. (laur. head r.); SNGvA 6467 var. (same); BMC Galatia p. 74, 228 var. (same, leg.); SNG Tub -; SNG Hunt -; SNG Cop -, VF, surface a little grainy, broad oval flan, edge chip, small edge cracks, weight 2.452 g, maximum diameter 18.8 mm, die axis 0o, Cappadocia, Caesarea (Kayseri, Turkey) mint, 206 - 207 A.D.; obverse AY KAI Λ CEΠ CEOYHPOC, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind; reverse MHTPO KAICAP NEΩ, Mount Argaeus surmounted by a star; ET IE (year 15) in exergue; apparently unpublished extremely rare bust variation; $200.00 SALE PRICE $180.00


Caracalla, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D.

|Caracalla|, |Caracalla,| |28| |January| |198| |-| |8| |April| |217| |A.D.||denarius|
Not in RIC. RIC lists this type as an aureus and lists a very similar denarius but Roman holds Victory, not a palladium. A palladium was an image of great antiquity on which the safety of a city was said to depend. The "Palladium" was the wooden statue of Pallas Athena that Odysseus and Diomedes stole from the citadel of Troy and which was later taken to Rome by Aeneas. The Roman story is related in Virgil's Aeneid and other works.
RS99251. Silver denarius, RSC III 549; BMCRE V p. 258, S515; SRCV II 6882, Hunter III 61; cf. RIC IV 166 (Roma holds Victory), RIC IV 167 (aureus), Choice aVF, centered, toned, flow lines, die wear, weight 3.448 g, maximum diameter 19.4 mm, die axis 225o, Rome mint, 206 - 210 A.D.; obverse ANTONINVS PIVS AVG, older youth's unbearded laureate head right; reverse RESTITVTOR VRBIS, Roma seated left, oval shield against near side of seat, helmeted, Palladium in right hand, spear vertical behind in left hand; very rare; $170.00 SALE PRICE $153.00


Septimius Severus, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D.

|Septimius| |Severus|, |Septimius| |Severus,| |9| |April| |193| |-| |4| |February| |211| |A.D.||denarius|
This type refers to Severus' victories over Parthia. Severus assumed the title "Parthicus Maximus," greatest of Parthian conquerors.
RS99246. Silver denarius, BMCRE V p. 288, 675; RIC IV 514 corr. (palm vice trophy); RSC III 741; SRCV II 6373; Hunter III 200, Choice VF, light toning, flow lines, tiny edge cracks, weight 3.054 g, maximum diameter 19.1 mm, die axis 0o, Laodicea ad Mare (Latakia, Syria) mint, 198 - 202 A.D.; obverse L SEPT SEV AVG IMP XI PART MAX, laureate head right; reverse VICT PARTHICAE, Victory walking left, wreath in extended right hand, trophy of captured arms in left; Parthian captive at feet on left, bearded and wearing a Parthian cap, seated left, looking up and back at Victory, hands bound behind back; $165.00 SALE PRICE $149.00


Septimius Severus, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D., Cremna, Pisidia

|Pisidia|, |Septimius| |Severus,| |9| |April| |193| |-| |4| |February| |211| |A.D.,| |Cremna,| |Pisidia||AE| |29|
Cremna in Pisidia was taken by Amyntas, commander of the Galatian auxiliary of Brutus and Cassius. He became king of Galatia and Pisidia after going over to the side of Mark Antony. After his death in 25 B.C., Cremna became a Roman colony. A donatio given by Aurelian promised a period of great prosperity; but in 276 the town was taken by an Isaurian robber, named Lydius. He used it as a base for looting, prompting Tacitus to make the first and only visit of a Roman emperor to the region. Cremna was abandoned in the Middle Ages. The ancient site stands on a hill over the ancient Cestrus (Aksu) River, in Burdur Province, Turkey. Nearly all the buildings have been reduced to heaps of stone.
RP98458. Bronze AE 29, unpublished in major references; BMC Lycia -, SNGvA -, SNG Cop -, SNG BnF -, Isegrim -, F, legends weak, edge cracks, weight 8.841 g, maximum diameter 29.1 mm, die axis 180o, Cremna (in Bucak district, Turkey) mint, 9 Apr 193 - 4 Feb 211 A.D.; obverse [IMP C L SEP?] SEVER - PERTIN AVG, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind; reverse COL C-REM - AVG, Aquila (legionary eagle standard) between two signa standards surmounted by wreath; from the Michael Arslan Collection; Coin Archives records only one specimen of the type at auction in the last two decades; extremely rare; $160.00 SALE PRICE $144.00




  







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