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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |The Twelve Caesars| ▸ |Agrippina Jr.||View Options:  |  |  | 

Agrippina Junior, Augusta 50 - March 59 A.D.

Agrippina Jr., daughter of Agrippina Sr. and Germanicus, sister of Caligula, and mother of Nero, was born in 16 A.D. Despite an incestuous relationship, she was exiled by her brother Caligula. She seduced her uncle Claudius and married him soon after. After ensured her son Nero would become emperor, she murdered Claudius by feeding him poisoned mushrooms. A soothsayer once prophesied that if Nero became emperor, he would kill his mother, Agrippina replied "Let him kill me, only let him rule!" In March of 59 A.D., Nero arranged for her to board a vessel that was rigged to collapse and capsize. She survived the wreck, swam to shore, and made it to one of her villas, but was executed on Nero's orders.

Nero and Agrippina Junior, 54 - 68 A.D.

|Agrippina| |Jr.|, |Nero| |and| |Agrippina| |Junior,| |54| |-| |68| |A.D.||denarius|
Agrippina Jr. was daughter of Agrippina Sr. and Germanicus, sister of Caligula, and mother of Nero. She seduced and married her uncle Claudius, murdering him after she secured the thrown for Nero. A soothsayer prophesied if Nero became emperor, he would kill his mother, Agrippina replied "Let him kill me, only let him rule!" Nero executed her in 59 A.D.
SH68894. Silver denarius, RIC I 7, RSC II 4, BMCRE I 8, SRCV I 2044, F, toned, scratches, weight 3.484 g, maximum diameter 17.8 mm, die axis 135o, Lugdunum (Lyon, France) mint, c. Jan - Nov 55 A.D.; obverse NERO CLAVD DIVI F CAES AVG GERM IMP TR P COS, Jugate bare headed draped busts of Nero (in forefront) and Agrippina Junior; reverse AGRIPP AVG DIVI CLAVD NERONIS CAES MATER, enthroned on cart drawn left by four elephants; Augustus, further, radiate, holding aquila; and Claudius, nearer, radiate, holding patera and scepter; EX S C in upper left field; from the Jyrki Muona Collection; very rare (R3); SOLD


Caligula, 16 March 37 - 24 January 41 A.D.

|Caligula|, |Caligula,| |16| |March| |37| |-| |24| |January| |41| |A.D.||sestertius|
The first Rome mint portrait sestertius type, and a highly sought after reverse type.
SH38172. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC I 33; BMCRE p. 152, 36; BnF II 47; Cohen I 4; SRCV I 1800, NGC VF, Strike 5, Surface 2, weight 26.340 g, maximum diameter 34.5 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Rome mint, 37 - 38 A.D.; obverse C CAESAR AVG GERMANICVS PON M TR POT, laureate head left; reverse AGRIPPINA DRVSILLA IVLIA, the three sisters of Caligula standing, in the guises of Securitas, Concordia, and Fortuna, S C (senatus consulto) in exergue; NGC certified, excellent centering and strike, attractive portrait, patina worn on high spots; rare; SOLD


Nero and Agrippina Junior, 55 A.D.

|Nero|, |Nero| |and| |Agrippina| |Junior,| |55| |A.D.||aureus|
Agrippina Jr. was daughter of Agrippina Sr. and Germanicus, sister of Caligula, and mother of Nero. She seduced and married her uncle Claudius, murdering him after she secured the thrown for Nero. A soothsayer prophesied if Nero became emperor, he would kill his mother, Agrippina replied "Let him kill me, only let him rule!" Nero executed her in 59 A.D.
SH33183. Gold aureus, SRCV I 2042, BnF II 10, RIC I 6, BMCRE I 7, Cohen I 3, VF, scratches and dings, ex jewelry with mounting marks, weight 7.733 g, maximum diameter 19.2 mm, die axis 90o, Rome mint, c. Jan - Nov 55 A.D.; obverse NERO CLAVD DIVI F CAES AVG GERM IMP TR P COS, conjoined bare headed busts of Nero and Agrippina Junior (draped) right; reverse AGRIPP AVG DIVI CLAVD NERONIS CAES MATER, seated statues of Divus Augustus and Claudius on car drawn to left by four elephants, EX S C in field; ex G. Marchesi collection (Bologna, c. 1990); rare (R3); SOLD


Claudius, 25 January 41 - 13 October 54 A.D., Ephesos, Ionia

|Claudius|, |Claudius,| |25| |January| |41| |-| |13| |October| |54| |A.D.,| |Ephesos,| |Ionia||cistophorus|
This issue celebrated their marriage and Agrippina Junior's elevation to Augusta. Julia Agrippina was a great-granddaughter of Augustus, great-niece and adoptive granddaughter of Tiberius, sister of Caligula, niece and fourth wife of Claudius, and mother of the Nero. She is described by the ancient sources as ruthless, ambitious, violent and domineering, but also beautiful and reputable. According to Pliny the Elder, she had a double right upper canine, a sign of good fortune. Many ancient historians accused Agrippina of poisoning Claudius. A soothsayer prophesied if Nero became emperor, he would kill his mother, Agrippina replied "Let him kill me, only let him rule!" Nero had her executed in 59 A.D.
SH79841. Silver cistophorus, RPC I 2223, RIC I 117 (R), BMCRE I 234, BnF II 294, RSC II 2, SRCV I 1887, VF, excellent portraits, toned, nice surfaces, highest points flatly struck, reverse slightly off-center, weight 11.054 g, maximum diameter 25.1 mm, die axis 180o, Ephesus mint, 50 - 51 A.D.; obverse TI CLAVD CAESAR AVG P M TR P X IMP XIIX (counterclockwise), laureate head of Claudius right; reverse AGRIPPINA AVGVSTA CAESARIS AVG (counterclockwise), draped bust of Agrippina Jr. right, hair in queue at back, hair in three rows of curls above ear and long curly strand below ear; rare; SOLD







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OBVERSE| LEGENDS|

AGRIPPAVGDIVICLAVDNERONISCAESMATER
AGRIPPINAAVGGERMANICIFCAESARISAVG
AGRIPPINAAVGVSTACAESARISAVG
AGRIPPINAEAVGVSTAE
NEROCLAVDDIVICLAVDFCAESARAVGGERMANI
NEROCLAVDDIVIFCAESAVGGERMIMPTRPCOS
TICLAVDCAESAVGAGRIPPAVGVSTA
TICLAVDCAESARAVGGERMPMTRIBPOTPP


REFERENCES|

American Numismatic Society (ANS) Collections Database Online - http://numismatics.org/search/search
Banti, A. & L. Simonetti. Corpus Nummorum Romanorum. (Florence, 1972-1979).
Burnett, A., M. Amandry & P.P. Ripolls. Roman Provincial Coinage I: From the death of Caesar to the death of Vitellius (44 BC-AD 69). (London, 1992 and supplement).
Calic, X. The Roman Avrei, Vol. One: From the Republic to Pertinax, 196 BC - 193 AD. (Barcelona, 2003).
Calic, E. Xavier. The Roman Avrei, Vol. I: From the Republic to Pertinax, 196 BC - 193 AD. (Barcelona, 2003).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappes sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 1: Pompey to Domitian. (Paris, 1880).
Giard, J-B. Le monnayage de l'atelier de Lyon, De Claude Ier Vespasien (41-78 aprs J.-C.), et au temps de Clodius Albinus (196-197 aprs J.-C.). (Wetteren, 2000).
Giard, J-B. Bibliothque National Catalogue Monnaies de L'Empire Romain II: De Tebre Nron. (Paris, 1988).
King, C.E. Roman Quinarii from the Republic to Diocletian and the Tetrarchy. (Oxford, 2007).
Mac Dowall, D.W. The Western Coinages of Nero. ANSNNM 161. (New York, 1979).
Mattingly, H. and R.A.G. Carson. Coins of the Roman Empire in the British Museum, Vol 1: Augustus to Vitellius. (London, 1923).
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. I. Augustus to Nerva. (Oxford, 1962).
Seaby, H.A. & R. Loosley. Roman Silver Coins, Vol. II: Tiberius to Commodus. (London, 1979).
Sear, David R. Roman Coins and Their Values, The Millennium Edition, Volume One, The Republic and the Twelve Caesars 280 BC - AD 86. (London, 2000).
Sutherland, C.H.V. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol. I, From 39 BC to AD 69. (London, 1984).
Toynbee, J.M.C. Roman medallions. ANSNS 5. (New York, 1944).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).
von Kaenel, H.-M. "Britannicus, Agrippina Minor und Nero in Thrakien" in SNR 63 (1984).

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