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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Roman Coins ▸ The Adoptive Emperors ▸ PlotinaView Options:  |  |  | 

Plotina, Wife of Trajan, Augusta 105 - 129 A.D.

Plotina was the wife of Trajan, married to him before his succession. She was renowned for her virtue and simplicity. In 100 Trajan awarded her with title of Augusta, but she did not accept the title until 105. Plotina did not appear on the coinage until 112. She was largely responsible for Hadrian's succession to the throne after the death of Trajan. Plotina died in 129 A.D.


Plotina, Augusta 105 - 129 A.D., Wife of Trajan, Gordus-Julia, Lydia

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"The colonial coins of Plotina are, according to Vaillant, of the highest degree of rarity. Amongst those bearing Latin inscriptions are issues from Cassendreia in Macedonia, and Corinth in Achaia." -- Dictionary of Roman Coins
RP83943. Bronze AE 22, RPC online III 2550 (11 spec.); SNG München 189; BMC Lydia p. 92, 18; Prowe-Egger 1460; SNG Cop -; SNGvA -, aF, dark patina, legends mostly weak/unstruck, porosity, small edge chip/crack, weight 4.137 g, maximum diameter 21.5 mm, die axis 180o, Gordus-Julia mint, magistrate Poplius, c. 112 - 117 B.C.; obverse ΠΛΩTEINA CEBACTH, draped bust right, hair in plait behind; reverse ΓOP∆HNΩN EΠI ΠOΠΛIOY, Zeus seated left on throne, patera in right hand, long scepter vertical behind in left hand; very rare; $150.00 (€127.50)
 


Trajan, 25 January 98 - 8 or 9 August 117 A.D., Parion, Mysia

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Plotina was Trajan's wife, married to him before he became emperor. She was renowned for her virtue and simplicity. Marciana was Trajan's eldest sister and the mother of Matidia. She was an accomplished woman who lost her husband before her brother's succession. Matidia lived as a widow with Plotina and they were united by the tenderest and most uninterrupted friendship. Both were awarded the title Augusta at the same time in 105. Marciana died c. 112 - 114. Plotina died in 129 A.D.
RP42037. Bronze AE 17, RPC III 1543 (17 spec.), SNG BnF 1468, Weber 5151; countermark: Howgego 304 (11 or 17 of this type in RIC have this countermark), VF, tight flan, cut across face of Plotina, weight 2.038 g, maximum diameter 17.2 mm, die axis 180o, Parium (Kemer, Canakkale, Turkey) mint, c. 105 - 114 A.D.; obverse TRAIAN AVG, laureate head right; countermark: capricorn right in an oval punch; reverse MARCIANA AVG PLOTINA, confronting draped busts of Plotina, on left, and Marciana, on right; rare; SOLD


Leucas, Coele Syria, 98 - 117 A.D., Trajan and Plotina(?)

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As noted by Imhoof-Blumer, and reiterated by RPC, the obverse bust has similarities with heads of Trajan. The date had been misread as Claudian, leading to the misattribution as Claudius and Agrippina Jr. The coin is, in fact, probably later. The obverse bust seems to show the facial features of Trajan, wearing the radiate crown of Helios (the sun). The reverse has a crescent-crown over the bust of a woman. Perhaps the image can be viewed as the bust of Plotina, wearing the crescent-crown of Luna (the moon).
RY25067. Bronze AE 16, SGICV 508 var., Lindgren 2180, RPC I 4465 (refs list as Claudius and Agrippina Jr. RPC notes Trajan resemblance), F, weight 3.120 g, maximum diameter 16.1 mm, die axis 0o, Leucas mint, c. 98 - 117 A.D.; obverse ΛEVKA∆IWN, radiate male bust right; reverse KΛAV∆IEWN TWN KAI, female bust right, crescent above; scarce; SOLD







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OBVERSE LEGENDS

PLOTINAAVGDIVI
PLOTINAAVGIMPTRAIANI
PLOTINAAVGVSTAIMPTRAIANI
PLOTINAAVGVSTAIMPTRAIANICAES
PLOTINAEAVG


REFERENCES

Banti, A. & L. Simonetti. Corpus Nummorum Romanorum. (Florence, 1972-1979).
Besombes, P-A. Bibliothèque Nationale, Catalogue des Monnaies de l?Empire Romain, IV Trajan (98-117 après J.-C.). (Paris, 2008).
Calicó, E.X. The Roman Avrei, Vol. I: From the Republic to Pertinax, 196 BC - 193 AD. (Barcelona, 2003).
Cayón, J. Los Sestercios del Imperio Romano, Vol. I: De Pompeyo Magno a Matidia (Del 81 a.C. al 117 d.C.). (Madrid, 1984).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappées sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 2: Nerva to Antoninus Pius. (Paris, 1883).
Mattingly H. & E. Sydenham. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol. II: Vespasian to Hadrian. (London, 1926).
Mattingly, H. & R.A.G. Carson. Coins of the Roman Empire in the British Museum, Vol. 3: Nerva to Hadrian. (London, 1936).
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. I. Augustus to Nerva. (Oxford, 1962).
Sear, D.R. Roman Coins and Their Values, Vol. II: The Accession of Nerva to the Overthrow of the Severan Dynasty AD 96 - AD 235. (London, 2002).
Strack, P.L. Untersuchungen zur römischen Reichsprägung des zweiten Jahrhunderts, Teil 1: Die Reichsprägung zur Zeit des Traian. (Stuttgart, 1931).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).
Woytek, B. Die Reichsprägung des kaisers Traianus (98-117). MIR 14. (Vienna, 2010).

Catalog current as of Wednesday, September 19, 2018.
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Roman Coins of Plotina