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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Greek Coins| ▸ |Geographic - All Periods| ▸ |Anatolia| ▸ |Caria| ▸ |Kindos||View Options:  |  |  | 

Ancient Coins of Kindos, Caria

The ancient Carian city of Knidos (or Cindus), near modern Tekir, Turkey, was described by Strabo as "built for the most beautiful of goddesses, Aphrodite, on the most beautiful of peninsulas." Originally a Phoenician settlement, Kindos was later colonized by Dorians, and was a member of the Dorian Hexapolis (later Pentapolis), consisting of Cnidus, Cos, Halicarnassus, Ialysus, Camirus, and Lindus. The sanctuary of the Triopian Apollo, a sun-god whose symbol was the Lion, was the meeting-place of the members of the Hexapolis. Knidos was the home of Eudoxus of Cnidus (c. 408 B.C. - c. 347 B.C.), a Greek astronomer, mathematician, physician, scholar and friend of Plato. In 394 B.C. the Persian fleet defeated the Spartans off Cnidus. Paul sailed past it on his voyage to Rome (Acts 27:7).

Knidos, Caria, c. 411 - 394 B.C.

|Kindos|, |Knidos,| |Caria,| |c.| |411| |-| |394| |B.C.||drachm|
The ancient Carian city of Knidos was described by Strabo as "built for the most beautiful of goddesses, Aphrodite, on the most beautiful of peninsulas." The legendary Aphrodite of Praxiteles, one of the most beautiful sculptures of antiquity, once graced her temple at Knidos. It has perished, but late copies exist, of which the most faithful is in the Vatican Museums. The sanctuary of the Triopian Apollo, a sun-god whose symbol was the lion, was the meeting-place of the members of the Dorian Hexapolis. A colossal figure of a lion found at Knidos is in the British Museum.
SH95997. Silver drachm, Cahn 94 (V46/R63 with A added); SNG Keckman 139, SNG Cop 252, De Luÿnes 2704, SNGvA 2598, BMC Caria - (all with same rev. die), VF, toned, light deposits, light marks, die wear, reverse die crack, weight 6.113 g, maximum diameter 16.8 mm, die axis 0o, Knidos (near Tekir, Turkey) mint, series VI, c. 411 - 394 B.C.; obverse forepart of roaring lion right; reverse head of Aphrodite right, hair bound in sphendone decorated with leaves or flowers, A (control) left, all within incuse square; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $600.00 (€552.00)
 


Knidos, Caria, c. 100 - 40 B.C.

|Kindos|, |Knidos,| |Caria,| |c.| |100| |-| |40| |B.C.||AE| |33|
Based on only the single worn example known to the authors, RPC I attributed this type to Livia from an uncertain mint. Based on the Mabbott coin with a clear poppy on the obverse and ethnic on the reverse, the RPC I Supplement corrected the attribution to Demeter and Knidos. All examples of this type are very rare. This type struck by the magistrate MOΣXΩN is apparently unpublished and only two examples are known to Forum.

The obverse bust resembles the marble "Demeter of Knidos" statue, now in the British Museum.
GB84095. Bronze AE 33, Apparently unpublished; cf. RPC I 5436 & supplement (magistrate); Mabbott 1715 (same), NG Cop -, SNGvA -, SNG Munchen -, SNG Tüb -, VF, nice style, attractive brown toning, flan adjustment marks, uneven strike, reverse slightly off center, weight 15.997 g, maximum diameter 32.8 mm, die axis 0o, Knidos (near Tekir, Turkey) mint, c. 100 - 40 B.C.; obverse veiled and diademed bust of Demeter right, poppy before her; reverse Nike advancing left, wreath in extended right hand, long palm frond in left hand, MOΣXΩN (magistrate's name) downward on left, KNI∆IΩN downward on right; finest of only 2 known!; SOLD


Knidos, Caria, 1st Century B.C.

|Kindos|, |Knidos,| |Caria,| |1st| |Century| |B.C.||AE| |32|
Based on only the single worn example known to the authors, RPC I attributed this type to Livia from an uncertain mint. Based on the Mabbott coin with a clear poppy on the obverse and ethnic on the reverse, the RPC I Supplement corrected the attribution to Demeter and Knidos. Similar countermarks are known on coins from Chalkis, Laodicea, Antioch, Selucia, and Damascus, cities under the control of Cleopatra. We believe it is her portrait. Cleopatra and Marc Antony spent considerable romantic time together around Knidos. It is said that Marc Antony sent ships to the Nile to retrieve sand for a beach, which is known today as Cleopatra's Beach. Click here to read about this coin on NumisWiki.

RP21181. Bronze AE 32, RPC I 5436 (1 example known to RPC, attributed to Livia, 2nd example and corrected to Demeter in supplement), F, countermark VF, weight 17.192 g, maximum diameter 32.1 mm, die axis 0o, Knidos (near Tekir, Turkey) mint, 1st century B.C.; obverse veiled and diademed bust of Demeter right [holding poppy], oval countermark of Cleopatra VII? right; reverse KNI..., Nike advancing left with wreath and palm; rare; SOLD







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REFERENCES|

Ashton, R. "The Late Classical/Early Hellenistic Drachms of Knidos" in RN 1999, pp. 63 - 94 and pl. V - XII.
Babelon, E. La collection Waddington au cabinet des médailles. (Paris, 1897-1898). Babelon, E. Traité des Monnaies Grecques et Romaines. (Paris, 1901-1932).
Babelon, J. Catalogue de la collection de Luynes: monnaies greques. (Paris, 1924-1936).
Brett, A. Catalogue of Greek Coins, Boston Museum of Fine Arts. (Boston, 1955).
Cahn, H. Knidos - Die Münzen des Sechsten und des Fünften Jahrhunderts v. Chr. AMUGS IV. (Berlin, 1970).
Forrer, L. Descriptive Catalogue of the Collection of Greek Coins formed by Sir Hermann Weber, Vol. III, Part 1. (London, 1926).
Grose, S. Catalogue of the McClean Collection of Greek Coins, Fitzwilliam Museum, Vol. II: The Greek mainland, the Aegaean islands, Crete. (Cambridge, 1926).
Head, B. A Catalog of the Greek Coins in the British Museum, Caria, Cos, Rhodes, etc. (London, 1897).
HNO - Historia Numorum Online Database - http://hno.huma-num.fr/
Holzer, H. Hans M. F. Schulman Gallery. The Thomas Ollive Mabbott Collection, Part One: Coins of the Greek World, Public Auction, New York, 6-11 June 1969.
Imhoof-Blumer, F. "Karische Münzen" in NZ XLV (1912), pp. 193 - 208, pl. 3.
Imhoof-Blumer, F. Kleinasiatische Münzen. (Vienna, 1901-2).
Lindgren, H. Lindgren III: Ancient Greek Bronze Coins from the Lindgren Collection. (Quarryville, 1993).
Lindgren, H. & F. Kovacs. Ancient Bronze Coins of Asia Minor and the Levant. (San Mateo, 1985).
Mildenberg, L. & S. Hurter, eds. The Dewing Collection of Greek Coins. ACNAC 6. (New York, 1985).
Olcay, N. & H. Seyrig. Trésors monétaires séleucides. I: Le trésor de Mektepini en Phrygie. (Paris, 1965).
Price, M. The Coinage of in the Name of Alexander the Great and Philip Arrhidaeus. (London, 1991).
Roman Provincial Coinage Online - http://rpc.ashmus.ox.ac.uk/
Sear, D. Greek Coins and Their Values, Volume 2, Asia and Africa. (London, 1979).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Vol. 5: Ionia, Caria and Lydia. (West Milford, NJ, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Deutschland, München Staatlische Münzsammlung, Part 22: Caria. (Berlin, 2006).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Deutschland, Münzsammlung Universität Tübingen, Part 5: Karien und Lydien. (Berlin, 1994).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Deutschland, Sammlung Hans Von Aulock, Vol. 2: Caria, Lydia, Phrygia, Lycia, Pamphylia. (Berlin, 1962).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Finland, The Erkki Keckman Collection in the Skopbank, Helsinki, Part 1: Karia. (Helsinki, 1994).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, France, Bibliothèque National, Collection Jean et Marie Delepierre. (Paris, 1983).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain VI, Corpus Christi College Cambridge, The Lewis Collection II: The Greek Imperial Coins. (1992).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Turkey I: The Muharrem Kayhan Collection. (Istanbul, 2002).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Turkey VIII: Mugla Museum, Vol. 1: Caria. (Istanbul, 2012).
Waggoner, N. Early Greek Coins from the Collection of Jonathan P. Rosen (ANS ACNAC 5). (New York, 1983).

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