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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |The Twelve Caesars| ▸ |Claudius||View Options:  |  |  | 

Claudius, 25 January 41 - 13 October 54 A.D.

Claudius was one of the most capable, yet unlikely emperors. Shunned as an idiot by his family due to a limp and embarrassing stutter, Claudius spent the first decades of his life absorbed in scholarly studies until the death of his nephew Caligula. After Caligula's murder, the Praetorian Guard found him hiding behind a curtain in the Imperial Palace, expecting to be murdered. Instead, the guard proclaimed him emperor. His reign was marred by personal catastrophes, most notably promiscuity and betrayal by his third wife. He governed well and conquered the troublesome island of Britain. He was poisoned by his fourth wife, Agrippina Jr., mother of Nero.

|Claudius|, |Claudius,| |25| |January| |41| |-| |13| |October| |54| |A.D.|, |sestertius|
A "Tiber patina," sometimes called a river patina, is technically not a patina at all. Rather, submersion in anaerobic fresh water or mud on a river bottom has prevented a normal patina from forming. The shiny original surfaces of the coin often becomes subdued and grainy or porous. Curvy lines of corrosion, with an appearance similar to worm holes in wood, are seen on this coin and are common on river found coins. We don't know what causes these strange flaws.
SL89519. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC I 99, SRCV I 1853, BMCRE I 124, Cohen I 85, NGC Ch VF, strike 4/5, surface 1/5 (24900381-001), Tiber patina with porosity and corrosion typical of a fresh water find, weight 23.735 g, maximum diameter 35.4 mm, die axis 180o, Western branch "barbarous" mint, c. 41 A.D.; obverse TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG P M TR P IMP, laureate head right; reverse SPES AVGVSTA, Spes walking left, flower in extended right hand, raising fold of chiton with left hand, S C (senatus consulto) in exergue; from the Errett Bishop Collection, photos taken before certification, now in a NGC holder; $270.00 SALE |PRICE| $243.00
 


Claudius, 25 January 41 - 13 October 54 A.D., Aizanis, Phrygia

|Aizanis|, |Claudius,| |25| |January| |41| |-| |13| |October| |54| |A.D.,| |Aizanis,| |Phrygia|, |AE| |20|
Aizanis (Aezani, Aizanoi) was an important political and economic center in Roman times. Surviving remains from the period include a well-preserved Temple of Zeus, an unusual combined theater-stadium complex, and a macellum inscribed with the Price Edict of Diocletian.
RP84892. Bronze AE 20, RPC I 3088; BMC Phrygia p. 34, 85; SNG Cop 83; vA Aizanoi 40; McClean 8744; Lindgren-Kovacs 872, VF, dark patina with buff earthen deposits, tight flan, reverse slightly off center, weight 4.082 g, maximum diameter 19.5 mm, die axis 0o, Aizanis (Cavdarhisar, Turkey) mint, magistrate Klaudios Hierax; obverse AIZANITAI − KΛAY∆ION KAICKAPA, laureate head right; reverse EΠI KΛAY∆I-OY - IEPAKOC, Zeus of Aezanis standing facing, head left, eagle in extended right hand, long scepter vertical behind in left hand; ex Roma Numismatics e-sale 28 (2 Jul 2016), lot 252; $90.00 SALE |PRICE| $81.00
 


Claudius, 25 January 41 - 13 October 54 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt

|Roman| |Egypt|, |Claudius,| |25| |January| |41| |-| |13| |October| |54| |A.D.,| |Roman| |Provincial| |Egypt|, |diobol|
In 52 A.D., the execution of old and crippled slaves in was prohibited in Rome.
RX89890. Bronze diobol, RPC I 5193; Geissen 105; Dattari 156; BMC Alexandria p. 11, 92; Kampmann 12.79; Milne 128; Emmett 80/13 (R1); Curtis -, F, brown tone, small edge cracks, beveled obverse edge, some porosity, weight 8.434 g, maximum diameter 25.9 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, 29 Aug 52 - 28 Aug 53 A.D.; obverse TI KΛAY KAI CEBAC ΓEPMA, laureate head right; reverse AYTOKPA, eagle standing right on thunderbolt, head left, date L - IΓ (year 13) across fields; $90.00 SALE |PRICE| $81.00
 


Claudius, 25 January 41 - 13 October 54 A.D., Philippi, Macedonia

|Philippi|, |Claudius,| |25| |January| |41| |-| |13| |October| |54| |A.D.,| |Philippi,| |Macedonia|, |AE| |27|
Philippi was founded by Philip II of Macedonia to control nearby gold mines and the route between Amphipolis and Neapolis. Philip constructed fortifications, sent colonists, and established a mint in the city. In Oct 42 B.C., Mark Antony and Octavian defeated Caesar's assassins, Brutus and Cassius, at the Battle of Philippi west of the city. They released some of their veterans to colonize the city, which was refounded as Colonia Victrix Philippensium. In 30 B.C., Octavian sent more Italian settlers, veterans possibly from the Praetorian Guard. The city was renamed Colonia Iulia Philippensis, and then Colonia Augusta Iulia Philippensis after January, 27 B.C., when Octavian received the title Augustus from the Roman Senate.
RP94065. Bronze AE 27, RPC I 1653, Varbanov III 3774; SNG ANS 684, SNG Cop 3074, BMC Macedonia 24, AMNG III 17, Lindgren 1127, Moushmov 6923, F, overstruck, strong obscuring undertype effects, weight 8.865 g, maximum diameter 26.6 mm, die axis 180o, Philippi (near Filippoi, Greece) mint, 41 - 56 A.D.; obverse TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG P M TR P IMP, bare head left; reverse COLA VGIVL PHILIP, statues of Augustus to left and Caesar to right on cippus inscribed DIVVS AVG in two lines, altar flanking on each side of cippus; $50.00 SALE |PRICE| $45.00
 


|Claudius|, |Claudius,| |25| |January| |41| |-| |13| |October| |54| |A.D.|, |as|
Minerva was ancient even to the Romans. She was of Italian or Etruscan origin and directly identified with the Greek Athena. Although a war goddess, she was also the patron of handicrafts and of wisdom. The latter is probably what made her attractive to Claudius who reportedly authored several histories, none of which, unfortunately, have survived.
BB91029. Copper as, RIC I 116, BMCRE I 206, BnF II 233, Cohen I 84, SRCV I 1862, Hunter I -, Fine/Fair, nice budget portrait, spots of light corrosion, weight 8.617 g, maximum diameter 27.4 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, c. 42 A.D.; obverse TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG P M TR P IMP P P, bare head left; reverse Minerva advancing right, helmeted, draped and wearing aegis, brandishing javelin in right hand, round shield on left arm, large S - C (senatus consulto) flanking across lower fields; ex Sayles and Lavender; $36.00 SALE |PRICE| $32.40
 


|Claudius|, |Claudius,| |25| |January| |41| |-| |13| |October| |54| |A.D.|, |as|
Libertas (Latin for Liberty) was the Roman goddess and embodiment of liberty. The pileus liberatis was a soft felt cap worn by liberated slaves of Troy and Asia Minor. In late Republican Rome, the pileus was symbolically given to slaves upon manumission, granting them not only their personal liberty, but also freedom as citizens with the right to vote (if male). Following the assassination of Julius Caesar in 44 B.C., Brutus and his co-conspirators used the pileus to signify the end of Caesar's dictatorship and a return to a Republican system of government. The pileus was adopted as a popular symbol of freedom during the French Revolution and was also depicted on some early U.S. coins.
RB94217. Copper as, RIC I 113, BMCRE I 202, BnF II 230, Hunter I 85, Cohen I 47, SRCV I 1860, aF, bumps, marks, holed and plugged, weight 6.590 g, maximum diameter 28.5 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 42 A.D.; obverse TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG P M TR P IMP P P, bare head left; reverse LIBERTAS AVGVSTA, Libertas standing right, pileus (cap worn by freed slaves) in right hand, S - C (senatus consulto) flanking across field; $36.00 SALE |PRICE| $32.40
 







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OBVERSE| LEGENDS|

DIVVSCLAVDIVSAVGVSTVS
TICLAVDCAES
TICLAVDCAESAVG
TICLAVDCAESARAVGGERPMTRP
TICLAVDCAESARAVGGERMPMTRP
TICLAVDCAESARAVGPMTRPIII
TICLAVDCAESARAVGPMTRPIIII
TICLAVDCAESARAVGPMTRPVIIMPXI
TICLAVDCAESARAVGPMTRPVIIIIMPXVI
TICLAVDCAESARAVGPMTRPVIIIIIMPXVI
TICLAVDCAESARAVGPMTRPVIIIIIMPXVII
TICLAVDCAESARAVGPMTRPVIIIIIMPXVIII
TICLAVDCAESARAVGPMTRPXPP
TICLAVDCAESARAVGPMTRPXIMPPP
TICLAVDCAESARAVGPMTRPXPPIMPXVIII
TICLAVDCAESARAVGPMTRPXIIMPPPCOSV
TICLAVDCAESARAVGPMTRPXIPPIMPXVIII
TICLAVDIVSCAESARAVG
TICLAVDIVSCAESARAVGPMTRPIMP
TICLAVDIVSCAESARAVGPMTRPIMPPP
TICLAVDCAESARAVGGERMPMTRIBPOTPP (WITH AGRIPPINA JUNIOR)


REFERENCES|

American Numismatic Society (ANS) Collections Database Online - http://numismatics.org/search/search
Banti, A. & L. Simonetti. Corpus Nummorum Romanorum. (Florence, 1972-1979).
Burnett, A., M. Amandry & P.P. Ripollès. Roman Provincial Coinage I: From the death of Caesar to the death of Vitellius (44 BC-AD 69). (London, 1992 and supplement).
Calicó, X. The Roman Avrei, Vol. One: From the Republic to Pertinax, 196 BC - 193 AD. (Barcelona, 2003).
Calicó, X. The Roman Avrei, Vol. One: From the Republic to Pertinax, 196 BC - 193 AD. (Barcelona, 2003).
Cayón, J. Los Sestercios del Imperio Romano, Vol. I: De Pompeyo Magno a Matidia (Del 81 a.C. al 117 d.C.). (Madrid, 1984).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappées sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 1: Pompey to Domitian. (Paris, 1880).
Giard, J-B. Monnaies de L'Empire Romain II: De Tebère à Néron. Catalogue Bibliothèque nationale de France. (Paris, 1988).
Mattingly, H. & R.A.G. Carson. Coins of the Roman Empire in the British Museum, Vol 1: Augustus to Vitellius. (London, 1923).
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. I. Augustus to Nerva. (Oxford, 1962).
Sear, D.R. Roman Coins and Their Values, The Millennium Edition, Volume One, The Republic and the Twelve Caesars 280 BC - AD 86. (London, 2000).
Sutherland, C.H.V. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol. I, From 39 BC to AD 69. (London, 1984).
Toynbee, J.M.C. Roman medallions. ANSNS 5. (New York, 1944).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).
von Kaenel, H.-M. "Britannicus, Agrippina Minor und Nero in Thrakien" in SNR 63 (1984).
von Kaenel, H.-M. Münzprägung und Münzbildnis des Claudius. AMUGS XI. (Berlin, 1986).

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