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Hacksilver or hacksilber, is ancient silver disks, bars, rods, foil, and broken and cut fragments of those forms and also of coins, jewelry or other silver items used as a medium of exchange by weight. It was common in trade beginning at the end of the Iron Age, c. 1200 B.C. in the Levant, and lasted until the first century B.C., were it was used by the Celts and other tribal people in Hispania and Gaul. I was used again in the Middle Ages by the Vikings.
Garcia-Bellido, M. "Hackgold and Hacksilber in protomonetary Iberia" in Garcia-Bellido Barter (2011), pp. 121-135.
Gitler, H. "A Hacksilber and Cut Athenian Tetradrachm Hoard from the Environs of Samaria: Late Fourth Century BCE" in INR 1 (2006), pp. 5-14, pls. 1-2.
Golani, A. & B. Sass. "Three Seventh-Century B. C. E. Hoards of Silver Jewelry from Tel Miqne-Ekron" in Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research No. 311 (Aug 1998), pp. 57-81.
Kim, H. "Archaic Coinage as Evidence for the Use of Money" in in Money and its Uses in the Ancient Greek World. (Oxford, 2001), pp. 7 - 21, pl. 1.1.
Kim, H. & J. Kroll. "A Hoard of Archaic Coin of Colophon and Unminted Silver (CH I.3)" in AJN 20 (2008), pp. 53-103, pls. 12-36.
Kroll, J. "A Small Find of Silver Bullion From Egypt" in AJN 13 (2001), pp. 1-20, pl. 1.
Van Alfen, P. "Herodotus 'Aryandic ' Silver and Bullion use in Persian-Period Egypt" in AJN 16/17 (2004-2005), pp. 7-46, pls. 2-5. (Includes the "Ingot Hoard")
Van Alfen, P., M. Almagro-Gorbea, & P. Ripolles. "A New Celtiberian Hacksilber Hoard, c. 200 BCE" in AJN 20 (2008), pp. 265-293, pls. 65-68.