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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |The Adoptive Emperors| ▸ |Marcus Aurelius||View Options:  |  |  | 

Marcus Aurelius, 7 March 161 - 17 March 180 A.D.

Marcus Aurelius was recognized by Hadrian as a fine and capable youth and betrothed to the daughter of Aelius. Antoninus Pius adopted him and in 145 A.D. he married Antoninus' daughter, Faustina II. In 161 A.D., he succeeded Antoninus as Augustus, immediately proclaiming Lucius Verus his co-emperor. Although known for his adherence to the philosophy of Stoicism and as a naturally peaceful man, Marcus' reign was disturbed by war with Parthia, plague and then a long, hard war along the Danube frontier. He died on March 17th, 180 A.D. and was deified by the senate soon after.

Marcus Aurelius, 7 March 161 - 17 March 180 A.D., Gaza, Judaea, Syria Palaestina

|Roman| |Judea| |&| |Palestina|, |Marcus| |Aurelius,| |7| |March| |161| |-| |17| |March| |180| |A.D.,| |Gaza,| |Judaea,| |Syria| |Palaestina||AE| |20|
Throughout the Roman period, Gaza was a prosperous city and received grants and attention from several emperors. A 500-member senate governed Gaza, and a diverse variety of Philistines, Greeks, Romans, Canaanites, Phoenicians, Jews, Egyptians, Persians and Bedouin populated the city. Gaza's mint stamped out coins adorned with the busts of gods, emperors, and empresses. In 66 A.D., Gaza was burned down by Jews during their rebellion against the Romans. However, it remained an important city; even more so after the destruction of Jerusalem by Titus the following year.
RP98106. Bronze AE 20, Sofaer pl. 110, 118 (same rev. die); RPC IV.3 T9072 (2 spec., same obv. die, Marnas below date on plate); Rosenberger II 95; BMC Palestine p. 155, 89, Choice gVF, part of ethnic and date unstruck, attractive enhanced desert patina, weight 6.351 g, maximum diameter 19.5 mm, die axis 0o, Gaza mint, 163 - 164 A.D.; obverse ANTWNEN-OC CEB (starting from the upper right, letters OC CEB on the left all reversed), laureate, draped bust right; reverse ΓAZA (upward on left), ∆KC (year 224, upward on right), Tyche wearing standing facing, looking left, kalathos on head, long grounded scepter vertical in right hand, cornucopia in left, heifer standing left at feet on left, Marnas symbol upper right above date; ex Menashe Landman Collection; rare; $450.00 SALE PRICE $405.00
 


Marcus Aurelius & Lucius Verus, 7 March 161 - February 169 A.D., Aelia Capitolina (Jerusalem), Judaea, Syria Palestina

|Roman| |Judea| |&| |Palestina|, |Marcus| |Aurelius| |&| |Lucius| |Verus,| |7| |March| |161| |-| |February| |169| |A.D.,| |Aelia| |Capitolina| |(Jerusalem),| |Judaea,| |Syria| |Palestina||AE| |23|
During his famous travels, Hadrian visited Judaea and initiated reconstruction of Jerusalem on the Roman model, with a temple of Jupiter replacing the Jewish Temple and restrictions on circumcision. This triggered the Bar-Kochba war, lasting three years and brutal beyond imagination. Hadrian sought to eradicate Judaism and renamed the city Aelia Capitolina. Aelia came from Hadrian's nomen gentile, Aelius, while Capitolina meant that the new city was dedicated to Jupiter Capitolinus, to whom a temple was built on the Temple Mount.
RP98116. Bronze AE 23, RPC Online IV.3 T6416 (9 spec.); Sofaer 55; Meshorer Aelia 56; Rosenberger 35; Kadman Aelia 59; BMC Palestine p. 90, 51; SNG ANS -, nice VF, well centered on a tight flan, attractive near black patina with highlighting red earthen deposits, weight 10.645 g, maximum diameter 22.7 mm, die axis 180o, Aelia Capitolina (Jerusalem) mint, 7 Mar 161 - Feb 169 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES ANTONINO ET VERO AVG, confronted, laureate, draped, and cuirassed busts of M. Aurelius (on left) and L. Verus; reverse COL AEL CAP (Colonia Aelia Capitolina), draped bust of Serapis left, wearing kalathos; rare; $300.00 SALE PRICE $270.00
 


Marcus Aurelius, 7 March 161 - 17 March 180 A.D., Mule with Lucius Verus Reverse

|Marcus| |Aurelius|, |Marcus| |Aurelius,| |7| |March| |161| |-| |17| |March| |180| |A.D.,| |Mule| |with| |Lucius| |Verus| |Reverse||denarius|NEW
This coin is a mule of a Marcus Aurelius obverse and Lucius Verus reverse. Both the obverse and reverse types were struck December 161 to December 162. At this time the mint was rather careless in their pairing and many erroneous combinations are known. The correct Marcus Aurelius reverse is nearly identical but the inscription reads, PROV DEOR TR P XVII COS III.
RS94681. Silver denarius, refs. for M. Aurelius obv. and L. Verus rev.: RIC III MA67/LV482, RSC II MA522/LV155, Hunter II MA14/LV7, BMCRE IV MA224 var. (laur.)/LV202, VF, minor surface flaws, edge slightly ragged, small edge cracks, top of part of reverse legend off flan, weight 2.901 g, maximum diameter 17.9 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, Dec 161 - Dec 162 A.D.; obverse M ANTONINVS AVG IMP II, bare head right; reverse PROV DEOR TR P II COS III, Providentia standing slightly left, head left, globe in right hand, cornucopia in left hand; from the Ray Nouri Collection; $150.00 SALE PRICE $135.00 ON RESERVE


|Marcus| |Aurelius|, |Marcus| |Aurelius,| |7| |March| |161| |-| |17| |March| |180| |A.D.||denarius|NEW
Annona was worshiped in Rome for providing the annual supply of grain. She was represented on an altar in the capital. The three principal granaries of Rome were Sicily, Egypt, and the African provinces. Annona civilis was the grain purchased each year by the state, imported, put into storage reserve, and then distributed for the subsistence of the people. Annona militaris was grain appropriated to the use of an army during a campaign.
RS97925. Silver denarius, RSC II 484b, BMCRE IV 373, SRCV II 4922, RIC III 142 var. (laureate head right), Hunter II 25 var. (same), VF, well centered, attractive toning, radiating flow lines, well centered, marks, tiny edge cracks, weight 2.677 g, maximum diameter 17.8 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 164 - 165 A.D.; obverse M ANTONINVS AVG ARMENIACVS, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind; reverse P M TR P XIX IMP III COS III, Annona standing slightly left, head left, two stalks of grain downward in right hand, cornucopia in right hand, modius at feet on left, galley prow at feet on right; $145.00 SALE PRICE $131.00 ON RESERVE


Marcus Aurelius, 7 March 161 - 17 March 180 A.D., Koinon of Macedonia

|Koinon| |of| |Macedonia|, |Marcus| |Aurelius,| |7| |March| |161| |-| |17| |March| |180| |A.D.,| |Koinon| |of| |Macedonia||AE| |24|
The Macedonian Koinon (community) was the political organization governing the autonomous Roman province of Macedonia and responsible for issuing coinage. Member cities sent representatives to participate in the popular assembly. The Koinon held celebrations and games annually at Beroea (modern Verria) in honor of Alexander the Great and the Roman emperor.
RP98019. Bronze AE 24, RPC Online IV.1 T4277 (10 spec.); AMNG III 272; SNG Cop 1342; Varbanov 3052 (R4); BMC Macedonia p. 28, 156 var. (slight drapery) , VF, dark brown patina, pitting, weight 6.675 g, maximum diameter 24.3 mm, die axis 90o, 7 Mar 161 - 17 Mar 180 A.D.; obverse KAICAP ANTWNINOC, laureate head right; reverse KOINON MAKE∆ONWN, fulmen (thunderbolt) with four wings; $140.00 SALE PRICE $126.00
 


|Marcus| |Aurelius|, |Marcus| |Aurelius,| |7| |March| |161| |-| |17| |March| |180| |A.D.,| |Ancient| |Counterfeit||denarius|
The style of this coin is very similar to official issues but it was struck by an unofficial criminal mint. It was stuck on a flan made with a bronze core wrapped in thin silver foil. It likely circulated easily when it was a newly made counterfeit. After centuries underground, has the deceit has been exposed. The bronze core has corroded in spots, expanded, and pushed up the silver foil. This is most visible on the obverse where the lifted silver has chipped away under his eye and the core is exposed, and on the reverse at 11:00 where the silver remains but has been pushed up and cracked. Part of the edge of a silver foil which was folded over from the obverse is visible on the reverse from 7:00 to 9:00.
RS97922. Fouree silver plated denarius, cf. RSC II 848a, BMCRE IV 245 var. (note), RIC III 103 var. (no drapery), Hunter II 17 var. (bare head), SRCV II - (official, silver, Rome mint), Choice VF, toned, scratches, core exposed under eye, lamination defects, edge splits, weight 2.971 g, maximum diameter 18.5 mm, die axis 0o, unofficial mint, c. 164 A.D.; obverse •M•ANTONINVS AVG IMP II, bare-headed, draped, and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind; reverse TR P XVIII COS III, Minerva standing left, wearing crested helmet, olive branch in right hand, left hand on grounded shield, spear vertical with point upward resting against left forearm; $120.00 SALE PRICE $108.00
 


|Marcus| |Aurelius|, |Marcus| |Aurelius,| |7| |March| |161| |-| |17| |March| |180| |A.D.||denarius|NEW
Providentia is the personification of the ability to foresee and to make provision for the future. This ability was considered essential for the emperor and providentia was among the embodiments of virtues that were part of the imperial cult. Cicero said that providentia, memoria (memory) and intellegentia (understanding) are the three main components of prudentia, the knowledge what is good or bad or neither.
RS94677. Silver denarius, RIC III 23; RSC II 508; BMCRE IV p. 388, 18; Hunter II 3 var. (slight drapery); cf. SRCV II 4925 (TR P XVI), VF/F, light toning, flow lines, light marks, mild die wear, weight 3.238 g, maximum diameter 17.4 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 161 - 162 A.D.; obverse IMP M AVREL ANTONINVS AVG, laureate head right; reverse PROV DEOR TR P XV COS III, Providentia standing slightly left, head left, globe in extended right hand, cornucopia in left hand; from the Ray Nouri Collection; $110.00 SALE PRICE $99.00 ON RESERVE


|Marcus| |Aurelius|, |Marcus| |Aurelius,| |7| |March| |161| |-| |17| |March| |180| |A.D.||denarius|NEW
Minerva, equated with the Greek Athena, was the Roman virgin warrior goddess of poetry, medicine, wisdom, commerce, weaving, crafts, magic, and the inventor of music. She was worshiped on the Capitoline Hill as one of the Capitoline Triad along with Jupiter and Juno.
RS94680. Silver denarius, RIC III AP444, BMCRE IV AP683, RSC II 618, Hunter II 13 var. (slight drapery), SRCV II -, choice gF, nice portrait, good centering, flow lines, small edge splits/cracks, weight 2.618 g, maximum diameter 18.9 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 148 - 149 A.D.; obverse AVRELIVS CAESAR AVG PII F, bare head right; reverse TR POT III COS II, Minerva standing right, helmeted and draped, inverted spear vertical behind in right hand, resting left hand on grounded shield on left side; from the Ray Nouri Collection; $110.00 SALE PRICE $99.00 ON RESERVE


|Marcus| |Aurelius|, |Marcus| |Aurelius,| |7| |March| |161| |-| |17| |March| |180| |A.D.||denarius|NEW
Honos was the god of chivalry, honor and military justice. He was usually depicted in art with a spear and a cornucopia. He was sometimes identified with Virtus.
RS94687. Silver denarius, RIC III AP426 (S); BMCRE IV p. 73, 509; RSC II 100; SRCV II 4782, Hunter II -, F, nicely toned, weight 3.060 g, maximum diameter 18.1 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, as caesar, Sep - Dec 144 A.D.; obverse AVRELIVS CAESAR AVG PII F, bare head right; reverse COS DES II (Consul once [in 140], selected for a second time [to begin 1 Jan 145]), Honos standing slightly left, head left, togate, branch in right hand, cornucopia in left hand; from the Ray Nouri Collection; scarce; $110.00 SALE PRICE $99.00 ON RESERVE


|Marcus| |Aurelius|, |Marcus| |Aurelius,| |7| |March| |161| |-| |17| |March| |180| |A.D.,| |Ancient| |Counterfeit||denarius|NEW
The style of this coin is very similar to official issues but it was struck by an unofficial criminal mint. It likely circulated easily when it was a newly made counterfeit. It was stuck on a flan made with a bronze core wrapped in thin silver foil. Although the bronze core is not exposed anywhere on the coin, the bronze has corroded in spots, expanded, and pushed up the silver foil. This is most visible on the obverse in the left and right fields where the silver remains but has been pushed up and cracked. The edge on the obverse from 12:00 to 2:00 is a bit odd, probably showing the edge of the silver foil folded over from the reverse.
RS97923. Fouree silver plated denarius, RSC II 292c, BMCRE IV 568, RIC III 276 var. (laur. head), cf. SRCV II 4901 (TR P XXVI), Hunter II 58 (same, laureate head), aVF/F, well centered, radiating flow lines, scratches, lamination flaws, tiny edge cracks, weight 3.102 g, maximum diameter 17.8 mm, die axis 0o, unofficial mint, c. 173 A.D.; obverse M ANTONINVS AVG TR P XXVII, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind; reverse IMP VI COS III, Mars standing right, wearing military garb, inverted spear vertical behind in right hand, resting left hand on grounded oval shield; $110.00 SALE PRICE $99.00 ON RESERVE







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OBVERSE| LEGENDS|

ANTONINVSAVG
ANTONINVSAVGARMENIACVS
AVRELIVSCAESANTONAVGPIIF
AVRELIVSCAESARANTONINIAVGPIIFIL
AVRELIVSCAESARAVGPIIF
AVRELIVSCAESARAVGPIIFCOS
AVRELIVSCAESARAVGPIIFIL
AVRELIVSCAESARAVGPIIFCOS
AVRELIVSCAESAVGPIIF
AVRELIVSCAESAVGPIIFCOS
AVRELIVSCAESAVGPIIFCOSDES
DIVOMARCO
DIVOMARCOANTONINO
DIVVSMANTONINVSPIVS
IMPCAESMAVRELANTONINVSAVG
IMPCAESMAVRELANTONINVSAVGPM
IMPMANTONINVSAVG
IMPMANTONINVSAVGTRPXXV
IMPMAVRELANTONINVSAVG
MANTONINVSAVG
MANTONINVSAVGARMENIACVS
MANTONINVSAVGARMENPM
MANTONINVSAVGARMPARTHMAX
MANTONINVSAVGGERMSARM
MANTONINVSAVGGERMSARMATICVS
MANTONINVSAVGGERMSARMMAX
MANTONINVSAVGGERMSARMTRPXXXI
MANTONINVSAVGGERMSARMTRPXXXPP
MANTONINVSAVGGERMTRPXXIX
MANTONINVSAVGIMPII
MANTONINVSAVGTRPXX
MANTONINVSAVGTRPXXIII
MANTONINVSAVGTRPXXIIII
MANTONINVSAVGTRPXXV
MANTONINVSAVGTRPXXVI
MANTONINVSAVGTRPXXVII
MANTONINVSAVGTRPXXVIII
MANTONINVSAVGTRPXXIX
MAVRELANTONINVSAVG
MAVRELANTONINVSAVGARMENIACVSPM
MAVRELANTONINVSAVGARMPARTHMAX
MAVRELANTONINVSAVGTRPXXXIII
MAVRELIVSCAESARANTONINIAVGPIIF
MAVRELIVSCAESARAVGPIIF


REFERENCES|

Banti, A. & L. Simonetti. Corpus Nummorum Romanorum. (Florence, 1972-1979).
Calicó, E. The Roman Avrei, Vol. I: From the Republic to Pertinax, 196 BC - 193 AD. (Barcelona, 2003).
Cayón, J. Los Sestercios del Imperio Romano, Vol. III: De Marco Aurelio a Caracalla (Del 161 d.C. al 217 d.C.). (Madrid, 1984).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappées sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 3: Marcus Aurelius to Clodius Albinus. (Paris, 1883).
Mattingly, H. & E. Sydenham. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol. III: Antoninus Pius to Commodus. (London, 1930).
Mattingly, H. & R. Carson. Coins of the Roman Empire in the British Museum, Vol. 4: Antoninus Pius to Commodus. (London, 1940).
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet. II. Trajan to Commodus (London, 1971).
Szaivert, W. Die Münzprägung der Kaiser Marcus Aurelius, Lucius Verus un Commodus (161-192). (Wien, 1984).
Seaby, H. & R. Loosley. Roman Silver Coins, Vol. II: Tiberius to Commodus. (London, 1979).
Sear, D. Roman Coins and Their Values, Vol. II: The Accession of Nerva to the Overthrow of the Severan Dynasty AD 96 - AD 235. (London, 2002).
Strack, P. Untersuchungen zur römischen Reichsprägung des zweiten Jahrhunderts, Teil III: Die Reichsprägung zur Zeit Antoninus Pius. (Stuttgart, 1937).
Toynbee, J. Roman medallions. ANSNS 5. (New York, 1944).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).

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