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Errett Albert Bishop (July 14, 1928 - April 14, 1983) was an American mathematician known for his work on analysis and a professor at the University of California at San Diego. He expanded constructive analysis in his 1967 Foundations of Constructive Analysis, where he proved most of the important theorems in real analysis by constructive methods. (see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Errett_Bishop).
He was also a great father and a fun-loving guy who would take his family biking, surfing, snorkeling, camping, etc. He enjoyed going to auctions, where he would often pick up an interesting artifact or a piece of art. Errett's son, Edward, in the photograph with his father on the right, describes his childhood home as half junk-yard, half museum. Errett especially loved ancient coins, and he was one of the founding members of the Ancient Coin Club in San Diego.
The Errett Bishop Collection includes over 1000 Ancient Greek, Roman Republic, Roman imperial, Roman provincial, Celtic, Judaean, Byzantine and other ancient coins collected from about 1960 to 1982. The collection includes 136 coins from Ptolemaic and Roman Egypt. The variety of types and the range from inexpensive to beautiful showcase coins means there are coins in this collection for almost every collection and every budget.
Pontic Kingdom, Mithradates VI Eupator, c. 120 - 63 B.C.
Mithradates VI Megas (the Great) was king of Pontus, c. 119 - 63 B.C. He was of both Greek and Persian origin, claiming descent from both Alexander the Great and King Darius I of Persia. Mithradates is remembered as one of Rome's most formidable and successful enemies, who engaged three of the most prominent generals of the late Roman Republic in the so-called Mithridatic Wars: Sulla, Lucullus, and Pompey the Great. In the eighth month of the Bithynian-Pontic year 202 (May 95 B.C.), Mithradates began placing dates on the reverse of his precious metal coinage. The tetradrachms included the month and year; the drachms only the year. A monogram beside the date likely indicates the magistrate responsible for coinage that year. The monogram used in 95 B.C. and on this coin, , appears to read Theophanes.SL96009. Silver drachm, SNGvA 6684, Recueil Géneral 10, Suppl. A, pl. 10; Boston MFA 2337; Waddington 132; Callata˙ pl. 1, NGC Ch VF, strike 4/5, surface 1/5 (6155179-006), weight 3.649 g, maximum diameter 19.0 mm, Pergamon (Bergama, Turkey) mint, May - August 95 B.C.; obverse diademed head of Mithradates VI right; reverse stag grazing left, star in crescent with horns up on left, BAΣIΛEΩΣ (king) above, EYΠATOPOS over BΣ (year 202) and Theophanes(?) monogram below stag, all within Dionysiac wreath of ivy with berries; from the Errett Bishop Collection, with NGC certification card, not in a plastic holder (slab), NGC| Lookup; extremely rare, about a dozen known specimens, of which five are in museums; SOLD
Temnos, Aeolis, c. 188 - 170 B.C., In the Name and Types of Alexander The Great
Temnos (Temnus) on the western coast of Anatolia near the Hermus River, was a small Greek city-state of Aeolis, later incorporated in the Roman province of Asia. Under Augustus it was already on the decline, under Tiberius it was destroyed by an earthquake, and in the time of Pliny (23 - 79 A.D.) it was no longer inhabited. It was, however, rebuilt later. One of the city's more noteworthy figures was the rhetorician Hermagoras.SH95976. Silver tetradrachm, Price 1676, Müller Alexander 956, SNG Saroglos 426, VF, centered on a extraordinarily broad hammered flan, scratches and bumps, weight 16.218 g, maximum diameter 38.3 mm, die axis 0o, Aeolis, Temnos (Menemen?, Izmir, Turkey) mint, c. 188 - 170 B.C.; obverse head of Herakles right, wearing Nemean Lion skin, scalp over head, forepaws tied at neck; reverse Zeus Aėtophoros seated left on high-backed throne, bare to the waist, himation around hips and legs, eagle in extended right hand, long scepter vertical behind in left hand, right leg drawn back, AΛEΞANΔPOY downward on right, monograms above oinochoe within vine tendril in left field; from the Errett Bishop Collection, huge 38.3 mm flan!; SOLD
The Temple Tax Coin, Tyre KP Type Half Shekel, Jerusalem or Tyre Mint, 46 - 47 A.D.
At the Great Temple in Jerusalem the annual tax levied was 1/2 shekel per male. The 1/2 shekel and shekel were the only coins accepted by the temple. Some experts believe that after the coinage of Tyre was debased under Roman control, Herod the Great began to strike "Tyre" shekels in Jerusalem. These coins were of cruder fabric and style, but maintained the silver purity required to pay the temple tax. The "Jerusalem" shekels have the letters KP or KAP to the right of the eagle and dates range from PH (18/17 B.C.) to PE (69/70 A.D.). The Greek letters KP or KAP are probably an abbreviation for KAICAP, Greek for Caesar.
JD95985. Silver half shekel, DCA Tyre II 911, Cohen DCA 922 (R2), RPC Online I 4702B, HGC 10 358 (unlisted date), Prieur -, BMC Phoenicia -, SNG Cop -, AUB -, F, toned, scratches, bumps, flan crack, obverse off center, weight 6.701 g, maximum diameter 21.3 mm, die axis 0o, Tyre or Jerusalem mint, 46 - 47 A.D.; obverse laureate head of Melqart right, lion's skin knotted around neck; reverse TYPOY IEPAΣ KAI AΣYΛOY (of Tyre the holy and inviolable), eagle standing left, head left, wings closed, right talon on war galley ram, palm frond transverse right behind, POB (year 172) over club left, KP over monogram (control) right, Aramaic alef (control) between legs; from the Errett Bishop Collection; SOLD
Lucilla, Augusta c. 164 - 182 A.D., Wife of Lucius Verus
For Roman wives, piety often meant accepting neglect. It was not considered adultery for a Roman husband to have sex with slaves or unmarried women. The historian Spartianus wrote that after Lucilla complained, Lucius Verus reproached her: "Uxor enim dignitatis nomen est, non voluptatis" (Wife is the name of dignity, not bliss).RB92463. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC III 1756, BMCRE IV 1161, Cohen III 54, Hunter II 27, SRCV II 5505, VF, nice portrait, flow lines, well centered on a squared flan, light bumps and scratches, weight 26.206 g, maximum diameter 30.2 mm, die axis 330o, Rome mint, 164 - 166 A.D.; obverse LVCILLAE AVG ANTONINI AVG F, draped bust right, hair waived and knotted in chignon low at back; reverse PIETAS, Pietas standing left, veiled, right hand extended over flaming altar at feet on left, incense box in left hand, S - C (senatus consulto) flanking across field; from the Errett Bishop Collection; SOLD
Severus II, 25 July 306 - Summer 307 A.D.
Mars, the god of war, and Virtus, the personification of courage and valor, are sometimes confused in coin descriptions. Mars is male and usually nude. Virtus is female and is never nude. Mars was the god of war and also an agricultural guardian. He was the father of Romulus and Remus, the legendary founders of Rome. In early Rome, he was second in importance only to Jupiter, and the most prominent of the military gods in the religion of the Roman army. Most of his festivals were held in March, the month named for him (Latin Martius), and in October, which began and ended the season for military campaigning and farming.SH93194. Billon follis, RIC VI Ticinum 58a, SRCV IV 14641, Cohen VII 70, Hunter V 6 var. (1st officina), Choice aEF, well centered, sharp portrait, flow lines, weight 10.517 g, maximum diameter 28.1 mm, die axis 0o, 3rd officina, Ticinum (Pavia, Italy) mint, as caesar, c. 305 A.D.; obverse SEVERVS NOB CAESAR, laureate head right; reverse VIRTVS AVGG ET CAESS NN (the valor of our two emperors and two caesars), Mars advancing right, nude but for crested helmet and cloak tied in belt at waist and flying behind, transverse spear in right hand, trophy of captured arms over left shoulder in left hand, pellet in left field, TT in exergue; from the Errett Bishop Collection; SOLD
Carinus, First Half 283 - Spring 285 A.D.
In 282, Carus appointed his oldest son Marcus Aurelius Carinus, caesar and co-emperor of the Western Roman Empire. When this coin was struck in 282, Carinus was still caesar and the Prince of Youth, full of promise. Later he would be remembered as one of the worst Roman emperors. This infamy is, however, likely part fiction, supported by Diocletian himself. For example, the (unreliable) Historia Augusta has Carinus marrying nine wives, while neglecting to mention his only real wife, Magnia Urbica, by whom he had a son, Nigrinianus. After his death, Carinus' memory was officially condemned in the Roman proceeding known as Damnatio Memoriae. His name, along with that of his wife, was erased from inscriptions.RA93343. Billon antoninianus, RIC V-2 158, Cohen VI 103, SRCV III 12303, Hunter IV 5 var. (EKA mintmark), Choice aEF, superb portrait, well centered, much silvering, flow lines, edge crack, weight 3.546 g, maximum diameter 21.5 mm, die axis 0o, 5th officina, Rome mint, as caesar, 282 A.D.; obverse M AVR CARINVS NOB CAES, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse PRINCIPI IVVENTVT (to the Prince of Youth), Carinus standing slightly left, bare head left, wearing military garb, legionary standard in right hand, long scepter vertical in left hand, RE in exergue; from the Errett Bishop Collection; SOLD
Trebonianus Gallus, June or July 251 - July or August 253 A.D.
In Roman Coins and their Values III, David Sear notes, "Under Trebonianus Gallus the fineness of the antoninianus is generally around 35% whilst the average weight is about 3.4 grams."RS93312. Silver antoninianus, RSC IV 2e, RIC IV 79 (S), SRCV III 9622, Hunter III 56 var. (1st officina), Choice EF, broad heavy flan, excellent centering, sharp portrait, light tone, slight porosity, tiny encrustations, weight 5.493 g, maximum diameter 22.2 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 251 - 252 A.D.; obverse IMP C C VIB TREB GALLVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind, two pellets below; reverse ADVENTVS AVG (arrival of the Emperor), Emperor on horseback left, raising right hand in salute, transverse scepter in left hand, two pellets in exergue; from the Errett Bishop Collection; scarce; SOLD
Augustus and Agrippa, 9 - 3 B.C., Colonia Augusta Nemausus, Gallia Narbonensis
The reverse commemorates the conquest of Egypt in 30 B.C. This theme was probably used at Nemausus because the colony was settled by Egyptian Greeks and veterans from Anthony's army that had surrendered to Octavian at Actium. This was the last of the COL NEM issues, distinguished by the addition of the title P P (Pater Patriae), an honor bestowed to Augustus in 2 B.C.SH92630. Bronze AE 23, RIC I 155, RPC Online I 523, SNG Cop 698, SNG Tüb 152, SRCV I 1729, NGC VG, strike 4/5, surface 3/5 (6155614-001), weight 6.642 g, maximum diameter 23.4 mm, die axis 270o, Colonia Augusta Nemausus (Nimes, France) mint, 9/8 - 3 B.C.; obverse back to back heads of Augustus and Agrippa, Agrippa head left wearing a rostral crown, Augustus bare head right, IMP above, DIVI F below; reverse crocodile right chained to palm tree, wreath with long ties over COL - NEM above, two palms fronds below; from the Errett Bishop Collection, NGC| Lookup; SOLD
Delmatius, Caesar, 18 September 335 - mid 337 A.D.
In 334 A.D., Delmatius put down a revolt in Cyprus led by the usurper Calocaerus. He brought the usurper as a prisoner to his uncle, who consigned him to the flames.RL93232. Billon reduced centenionalis, RIC VII Antioch 112 (S), LRBC I 1367, SRCV IV 16901, Cohen VII 4, Hunter V -, gVF, well centered, dark patina, tight flan, weight 2.298 g, maximum diameter 15.1 mm, die axis 180o, 10th officina, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 335 - 337 A.D.; obverse FL DELMATIVS NOB C, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA EXERCITVS (glory of the army), two soldiers standing facing, flanking standard in center, heads confronted, each holding spear in outer hand and resting inner hand on shield on ground, SMANI in exergue; from the Errett Bishop Collection; scarce; SOLD
Kingdom of Edessa, Mesopotamia, Abgar X with Gordian III, 242 - 243 A.D.
Abgar X Frahad bar Manu was raised to the throne when Gordian III recovered Mesopotamia from the Persians. His rule and the Kingdom of Edessa both ended with Gordian's assassination and a Sassanid takeover in 244 A.D. RY92576. Bronze AE 25, RPC Online VII.2 U3016; BMC Arabia p. 115, 148; Babelon Edessa 97; SNG Cop 226, SNG Hunterian 2576 var. (Gordian radiate), aVF, black patina with highlighting red earthen deposits, porosity, minor flan flaws lower obverse edge, porosity, scratches, reverse a little weak and off center, weight 8.128 g, maximum diameter 24.5 mm, die axis 0o, Mesopotamia, Edessa (Urfa, Sanliurfa, Turkey) mint, 242 - 243 A.D.; obverse AYTOK K M ANT ΓOPΔIANOC CEB, laureate bust of Gordian III right, slight drapery on left shoulder, star lower right; reverse ABΓAPOC BACIΛEYC, draped bust of Abgar right, bearded, wearing a diademed Parthian-style tiara, star behind; from the Errett Bishop Collection; SOLD
"The real numbers, for certain purposes, are too thin. Many beautiful phenomena become fully visible only when the complex numbers are brought to the fore." (Bishop 1967, Ch. 5, Complex Analysis, p. 113)
"The primary concern of mathematics is number, and this means the positive integers...In the words of Kronecker, the positive integers were created by God. Kronecker would have expressed it even better if he had said that the positive integers were created by God for the benefit of man (and other finite beings). Mathematics belongs to man, not to God. We are not interested in properties of the positive integers that have no descriptive meaning for finite man. When a man proves a positive integer to exist, he should show how to find it. If God has mathematics of his own that needs to be done, let him do it himself." (Bishop 1967, Ch. 1, A Constructivist Manifesto, p. 2)
Errett Bishop, Jane Bishop and Rover are in the photograph right.
Catalog current as of Tuesday, December 5, 2023. Page created in 1.219 seconds.